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The Rule Of Law As The Rule Of Reasons, Mathilde Cohen 2009 University of Connecticut

The Rule Of Law As The Rule Of Reasons, Mathilde Cohen

Mathilde Cohen

This paper argues that in contemporary legal thinking, the concept of the rule of law has become inseparable from the idea that legal decision-makers should give reasons to justify their decisions. Yet, how far can the concept of the rule the law be understood as establishing a rule of reasons? I examine whether reason giving is necessarily connected with the rule of law in the sense that a legal system would not conform to the rule of law if its decisions were not supported by publicly articulated reasons. I proceed by arguing that the focus on reason giving vindicates both ...


The Jurisprudence Of Marriage And Other Intimate Relationships, Scott FitzGibbon 2009 Boston College Law School

The Jurisprudence Of Marriage And Other Intimate Relationships, Scott Fitzgibbon

Scott T. FitzGibbon

Contains essays about the basic meaning and principles underlying legal regulation of marriage and other relation- ships, written by a dozen prominent legal scholars from five nations, including authorities on jurisprudence and family law and scholars of other relevant disciplines. Topics include the principles used to determine eligibility for particular legal and social recognition; the current status of such relationships in society and law; how such relationships may affect one another; the foundations for public recognition of relationships; and critical analysis of various legal theories that would level such relation- ships. All chapters consider various relationship forms in the light ...


Teaching The Tensions, Angela P. Harris 2009 University of California - Davis

Teaching The Tensions, Angela P. Harris

Angela P Harris

No abstract provided.


Hard Times, Hard Time: Retributive Justice For Unjustly Disadvantaged Offenders, Stuart Green 2009 Rutgers Law School-Newark

Hard Times, Hard Time: Retributive Justice For Unjustly Disadvantaged Offenders, Stuart Green

Stuart Green

Criminological studies consistently indicate that a disproportionate percentage of crimes in our society, both violent and non-violent, are committed by those who are impoverished. If we assume that at least some of the poor who commit crimes are poor because they fail to get from society what they “deserve” in terms of economic or political or social rights, the question arises whether this fact should affect the determination of what such people “deserve” from society in terms of punishment. The question is all the more pressing given recent Census Bureau figures indicating that the economic recession that began in 2008 ...


When Users Are Authors: Authorship In The Age Of Digital Media, Alina Ng 2009 Mississippi College School of Law

When Users Are Authors: Authorship In The Age Of Digital Media, Alina Ng

Alina Ng

This Article explores what authorship and creative production means in the digital age. Notions of the author as the creator of the work provided a point of reference for recognizing ownership rights in literary and artistic works in conventional copyright jurisprudence. The role of the author, as the creator and producer of a work, has been seen as distinct and separate from that of the publisher and user. Copyright laws and customary norms protect the author’s rights in his creation to provide the incentive to create and allow him to appropriate the social value generated by his creativity as ...


Winterthouhgts, Matilda Arvidsson 2009 Lund University

Winterthouhgts, Matilda Arvidsson

Matilda Arvidsson

No abstract provided.


Organizations And Economics, Richard Adelstein 2009 Wesleyan University

Organizations And Economics, Richard Adelstein

Richard Adelstein

A contribution to a symposium on a paper by Richard Posner.


Gay And Lesbian Elders: History, Law, And Identity Politics In The United States, Nancy J. Knauer 2009 Temple University School of Law

Gay And Lesbian Elders: History, Law, And Identity Politics In The United States, Nancy J. Knauer

Nancy J. Knauer

The approximately two million gay and lesbian elders in the United States are an underserved and understudied population. At a time when gay men and lesbians enjoy an unprecedented degree of social acceptance and legal protection, many elders face the daily challenges of aging isolated from family, detached from the larger gay and lesbian community, and ignored by mainstream aging initiatives. Drawing on materials from law, history, and social theory, this book integrates practical proposals for reform with larger issues of sexuality and identity. Beginning with a summary of existing demographic data and offering a historical overview of pre-Stonewall views ...


