Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

National Security Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

774 Full-Text Articles 685 Authors 359,706 Downloads 69 Institutions

All Articles in National Security

Faceted Search

774 full-text articles. Page 1 of 25.

Combatting International Terrorism: The Role Of Congress, Dante B. Fascell 2015 United States House of Representatives

Combatting International Terrorism: The Role Of Congress, Dante B. Fascell

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Section 702 And The Collection Of International Telephone And Internet Content, Laura K. Donohue 2015 Georgetown University Law Center

Section 702 And The Collection Of International Telephone And Internet Content, Laura K. Donohue

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) authorizes the NSA to collect the electronic communications of non-U.S. targets located overseas. Recent media reports and declassified documents reveal a more extensive program than publicly understood. The article begins by considering the origins of the current programs and the relevant authorities, particularly the transfer of part of the post-9/11 President’s Surveillance Program to FISA. It outlines the contours of the 2007 Protect America Act, before its replacement in 2008 by the FISA Amendments Act (FAA). The section ends with a brief discussion of the current state of ...


Permissibility Of Colour And Racial Profiling, James Singh Gill 2015 Thompson Rivers University

Permissibility Of Colour And Racial Profiling, James Singh Gill

Western Journal of Legal Studies

Racial profiling in law enforcement is a contentious matter, particularly in light of U.S. police-citizen race tensions. The racial profiling debate has not been settled. Racial profiling proponents view it as a tool to effectively uncover criminal activity among certain racial groups. Critics find that racial profiling perpetuates racial stigmas and is largely inefficient as a policing tool. This article explores the ongoing debate and offers an overview of the Canadian judicial experience with racial profiling. The author proposes a middle-ground solution where racial profiling may be used under certain constraints imposed on law enforcement. The author suggests that ...


Trade Regulation - Export Controls - Cocom Agrees On New Multilateral Export Guidelines Allowing Eastern Bloc To Purchase Low Level Technology Legally, Jackie L. Masden 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

Trade Regulation - Export Controls - Cocom Agrees On New Multilateral Export Guidelines Allowing Eastern Bloc To Purchase Low Level Technology Legally, Jackie L. Masden

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Right Of Counterintervention, John A. Perkins 2015 Palmer & Dodge

The Right Of Counterintervention, John A. Perkins

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Terrorism Trials In Article Iii Courts, Laura K. Donohue 2015 Georgetown University Law Center

Terrorism Trials In Article Iii Courts, Laura K. Donohue

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Some individuals reject Article III courts as a forum for bringing terrorist suspects to justice on the grounds that the ordinary judicial system cannot handle such cases. As an empirical matter, this claim is simply false. Since 2001, myriad terrorism trials have progressed through the criminal system. The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) reports that between 2001 and 2010, there were 998 defendants indicted in terrorism prosecutions. Eighty-seven percent of the defendants were convicted on at least one charge. According to the Executive Office for the U.S. Attorneys, from FY 2004 to FY 2009, there were 3,010 ...


Defensive Force Against Non-State Actors: The State Of Play, Monica Hakimi 2015 University of Michigan Law School

Defensive Force Against Non-State Actors: The State Of Play, Monica Hakimi

Articles

This article assesses the implications of the current Syria situation for the international law on the use of defensive force against non-State actors. The law in this area is highly unsettled, with multiple legal positions in play. After mapping the legal terrain, the article shows that the Syria situation accentuates three preexisting trends. First, the claim that international law absolutely prohibits the use of defensive force against non-State actors is increasingly difficult to sustain. States, on the whole, have supported the operation against the so-called Islamic State in Syria. Second, States still have not coalesced around a legal standard on ...


Lawfare, Charles J. Dunlap Jr. 2015 Duke Law School

Lawfare, Charles J. Dunlap Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Consequence, Weapons Of Mass Destruction, And The Fourth Amendment's "No-Win" Scenario, Scott J. Glick 2015 Maurice A. Deane School of Law at Hofstra University

Consequence, Weapons Of Mass Destruction, And The Fourth Amendment's "No-Win" Scenario, Scott J. Glick

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Dollar Unilateralism: The New Frontline Of National Security, Suzanne Katzenstein 2015 Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University

Dollar Unilateralism: The New Frontline Of National Security, Suzanne Katzenstein

Indiana Law Journal

This Article makes three points. First, it draws attention to a profound shift toward “dollar unilateralism” by the U.S. government as it advances core national security goals. Relying on the special status of the U.S. dollar, the government has enlisted foreign banks to isolate targeted entities and track illicit financial flows. Second, drawing on examples such as Iran’s nuclear program, the Article identifies three formal and informal legal tactics the government has used to implement dollar unilateralism: financial sticks, high-profile blacklists, and direct diplomacy. Finally, the Article discusses the efficacy of dollar unilateralism and its implications for ...


Reflections On Two Years Of Disaster Recovery, Benjamin Rajotte 2015 SelectedWorks

Reflections On Two Years Of Disaster Recovery, Benjamin Rajotte

Benjamin Rajotte

No abstract provided.


