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The Global Protection Of Traditional Knowledge: Searching For The Minimum Consensus, 17 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 42 (2017), Aman Gebru 2017 John Marshall Law School

The Global Protection Of Traditional Knowledge: Searching For The Minimum Consensus, 17 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 42 (2017), Aman Gebru

The John Marshall Review of Intellectual Property Law

The protection of traditional knowledge (TK) – the know-how, skills, innovations and practices of indigenous peoples and local communities has been a subject of heated debate in many international forums. TK has proved to be useful as an input in modern industries. For instance, pharmaceutical companies have used medicinal TK to develop drugs more quickly. Despite its value, TK faces an alarming rate of loss and there are many initiatives that attempt to preserve it for posterity. However, almost every major issue on TK protection is contentious, including whether international TK protection is necessary or if domestic legislation alone would suffice ...


Bilateral Investment Treaties And Domestic Institutional Reform, Richard C. Chen 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Bilateral Investment Treaties And Domestic Institutional Reform, Richard C. Chen

Faculty Publications

The bilateral investment treaties (BITs) signed between developed and developing countries are supposed to increase the flow of investment from the former to the latter. But the evidence indicates that the existing approach of guaranteeing special protections for foreign investors has only a modest impact on luring their dollars. At the same time they are failing to produce meaningful benefits, these treaty commitments create substantial costs for the host states that make them, exposing them to liability and constraining their regulatory authority. Given this state of imbalance, the time seems ripe for a new approach, but existing proposals for revising ...


Much Ado About The Tpp's Effect On Pharmaceuticals, Emily M. Morris 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Much Ado About The Tpp's Effect On Pharmaceuticals, Emily M. Morris

Faculty Publications

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement’s many provisions that were beneficial to the pharmaceutical industry have caused a good deal of controversy. Specifically, critics allege that the TPP’s provisions requiring that member states expand patentable subject matter, adjust pharmaceutical patent terms, and link regulatory marketing approval to a drug's patent status would have raised drug prices and hindered access to medicines, particularly in developing countries. Closer examination of these provisions as well as the various ways in which member states can modify or ameliorate the effects of these provisions suggests that their potential effect on drug prices and access ...


The India Patent System: A Decade In Review, Vindhya S. Mani, Divyanshu Srivastava, Mukundan Chakrapani, Jay Erstling 2017 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

The India Patent System: A Decade In Review, Vindhya S. Mani, Divyanshu Srivastava, Mukundan Chakrapani, Jay Erstling

Cybaris®

No abstract provided.


Transcript From 2017 Mitchell Hamline Trade Secret Conference, Cybaris Scholar Symposium, Cybaris Staff, Sharon Sandeen 2017 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

Transcript From 2017 Mitchell Hamline Trade Secret Conference, Cybaris Scholar Symposium, Cybaris Staff, Sharon Sandeen

Cybaris®

Transcript of a panel discussion on trade secret law held April 21, 2017 at Mitchell Hamline School of Law in St. Paul, Minnesota.

Panelists: Rochelle Dreyfuss, Christoph Rademacher, Susy Frankel, and Nari Lee.
Moderator: Sharon Sandeen.


How South Korea's Improper Solicitation And Graft Act (Kim Young-Ran Act) Can Help Protect Us Trade Secrets, Lana Rask 2017 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

How South Korea's Improper Solicitation And Graft Act (Kim Young-Ran Act) Can Help Protect Us Trade Secrets, Lana Rask

Cybaris®

No abstract provided.


Cybersecurity In The Marine Transportation Sector: Protecting Intellectual Property To Keep Our Ports, Facilities, And Vessels Safe From Cyber Threats, Rachel Foote 2017 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

Cybersecurity In The Marine Transportation Sector: Protecting Intellectual Property To Keep Our Ports, Facilities, And Vessels Safe From Cyber Threats, Rachel Foote

Cybaris®

No abstract provided.


The Investment-Related Aspects Of Intellectual Property Rights, Peter K. Yu 2017 American University Washington College of Law

The Investment-Related Aspects Of Intellectual Property Rights, Peter K. Yu

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Abductive Reasoning In Wto Law, Chios Carmody 2017 University of Western Ontario

Abductive Reasoning In Wto Law, Chios Carmody

Law Publications

Law is about many things, but at base it is about rights and obligations. That jural correlation is established and sustained by means of reasoning. We hold that an actor has a right or obligation by virtue of reasoning that classically occurs in one of two forms. An obligation creates a right by means of inductive logic that rests on the conviction of similar instances in the past and the need for proof. It can also create an obligation by means of deductive logic, that is, the process of reasoning from one or more statements (premises) that are used to ...


