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The Frequency, Predictability, And Proportionality Of Jury Awards Of Punitive Damages In State Courts: A New Audit, Mirya Holman 2009 Florida Atlantic University

The Frequency, Predictability, And Proportionality Of Jury Awards Of Punitive Damages In State Courts: A New Audit, Mirya Holman

Mirya R Holman

No abstract provided.


Business-Like: The Supreme Court’S 2009-2010 Labor And Employment Decisions, Melissa Hart 2009 University of Colorado at Boulder

Business-Like: The Supreme Court’S 2009-2010 Labor And Employment Decisions, Melissa Hart

Melissa R Hart

No abstract provided.


The Legacy Of A Supreme Court Clerkship: Stephen Breyer And Arthur Goldberg, Laura Ray 2009 Widener Law

The Legacy Of A Supreme Court Clerkship: Stephen Breyer And Arthur Goldberg, Laura Ray

Laura K. Ray

No abstract provided.


Public Confidence And Judicial Campaigns, Michael R. Dimino 2009 Widener Law

Public Confidence And Judicial Campaigns, Michael R. Dimino

Michael R Dimino

My purpose in this essay is to evaluate one of the alternative grounds suggested by Professor Geyh: that the elimination of judicial elections and limits on judicial candidates’ speech can be defended as means of "preserv[ing] public confidence in the courts." Such confidence is necessary, the argument goes, because the people would refuse to "acquiesce[] in the orderly administration of justice" if they believed that judges were deciding cases on the basis of their own preferences (or the electorate’s) rather than on the law.


Modern American Supreme Court Judicial Methodology And Its Origins: A Critical Analysis Of The Legal Thought Of Roscoe Pound, Beau James Brock 2009 Selected Works

Modern American Supreme Court Judicial Methodology And Its Origins: A Critical Analysis Of The Legal Thought Of Roscoe Pound, Beau James Brock

Beau James Brock

Roscoe Pound’s struggle for social justice has left an indelible mark on our judiciary and idea of law. One may ask, when did adhesive strips become “Band-aids?” When did tissues become “Kleenex?” And finally, when did Roscoe Pound’s weighing and balancing of interests and policy-made law become so ingrained into our legal tradition that we no longer recognize his genius for providing it to us? His influence on our perception of law is without equal. Society does not look to metaphysical absolutes as expressions of law anymore. We are constantly balancing and adjusting competing interests through legislation and ...


Striking An Efficient Balance: Making Sense Of Antitrust Standing In Class Action Certification Motions, Kelly J. Bozanic 2009 The Pennsylvania State University, Dickinson School of Law

Striking An Efficient Balance: Making Sense Of Antitrust Standing In Class Action Certification Motions, Kelly J. Bozanic

Kelly J. Bozanic

Class actions are powerful litigation devices, especially in antitrust cases. Plaintiffs who otherwise would not have the economic incentive to pursue judicial redress are vested with status as equal players in the commercial marketplace. The aims of both the antitrust laws and Rule 23(b)(3) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure are served through class actions, yet class actions also bear the potential of negatively impacting the consuming public. This is so, because district court judges considering certification motions face seemingly contradictory standards when it comes to certifying an antitrust class. As a result, plaintiff classes are often ...


No Good Deed Goes Unpublished: Precedent-Stripping And The Need For A New Prophylactic Rule, Edward Cantu 2009 n/a

No Good Deed Goes Unpublished: Precedent-Stripping And The Need For A New Prophylactic Rule, Edward Cantu

Edward Cantu

This paper addresses the “open secret” that federal appellate courts often strip their opinions of precedential value as a means to forgo fair, principled and/or thorough adjudication of issues raised in appeals. Is there a basis in contemporary constitutional doctrine for a presumption that appellants suffer constitutional injury when courts dispose of their appeals using non-precedential opinions? The author answers “yes.” The argument centers on case law establishing so-called “constitutional prophylactic rules,” which work to “overprotect” a given core right—that is, to create a presumption of constitutional injury without proof of it—when such is the only effective ...


Instituições, Trabalho E Pessoas, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Instituições, Trabalho E Pessoas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Os especialistas em doenças terminais sabem que ninguém tem saudades, quando abandona a vida, do trabalho que não fez. Tem saudades sim do tempo que não passou com familiares e amigos. A sociedade contemporânea, e algumas instituições "totais" estão a potenciar até ao expoente demencial a exploração e a despersonalização dos trabalhadores, designadamente proletarizando técnicos superiores e técnicos pensantes que, sem ócio criativo, deixarão de criar. É uma crise civilizacional, nada menos.


Das Virtudes Cívicas Clássicas Às Virtudes Pós-Modernas - Dos Tempos E Dos Modos, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Das Virtudes Cívicas Clássicas Às Virtudes Pós-Modernas - Dos Tempos E Dos Modos, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Ao mesmo tempo que importa recuperar, na nossa memória e na educação, os grandes exemplos dos virtuosos heróis e sábios da Antiguidade Clássica, que a deseducação tem olvidado, não se pode esquecer que o mundo pós-moderno em que vivemos requer de nós aptidões, virtualidades, posicionamentos diferentes. Não para caminharmos no sentido de todos os demais, mas para respondermos com valor aos reptos do presente. Este artigo procura conciliar, pois, o legado clássico das virtudes cívicas, com algumas propostas inspiradas em autores recentes (como Italo Calvino e Alain Finkielkraut) para o séc. XXI


Direito, Utopia E Insularidade, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Direito, Utopia E Insularidade, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Não é por acaso que tantas utopias literárias se localizam ficcionalmente em ilhas. Não é por acaso que as utopias são uma espécie de descrição constitucional sem as amarras dos artigos de um código de direito político. Não é por acaso que as ilhas, parecendo uma prisão, rodeada de mar por todos os lados, são afinal sonhos de onde se pode sair, voando. Não só em sonhos oníricos, mas em sonhos que se podem tornar realidade. Este artigo desenvolve as ligações entre os aspectos literários, políticos e jurídicos das utopias na sua dimensão insular.


