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Federal Child Welfare Legislation., Frank Vandervort 2010 University of Michigan Law School

Federal Child Welfare Legislation., Frank Vandervort

Book Chapters

This chapter provides a brief overview of federal statutes that impact the practice of child welfare law. Since the enactment of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act in 1974 (CAPTA), the federal government has played an ever increasing role in handling child maltreatment cases.


Sexual Healing: Solving The Teen To Teen Sexting Problem In Virginia, Samuel T. Bernie 2010 University of Richmond

Sexual Healing: Solving The Teen To Teen Sexting Problem In Virginia, Samuel T. Bernie

Richmond Public Interest Law Review

This comment analyzes how teen-to-teen sexting is presently addressed under the Code of Virginia. It also addresses the statutes under which Janie and her friends may be convicted for their various indiscretions as well as some of the long term consequences of those convictions. Additionally, it addresses the recent Virginia State Crime Commissions report on teen-toteen sexting. The General Assembly may soon seek to adjust the Code of Virginia to better address teen-on-teen sexting. The second part of this comment will consider the options put forth by the Virginia State Crime Commission report and at different legislative "fixes" that have …


What Are We Doing To The Children?: An Essay On Juvenile (In)Justice, Michael E. Tigar 2010 Duke Law School

What Are We Doing To The Children?: An Essay On Juvenile (In)Justice, Michael E. Tigar

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Social Welfare And Fairness In Juvenile Crime Regulation, Elizabeth S. Scott, Laurence Steinberg 2010 Columbia Law School

Social Welfare And Fairness In Juvenile Crime Regulation, Elizabeth S. Scott, Laurence Steinberg

Faculty Scholarship

The question of how lawmakers should respond to developmental differences between adolescents and adults in formulating juvenile crime policy has been the subject of debate for a generation. A theme of the punitive law reforms that dismantled the traditional juvenile justice system in the 1980s and 1990s was that adolescents were not different from adults in any way that was relevant to criminal punishment – or at least that any differences were trumped by the demands of public safety. But this view has been challenged in recent years; scholars and courts have recognized that adolescents, due to their developmental immaturity, …


What Does Graham Mean In Michigan?, Kimberly A. Thomas 2010 University of Michigan Law School

What Does Graham Mean In Michigan?, Kimberly A. Thomas

Articles

In Graham v. Florida, the United States Supreme Court held that life without parole could not be imposed on a juvenile offender for a nonhomicide crime.1 In this context, the Graham Court extensively discussed the diminished culpability of juvenile criminal defendants, as compared to adults. The Court relied on current scientific research regarding adolescent development and neuroscience. While the narrowest holding of Graham has little impact in Michigan, the science it relies on, and the potential broader implications for adolescents in Michigan, are significant.


Crow Dog Vs. Spotted Tail: Case Closed, Timothy Connors, Vivek Sankaran 2010 Washtenaw County Circuit Court

Crow Dog Vs. Spotted Tail: Case Closed, Timothy Connors, Vivek Sankaran

Articles

In 1868, Chief Spotted Tail signed a United States government treaty with an X. Spotted Tail was a member of the Brule Sioux Tribe, related by marriage to Crazy Horse. The government treaty recognized the Black Hills as part of the Great Sioux reservation. As such, exclusive use of the Black Hills by the Sioux people was guaranteed. Monroe, Michigan, native Gen. George Custer changed all that. In 1874, he led an expedition into that protected land, announced the discovery of gold, and the rush of prospectors followed. Within two years, Custer attacked at Little Big Horn and met his …


Introduction: Challenging The School-To-Prison Pipeline, Deborah N. Archer 2010 New York Law School

Introduction: Challenging The School-To-Prison Pipeline, Deborah N. Archer

NYLS Law Review

No abstract provided.


Decriminalizing Students With Disabilities, Dean Hill Rivkin 2010 University of Tennessee College of Law

Decriminalizing Students With Disabilities, Dean Hill Rivkin

NYLS Law Review

No abstract provided.


Procedures For Public Law Remediation In School-To-Prison Pipeline Litigation: Lessons Learned From Antoine V. Winner School District, Catherine Y. Kim 2010 American Civil Liberties Union

Procedures For Public Law Remediation In School-To-Prison Pipeline Litigation: Lessons Learned From Antoine V. Winner School District, Catherine Y. Kim

NYLS Law Review

No abstract provided.


Controlling Partners: When Law Enforcement Meets Discipline In Public Schools, Lisa H. Thurau, Johanna Wald 2010 Strategies for Youth

Controlling Partners: When Law Enforcement Meets Discipline In Public Schools, Lisa H. Thurau, Johanna Wald

NYLS Law Review

No abstract provided.


The School-To-Prison Pipeline . . . And Back: Obstacles And Remedies For The Re-Enrollment Of Adjudicated Youth, Jessica Feierman, Marsha Levick, Ami Mody 2010 Juvenile Law Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

The School-To-Prison Pipeline . . . And Back: Obstacles And Remedies For The Re-Enrollment Of Adjudicated Youth, Jessica Feierman, Marsha Levick, Ami Mody

NYLS Law Review

No abstract provided.


