The Exceptional Role Of Courts In The Constitutional Order, 2017 Trinity College, Oxford
The Exceptional Role Of Courts In The Constitutional Order, N.W. Barber, Adrian Vermeule
Notre Dame Law Review
This Article looks at a rare part of the judicial role: those exceptional cases when the judge is called upon to pass judgment on the constitution itself. This arises in three groups of cases, roughly speaking. First, in exceptional cases the validity of the constitution and the legal order is thrown into dispute. Second, on some occasions the judge is asked to rule on the transition from one constitutional order to another. Third, there are some cases in which the health of the constitutional order requires the judge to act not merely beyond the law, as it were, but actually ...
"A Radical Proposal": The Multidistrict Litigation Act Of 1968, 2017 Berkeley Law
"A Radical Proposal": The Multidistrict Litigation Act Of 1968, Andrew D. Bradt
Andrew D. Bradt
The Cure Is Worse: First Circuit Circumvents False Claims Act's First-To-File Rule In United States Ex Rel. Gadbois V. Pharmerica Corp., Daniel Sorger
Boston College Law Review
In 2015, in United States ex rel. Gadbois v. PharMerica Corp., the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit held that a qui tam relator could use supplementation to cure a jurisdictional first-to-file defect in a False Claims Act (“FCA”) action. In contrast, in 2010, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in United States ex rel. Chovanec v. Apria Healthcare Group, Inc. held that relators barred by first-to-file must face dismissal without prejudice and then refile if they are to proceed. Separately, in 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C ...
Fading Extraterritoriality And Isolationism? Developments In The United States, 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law
Fading Extraterritoriality And Isolationism? Developments In The United States, Austen L. Parrish
Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies
Having the opportunity to deliver the twelfth Snyder Lecture is a privilege in part because of the distinguished scholars who have given the lecture in the past. It is also a privilege because of Earl Snyder himself. Earl was visionary in supporting these cross-Atlantic intellectual exchanges and ahead of his time in appreciating the value of studying transnationalism in its many forms. Today, in that tradition, my aim is to give you a sense of how the procedural rules of international civil litigation are developing and changing in the United States, and how those developments in turn affect more traditional ...
Conference Of Soviet And American Jurists On The Law Of The Sea And The Protection Of The Marine Environment, Milton Katz, Richard R. Baxter, O. V. Bogdanov, William E. Butler, Thomas M. Franck, Richard Frank, P. P. Gureev, John L. Hargrove, L. A. Ivanaschenko, Y. Kasmin, V. A. Kiselev, B. M. Klimenko, H. G. Knight, O. S. Kolbasov, A. L. Kolodkin, V. M. Koretsky, F. N. Kovalev, V. N. Kudrjavtsev, B. A. Kuvshinnikov, M. I. Lazarev, A. L. Makovsky, Charles W. Maynes, P. A. Moiseev, John N. Moore, A. P. Movchan, T. M. Starzhina, Robert E. Stein, Grigory I. Tunkin, E. T. Usenko, A. F. Vysotsky, A. K. Zhudro
Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law
Included in the papers for the Conference of Soviet and American Jurists on the Law of the Sea and the Protection of the Marine Environment:
Introduction by Milton Katz and Richard R. Baxter, p. 1
Freedom of Scientific Research in the World Ocean by A.F. Vysotsky, p. 7
The International Law of Scientific Research in the Oceans by Richard R. Baxter, p. 27
Responsibility and Liability for Harm to the Marine Environment by Robert E. Stein, p. 41
Liability for Marine Environment Pollution Damage in Contemporary International Sea Law by A. L. Makovsky, p. 59
Protection of the Marine ...
The Court Jurisdiction And Proceedings Transfer Act And The Hague Conference’S Judgments And Jurisdiction Projects, 2017 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia
The Court Jurisdiction And Proceedings Transfer Act And The Hague Conference’S Judgments And Jurisdiction Projects, Blom Joost
The Court Jurisdiction and Proceedings Transfer Act (CJPTA) codifies the substantive law of jurisdiction in British Columbia, Nova Scotia and Saskatchewan. One of the questions that may be posed by the future of the CJPTA is how the jurisdictional system that it enacts would function in relation to two potential international conventions that are contemplated by the Hague Conference on Private International Law. One, a convention on the enforcement of judgments, is in an advanced stage of negotiation and may well be adopted by the Hague Conference. It deals with jurisdiction indirectly, by defining jurisdictional standards or “filters” that must ...