The Citation Of Blogs In Judicial Opinions, Lee F. Peoples 2009 Oklahoma City University

The Citation Of Blogs In Judicial Opinions, Lee F. Peoples

Lee Peoples

No abstract provided.


Judging Discretion: Contexts For Understanding The Role Of Judgment, Sarah M. R. Cravens 2009 University of Akron School of Law

Judging Discretion: Contexts For Understanding The Role Of Judgment, Sarah M. R. Cravens

Sarah M. R. Cravens

This article approaches from a new angle the problem of understanding the meaning and scope of discretion in the judicial role and how an appellate court can or should judge the use or abuse of a lower court’s freedom of judgment. This article considers the meaning and practical application of the appellate standard of review of “abuse of discretion” across three different areas of law: federal sentencing, injunctive relief, and civil case management. The purpose behind this approach is to attempt to find commonalities that can be drawn across subject matter lines on a topic that is currently rife ...


Impartiality: Balancing Personal And Professional Integrity In Judicial Decisionmaking, Sarah M. R. Cravens 2009 University of Akron School of Law

Impartiality: Balancing Personal And Professional Integrity In Judicial Decisionmaking, Sarah M. R. Cravens

Sarah M. R. Cravens

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Representational Gender On Policy Preferences In U.S. Municipalities, Mirya R. Holman 2009 Florida Atlantic University

The Effect Of Representational Gender On Policy Preferences In U.S. Municipalities, Mirya R. Holman

Mirya R Holman

The research presented here explores the effect of gender and gender consciousness on the policy preference of local elected officials. Remedying a gap in the scholarship on women in local office, I examine the attitudes of mayors and council members on a variety of urban policy issues. First positing a gender gap theory of representative attitudes, I find almost no differences in policy preferences between men and women serving in local office. As an alternative, I posit and test a gender consciousness theory of policy preferences. Using open-ended survey data, I find that possessing a gender consciousness has a significant ...


Virtude Da Constituição E Virtudes Republicanas, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Virtude Da Constituição E Virtudes Republicanas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

A virtude da Constituição é a sua essência e função. E a Constituição tem sempre uma virtude liberal-democrática, apesar de tudo. Conra tudo e contra todos, apesar por vezes mesmo de si própria e das intenções dos seus autores... Depois do “retorno” dos valores à política e ao Direito Constitucional, é a vez da volta das virtudes à discussão, designadamente pela via da ética constitucional ou republicana, de novo na ordem do dia em muitos países. Quais serão, então, as principais virtudes juspolíticas, constitucionais, ou republicanas? O presente artigo intenta também uma proposta de virtudes republicanas concretas para o nosso ...


Impartiality: Balancing Personal And Professional Integrity In Judicial Decision-Making, Sarah M. R. Cravens 2009 University of Akron School of Law

Impartiality: Balancing Personal And Professional Integrity In Judicial Decision-Making, Sarah M. R. Cravens

Sarah M. R. Cravens

No abstract provided.


Golem, "Gollum", Gone: The Missing Ideals Of The Legal Profession, David Barnhizer 2009 Cleveland State University College of Law

Golem, "Gollum", Gone: The Missing Ideals Of The Legal Profession, David Barnhizer

David Barnhizer

The golem is the mud and stick figure of folklore created to protect Jews from the abuses of Hungarian society in the 16th Century. But ultimately the powerful creature had to be destroyed because it lacked a soul and had no moral core to regulate its behavior and became a danger to those it was constructed to protect. Most people may be more familiar with the concept of the golem than they realize. In J. R. R. Tolkien’s book, The Hobbit, and the subsequent Ring Trilogy, the sad creature who relentlessly pursued Frodo to recover his “Precious” ring of ...


Judicial Decision Making About Forensic Mental Health Evidence, Richard E. Redding, Daniel C. Murrie 2009 Chapman University School of Law

Judicial Decision Making About Forensic Mental Health Evidence, Richard E. Redding, Daniel C. Murrie

Richard E. Redding

Judges play a central role in decision making in the justice system. This chapter reviews the extant empirical research on judicial decision making in criminal, juvenile, and civil cases. We discuss judges’ decision making about forensic mental health evidence introduced in these cases, judicial receptivity to various kinds of evidence, and their understanding of clinical and scientific evidence as well as the ways they make rulings about such evidence. We focus on decision making at the trial court level, in those arenas that are most relevant to the forensic mental health practitioner (psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker) who is called ...


Sex And The City: Female Leaders And Spending On Social Welfare Programs In U.S. Municipalities, Mirya R. Holman 2009 Florida Atlantic University

Sex And The City: Female Leaders And Spending On Social Welfare Programs In U.S. Municipalities, Mirya R. Holman

Mirya R Holman

Scholars of urban politics have long argued that cities will shy away from extensive funding of social welfare programs, as fiscal realities make developmental policies far more attractive. Despite the arguments against municipal level funding of social welfare services, cities provide these programs. Why? One possible explanation is that local officials prefer funding welfare programs. The research presented here demonstrates that the gender composition of local elected bodies impacts the provision of welfare services. The presence of a female mayor has a large positive effect on the likelihood a city participates in funding welfare programs and the amount of monetary ...


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