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Diagnostic Performance And Optimal Cut-Off Scores Of The Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Second Version In A Sample Of Swiss Youths In Welfare And Juvenile Justice Institutions, Claudia Dolitzsch, Laura E. W. Leenarts, Klaus Schmeck, Jorg M. Fegert, Thomas Grisso, Marc Schmid 2017 Universitätsklinikum

Diagnostic Performance And Optimal Cut-Off Scores Of The Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Second Version In A Sample Of Swiss Youths In Welfare And Juvenile Justice Institutions, Claudia Dolitzsch, Laura E. W. Leenarts, Klaus Schmeck, Jorg M. Fegert, Thomas Grisso, Marc Schmid

Psychiatry Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: There is a growing consensus about the importance of mental health screening of youths in welfare and juvenile justice institutions. The Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-second version (MAYSI-2) was specifically designed, normed and validated to assist juvenile justice facilities in the United States of America (USA), in identifying youths with potential emotional or behavioral problems. However, it is not known if the USA norm-based cut-off scores can be used in Switzerland. Therefore, the primary purpose of the current study was to estimate the diagnostic performance and optimal cut-off scores of the MAYSI-2 in a sample of Swiss youths in welfare ...


Educating Incarcerated Youth In Illinois: A Blended Learning Model, John Sonnenberg 2017 National Louis University

Educating Incarcerated Youth In Illinois: A Blended Learning Model, John Sonnenberg

Dissertations

The purpose of this case study was to better understand the reasons behind the apparent continued success of a blended learning educational model in place since 2012 in the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice (IDJJ). Using a mixed methods approach, data were gathered and analyzed from a variety of records, reports, and other documentation that included: diplomas awarded, courses taken, course completion, enrollment trends, student mobility rates, GED testing information, and special education student enrollment and performance. Data were also gathered through classroom observations and individual and group interviews with the IDJJ district superintendent, principals, and teachers at six different ...


How Should Justice Policy Treat Young Offenders?, B J. Casey, Richard J. Bonnie, Andre Davis, David L. Faigman, Morris B. Hoffman, Owen D. Jones, Read Montague, Stephen J. Morse, Marcus E. Raichle, Jennifer A. Richeson, Elizabeth S. Scott, Laurence Steinberg, Kim A. Taylor-Thompson, Anthony D. Wagner 2017 Yale University - Department of Psychology

How Should Justice Policy Treat Young Offenders?, B J. Casey, Richard J. Bonnie, Andre Davis, David L. Faigman, Morris B. Hoffman, Owen D. Jones, Read Montague, Stephen J. Morse, Marcus E. Raichle, Jennifer A. Richeson, Elizabeth S. Scott, Laurence Steinberg, Kim A. Taylor-Thompson, Anthony D. Wagner

Faculty Scholarship

The justice system in the United States has long recognized that juvenile offenders are not the same as adults, and has tried to incorporate those differences into law and policy. But only in recent decades have behavioral scientists and neuroscientists, along with policymakers, looked rigorously at developmental differences, seeking answers to two overarching questions: Are young offenders, purely by virtue of their immaturity, different from older individuals who commit crimes? And, if they are, how should justice policy take this into account?

A growing body of research on adolescent development now confirms that teenagers are indeed inherently different from adults ...


Forgotten Youth: Homeless Lgbt Youth Of Color And The Runaway And Homeless Youth Act, Michelle Page 2017 Northwestern University School of Law

Forgotten Youth: Homeless Lgbt Youth Of Color And The Runaway And Homeless Youth Act, Michelle Page

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

Over the years, the rate of youth homelessness in America has steadily risen, prompting the creation and subsequent revision of corrective policies. One such policy is the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act of 1974. The Act is not a cure-all for homelessness but it does provide services and programs specifically designed to aid homeless youth. It has had some success, but not all homeless youth benefit from it equally.

Obviously, the youth population is not a homogenous one. Youth are of varying ages, races, genders, and sexualities. Unfortunately, the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act does not specifically account for these ...