The Road Not Taken: A Comparison Of The E.U. And U.S. Insider Trading Prohibitions, Franklin A. Gevurtz 2017 Pacific McGeorge School of Law

The Road Not Taken: A Comparison Of The E.U. And U.S. Insider Trading Prohibitions, Franklin A. Gevurtz

McGeorge School of Law Scholarly Articles

This essay, written for a symposium on insider trading in the Washington University Journal of Law and Policy, explores the different paths taken by the United States and the European Union with respect to who is subject to the prohibition on insider trading. After providing an overview of the difference between the U.S. and the E.U. prohibition, the essay explores the different outcomes that would occur under U.S. versus E.U. law in several high profile insider trading cases of recent years. The essay also addresses the jurisdictional reach of each regime’s prohibition and considers the ...


The Investment Protection Chapter Of The Eu-Singapore Free Trade Agreement: A Model For The Post-Brexit Uk Iias, Siraj Shaik AZIZ 2017 Singapore Management University

The Investment Protection Chapter Of The Eu-Singapore Free Trade Agreement: A Model For The Post-Brexit Uk Iias, Siraj Shaik Aziz

Research Collection School Of Law

The impending British exit (Brexit) from the European Union has placed the UK's investment policy at a crossroads. A post-Brexit UK will now have to reorganise its investment relationships with its economic partners through bespoke UK IIAs. This exercise will have to accommodate the shifting Zeitgeist concerning the balance of investors' rights and the right to regulate IIAs that is expected. This paper examines the continued relevance of the recently minted Investment Protection Chapter in the EU-Singapore Free Trade Agreement, acknowledged by Britain's power brokers, as a persuasive model for the UK to emulate for this purpose. This ...


Restoring Pre-Existing Compliance Through The Fcpa Pilot Program, Andrew B. Spalding 2017 University of Richmond

Restoring Pre-Existing Compliance Through The Fcpa Pilot Program, Andrew B. Spalding

Law Faculty Publications

For a quarter-century, incentives to invest in corporate compliance programs have been a cornerstone of federal white-collar enforcement. But the U.S. Department of Justice's most recent announcement of anti-bribery enforcement policy-the FCPA Pilot Program-takes a peculiar and possibly inadvertent turn. In providing newly transparent and explicit penalty reductions, and rolling out the Department's declination policy, the program neglects to incentivize investments in pre-existing compliance. Though remedial, or postviolation, compliance receives a newly heightened importance, pre-existing compliance receives virtually no attention. This is strange, but should not be understood as a new policy change on the benefits of ...


Our Oceans Need Sharks: A Comparative Analysis Of Shark And Turtle Conservation Law In Australia And The United States, Gabrielle Stiff Heim 2017 University of Richmond

Our Oceans Need Sharks: A Comparative Analysis Of Shark And Turtle Conservation Law In Australia And The United States, Gabrielle Stiff Heim

Law Student Publications

The model used for turtle conservation and recovery would be an accurate model for conserving and recovering the endangered shark species, as well. As sharks are crucial to the marine environment, action needs to be taken in the form of policies that parallel those that protect turtles. Specifically, the models of protection for turtles in both Australia and the United States can serve as examples for shark conservation and recovery policies. As sharks are migratory species like turtles, international efforts and treaties are also crucial to providing boundaries and regulations for sharks in the global arena. The future of sharks ...


To Consider Or To Use? Citation To Foreign Authority And Legal Aesthetics, Andrew J. Kerr 2017 Georgetown University Law Center

To Consider Or To Use? Citation To Foreign Authority And Legal Aesthetics, Andrew J. Kerr

Washington University Law Review

In this essay I consider what it means to consider something. More directly, I consider how a judge might distinguish a source used for inspiration from a source used as legal authority. I wonder if Justice Sotomayor posits this line-drawing problem as a koan to would-be clerks. To my limited ken, the epistemological limits of the English language make it impossible to separate these concepts with precision. I argue that we should instead lobby Bluebook editors to create a new signal that can capture a heuristic of citing something for edifying or contextual value. This is not a purely pedantic ...


