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Enforcement Dissonance: Lobsters, The Legislature, And Federal Waters In State V. Thomas, Christopher J. Rauscher 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Enforcement Dissonance: Lobsters, The Legislature, And Federal Waters In State V. Thomas, Christopher J. Rauscher

Maine Law Review

Consider the following: You, a Maine resident, and your friend, a Massachusetts resident, have gone for a weekend trout fishing trip to Acadia National Park in Downeast Maine. The two of you are happily catching trout, and then each of you hook a bass and reel it in. Keeping the bass is illegal under Maine law but not banned by the National Park. Along comes a Maine game warden, who spies the two of you and cites only you with a fine for catching and keeping the bass. The warden says nothing to the Massachusetts resident who continues to fish ...


Remembering An Abolitionist, Ambassador John R. Miller (May 23, 1938-October 4, 2017), Eleanor Kennelly Gaetan, Donna M. Hughes 2017 Frontline Reports Editor, Dignity

Remembering An Abolitionist, Ambassador John R. Miller (May 23, 1938-October 4, 2017), Eleanor Kennelly Gaetan, Donna M. Hughes

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

A memorial for Ambassador-at-Large to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, John R. Miller (May 23, 1938-October 4, 2017). Ambassador Miller believed modern-day slavery, encompassing sex trafficking and forced labor, requires a principled global offensive that the United States is morally obligated to lead. In the four formative years he led the State Department’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, 2002 to 2006, John Miller set the office’s course as diplomatically aggressive and programmatically creative. He made the annual Trafficking in Persons report more than a bureaucratic submission, putting daring heroes at the center, and insisting ...


Re-Imagining The Scope Of Children’S Legal Protection During Armed Conflicts Under International Law, Anaise Muzima 2017 Western University

Re-Imagining The Scope Of Children’S Legal Protection During Armed Conflicts Under International Law, Anaise Muzima

Master of Laws Research Papers Repository

The debate on the issue of child soldiers in international law has been mainly framed around the narrow question of whether child soldiers should be prosecuted or deemed innocent victims. This question, while essential, marginalized several considerations related to the multidimensional and intersecting identities and roles of child soldiers. Few scholars have investigated and evidenced the major gaps related to the legal protection of child soldiers in international law. While recognizing the potential related to the analysis on child soldiers’ criminal liability, this research proposes to focus on the examination of their vulnerabilities and to explore the legal foundations for ...


Individual Criminal Responsibility For The Destruction Of Religious And Historic Buildings: The Al Mahdi Case, Milena Sterio 2017 Selected Works

Individual Criminal Responsibility For The Destruction Of Religious And Historic Buildings: The Al Mahdi Case, Milena Sterio

Milena Sterio

Ahmad Al Faqi Al Mahdi, also known as Abon Tourab, was a member of the radical Islamic group Ansar Eddine, serving as one of four commanders during its brutal occupation of Timbuktu in 2012. The International Criminal Court (ICC) indicted Al Mahdi on several charges of war crimes, for intentional attacks against ten religious and historic buildings and monuments. All the buildings which Al Mahdi was charged with attacking had been under UNESCO protection, and most had been listed as world heritage sites. The case against Al Mahdi at the ICC unfolded relatively quickly and efficiently, from the official Malian ...


Individual Criminal Responsibility For The Destruction Of Religious And Historic Buildings: The Al Mahdi Case, Milena Sterio 2017 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University

Individual Criminal Responsibility For The Destruction Of Religious And Historic Buildings: The Al Mahdi Case, Milena Sterio

Milena Sterio

Ahmad Al Faqi Al Mahdi, also known as Abou Tourab, was a member of the radical Islamic group Ansar Eddine, serving as one of four commanders during its brutal occupation of Timbuktu in 2012. The International Criminal Court (ICC) indicted Al Mahdi on several charges of war crimes for intentional attacks against ten religious and historic buildings and monuments. All the buildings that Al Mahdi was charged with attacking had been under UNESCO protection and most had been listed as world heritage sites. The case against Al Mahdi at the ICC unfolded relatively quickly and efficiently, from the official Malian ...


Material Support Laws And Critical Race Theory, Nichole M. Pace 2017 University of Washington Tacoma

Material Support Laws And Critical Race Theory, Nichole M. Pace

Access*: Interdisciplinary Journal of Student Research and Scholarship

The paper examines terrorism designation and material support laws for structural racism using Critical Race Theory. Legislation concerning terrorist organizations continues to limit efforts of humanitarian organizations and refugee applicants. The impact of such legislation extends beyond the designated terrorist organizations to the communities and countries they inhabit. This article describes the legal statutes and issues related to terrorist designation and material support laws before defining Critical Race Theory. The article seeks to understand the structural racism involved in the defined statutes and procedures. Using Critical Race Theory, the article defines how material support laws and terrorist designation procedures are ...