The Case For Trauma-Informed, Gender-Specific Prevention/Early Intervention Programming In Reducing Female Juvenile Delinquency In Florida, Joan Flocks, Emily Calvin, Simone Chriss, Marina Prado-Steiman 2017 Levin College of Law, University of Florida

The Case For Trauma-Informed, Gender-Specific Prevention/Early Intervention Programming In Reducing Female Juvenile Delinquency In Florida, Joan Flocks, Emily Calvin, Simone Chriss, Marina Prado-Steiman

Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy

This article describes the statutory recognition of the need for prevention/early intervention juvenile services in Florida that are both trauma-informed and gender-specific. It examines how childhood trauma can impact at-risk children and the gendered aspects of such trauma. The article then describes the PACE Center for Girls, a Florida-based school, currently undergoing a comprehensive evaluation, which attempts to incorporate elements that fulfill statutory recommendations into its programming.


Beyond Rehabilitation: Constitutional Violations Associated With The Isolation And Discrimination Of Transgender Youth In The Juvenile Justice System, Sonja Marrett 2017 Boston College Law School

Beyond Rehabilitation: Constitutional Violations Associated With The Isolation And Discrimination Of Transgender Youth In The Juvenile Justice System, Sonja Marrett

Boston College Law Review

The juvenile justice system is predicated on a theory of rehabilitation with concern for protecting juveniles and society. For lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (“LGBT”) youth, however, the system has developed into a punitive arrangement. LGBT youth face higher rates of criminalization and incarceration for non-violent crimes than any other group of youth. They also face unique threats, including sexual, physical, and emotional harassment; isolation; and a lack of medical care. Transgender youth are especially impacted. In response, victims have increasingly brought constitutional claims against federal prison officials for unconstitutional conditions of confinement. The courts are inconsistent on whether the ...


Protecting America’S Children: Why An Executive Order Banning Juvenile Solitary Confinement Is Not Enough, Carina Muir 2017 Pepperdine University

Protecting America’S Children: Why An Executive Order Banning Juvenile Solitary Confinement Is Not Enough, Carina Muir

Pepperdine Law Review

Despite its devastating psychological, physical, and developmental effects on juveniles, solitary confinement is used in juvenile correctional facilities across the United States. This Comment posits that such treatment violates the Eighth Amendment’s Cruel and Unusual Punishment Clause, the United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of the Child, and the Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. It likewise argues that that President Obama’s recent Executive Order banning juvenile solitary confinement is simply not a powerful enough remedy and discusses why it must be paired with Congressional legislation or Supreme Court jurisprudence if it ...


Health And Safety Overregulation, Michael Lewyn 2017 Touro Law Center

Health And Safety Overregulation, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Anti-jaywalking laws are designed to protect the safety of pedestrians. Similarly, police and child protection officials punish parents who allow their children to walk to school, in the name of child safety. This speech criticizes these policies and their justifications.


Juvenile Or Adult? Lost In Interpretation: The Split On Interpreting A “Prior Record” Under The Federal Juvenile Delinquency Act, Ashley N. Longcor 2017 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

Juvenile Or Adult? Lost In Interpretation: The Split On Interpreting A “Prior Record” Under The Federal Juvenile Delinquency Act, Ashley N. Longcor

Mitchell Hamline Law Journal of Public Policy and Practice

No abstract provided.


Comments: When Psychology Answers Constitutional Questions: The Eighth Amendment And Juvenile Sentencing, Emily M. Steiner 2017 University of Baltimore School of Law

Comments: When Psychology Answers Constitutional Questions: The Eighth Amendment And Juvenile Sentencing, Emily M. Steiner

University of Baltimore Law Review

While weighing whether or not to turn himself in for murder and surrender to prison, a 23-year-old law student questions the high premium placed on imprisonment as a rehabilitative measure. After finally submitting to imprisonment, however, Rodion Raskolnikov comes to understand the value of atoning for his crimes and how his punishment correlates with societal justice. The balance struck between an appropriate amount of suffering and society’s need for justice is at the heart of Raskolnikov’s character development.

Despite Raskolnikov’s imprisonment and accompanying character transformation, one important question remains unanswered by Fyodor Dostoevsky’s novel: at what ...