President Trump, Trade Policy, And American Grand Strategy: From Common Advantage To Collective Carnage, David P. Fidler 2017 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

President Trump, Trade Policy, And American Grand Strategy: From Common Advantage To Collective Carnage, David P. Fidler

Articles by Maurer Faculty

As a candidate for president of the United States, Donald J. Trump promised to abandon longstanding U.S. approaches to trade and pursue strategies anchored in protectionism and nationalism. This article examines President Trump’s trade policy ideas and proposals and highlights the extent to which he intends to disrupt traditions of U.S. policymaking on trade. The article also analyzes whether domestic and international politics might shift the Trump administration away from a radical approach back towards trade policies that approximate how the United States has managed trade for decades. If such a shift does not occur, the Trump ...


Transparency And Disclosure, Diane Ring 2017 Boston College Law School

Transparency And Disclosure, Diane Ring

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Without a stable and adequate tax base, countries lose the financial capacity to provide the infrastructure, social services and development opportunities important to their citizens. In response, the G20 and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) organized the project on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS). Much of the project has been focused on substantive law — the rules and practices that can allow the tax base of a country to be eroded and profits to be shifted out of the country. But the project recognizes that improved substantive tax rules alone are not sufficient to guarantee the tax ...


Geographical Indications Between Trade, Development, Culture, And Marketing: Framing A Fair(Er) System Of Protection In The Global Economy?, Irene Calboli 2017 Texas A&M University School of Law

Geographical Indications Between Trade, Development, Culture, And Marketing: Framing A Fair(Er) System Of Protection In The Global Economy?, Irene Calboli

Faculty Scholarship

This chapter analyzes some of the topics on the current debate involving geographical indications (GIs) of origin that will be further elaborated by the contributors to this volume from a variety of perspectives and angles. As the title indicates, this volume focuses on GI protection “at the crossroads of trade, development, and culture,” with a specific focus on the countries in the Asia-Pacific region. This choice is due primarily to the fact that the analysis of issues related to GI protection in this region is, to date, not as extensive as the analysis in other regions, particularly in the Western ...


Us-Cool Retaliation: The Wto’S Article 22.6 Arbitration, Chad P. Bown, Rachel Brewster 2017 Duke Law School

Us-Cool Retaliation: The Wto’S Article 22.6 Arbitration, Chad P. Bown, Rachel Brewster

Faculty Scholarship

This paper examines the World Trade Organization’s Article 22.6 arbitration report on the dispute over the United States’ country of origin labeling (US–COOL) regulation for meat products. At prior phases of the legal process, a WTO Panel and the Appellate Body had sided with Canada and Mexico by finding that the US regulation had negatively affected their exports of livestock – cattle and hogs – to the US market. The arbitrators authorized Canada and Mexico to retaliate by over $1 billion against US exports – the second largest authorized retaliation on record and only the twelfth WTO dispute to reach ...


The Future Of Sps Governance: Sps-Plus Or Sps-Minus?, Markus Wagner 2016 University of Warwick

The Future Of Sps Governance: Sps-Plus Or Sps-Minus?, Markus Wagner

Markus Wagner

Food safety plays an increasingly important role in today’s interdependent trading relations. The existing multilateral rules embodied in the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures are increasingly being supplemented through a series of bilateral and multilateral agreements. Unlike debates surrounding intellectual property rights however, the negotiations concerning sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) rules in preferential trade agreements are rarely analyzed in a systematic and detailed manner. The article uses the SPS Chapter negotiated for purposes of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP or TPPA) as a model for the future of SPS governance and ...


Back To The Future: The Digital Millennium Copyright Act And The Trans-Pacific Partnership, Matthew Rimmer 2016 Queensland University of Technology

Back To The Future: The Digital Millennium Copyright Act And The Trans-Pacific Partnership, Matthew Rimmer

Matthew Rimmer

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a trade agreement, which seeks to regulate copyright law, intermediary liability, and technological protection measures. The United States Government under President Barack Obama sought to export key features of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act 1998 (US) (DMCA). Drawing upon the work of Joseph Stiglitz, this paper expresses concerns that the TPP would entrench DMCA measures into the laws of a dozen Pacific Rim countries. This study examines four key jurisdictions—the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand—participating in the TPP. This paper has three main parts. Part 2 focuses upon the takedown-and-notice scheme ...


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