Choice Of Law And Jurisdictional Policy In The Federal Courts, 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School
Choice Of Law And Jurisdictional Policy In The Federal Courts, Tobias Barrington Wolff
For seventy-five years, Klaxon v. Stentor Electric Manufacturing has provided a one-line answer to choice-of-law questions in federal diversity cases: Erie requires the federal court to employ the same law that a court of the state would select. The simplicity of the proposition likely accounts for the unqualified breadth with which federal courts now apply it. Choice of law doctrine is difficult, consensus in hard cases is elusive, and the anxiety that Erie produces over the demands of federalism tends to stifle any reexamination of core assumptions. The attraction of a simple answer is obvious. But Klaxon cannot bear the ...
Reciprocal Legitimation In The Federal Courts System, 2017 Duke Law School
Reciprocal Legitimation In The Federal Courts System, Neil S. Siegel
Much scholarship in law and political science has long understood the U.S. Supreme Court to be the “apex” court in the federal judicial system, and so to relate hierarchically to “lower” federal courts. On that top-down view, exemplified by the work of Alexander Bickel and many subsequent scholars, the Court is the principal, and lower federal courts are its faithful agents. Other scholarship takes a bottom-up approach, viewing lower federal courts as faithless agents or analyzing the “percolation” of issues in those courts before the Court decides. This Article identifies circumstances in which the relationship between the Court and ...
The Supreme Court Acknowledges Congress’ Authority To Confer Informational Standing In Spokeo, Inc. V. Robins, 2017 University of Cincinnati College of Law
The Supreme Court Acknowledges Congress’ Authority To Confer Informational Standing In Spokeo, Inc. V. Robins, Bradford C. Mank
Washington University Law Review
The Supreme Court’s 2016 decision in Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins does not fully resolve when an intangible injury such as a defendant’s misreporting of a plaintiff’s personal information is sufficient to constitute a “concrete injury” for Article III standing. However, the Spokeo decision makes clear that Congress has a significant role in defining intangible injuries for Article III standing beyond what was considered an injury under the American or English common law. Some commentators had thought Spokeo might overrule the Court’s prior decisions in Akins and Public Citizen, which both held that a plaintiff may have ...
To Consider Or To Use? Citation To Foreign Authority And Legal Aesthetics, 2017 Georgetown University Law Center
To Consider Or To Use? Citation To Foreign Authority And Legal Aesthetics, Andrew J. Kerr
Washington University Law Review
In this essay I consider what it means to consider something. More directly, I consider how a judge might distinguish a source used for inspiration from a source used as legal authority. I wonder if Justice Sotomayor posits this line-drawing problem as a koan to would-be clerks. To my limited ken, the epistemological limits of the English language make it impossible to separate these concepts with precision. I argue that we should instead lobby Bluebook editors to create a new signal that can capture a heuristic of citing something for edifying or contextual value. This is not a purely pedantic ...
Mind The Gap: Issues With And Solutions To Oklahoma’S Appellate Jurisdiction As Exposed By Lockett V. Evans, 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law
Mind The Gap: Issues With And Solutions To Oklahoma’S Appellate Jurisdiction As Exposed By Lockett V. Evans, Jonathan Bryant
Oklahoma Law Review
No abstract provided.
The Jurisdictional Boundary Between The Oklahoma Supreme Court And The Court Of Criminal Appeals: Blurred Lines, 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law
The Jurisdictional Boundary Between The Oklahoma Supreme Court And The Court Of Criminal Appeals: Blurred Lines, Greg Eddington
Oklahoma Law Review
No abstract provided.
Operationalizing Free, Prior, And Informed Consent, 2017 University of Colorado Law School
Operationalizing Free, Prior, And Informed Consent, Carla F. Fredericks
The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) has acknowledged varying ways in which international actors can protect, respect and remedy the rights of indigenous peoples. One of these methods is the concept of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) as described in Articles 10, 19, 28 and 29. There has been much debate in the international community over the legal status of the UNDRIP, and member states have done little to implement it. In applied contexts, many entities like extractive industries and conservation groups are aware of risks inherent in not soliciting FPIC and have endeavored to ...