Editorial Board And Table Of Contents, 2017 Barry University School of Law

Editorial Board And Table Of Contents

Child and Family Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Hindering Permanency, One Ineffective Assistance Of Counsel Claim At A Time, Michael Andriano Esq. 2017 Barry University School of Law

Hindering Permanency, One Ineffective Assistance Of Counsel Claim At A Time, Michael Andriano Esq.

Child and Family Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Florida Adoption Intervention Statute: Balancing The Constitutional Rights Of The Parents With The Best Interest Of The Dependent Child, Taylor Smith 2017 Barry University - Dwayne O. Andreas School of Law

Florida Adoption Intervention Statute: Balancing The Constitutional Rights Of The Parents With The Best Interest Of The Dependent Child, Taylor Smith

Child and Family Law Journal

No abstract provided.


How Social Media Is Affecting The Lives Of Minors Including Current Legal Safeguards And Their Weaknesses, Erin Carpenter 2017 Barry University - Dwayne O. Andreas School of Law

How Social Media Is Affecting The Lives Of Minors Including Current Legal Safeguards And Their Weaknesses, Erin Carpenter

Child and Family Law Journal

No abstract provided.


"Jury Of My Peers": The Significance Of A Racially Representative Jury For Juveniles In Adult Court, Clyde Lemon 2017 Barry University - Dwayne O. Andreas School of Law

"Jury Of My Peers": The Significance Of A Racially Representative Jury For Juveniles In Adult Court, Clyde Lemon

Child and Family Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Quality Education For America’S Children With Disabilities: The Need To Protect Due Process Rights, Selene A. Almazan Esq., Andrew A. Feinstein Esq., Denise Stile Marshall M.S. 2017 UDC Law

Quality Education For America’S Children With Disabilities: The Need To Protect Due Process Rights, Selene A. Almazan Esq., Andrew A. Feinstein Esq., Denise Stile Marshall M.S.

Child and Family Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Racial And Gender Justice In The Child Welfare And Child Support Systems, Margaret Brinig 2017 Notre Dame Law School

Racial And Gender Justice In The Child Welfare And Child Support Systems, Margaret Brinig

Journal Articles

While divorcing couples in the United States have been studied for many years, separating unmarried couples and their children have proven more difficult to analyze. Recently there have been successful longitudinal ethnographic and survey-based studies. This piece uses documents from a single Indiana county’s unified family court (called the Probate Court) to trace the effects of race and gender on unmarried families, beginning with a sample of 386 children for whom paternity petitions were brought in four months of 2008. It confirms prior theoretical work on racial differences in noncustodial parenting and poses new questions about how incarceration and ...


Gendered Due Process Of Juvenile Justice, Annette R. Appell 2017 Washington University School of Law

Gendered Due Process Of Juvenile Justice, Annette R. Appell

Washington University Journal of Law & Policy

This Essay illustrates how the United States Constitution has developed gendered jurisprudence for children and families that affords children a higher level of due process in juvenile courts than is afforded to their parents. Appell discusses this jurisprudence through the lens of child protection and delinquency cases, followed by the laws treatment of children outside of the familial context. Appell highlights the higher level of constitutional freedom afforded children who break the law versus their parents who raise them and ends with a discussion of the implications this has on juvenile jurisprudence.


Keynote Address: Can A Sign Or Occult Finding Predict A Causal Relationship?: How To Reason About Possible Child Abuse, Peter Aspelin 2017 Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

Keynote Address: Can A Sign Or Occult Finding Predict A Causal Relationship?: How To Reason About Possible Child Abuse, Peter Aspelin

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Keynote Address for the University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform Symposium, Child Abuse Evidence: New Perspectives from Law, Medicine, Psychology & Statistics.


Child Abuse Evidence: New Perspectives From Law, Medicine, Psychology & Statistics: Opening Remarks, November 6, 2015, Bridget M. McCormack 2017 Michigan Supreme Court

Child Abuse Evidence: New Perspectives From Law, Medicine, Psychology & Statistics: Opening Remarks, November 6, 2015, Bridget M. Mccormack

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Opening remarks by Justice Bridget McCormack, Michigan Supreme Court on November 6, 2015.


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