Intelligence Legalism And The National Security Agency’S Civil Liberties Gap, Margo Schlanger 2015 University of Michigan Law School

Intelligence Legalism And The National Security Agency’S Civil Liberties Gap, Margo Schlanger

Articles

Since June 2013, we have seen unprecedented security breaches and disclosures relating to American electronic surveillance. The nearly daily drip, and occasional gush, of once-secret policy and operational information makes it possible to analyze and understand National Security Agency activities, including the organizations and processes inside and outside the NSA that are supposed to safeguard American’s civil liberties as the agency goes about its intelligence gathering business. Some have suggested that what we have learned is that the NSA is running wild, lawlessly flouting legal constraints on its behavior. This assessment is unfair. In fact, the picture that emerges ...


High Technology, Consumer Privacy, And U.S. National Security, Laura K. Donohue 2015 Georgetown University Law Center

High Technology, Consumer Privacy, And U.S. National Security, Laura K. Donohue

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Documents released over the past year detailing the National Security Agency’s (“NSA”) telephony metadata collection program and interception of international content under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) implicated U.S. high technology companies in government surveillance. The result was an immediate, and detrimental, impact on U.S. corporations, the economy, and U.S. national security.

The first Snowden documents, printed on June 5, 2013, revealed that the government had served orders on Verizon, directing the company to turn over telephony metadata under Section 215 of the USA PATRIOT Act. The following day, The Guardian published classified slides detailing ...


Omnibus Trade And Competitiveness Act Of 1988: Putting The Brakes On Foreign Investment, Christopher J. Foreman 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Omnibus Trade And Competitiveness Act Of 1988: Putting The Brakes On Foreign Investment, Christopher J. Foreman

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Technology Control, Competition, And National Security. Edited By Bernard L. Seward, Jr. University Press Of America, 1987., Dorinda G. Dallmeyer 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Book Review: Technology Control, Competition, And National Security. Edited By Bernard L. Seward, Jr. University Press Of America, 1987., Dorinda G. Dallmeyer

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Indefinite Detention And Antiterrorism Laws: Balancing Security And Human Rights, JoAnne M. Sweeny 2014 University of Louisville, Louis D. Brandeis School of Law

Indefinite Detention And Antiterrorism Laws: Balancing Security And Human Rights, Joanne M. Sweeny

Pace Law Review

This article does more than describe British and American anti-terrorism laws; it shows how those laws go through conflicted government branches and the bargains struck to create the anti-terrorism laws that exist today. Instead of taking these laws as given, this Article explains why they exist. More specifically, this article focuses on the path anti-terrorism legislation followed in the United States and the United Kingdom, with particular focus on each country’s ability (or lack thereof) to indefinitely detain suspected non-citizen terrorists. Both countries’ executives sought to have that power and both were limited by the legislatures and courts but ...


The National Security Council And The Iran-Contra Affair, Ed Jenkins, Robert H. Brink 2014 United States House of Representatives

The National Security Council And The Iran-Contra Affair, Ed Jenkins, Robert H. Brink

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Role Of The Courts In Time Of War, William C. Banks 2014 Syracuse University College of Law

The Role Of The Courts In Time Of War, William C. Banks

Washington and Lee Law Review Online

The role of the courts in judging the actions of government in wartime has ranged from extreme deference to careful probing of alleged government excesses over more than two centuries. The courts’ record has reflected the nature of the armed conflicts the United States has engaged in and the legal bases for the actions at issue. In the aggregate, the courts have served as a necessary counterweight to government overreaching in times of national security crisis. It is easy to underestimate the institutional problems confronting judges who are asked to make momentous decisions in times of national crisis—difficulties of ...


Membership Lists, Metadata, And Freedom Of Association’S Specificity Requirement, Katherine J. Strandburg 2014 NYU School of Law

Membership Lists, Metadata, And Freedom Of Association’S Specificity Requirement, Katherine J. Strandburg

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

Revelations of massive aggregation of telephone call records by the NSA have led to widespread debate about the legality, effectiveness, and normative desirability of such broad-based government data collection. This article contends that mass collection of so-called “metadata” as a means to investigate associations impinges on the First Amendment right to associate freely. Such programs thus should, like government demands for membership lists of expressive associations, be subjected to First Amendment scrutiny. While the Fourth Amendment has been the focus of much of the debate about metadata surveillance, the right to freedom of association may provide independent and potentially stronger ...


The President’S National Security Agenda Curtailing Ebola, Safeguarding The Future, Lawrence O. Gostin, Henry A. Waxman, William Foege 2014 Georgetown University

The President’S National Security Agenda Curtailing Ebola, Safeguarding The Future, Lawrence O. Gostin, Henry A. Waxman, William Foege

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

A clear lesson of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa is the need for strong public health systems globally, including in the United States. Ebola has highlighted the dangers of weak public health systems, from the immense shortage of health workers in West Africa to the budget cuts at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In response to Ebola and the broader threat of infectious disease, President Obama has proposed a $6.2 billion supplemental funding request to Congress. The supplemental would surge resources for containing and treating Ebola in West Africa -- including a reserve of funds ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress