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Ambiguous-Purpose Statements Of Children And Other Victims Of Abuse Under The Confrontation Clause, Paul F. Rothstein 2015 Georgetown University Law Center

Ambiguous-Purpose Statements Of Children And Other Victims Of Abuse Under The Confrontation Clause, Paul F. Rothstein

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The author examines in this paper two kinds of ambiguous-purpose out-of-court statements that are especially problematic under current Confrontation law--problematic in ways that we hope will be solved directly or indirectly by the Supreme Court when it renders its decision in Ohio v. Clark. The statements he examines are:

(1) Statements made by abused children concerning their abuse, for example to police, physicians, teachers, welfare workers, baby sitters, or family members, some of whom may be under a legal duty to report suspected abuse to legal authorities. At least some of these statements will be directly addressed by the Court ...


Juvenile Death Sentence Lives On... Even After Roper V. Simmons, Akin Adepoju 2014 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Juvenile Death Sentence Lives On... Even After Roper V. Simmons, Akin Adepoju

University of Massachusetts Law Review

This article begins with a discussion of the Supreme Court’s decision to abolish the death penalty as applied to individuals convicted of crimes they committed before they turned 18 and proceeds with a detailed exposition of worldwide standards of juvenile sentencing. Part I of this note briefly discusses the history and purposes of the juvenile justice system in the United States. Further, there is a general discussion on the constitutionality of life without parole sentences, which provides an overview of the inconsistencies between Federal and State Courts’ approaches when sentencing juveniles to life without parole. Part II analyzes the ...


The Case For Extending Pretrial Diversion To Include Possession Of Child Pornography, Sarah J. Long 2014 University of Massachusetts School of Law

The Case For Extending Pretrial Diversion To Include Possession Of Child Pornography, Sarah J. Long

University of Massachusetts Law Review

Pretrial diversion removes offenders with a low-risk of reoffending from the penal system and instead sends them to supervised treatment programs. The result is lower cost to the state and a second chance for those who successfully complete the program. Typically, violent crimes, such as murder and attempted murder, are exempt from pretrial diversion. Notably, sex related crimes are also ineligible in all jurisdictions. By excluding all sex-related crimes from pretrial diversion, possession of child pornography is adjudicated by the courts. As a result, young, first-time offenders who may be candidates for treatment are bundled with physical offenders, members of ...


Child Obesity As A Child Protection Concern In The United States And The United Kingdom: A Proposed Framework, Victoria Elissa Garel 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Child Obesity As A Child Protection Concern In The United States And The United Kingdom: A Proposed Framework, Victoria Elissa Garel

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


5. American Professional Society On The Abuse Of Children In Support Of Petitioner, Ohio V. Clark (Merits), Thomas D. Lyon 2014 USC Gould School of Law

5. American Professional Society On The Abuse Of Children In Support Of Petitioner, Ohio V. Clark (Merits), Thomas D. Lyon

Thomas D. Lyon

No abstract provided.


Who Says My Halloween Costume Is Offensive?, MarySheila McDonald 2014 La Salle University

Who Says My Halloween Costume Is Offensive?, Marysheila Mcdonald

Explorer Café

No abstract provided.


The Sex Tourism Industry Spreads To Costa Rica And Honduras: Are These Countries Doing Enough To Protect Their Children From Sexual Exploitation?, Nancy Beyer 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Sex Tourism Industry Spreads To Costa Rica And Honduras: Are These Countries Doing Enough To Protect Their Children From Sexual Exploitation?, Nancy Beyer

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


There's No Place Like Home. Determining Habitual Residence: Feder V. Evans-Feder, Katherine V. Hung 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

There's No Place Like Home. Determining Habitual Residence: Feder V. Evans-Feder, Katherine V. Hung

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Ironic Simplicity: Why Shaken Baby Syndrome Misdiagnoses Should Result In Automatic Reimbursement For The Wrongly Accused, Jay Simmons 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Ironic Simplicity: Why Shaken Baby Syndrome Misdiagnoses Should Result In Automatic Reimbursement For The Wrongly Accused, Jay Simmons

Seattle University Law Review

Shaken baby syndrome (SBS)’s shortcomings include the debatable science behind SBS theory and diagnosis—the questioning of which has grown more vociferous—and the arguably biased, discriminatory treatment of the accused. Professor Deborah Tuerkheimer notes that the evolving SBS skepticism and contentious debate has resulted in "chaos" in many SBS adjudications and within the medical and biomechanical fields, with the same SBS proponents and opponents continually crusading for and clashing over their beliefs. The issues surrounding the medical and biomechanical components of SBS diagnoses have been repeatedly examined and discussed, and are not the focus of this Note. This ...


The Limits Of Child Pornography, Carissa Byrne Hessick 2014 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

The Limits Of Child Pornography, Carissa Byrne Hessick

Indiana Law Journal

Although the First Amendment ordinarily protects the creation, distribution, and possession of visual images, the Supreme Court has declared that those protections do not apply to child pornography. But the Court has failed to clearly define child pornography as a category of speech. Providing a precise definition of the child pornography exception to the First Amendment has become increasingly important because recent years have seen a dramatic increase in the penalties associated with the creation, distribution, and possession of child pornography.

This Article proposes a clear definition of the child pornography exception. It argues that an image ought to fall ...


An Imminent Substantial Disruption: Towards A Uniform Standard For Balancing The Rights Of Students To Speak And The Rights Of Administrators To Discipline., Allison G. Kort 2014 SelectedWorks

An Imminent Substantial Disruption: Towards A Uniform Standard For Balancing The Rights Of Students To Speak And The Rights Of Administrators To Discipline., Allison G. Kort

Allison G Kort

ABSTRACT

An Imminent Substantial Disruption: Toward a Uniform Standard for Balancing the Rights of Students to Speak and the Rights of Administrators to Discipline.

By Allison Kort

Twenty-five years before the Supreme Court’s landmark school speech decision in Tinker v. Des Moines, 393 U.S. 503, 504 (1969), the Court cautioned against placing too much discretion in the hands of school boards. In Tinker, when students wore black armbands to protest the Vietnam War, the Supreme Court determined that student speech may not be censored when the record demonstrates no facts which would reasonably have led school authorities to ...


California Egg Toss - The High Costs Of Avoiding Unenforceable Surrogacy Contracts, Jennifer Jackson 2014 University of San Diego

California Egg Toss - The High Costs Of Avoiding Unenforceable Surrogacy Contracts, Jennifer Jackson

Jennifer Jackson

In an emotionally charged decision regarding surrogacy contracts, it is important to recognize the ramifications, costs, and policy. There are advantages to both “gestational carrier surrogacy” contracts and “traditional surrogacy” contracts. However, this paper focuses on the differences between these contracts using case law. Specifically, this paper will focus on the implications of California case law regarding surrogacy contracts. Cases such as Johnson v. Calvert and In Re Marriage of Moschetta provide a clear distinction between these contracts. This distinction will show that while gestational carrier surrogacy contracts are more expensive, public policy and court opinions will provide certainty and ...


Kids Can Change: Reforming South Dakota’S Juvenile Transfer Law To Rehabilitate Children And Protect Public Safety, Wendy Hess 2014 University of South Dakota School of Law

Kids Can Change: Reforming South Dakota’S Juvenile Transfer Law To Rehabilitate Children And Protect Public Safety, Wendy Hess

Wendy Hess

South Dakota, like many other states, permits adult criminal prosecution, sentencing, and imprisonment of certain minors who commit a crime. The mechanism which allows prosecution of a child as an adult is referred to as “juvenile transfer,” because the juvenile court’s jurisdiction over the child is transferred to the adult criminal court. The article discusses how the juvenile transfer mechanism developed — both generally and in South Dakota — as well as how it operates today.

The author summarizes research findings about the efficacy and fairness of juvenile transfer. Harsh criminal consequences for juveniles are increasingly disfavored as we learn more ...


Interorganizational Conflict: The Case Of Police Youth Bureaus And The Juvenile Court, C. David Hollister, Joe Hudson 2014 Western Michigan University

Interorganizational Conflict: The Case Of Police Youth Bureaus And The Juvenile Court, C. David Hollister, Joe Hudson

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Police departments, juvenile courts, training schools, and a variety of welfare organizations together constitute the network of agencies formally instituted to deal with juvenile deviance.I Because each of the organizations has an interest in reducing deviance, it is sometimes assumed that they share the same goals and work closely and cooperatively with each other. The purpose of this paper is to report on an exploratory study of inter-organizational relations at one link in this network: relations between police youth bureaus and the juvenile court.


The Forgotten Children Of The Foster Care System: Making A Case For The Professional Judgment Standard, Andrea Koehler 2014 Golden Gate University School of Law

The Forgotten Children Of The Foster Care System: Making A Case For The Professional Judgment Standard, Andrea Koehler

Golden Gate University Law Review

Part I of this Comment presents a brief look at the children in foster care and the maltreatment they experience, as well as the federal and state legislation enacted to provide for their safety. Part II explores § 1983 and Supreme Court precedent establishing the duty to protect persons from harm caused by private parties, with a focus on the special relationship doctrine. It also discusses the applicable standards of liability defined by the Court. Part III reviews and analyzes the various liability standards used in federal and state actions brought by foster children for failure to protect them from harm ...


Innocence Snatched: A Call For A Multinational Response To Child Abduction That Facilitates Sexual Exploitation, Shawronda Higgins-Thornton 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Innocence Snatched: A Call For A Multinational Response To Child Abduction That Facilitates Sexual Exploitation, Shawronda Higgins-Thornton

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Balancing The First Amendment And Child Protection Goals In Legal Approaches To Restricting Children's Access To Violent Video Games: A Comparison Of Germany And The United States, Laura Tate Kagel 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Balancing The First Amendment And Child Protection Goals In Legal Approaches To Restricting Children's Access To Violent Video Games: A Comparison Of Germany And The United States, Laura Tate Kagel

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Bad Boy: A Cultural Phenomenon, Writing Collective FFC 100.12 2014 Chapman University

The Bad Boy: A Cultural Phenomenon, Writing Collective Ffc 100.12

e-Research: A Journal of Undergraduate Work

The bad boy is a cultural phenomenon that exists as an archetype in all sorts of artistic mediums, though most prevalently in literature and film, and even in the real world. The bad boy is defined through his actions and his philosophy of resistance - of challenging the world (ours or his own) on the normalcy of its convictions. This article explores the ways in which the bad boy manifests and the vast categories he may occupy - from hero to criminal, introvert to public performer, or sexual deviant to authoritarian dictator. The bad boy is many things: a liberator, agitator, loner ...


On “Trafficking And Health”, Dominique Stewart 2014 Chapman University

On “Trafficking And Health”, Dominique Stewart

e-Research: A Journal of Undergraduate Work

This paper discusses the article "Trafficking and Health" by Joanna Busza, Sarah Castle, and Aisse Diarra. Human trafficking is unfortunately addressed by many political systems as a migration issue ‐‐ to be dealt with by restricting the rights of migrants, tightening border controls, etc. However, as we see in this article it is more of a health and human rights issue than anything else. Addressing a problem with the wrong diagnosis does nothing to solve it and oftentimes exacerbates it, and human trafficking is no exception to this. But with the right approaches, the damage caused by trafficking can be mitigated ...


"Where You Stand Depends On Where You Sit": Should The United States' Fda Have Followed The Lead Of Great Britain's Mhra In Banning Antidepressant Drug Use In Children And Adolescents?, Jennifer Dorminey 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

"Where You Stand Depends On Where You Sit": Should The United States' Fda Have Followed The Lead Of Great Britain's Mhra In Banning Antidepressant Drug Use In Children And Adolescents?, Jennifer Dorminey

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


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