White Supremacy, Police Brutality, And Family Separation: Preventing Crimes Against Humanity Within The United States, 2022 University of Pittsburgh School of Law
White Supremacy, Police Brutality, And Family Separation: Preventing Crimes Against Humanity Within The United States, Elena Baylis
Although the United States tends to treat crimes against humanity as a danger that exists only in authoritarian or war-torn states, in fact, there is a real risk of crimes against humanity occurring within the United States, as illustrated by events such as systemic police brutality against Black Americans, the federal government’s family separation policy that took thousands of immigrant children from their parents at the southern border, and the dramatic escalation of White supremacist and extremist violence culminating in the January 6, 2021 attack on the U.S. Capitol. In spite of this risk, the United States does ...
Forms Of International Legal And Organizational Interaction In The Field Of Counteraction Illicit Drug Trafficking, Psychotropic Substances And Precursors, Musaev Djamaliddin Kamalovich
The author raises the problem of international cooperation of states in the field of illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. References are given to the main conventions related to this problem, signed in different years. The mechanisms of adoption and the form of practical application of these conventions are disclosed, as well as an analysis of the situation in the world in relation to drug trafficking is given, options for resolving the problem by strengthening the international system for controlling drug trafficking are proposed. A comprehensive analysis of international cooperation on legal and organizational approaches to combating the ...
Police Use Of Force Laws In Texas, 2021 Saint Mary's University of San Antonio
Police Use Of Force Laws In Texas, Gerald S. Reamey
St. Mary's Law Journal
A Burning Question: Sparking Federal Protection Of Inmate Firefighters Through California’S Conservation Camp Program, Zachary T. Remijas
Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary
The mounting demand for inmate firefighters in response to increased disaster relief has made such individuals an indispensable resource to the State of California. As a result, state agencies in charge of administering inmate firefighters’ services must give renewed attention to expanding efforts to protect the inmates’ livelihood both before and after a participating inmate’s release. This Comment provides an overview of California inmates undertaking prison labor as volunteer firefighters under the Conservation Camp Program. The Comment further critiques the nonreciprocal approach taken towards inmate firefighting resources, while advocating for a more intentional rehabilitationist approach that implores the California ...
2021 Annual Campus Security And Fire Safety Report, 2021 Otterbein University
2021 Annual Campus Security And Fire Safety Report, Otterbein Police Department
Otterbein Police Department
2021 Annual Campus Security and Fire Safety Report from the Otterbein Police Department. The crime and arrest statistics compiled by OPD are from calendar years 2018, 2019, and 2020.
Death By Police: When “Protecting And Serving” Goes Wrong, 2021 Kennesaw State University
Death By Police: When “Protecting And Serving” Goes Wrong, Hesper Mallis
Symposium of Student Scholars
The recent cases of law enforcement using lethal force in the United States have gained massive public attention. My dataset is from the Mapping Police Violence website. The website’s focus was to create a heat map to display where police killings occurred most frequently. The website has a dataset with information on 7,664 deaths of suspects. The variables in the dataset include age, sex and race of the suspect; geographic location; alleged threat level; alleged weapon; cause of death; and criminal charges against the officer. In addition, the variables include whether the individual had a mental illness, was ...
Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department (Lvmpd) Budget Review, Fiscal Years 2018-2021, 2021 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department (Lvmpd) Budget Review, Fiscal Years 2018-2021, Olivia K. Cheche, Elia Del Carmen Solano-Patricio, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.
The Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department’s (LVMPD) annual budget increased every fiscal year (FY) from 2018 to 2021. Using data provided by the LVMPD’s final budget reports for FY 2018 to 2021, this Fact Sheet details LVMPD funding increases and summarizes budget expenditures by unit and area command.
Investing In Alternatives: Three Logics Of Criminal System Replacement, 2021 University of California, Irvine School of Law
Investing In Alternatives: Three Logics Of Criminal System Replacement, Monica C. Bell, Katherine Beckett, Forrest Stuart
UC Irvine Law Review
What logics underlie the call to “defund the police,” and how do those logics matter in policy debate? In the wake of widespread protests after the deaths of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, and other victims of police violence during the summer of 2020, the Black Lives Matter movement’s call to “defund the police” captured the national imagination. Several municipal governments promised to cut funding and contracts for their respective police departments, with mixed results. Because we expect police defunding and reinvestment to remain a central movement demand, this Article explores the demand’s discursive and normative terrain. It does ...