Closing Time: Removing The State Of Oklahoma From Alcohol Regulation In Indian Country, 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law
Closing Time: Removing The State Of Oklahoma From Alcohol Regulation In Indian Country, Ryan Wilson
Oklahoma Law Review
No abstract provided.
Justice For All: Certifying Global Class Actions, 2017 University of Connecticut School of Law
Justice For All: Certifying Global Class Actions, Ángel R. Oquendo
Washington University Global Studies Law Review
A federal court should approach the presence of foreigners in a global class action for monetary relief with an open mind. It should keep them in so long as it can conclude, upon a reflective comparative law analysis, that the judiciary in their nation of origin would uphold the ultimate ruling. For example, Latin American absent class members should normally stay on board inasmuch as virtually every jurisdiction in their region would allow a U.S. adjudicator to arrive at this conclusion. Accordingly, they would fail, on grounds of res judicata, if they ever tried to re-litigate the matter back ...
Native Youth & Juvenile Injustice In South Dakota, 2017 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law
Native Youth & Juvenile Injustice In South Dakota, Addie C. Rolnick
In this essay, Professor Rolnick uses the three themes of racism, jurisdiction, and tribal sovereignty to provide a snapshot of the juvenile justice system in South Dakota as it impacts Native youth. First, she describes the tribal juvenile justice systems in the state. She argues tribal systems should rightfully play a central role handling Native youth offenders, but they are underfunded and may not therefore be sufficiently responsive to young offenders' needs. Second, she examines the impact of federal power over youth on reservations in South Dakota. Specifically, federal juvenile jurisdiction, as well as federal financial and administrative power, can ...
The Business Of Personal Jurisdiction, 2017 Case Western University School of Law
The Business Of Personal Jurisdiction, Cassandra Burke Robertson, Charles W. (Rocky) Rhodes
This contribution to a symposium on business and the Roberts Court examines the recent significant reshaping of the contours of personal jurisdiction. Although the changes limit the scope of jurisdiction in ways that may favor defendants overall, the Court does not appear directly motivated by a desire to favor business—and, in fact, the Court erected significant obstacles to business interests in some contexts. Instead, the results in the cases may be better explained by the Court’s commitment to a formalist approach with respect for territorial boundaries and by a skepticism of transnational litigation not clearly related to a ...
Domicile Dismantled, 2017 Duke Law School
Domicile Dismantled, Kerry Abrams, Kathryn Barber
No abstract provided.
Brief Of Professor Stephen E. Sachs As Amicus Curiae, Bnsf Railway Co. V. Tyrrell, 2017 Duke Law School
Brief Of Professor Stephen E. Sachs As Amicus Curiae, Bnsf Railway Co. V. Tyrrell, Stephen E. Sachs
[This brief was filed in support of the petitioner in No. 16-405 (U.S., cert. granted Jan. 13, 2017).]
BNSF Railway Co. should win this case, but on statutory grounds alone. BNSF makes three arguments:
1) That Daimler AG v. Bauman forbids Montana’s exercise of general personal jurisdiction here;
2) That Congress has not sought to license the state’s exercise of jurisdiction; and
3) That such a license would be void under the Fourteenth Amendment.
BNSF’s first two arguments are fully persuasive and decide the case. As a result, the Court should decline to reach the third ...
Pennoyer Was Right, 2017 Duke Law School
Pennoyer Was Right, Stephen E. Sachs
Pennoyer v. Neff has a bad rap. As an original matter, Pennoyer is legally correct. Compared to current doctrine, it offers a more coherent and attractive way to think about personal jurisdiction and interstate relations generally.
To wit: The Constitution imposes no direct limits on personal jurisdiction. Jurisdiction isn't a matter of federal law, but of general law -- that unwritten law, including much of the English common law and the customary law of nations, that formed the basis of the American legal system. Founding-era states were free to override that law and to exercise more expansive jurisdiction. But if ...