Marriage And Parenthood As Status And Rights: The Growing, Problematic And Possibly Constitutional Trend To Disaggregate Family Status From Family Rights, Katharine K. Baker 2009 Selected Works

Marriage And Parenthood As Status And Rights: The Growing, Problematic And Possibly Constitutional Trend To Disaggregate Family Status From Family Rights, Katharine K. Baker

Katharine K. Baker

In upholding Proposition 8 one year after finding that same sex couples had a constitutional right to marry, the California Supreme Court followed a growing trend in family law to sever family rights from family status. The Court found that same sex couples were constitutionally entitled to the legal incidents of marriage, but not marriage itself. In the last 30 years, courts and legislatures have increasingly recognized a variety of different family forms by granting people in them the legal incidents of family relationship (Civil Unions and Domestic Partnerships for couples, Visitation and De Facto Parenthood for caretakers) without granting ...


“El Reglamento N° 261/2004 Sobre Asistencia Y Compensación De Los Pasajeros Aéreos: El Tjce Clarifica ('Ma Non Troppo') Los Conceptos De Retraso Y Cancelación De Un Vuelo”, Luis González Vaqué 2009 Asociación Iberoamericana para el Dereho Alimentario

“El Reglamento N° 261/2004 Sobre Asistencia Y Compensación De Los Pasajeros Aéreos: El Tjce Clarifica ('Ma Non Troppo') Los Conceptos De Retraso Y Cancelación De Un Vuelo”, Luis González Vaqué

Luis González Vaqué

No abstract provided.


"That Man Is You!" The Juristic Person And Faithful Love, Scott T. FitzGibbon 2009 Boston College Law School

"That Man Is You!" The Juristic Person And Faithful Love, Scott T. Fitzgibbon

Scott T. FitzGibbon

No abstract provided.


Impact Of The Australia-Us Free Trade Agreement On Australian Medicines Regulation And Prices, Thomas A. Faunce, James Bai, Duy Nguyen 2009 Australian National University

Impact Of The Australia-Us Free Trade Agreement On Australian Medicines Regulation And Prices, Thomas A. Faunce, James Bai, Duy Nguyen

Thomas A Faunce

The Australia – United States Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA) came into force on 1 January 2005. Before and subsequently to the AUSFTA being concluded, controversy surrounded the debate over its impact on Australia ’ s health policy, specifically on regulation of pharmaceutical patents and Australia ’ s cost-effectiveness system relating to prescription medicine prices known as the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS). This article examines the expectations of both parties in the pharmaceutical sector with regard to the AUSFTA, as well as how successfully they were achieved. It seeks to analyse important relevant outcomes for regulators, the public and pharmaceutical industry, as well as ...


Nanotechnology And The International Law Of Weaponry: Towards International Regulation Of Nano-Weapons., Thomas A. Faunce, Hitoshi Nasu 2009 Australian National University

Nanotechnology And The International Law Of Weaponry: Towards International Regulation Of Nano-Weapons., Thomas A. Faunce, Hitoshi Nasu

Thomas A Faunce

The development of nanotechnology for military application is an emerging area of research and development, the pace and extent of which has not been fully anticipated by international legal regulation. Nano-weapons are referred to here as objects and devices using nanotechnology or causing effects in nano-scale that are designed or used for harming humans. Such weapons, despite their controversial human and environmental toxicity, are not comprehensively covered by specific, targeted regulation under international law. This article critically examines current international humanitarian law and arms control law regimes to determine whether significant gaps exist in the regulation of nanotechnology focused on ...


La Prioridad Del Respeto: Cómo Nuestra Humanidad Común Puede Fundamentar Nuestra Dignidad Individual, Richard Stith 2009 Selected Works

La Prioridad Del Respeto: Cómo Nuestra Humanidad Común Puede Fundamentar Nuestra Dignidad Individual, Richard Stith

Richard Stith

Revision of 2004 English version found below. En este ensayo consideramos que la prioridad de las personas, la infranqueable brecha politica entre las personas y las meras cosas, se corresponde con un tipo especial de tratamiento jurídico y político para las personas, a saber, su tratamiento como individuos irreemplazables. Aquel lenguaje normativo que confunde la categoría "persona " con clases fungibles de seres puede, entonces, parecer que justifica que se destruyan y sustituyan seres humanos, tal y como hacemos con las cosas. Por ejemplo, de la habitual pero impropia extensión de la palabra "valor" a las personas pueden resultar consecuencias fatales ...