Suspicion And Discretion In Policing: How Laws And Policies Contribute To Inequity, 2021 University of California, Irvine School of Law
Suspicion And Discretion In Policing: How Laws And Policies Contribute To Inequity, Amanda Charbonneau, Jack Glaser
UC Irvine Law Review
No abstract provided.
State Regulation Of Policing: Post Commissions And Police Accountability, 2021 University of California, Irvine School of Law
State Regulation Of Policing: Post Commissions And Police Accountability, Hilary Rau, Kim S. Buchanan, Monique L. Dixon, Phillip A. Goff
UC Irvine Law Review
This Article examines the untapped potential of Peace Officer Standards and Training (POST) commissions to protect communities that experience police misconduct and discrimination. POST commissions, which are created by state laws and exist in all fifty states, have broad authority to regulate police officers and police departments. POST commissions determine eligibility and qualifications for police employment and regulate the content of training officers receive. Most POST commissions can also revoke certification of officers who commit serious misconduct or fail to meet continuing eligibility requirements set by the commissions. In some states, they can also impose statewide, compulsory reforms to policing ...
Reimagining American Policing, 2021 University of California, Irvine School of Law
Reimagining American Policing, Tom Tyler
UC Irvine Law Review
Current efforts at police reform focus on heightening the legal accountability of police officers when they engage in questionable behavior. While valuable, such reforms do not address the underlying problems in police organizations that lead to problems with the use of force. This paper highlights the desirability of shifting from a warrior culture, one built around gaining compliance through the threat or use of force, to a guardian- or service-oriented culture, one focused on gaining acceptance by building trust and confidence among people in the community. Beyond changing the dynamics of authority in police-civilian encounters, this new model of policing ...
Olmstead As A Tool For Decarceration, 2021 University of California, Irvine School of Law
Olmstead As A Tool For Decarceration, Sarah Kahn
UC Irvine Law Review
Olmstead v. L.C. ex rel. Zimring established that the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990’s integrated-care mandate requires the government to make reasonable accommodations to protect the right of people with disabilities to live in the most integrated setting possible. In response, counties began releasing people from restrictive mental-health institutions but did not provide the necessary resources, such as supportive housing and outpatient care, to allow people to live successfully in their communities. As many people contending with disabilities were left homeless and the United States increased its reliance on incarceration, shuttered mental-health institutions gave way to jails ...
The Criminogenic Effects Of Damaging Criminal Law’S Moral Credibility, 2021 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School
The Criminogenic Effects Of Damaging Criminal Law’S Moral Credibility, Paul H. Robinson, Lindsay Holcomb
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
The criminal justice system’s reputation with the community can have a significant effect on the extent to which people are willing to comply with its demands and internalize its norms. In the context of criminal law, the empirical studies suggest that ordinary people expect the criminal justice system to do justice and avoid injustice, as they perceive it – what has been called “empirical desert” to distinguish it from the “deontological desert” of moral philosophers. The empirical studies and many real-world natural experiments suggest that a criminal justice system that regularly deviates from empirical desert loses moral credibility and thereby ...
Ai In Adjudication And Administration, 2021 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School
Ai In Adjudication And Administration, Cary Coglianese, Lavi M. Ben Dor
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
The use of artificial intelligence has expanded rapidly in recent years across many aspects of the economy. For federal, state, and local governments in the United States, interest in artificial intelligence has manifested in the use of a series of digital tools, including the occasional deployment of machine learning, to aid in the performance of a variety of governmental functions. In this paper, we canvas the current uses of such digital tools and machine-learning technologies by the judiciary and administrative agencies in the United States. Although we have yet to see fully automated decision-making find its way into either adjudication ...