Canadian Abortion Law, Raymond Michael Ferri, Terese Ferri 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Canadian Abortion Law, Raymond Michael Ferri, Terese Ferri

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


International Patent Treaties: An Attempt To Make Intellectual Property Rights In Living Matter More User-Friendly, Steven M. Ruby 2017 University of Oklahoma College of Law

International Patent Treaties: An Attempt To Make Intellectual Property Rights In Living Matter More User-Friendly, Steven M. Ruby

Oklahoma Journal of Law and Technology

No abstract provided.


A Global Paradigm Shattered: The Jurisdictional Nihilism Of The Supreme Court’S Abduction Decision In Alvarez-Machain, Andrew L. Strauss 2017 University of Dayton

A Global Paradigm Shattered: The Jurisdictional Nihilism Of The Supreme Court’S Abduction Decision In Alvarez-Machain, Andrew L. Strauss

Andrew L. Strauss

In the United States v. Alvarez Machain, the United States Supreme Court held that the United States could exercise criminal jurisdiction over a Mexican doctor who was abducted by agents of the American government from his office in Mexico and transported to the United States. As the Court's first international law decision after the end of the cold war, this case set the stage for how it would approach the domestic application of international law in the post cold war era. Despite the importance of the case, the Supreme Court failed to articulate the conceptual understanding of the relationship ...


Considering Global Democracy: An Introduction To The Symposium 'Envisioning A More Democratic Global System', Andrew L. Strauss 2017 University of Dayton

Considering Global Democracy: An Introduction To The Symposium 'Envisioning A More Democratic Global System', Andrew L. Strauss

Andrew L. Strauss

This introduction to the symposium "Envisioning a More Democratic Global System," held at Widener University School of Law in the spring of 2006, provides a conceptual overview of symposium papers published in Volume 13:2 of the Widener Law Review. The papers fall into two groups. As a reference point for understanding how the democratization of the international system can occur, the first group examines the process of democratization at the national level. The second group of papers forward and assess specific proposals for democratizing the global system with a particular emphasis on the proposal for a global parliament.

Papers ...


Climate Change Geoengineering: Philosophical Perspectives, Legal Issues, And Governance Frameworks, William C. G. Burns, Andrew L. Strauss 2017 Johns Hopkins University

Climate Change Geoengineering: Philosophical Perspectives, Legal Issues, And Governance Frameworks, William C. G. Burns, Andrew L. Strauss

Andrew L. Strauss

The international community is not taking the action necessary to avert dangerous increases in greenhouse gases. Facing a potentially bleak future, the question that confronts humanity is whether the best of bad alternatives may be to counter global warming through human-engineered climate interventions. In this book, eleven prominent authorities on climate change consider the legal, policy, and philosophical issues presented by geoengineering. The book asks: When, if ever, are decisions to embark on potentially risky climate modification projects justified? If such decisions can be justified, in a world without a central governing authority, who should authorize such projects and by ...


A Global Parliament: Essays And Articles, Andrew L. Strauss, Richard A. Falk 2017 University of Dayton

A Global Parliament: Essays And Articles, Andrew L. Strauss, Richard A. Falk

Andrew L. Strauss

Democracy is the guiding principle for fairly and peacefully making community decision at the local, provincial, and national levels of human society. In this compilation of works, Falk and Strauss argue for a practical approach to now finally extending democratic decision-making to the global system.


Cutting The Gordian Knot: How And Why The United Nations General Assembly Should Expand The Jurisdiction Of The International Court Of Justice, Andrew L. Strauss 2017 University of Dayton

Cutting The Gordian Knot: How And Why The United Nations General Assembly Should Expand The Jurisdiction Of The International Court Of Justice, Andrew L. Strauss

Andrew L. Strauss

The International Court of Justice — the global system's oldest and most venerable tribunal — has failed to meet its full potential. This is in large measure due to the requirement that the Court may only assert jurisdiction over states with their consent, which is often withheld. To help correct for this failure, this article proposes that the Court be given a referral jurisdiction. Referral jurisdiction would empower the Court to issue advisory opinions on interstate disputes without the requirement of state consent. Standing in the way of nonconsent-based jurisdiction, however, is the problem of the Gordian Knot: The world's ...


Climate Change Litigation: Opening The Door To The International Court Of Justice, Andrew L. Strauss 2017 University of Dayton

Climate Change Litigation: Opening The Door To The International Court Of Justice, Andrew L. Strauss

Andrew L. Strauss

In March 2003, I wrote an article for the Environmental Law Reporter surveying potential international judicial forums where victims of global warming could bring lawsuits. In the ensuing six years, numerous lawsuits have been brought in the United States and in other countries, and environmentalists can now celebrate their first significant victory. In April 2007, based upon its finding that greenhouse gases are pollutants under Section 202(a)(1) of the U.S. Clean Air Act, the Supreme Court in Massachusetts v. EPA held that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has the authority to regulate greenhouse gases.

Though ...


Beyond National Law: The Neglected Role Of The International Law Of Personal Jurisdiction In Domestic Courts, Andrew L. Strauss 2017 University of Dayton

Beyond National Law: The Neglected Role Of The International Law Of Personal Jurisdiction In Domestic Courts, Andrew L. Strauss

Andrew L. Strauss

When one of the parties is foreign in civil personal jurisdiction cases, United States courts have assumed it appropriate to overlook international jurisdiction law and apply solely United States constitutional, statutory and common law doctrines related to jurisdiction. Courts in other countries likewise apply their own domestic doctrines of jurisdiction in international cases. Applying both positivist and normative methodologies, this article makes the theoretical case that the international law of personal jurisdiction should be applied in domestic courts.


The Deeper Challenges Of Global Terrorism: A Democratizing Response, Andrew L. Strauss, Richard A. Falk 2017 University of Dayton

The Deeper Challenges Of Global Terrorism: A Democratizing Response, Andrew L. Strauss, Richard A. Falk

Andrew L. Strauss

The audacious and gruesome terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, along with the military response, have been the defining political events of this new millennium. The most profound challenge directed at the international community, and to all of us, is to choose between two alternative visions. What we call the traditional statist response emphasizes 'national security' as the cornerstone of human security. Centralization of domestic authority, secrecy, militarism, nationalism, and an emphasis on unconditional citizen loyalty, to her or his state as the primary organizing feature of international politics are all attributes of this approach.

We ...


Global Income Inequality And The Potential For Global Democracy: A Functionalist Analysis, Andrew L. Strauss 2017 University of Dayton

Global Income Inequality And The Potential For Global Democracy: A Functionalist Analysis, Andrew L. Strauss

Andrew L. Strauss

The thesis that I wish to develop in this chapter is that a functionalist view of the development of global institutions suggests that the structural inequalities in global income that were a primary cause of the global economic crisis of 2008, and that continue to endanger the world economy, have the potential to provide the political preconditions for a global regime that can help redress those inequalities. To do so, however, such a regime must empower the less economically well off through representation, and the regime itself must have the practical ability to influence global economic policy. Such a regime ...


The Threads Of Justice: Economic Liberalization And The Secondhand Clothing Trade Between The U.S. And Haiti, Kelsey Gasseling 2017 Boston College Law School

The Threads Of Justice: Economic Liberalization And The Secondhand Clothing Trade Between The U.S. And Haiti, Kelsey Gasseling

Boston College Law Review

After World War II, as economic liberalization spread across the globe through international negotiations like the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, so too did used clothing. Though many proponents of the trade laud its capacity to create employment opportunities in less developed countries, critics suggest it has a more insidious deleterious effect on local industry. To this day, however, little research has been done regarding the symbiotic relationship between trade liberalization and the secondhand clothing industry. Some economic scholars suggest that current approaches to liberal trade—unilateral trade preferences particularly—stymy, instead of stimulate sustainable and just economic growth ...


Rethinking Force Majeure In Public International Law, Myanna Dellinger 2017 University of South Dakota School of Law

Rethinking Force Majeure In Public International Law, Myanna Dellinger

Pace Law Review

Climate change is one of today’s most significant and complex problems. The number and level of severity of extreme weather events is increasing rapidly around the world. One year after the next, we learn that heat records have been broken once again. Climate change has been traced to a wide range of severe problems around the world, ranging from the obvious damage caused by hurricanes, floods, extreme rainfall, prolonged droughts, wildfires and a host of other weather-related issues to the perhaps less obvious such as physical and mental illnesses, “civil unrest, riots, mass migrations and perhaps wars caused by ...


Polar Opposites: Assessing The State Of Environmental Law In The World’S Polar Regions, Mark Nevitt, Robert V. Percival 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Polar Opposites: Assessing The State Of Environmental Law In The World’S Polar Regions, Mark Nevitt, Robert V. Percival

Faculty Scholarship

Climate change is fundamentally transforming both the Arctic and Antarctic polar regions. Yet they differ dramatically in their governing legal regimes. For the past sixty years the Antarctic Treaty System (ATS), a traditional “hard law” international law treaty system, effectively de-militarized the Antarctic region and halted competing sovereignty claims. In contrast, the Arctic region lacks a unifying Arctic treaty and is governed by the newer “soft law” global environmental law model embodied in the Arctic Council’s collaborative work. Now climate change is challenging this model. It is transforming the geography of both polar regions, breaking away massive ice sheets ...


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