Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Military, War, and Peace Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,921 Full-Text Articles 2,101 Authors 992,810 Downloads 156 Institutions

All Articles in Military, War, and Peace

Faceted Search

2,921 full-text articles. Page 1 of 78.

The Regime Of Innocent Passage In Disputed Waters, Hitoshi Nasu 2018 University of Exeter

The Regime Of Innocent Passage In Disputed Waters, Hitoshi Nasu

International Law Studies

The regime of innocent passage is a well-established body of customary international law. However, when there is a dispute over sovereign entitlement to a territorial sea or its outer limit, the applicability and legal effect of the regime are brought into question. This article considers the applicability of the regime of innocent passage and its legal effect in disputed waters by critically examining the relevant jurisprudence of international courts and tribunals that have dealt with territorial and maritime disputes. The efficacy of the findings from this analysis will then be evaluated from a legal policy perspective in the interest of ...


Sexual Violence Against Women In An Armed Conflict, Nowsheen Altaf Dar, Benish Mehraj 2018 National Institute of Technology, Srinagar

Sexual Violence Against Women In An Armed Conflict, Nowsheen Altaf Dar, Benish Mehraj

Violence Against Women conference

Documentation of life under militarization has mostly been done by “men writing about men.” The need to have a gendered perspective of conflict and war was only recently introduced in the academic discourse after the collective violence against the women of Bosnia and Rwanda in the 1990s was given the attention it deserved by the international media. In Kashmir, women are subjected to violence through physical, sexual, and mental harassments. The very nature of the conflict has pushed Kashmiri women to the wall, putting the burden of violence on their shoulders. Women face physical and sexual assault at checkpoints, during ...


“Protecting Children”: A Welcome Addition To Efforts To Redress Wartime Harms, Diane Marie Amann 2018 University of Georgia School of Law

“Protecting Children”: A Welcome Addition To Efforts To Redress Wartime Harms, Diane Marie Amann

Popular Media

This essay is the second in an online mini forum that Just Security is hosting on the new book, Protecting Children in Armed Conflict.


International Humanitarian Law And The Targeting Of Data, Tim McCormack 2018 University of Tasmania

International Humanitarian Law And The Targeting Of Data, Tim Mccormack

International Law Studies

The 2013 publication of the Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare confirmed the view of the majority of the international group of experts that data was not an object and therefore not subject to the rules of targeting during an armed conflict. Intuitively, a number of scholars reacted negatively to this view, and instead were drawn to the Tallinn Manual minority position that data did constitute an object. The significance of data, particularly personal data, is only increasing, and the purpose of the law of armed conflict is to reduce the deleterious impact of armed conflict ...


How The Feres Doctrine Prevents Cadets And Midshipmen Of Military-Service Academies From Achieving Justice For Sexul Assault, Katherine Shin 2018 Fordham University School of Law

How The Feres Doctrine Prevents Cadets And Midshipmen Of Military-Service Academies From Achieving Justice For Sexul Assault, Katherine Shin

Fordham Law Review

Sixty-seven years ago, Feres v. United States foreclosed service members from pursuing claims under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) for “injuries incident to their service.” The progeny of case law that has since developed, the basis for what is known as the Feres doctrine, expanded the scope of what the Feres Court originally articulated as an injury incident to service. Now, cadets and midshipmen of military-service academies who allege that the government (i.e., the administration of military-service academies) was negligent in handling their sexual assaults are precluded from bringing an FTCA claim because their injuries are classified as ...


Contemporary Practice Of The United States Relating To International Law (112:4 Am J Int'l L), Jean Galbraith 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Contemporary Practice Of The United States Relating To International Law (112:4 Am J Int'l L), Jean Galbraith

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This article is reproduced with permission from the October 2018 issue of the American Journal of International Law © 2018 American Society of International Law. All rights reserved.