Meek Mill’S Trauma: Brutal Policing As An Adverse Childhood Experience, 2021 University of Arkansas at Little Rock William H. Bowen School of Law
Meek Mill’S Trauma: Brutal Policing As An Adverse Childhood Experience, Todd J. Clark, Caleb Gregory Conrad, André Douglas Pond Cummings, Amy Dunn Johnson
Meek Mill’s life and career have been punctuated by trauma, from his childhood lived on the streets of Philadelphia, through his rise to fame and eventual arrival as one of hip hop’s household names. his 2018 track "Trauma," Meek Mill describes, in revealing prose, just how the traumatic experiences he endured personally impacted and harmed him. He also embodies a role as narrator in describing the same traumas and harms that impact the daily lives of countless similarly situated young Black people in the United States. As a child, Mill’s lived experience was one of pervasive poverty ...
"Not For Human Consumption": Prison Food's Absent Regulatory Regime, 2021 William & Mary Law School
"Not For Human Consumption": Prison Food's Absent Regulatory Regime, Amanda Chan, Anna Nathanson
William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal
Prison food is poor quality. The regulations which govern prison food are subpar and unenforceable by prisoners, due in large part to Sandin v. Conner and the Prison Litigation Reform Act. This Article aims to draw attention to the dire food conditions in prisons, explain the lax federal administrative law that permits these conditions, highlight the role of Sandin v. Conner and the Prison Litigation Reform Act in curtailing prisoners’ rights, and criticize the role of the private entity American Correctional Association in enabling mass neglect of prison food. The authors recommend that the Prison Litigation Reform Act be repealed ...
Improving The Organizational And Legal Framework For Responsible Actions In Combating Crime, 2021 Academy of the General Prosecution office
Improving The Organizational And Legal Framework For Responsible Actions In Combating Crime, Vakhobjon Karimov
The article highlights the main points of changes in the operational-search legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan and gives recommendations for the further development of legislation. The article highlights proposals for the further improvement of the legal base of operational-search activity. Information and technical support plays an important role in improving the efficiency of operational investigations. In this regard, operatives of the operational unit use video, audio, film and photographic means, as well as property of legal entities and individuals, other environmentally friendly technical means in accordance with Article 12 of this Law. At the same time, operatives have the ...
Taking Restorative Justice Seriously, 2021 Harvard Law School
Taking Restorative Justice Seriously, Adriaan Lanni
Buffalo Law Review
Those seeking to reduce mass incarceration have increasingly pointed to restorative justice—an approach that typically brings thoseaffected by a criminal offense together in an attempt to address the harmcaused by the offense rather than to mete out punishment. This Article is an attempt to think seriously about incorporating restorative justice throughout the criminal legal system. For restorative justice proponents, expanding these practices raises a host of questions: Does the opportunity to alleviate mass incarceration justify collaboration with a deeply flawed criminal legal system? Will the threat of criminal prosecution destroy the voluntariness and sincerity that is essential for a ...
Higher Education For All Law Enforcement Officers, 2021 Portland State University
Higher Education For All Law Enforcement Officers, Johana A. Constantino Madrigal
University Honors Theses
In this brief prospectus, the focus is on the many arguments for why it should be a requirement for all law enforcement officers to have a higher education background. Given light to recent events, the importance for more highly trained and educated officers has become more dire as people call for justice in an attempt to right the wrongs that have been done. The articles found all address the manner in which higher education can help with better judgement calls, analyze and respond to situations better, and the overall perception officers have, who have a form of higher education, on ...
Frankly, It's A Mess: Requiring Courts To Transparently "Redline" Affidavits In The Face Of Franks Challenges, 2021 William & Mary Law School
Frankly, It's A Mess: Requiring Courts To Transparently "Redline" Affidavits In The Face Of Franks Challenges, Diana Bibb
William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal
Part I provides a brief overview of the Fourth Amendment, probable cause, and the exclusionary rule. Part II discusses Franks v. Delaware, the development of the challenge’s framework, and subsequent expansions to the doctrine made by the lower courts. Next, Part III argues that, despite the aforementioned expansions, courts have consistently weakened Franks. Notably, the Supreme Court refuses to consider Franks issues, including the multitude of splits over which standard of review is applicable. Moreover, some circuits have developed their own minute rules that have chiseled away at the effectiveness of a Franks challenge. Part IV proposes that the ...