Filling The Due Process Donut Hole: Abuse And Neglect Cases Between Disposition And Permanency, Joshua Gupta-Kagan 2010 Columbia Law School

Filling The Due Process Donut Hole: Abuse And Neglect Cases Between Disposition And Permanency, Joshua Gupta-Kagan

Faculty Scholarship

Abuse and neglect cases involve constantly changing facts. They “are unlike civil cases, which typically involve only facts gone by ... The ultimate parties in interest are the [children] themselves. And for them, their lives are ... ongoing event[s].” A child’s need to return to his parent may ebb or flow. His parent’s fitness may improve, regress, or remain the same. Federal law, followed in all states that wish to receive federal funds to support foster care, requires regular permanency hearings so family courts can make decisions based on evolving factual situations. These decisions, and the lack of greater procedural …


The Contradictions Of Juvenile Crime & Punishment, Jeffrey Fagan 2010 Columbia Law School

The Contradictions Of Juvenile Crime & Punishment, Jeffrey Fagan

Faculty Scholarship

This essay explores the contradictions and puzzles of modern juvenile justice, and illustrates the enduring power of the child-saving philosophy of the juvenile court in an era of punitiveness toward offenders both young and old. The exponential growth in incarceration in the U.S. since the 1970s has been more restrained for juveniles than adults, even in the face of a youth violence epidemic that lasted for nearly a decade. Rhetoric has grown harsher in the wake of moral panics about youth crime, juvenile codes now express the language of retribution and incapacitation, yet the growth in incarceration of juveniles was …


A Hidden Crisis: The Need To Strengthen Representation Of Parents In Child Protective Proceedings, Vivek Sankaran 2010 University of Michigan Law School

A Hidden Crisis: The Need To Strengthen Representation Of Parents In Child Protective Proceedings, Vivek Sankaran

Articles

A national consensus is emerging that zealous legal representation of parents is crucial in ensuring that the child welfare system produces just outcomes for children. National groups, inclucing the Pew Commission on Children in Foster Care, the American Bar Association Center on Children and the Law, and the National Association of Counsel for Children, have been outspoken on the need to strengthen legal advocacy on behalf of parents, and a number of states-including Colorado, Connecticut,' and Washington7 have initiated efforts to comprehensively reform their systems of appointing lawyers for indigent parents to better serve families. A national movement is afoot …


Defending Juveniles Facing Life Without Parole In Michigan, Kimberly A. Thomas 2010 University of Michigan Law School

Defending Juveniles Facing Life Without Parole In Michigan, Kimberly A. Thomas

Articles

In Graham v. Florida, the United State Supreme Court held that life without parole could not be imposed on a juvenile offender for a non-homicide crime. This article discusses the challenges, under the Eighth Amendment and the Michigan Constitution, to the sentence of life without parole imposed on someone 17 years old or less.


Family-Related Issues In Social And Welfare Law. Legal Methods For Research On Children And Families, Titti Mattsson 2009 Lund University

Family-Related Issues In Social And Welfare Law. Legal Methods For Research On Children And Families, Titti Mattsson

Titti Mattsson

No abstract provided.


Family Solidarity Versus Social Solidarity In The United States, Sanford N. Katz 2009 Boston College Law School

Family Solidarity Versus Social Solidarity In The United States, Sanford N. Katz

Sanford N. Katz

No abstract provided.


Religion-Based Claims For Impinging On Queer Citizenship, Donn Short, Bruce MacDougall 2009 University of British Columbia

Religion-Based Claims For Impinging On Queer Citizenship, Donn Short, Bruce Macdougall

Donn Short

Competing claims for legal protection based on religion and on sexual orientation have arisen fairly frequently in Canada in the past decade or so. The authors place such competitions into five categories based on the nature of who is making the claim and who is impacted, the site of the competition, and the extent to which the usual legal and constitutional norms applicable are affected. Three of the five categories identified involve a claim that a religion operate in some form in the public area so as to impinge on the usual protection of equality on the basis of sexual …


Aking Prevention Seriously: Developing A Comprehensive Response To Child Trafficking And Sexual Exploitation, Jonathan Todres 2009 Georgia State University College of Law

Aking Prevention Seriously: Developing A Comprehensive Response To Child Trafficking And Sexual Exploitation, Jonathan Todres

Jonathan Todres

Millions of children are victims of trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation each year. Governments have responded with a range of measures, focusing primarily on seeking to prosecute perpetrators of these abuses and offering assistance to select victims. These efforts, while important, have done little to reduce the incidence of these forms of child exploitation. This Article asserts that a central reason why efforts to date may not be as effective as hoped is that governments have not oriented their approaches properly toward prioritizing prevention - the ultimate goal - and addressing these problems in a comprehensive and systematic manner. Instead, …


Taking Prevention Seriously: Developing A Comprehensive Response To Child Trafficking And Sexual Exploitation, Jonathan Todres 2009 Georgia State University College of Law

Taking Prevention Seriously: Developing A Comprehensive Response To Child Trafficking And Sexual Exploitation, Jonathan Todres

Jonathan Todres

Millions of children are victims of trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation each year. Governments have responded with a range of measures, focusing primarily on seeking to prosecute perpetrators of these abuses and offering assistance to select victims. These efforts, while important, have done little to reduce the incidence of these forms of child exploitation. This Article asserts that a central reason why efforts to date may not be as effective as hoped is that governments have not oriented their approaches properly toward prioritizing prevention - the ultimate goal - and addressing these problems in a comprehensive and systematic manner. Instead, …


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