Fire, Aim, Ready! Militarizing Animus: “Unit Cohesion” And The Transgender Ban, Eric Merriam 2018 Penn State Dickinson Law

Fire, Aim, Ready! Militarizing Animus: “Unit Cohesion” And The Transgender Ban, Eric Merriam

Dickinson Law Review

President Trump’s currently litigated “transgender ban,” which excludes transgender persons from military service, is premised in part upon a claim that transgender persons’ presence in the military adversely affects “unit cohesion.” This use of identity- based “unit cohesion” as a justification for excluding a group from military service is the latest episode in a long history of the government asserting “unit cohesion” to justify excluding people from military service based on their identities. This Article contends that unit cohesion, when premised on identity, is always an impermissible justification for exclusion from military service because it is unconstitutional animus. Though ...


Bureaucratic Resistance And The National Security State, Rebecca Ingber 2018 Boston University School of Law

Bureaucratic Resistance And The National Security State, Rebecca Ingber

Faculty Scholarship

Modern accounts of the national security state tend toward one of two opposing views of bureaucratic tensions within it: At one extreme, the executive branch bureaucracy is a shadowy “deep state,” unaccountable to the public or even to the elected President. On this account, bureaucratic obstacles to the President’s agenda are inherently suspect, even dangerous. At the other end, bureaucratic resistance to the President represents a necessary benevolent constraint on an otherwise imperial executive. This account hails the bureaucracy as the modern incarnation of the separation of powers, an alternative to the traditional checks on the President of the ...


Weapons Review Obligation Under Customary International Law, Natalia Jevglevskaja 2018 University of New South Wales, Australian Defence Force Academy

Weapons Review Obligation Under Customary International Law, Natalia Jevglevskaja

International Law Studies

Under Article 36 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions, States are required to review new weapons for their compliance with international law. While recent discussions on the regulation of lethal autonomous weapons systems under the auspices of the UN Certain Conventional Weapons Convention increasingly emphasize the importance of national weapons review mechanisms, Article 36 is known to be implemented only by a handful of States. Some legal scholars have nonetheless argued that the Article 36 obligation has attained customary international law status. Remarkably, substantive analysis of State practice and opinio juris required to evidence that certain ...


The Idf Mag’S Gaza Report And Its Critics: Context, Compliance, And Credibility, Peter Margulies, Geoffrey Corn 2018 Roger Williams University School of Law

The Idf Mag’S Gaza Report And Its Critics: Context, Compliance, And Credibility, Peter Margulies, Geoffrey Corn

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Periodic Review Boards For Law-Of-War Detention In Guantanamo: What Next?, Andrea Harrison 2018 International Committee for the Red Cross's Regional Delegation for the U.S. and Canada

Periodic Review Boards For Law-Of-War Detention In Guantanamo: What Next?, Andrea Harrison

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Juntas De Revisión Periódica Para La Detención De La Ley De Guerra En Guantánamo: ¿Qué Será Lo Siguiente?, Andrea Harrison 2018 International Committee for the Red Cross's Regional Delegation for the United States and Canada

Juntas De Revisión Periódica Para La Detención De La Ley De Guerra En Guantánamo: ¿Qué Será Lo Siguiente?, Andrea Harrison

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Are Enhanced Warfighters Weapons, Means, Or Methods Of Warfare?, Rain Liivoja, Luke Chircop 2018 TC Beirne School of Law, University of Queensland

Are Enhanced Warfighters Weapons, Means, Or Methods Of Warfare?, Rain Liivoja, Luke Chircop

International Law Studies

Advances in science and technology have made it possible to improve the physical and cognitive capabilities of warfighters by biomedical interventions, such as the administration of drugs, the implantation of devices, and the magnetic stimulation of the brain. These advances raise the question as to whether enhanced warfighters ought to be considered weapons, means of warfare, or methods of warfare, for the purposes of the law of armed conflict. An affirmative answer to this question would make human enhancement subject to various restrictions arising from the law of armed conflict as well as arms control law. This article disagrees with ...