Procreation, Harm, And The Constitution, Carter Dillard 2009 Emory University

Procreation, Harm, And The Constitution, Carter Dillard

Carter Dillard

This Essay provides relatively novel answers to two related questions: First, are there moral reasons to limit the sorts of existences it is permissible to bring people into, such that one would be morally prohibited from procreating in certain circumstances? Second, can the state justify a legal prohibition on procreation in those circumstances using that moral reasoning, so that the law would likely be constitutional?

These questions are not new, but my answers to them are and add to the existing literature in several ways. First, I offer a possible resolution to a recent debate among legal scholars regarding what ...


Investment Indiscipline: A Behavioral Approach To Mutual Fund Jurisprudence, William Birdthistle 2009 University of Chicago Law School

Investment Indiscipline: A Behavioral Approach To Mutual Fund Jurisprudence, William Birdthistle

William Birdthistle

Next Term, in Jones v. Harris, the Supreme Court will be called upon to resolve philosophical divergences on a massive, critical, yet academically slighted subject: the dysfunctional system through which almost one hundred million Americans attempt to save more than ten trillion dollars for their retirement. When this case was in the Seventh Circuit, two of the foremost theorists of law and economics, Chief Judge Frank Easterbrook and Judge Richard Posner, disagreed vociferously on competing analyses of the investment industry. The Supreme Court’s ruling will not only resolve the intricate fiduciary and doctrinal issues of this dispute but also ...


Ockham's Theory Of Natural Rights, Siegfried Van Duffel, Jonathan Robinson 2009 University of Helsinki

Ockham's Theory Of Natural Rights, Siegfried Van Duffel, Jonathan Robinson

Siegfried Van Duffel

Ockham's theory may well be the most influential medieval predecessor of contemporary theories of human rights. We suggest that it was also in a better condition than its descendants.


Das Virtudes Cívicas Clássicas Às Virtudes Pós-Modernas - Dos Tempos E Dos Modos, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Das Virtudes Cívicas Clássicas Às Virtudes Pós-Modernas - Dos Tempos E Dos Modos, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Ao mesmo tempo que importa recuperar, na nossa memória e na educação, os grandes exemplos dos virtuosos heróis e sábios da Antiguidade Clássica, que a deseducação tem olvidado, não se pode esquecer que o mundo pós-moderno em que vivemos requer de nós aptidões, virtualidades, posicionamentos diferentes. Não para caminharmos no sentido de todos os demais, mas para respondermos com valor aos reptos do presente. Este artigo procura conciliar, pois, o legado clássico das virtudes cívicas, com algumas propostas inspiradas em autores recentes (como Italo Calvino e Alain Finkielkraut) para o séc. XXI


Direito, Utopia E Insularidade, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Direito, Utopia E Insularidade, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Não é por acaso que tantas utopias literárias se localizam ficcionalmente em ilhas. Não é por acaso que as utopias são uma espécie de descrição constitucional sem as amarras dos artigos de um código de direito político. Não é por acaso que as ilhas, parecendo uma prisão, rodeada de mar por todos os lados, são afinal sonhos de onde se pode sair, voando. Não só em sonhos oníricos, mas em sonhos que se podem tornar realidade. Este artigo desenvolve as ligações entre os aspectos literários, políticos e jurídicos das utopias na sua dimensão insular.


Virtude Da Constituição E Virtudes Republicanas, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Virtude Da Constituição E Virtudes Republicanas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

A virtude da Constituição é a sua essência e função. E a Constituição tem sempre uma virtude liberal-democrática, apesar de tudo. Conra tudo e contra todos, apesar por vezes mesmo de si própria e das intenções dos seus autores... Depois do “retorno” dos valores à política e ao Direito Constitucional, é a vez da volta das virtudes à discussão, designadamente pela via da ética constitucional ou republicana, de novo na ordem do dia em muitos países. Quais serão, então, as principais virtudes juspolíticas, constitucionais, ou republicanas? O presente artigo intenta também uma proposta de virtudes republicanas concretas para o nosso ...


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