The Operational And Administrative Militaries, Mark P. Nevitt 2018 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Operational And Administrative Militaries, Mark P. Nevitt

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This Article offers a new way of thinking about the military. The U.S. military’s existing legal architecture arose from tragedy: in response to operational military failures in Vietnam, the 1980 failed Iranian hostage rescue attempt and other military misadventures, Congress revamped the Department of Defense (DoD)’s organization. The resulting law, the Goldwater-Nichols Act, formed two militaries within the DoD that endure to this day. These two militaries – the operational military and the administrative military – were once opaque to the outside observer but have emerged from the shadows in light of recent conflicts. The operational military remains the ...


The Politics Of Wounds, Jonathan Nash 2018 The University of Western Ontario

The Politics Of Wounds, Jonathan Nash

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

What configuration of strategies and discourses enable the white male and settler body politic to render itself as simultaneously wounded and invulnerable? I contextualize this question by reading the discursive continuities between Euro-America’s War on Terror post-9/11 and Algeria’s War for Independence. By interrogating political-philosophical responses to September 11, 2001 beside American rhetoric of a wounded nation, I argue that white nationalism, as a mode of settler colonialism, appropriates the discourses of political wounding to imagine and legitimize a narrative of white hurt and white victimhood; in effect, reproducing and hardening the borders of the nation-state. Additionally ...


Drawing The Lines In The Shifting Sands Of Cape Canaveral: Why Common Beach Erosion Should Not Yield A Compensable Taking Under The Fifth Amendment, Jeremy N. Jungreis 2018 Florida State University College of Law

Drawing The Lines In The Shifting Sands Of Cape Canaveral: Why Common Beach Erosion Should Not Yield A Compensable Taking Under The Fifth Amendment, Jeremy N. Jungreis

Florida State University Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


Belligerent Obligations Under Article 18(1) Of The Second Geneva Convention: The Impact Of Sovereign Immunity, Booty Of War, And The Obligation To Respect And Protect War Graves, Wolff Heintschel von Heinegg 2018 Europa-Universität Viadrina

Belligerent Obligations Under Article 18(1) Of The Second Geneva Convention: The Impact Of Sovereign Immunity, Booty Of War, And The Obligation To Respect And Protect War Graves, Wolff Heintschel Von Heinegg

International Law Studies

Article 18(1) of the Second Geneva Convention requires parties to an international armed conflict, “after each engagement” and “without delay,” to “take all possible measures to search for and collect the wounded and sick, to protect them against pillage and ill-treatment, to ensure their adequate care, and to search for the dead and prevent their being despoiled.” This article focuses on the latter obligation: the duty to search for and collect the dead. It assesses this obligation in light of the International Committee of the Red Cross 2017 Commentary on the Second Geneva Convention, the first such commentary completed ...


The Updated Icrc Commentary On The Second Geneva Convention: Demystifying The Law Of Armed Conflict At Sea, Bruno Demeyere, Jean-Marie Henckaerts, Heleen Hiemstra, Ellen Nohle 2018 International Committee of the Red Cross

The Updated Icrc Commentary On The Second Geneva Convention: Demystifying The Law Of Armed Conflict At Sea, Bruno Demeyere, Jean-Marie Henckaerts, Heleen Hiemstra, Ellen Nohle

International Law Studies

Since their publication in the 1950s and 1980s respectively, the Commentaries on the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and their Additional Protocols of 1977 have become a major reference for the application and interpretation of those treaties. The International Committee of the Red Cross, together with a team of renowned experts, is currently updating these Commentaries in order to document developments and provide up-to-date interpretations of the treaty texts. Following a brief overview of the methodology and process of the update as well as a historical background to the Second Geneva Convention, this article addresses the scope of applicability of the ...


Occupation During And After The War (China), Lukas K. Danner 2018 Florida International University

Occupation During And After The War (China), Lukas K. Danner

Dr. Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


Kavanaugh And The Military Commissions: Reading The Law “As Written” For An Unpopular Defendant, Peter Margulies 2018 Roger Williams University School of Law

Kavanaugh And The Military Commissions: Reading The Law “As Written” For An Unpopular Defendant, Peter Margulies

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress