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Manifest Disregard In International Commercial Arbitration: Whether Manifest Disregard Holds, However Good, Bad, Or Ugly, Chad R. Yates 2018 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Manifest Disregard In International Commercial Arbitration: Whether Manifest Disregard Holds, However Good, Bad, Or Ugly, Chad R. Yates

University of Massachusetts Law Review

Manifest disregard is a common law reason for not enforcing an arbitration award. This principle applies when the arbitrator knew and understood the law, but the arbitrator disregarded the applicable law. Presently, the United States Supreme Court has not made a definite decision on whether manifest disregard is still a valid reason for vacating the award (known as “vacatur”), and the Court is highly deferential to arbitrator decisions. Consequently, the lower courts are split on the issue. For international commercial arbitration awards, manifest disregard can only apply to a foreign award that is decided under United States law or in ...


Denial Is Not An Option, Or Is It? How The Turkish Denial Of The Armenian Genocide Blocked Recovery In The United States, Samuel E. Plutchok 2018 University of Massachusetts School of Law

Denial Is Not An Option, Or Is It? How The Turkish Denial Of The Armenian Genocide Blocked Recovery In The United States, Samuel E. Plutchok

University of Massachusetts Law Review

Many articles have been written on the Armenian Genocide, both in the context of how to obtain Turkish recognition and how to obtain monetary relief in the courts of the United States. This Article summarizes the issues with the Movsesian III holding with regards to lack of precedent and the Ninth Circuit’s failure to follow the Supreme Court’s trend of limiting preemption. This Article then analyzes related decisions from four other circuits, demonstrating a clear circuit split on judicial understanding of the 5-4 Supreme Court ruling in Garamendi. This Article provides a roadmap to a friendly forum for ...


Habitual Residence V. Domicile: A Challenge Facing American Conflicts Of Laws, Mo Zhang 2018 University of Maine School of Law

Habitual Residence V. Domicile: A Challenge Facing American Conflicts Of Laws, Mo Zhang

Maine Law Review

Habitual residence has now become an internationally accepted connecting factor in conflict of laws and is widely being used as an alternative to, or replacement of, domicile. This concept, however, remains remote to American conflict of laws. Although the use of habitual residence in the U.S. courts is mandated by the codification of the Hague Child Abduction Convention, there is still a lack of general acceptance in American conflict of law literature. The Article argues that habitual residence should be adopted as a conflict of law connecting factor in American conflict of laws, and it would be unwise for ...


Prosecuting U.N. Peacekeepers For Sexual And Gender-Based Violence In The Central African Republic, Sophia Genovese 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Prosecuting U.N. Peacekeepers For Sexual And Gender-Based Violence In The Central African Republic, Sophia Genovese

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Women and children living in armed conflict are amongst the most vulnerable populations at-risk of sexual and gender-based violence. When U.N. peacekeepers arrive to help dispel conflict; these populations believe that the soldiers in blue helmets will protect them. Instead; hundreds of women and children in the Central African Republic have reported being raped and sexually violated by U.N. peacekeepers. Despite compelling evidence to validate these claims; U.N. peacekeepers who commit these crimes are seldom held accountable. This Note discusses how to hold U.N. peacekeepers accountable for their human rights violations. This Note argues that troop-contributing ...


Search Query: Can America Accept A Right To Be Forgotten As A Publicity Right?, James J. Lavelle 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Search Query: Can America Accept A Right To Be Forgotten As A Publicity Right?, James J. Lavelle

Brooklyn Law Review

Search engines have profoundly changed the relationship between privacy and free speech by making personal information widely and cheaply available to a global audience. This has raised many concerns both over how online companies handle the information they collect and how regular citizens use online services to invade other people’s privacy. One way Europe has addressed this change is by providing European Union citizens with a right to petition search engines to deindex links from search results—a so-called “right to be forgotten.” If the information contained in a search result is “inadequate, irrelevant or no longer relevant,” the ...


Private Property Rights And The Public Interest In Exploration Of Outer Space, Frans G. von der Dunk 2018 University of Nebraska College of Law

Private Property Rights And The Public Interest In Exploration Of Outer Space, Frans G. Von Der Dunk

Space, Cyber, and Telecommunications Law Program Faculty Publications

The impending missions to exploit natural resources of celestial bodies may at some point start interfering with the scientific interests, including those of astrobiology, in these bodies. While the legal status of celestial bodies at the highest level is clear, uncertainty has arisen as to the extent private property rights over such objects or over their resources are legally acceptable, legally impossible, or potentially legal. This also provides for a considerable amount of uncertainty regarding how the legal framework could or may need to be changed to accommodate private interests. The article analyzes the two main international treaties relevant from ...


When At Loggerheads With Customary International Law: The Right To Run For Public Office And The Right To Vote, Thompson Chengeta 2018 Brooklyn Law School

When At Loggerheads With Customary International Law: The Right To Run For Public Office And The Right To Vote, Thompson Chengeta

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Many populist demagogues in America and Europe have spoken; and continue to speak; against human rights in their campaigns for political office. This article discusses the factors that have contributed to the current wave of populism; and the nature of the challenges that are presented by populism to democracy; human rights; and constitutionalism from an international human rights law perspective. It also focuses on President Donald Trump; who was voted President of the United States; even after he clearly and publicly indicated his support for torture and his intentions to approve it in the United States. To that end; the ...


Passing The Baton: The Effect Of The International Olympic Committee's Weak Anti-Doping Laws In Dealing With The 2016 Russian Olympic Team, Saroja Cuffey 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Passing The Baton: The Effect Of The International Olympic Committee's Weak Anti-Doping Laws In Dealing With The 2016 Russian Olympic Team, Saroja Cuffey

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Following the investigation of a Russian state-sponsored doping ploy prior to the Olympic Games in Rio 2016; the International Olympic Committee (IOC) decided against a blanket ban of the Russian Olympic team. Instead; it allowed athletes’ individual international federations to decide whether Russian athletes could compete. In following the various anti-doping laws in place; the IOC sought to protect and give justice to clean athletes around the world. This Note argues that they did not achieve this result; due to the anti-doping laws in place and the actors applying these laws. It suggests that there should be a universal anti-doping ...


Hollywood’S Red Dawn: China’S Restrictions On American Film, Taylor Shortal 2018 University of Missouri School of Law

Hollywood’S Red Dawn: China’S Restrictions On American Film, Taylor Shortal

The Business, Entrepreneurship & Tax Law Review

The Chinese film market has undergone unprecedented expansion in the past 17 years. As North American box office revenues drop, Hollywood film studios often rely on the Chinese market to balance the costs of blockbuster films. However, Beijing maintains strict regulations on China’s film imports, including annual quotas on the number of foreign films released, and limits on the share of grosses. Hollywood studios can receive from their films, and content censorship based on Communist Party directives. Many of these regulations are designed to incentivize Hollywood studios to co-produce films with Chinese companies. Through co-production agreements, Beijing anticipates that ...


V.19-2, 2018 Masthead, 2018 University of San Diego

V.19-2, 2018 Masthead

San Diego International Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Pull And Push'- Implementing The Complementarity Principle Of The Rome Statute Of The Icc Within The Au: Opportunities And Challenges, Sascha Dominik Dov Bachmann, Eda Luke Nwibo 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Pull And Push'- Implementing The Complementarity Principle Of The Rome Statute Of The Icc Within The Au: Opportunities And Challenges, Sascha Dominik Dov Bachmann, Eda Luke Nwibo

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

The complementarity principle of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) is an international legal principle that governs the relationship between two; sometimes; contrasting international principles of law; namely sovereign equality of States and the international community’s duty to end impunity for international core crimes. Article 17 of the Rome Statute envisages that States maintain primary jurisdiction to investigate and prosecute international crimes; while the ICC’s jurisdiction to prosecute when States are unwilling or genuinely unable to carry out such investigations or prosecutions constitutes the exception. This article provides an analysis of this principle in the ...


Charting A New Course In Cuba? Why The Time Is Now To Settle Outstanding American Property Claims, Marco Antonio Dueñas 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Charting A New Course In Cuba? Why The Time Is Now To Settle Outstanding American Property Claims, Marco Antonio Dueñas

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

The recent warming of relations between the United States and Cuba offered generations of Cubans; Americans; and Cuban Americans renewed hope for normalized relations. One obstacle—satisfactory resolution of property claims—stands in the way; which dates back to the Cuban government’s nationalization of all U.S. assets on the island. The Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act of 1996 (the “Helms-Burton Act”) predicates resolution of these decades-old property claims by the Cuban government as an essential condition for the full resumption of economic and diplomatic relations between the two neighbors. Separated by only ninety miles of Caribbean Sea ...


Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Is There A Better Alternative?, Emily Osmanski 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Is There A Better Alternative?, Emily Osmanski

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

As the world has transitioned from national; isolated economies with localized issues into a globalized and interconnected economy with cross-border disputes; the law has struggled to keep up. Recent trade negotiations have highlighted the difficulty states face in promoting trade; while also creating a fair; accessible; and equitable forum for producers and consumers with nationalities touching every area of the globe. For several decades; Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) has been in place to address claims brought by foreign investors against the host states. External improvements have helped support foreign direct investment and the ISDS model of dispute resolution; such as ...


Environmental Reform In Africa: A Comparative Continental Union Solution Through Plastic Reform Legislation, Wynee Ngo 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Environmental Reform In Africa: A Comparative Continental Union Solution Through Plastic Reform Legislation, Wynee Ngo

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

In the face of environmental turmoil; countries across the world are implementing measures to mitigate the deteriorating effects that common day practices have on the ecosystem. The European Union has implemented directives to govern plastic use on a continental scale. On the other hand; the African Union (AU) has been silent on plastic use; despite a string of African countries implementing stringent plastic reform legislation. This Note will examine the European Union and AU’s international frameworks and powers; while also detailing currently enacted EU directives and African state-level regulations. It will then conduct a comparative analysis of the AU ...


Syria Under Pinheiro: Reformulating Syrian Domestic Law For Decentralized Reconstruction, George Somi 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Syria Under Pinheiro: Reformulating Syrian Domestic Law For Decentralized Reconstruction, George Somi

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; since 2011; the Syrian conflict has generated roughly 5.4 million refugees; while approximately 6.5 million people are internally displaced within the country; making it the largest internally displaced population in the world. Rebuilding Syria’s infrastructure; homes; and businesses will be an immense task; with cost estimates ranging between $250–$350 billion USD. The Syrian government and the international community have already started to contemplate postwar reconstruction and even wartime reconstruction; despite the ongoing fighting. This Note operates under the assumption that the Syrian government of President Bashar al-Assad ...


Challenging The Rhetorical Gag And Trap: Reproductive Capacities, Rights, And The Helms Amendment, Michele Goodwin 2018 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Challenging The Rhetorical Gag And Trap: Reproductive Capacities, Rights, And The Helms Amendment, Michele Goodwin

Northwestern University Law Review

This Essay argues that the battle over women’s autonomy, especially their reproductive healthcare and decision-making, has always been about much more than simply women’s health and safety. Rather, upholding patriarchy and dominion over women’s reproduction historically served political purposes and entrenched social and cultural norms that framed women’s capacities almost exclusively as service to a husband, mothering, reproducing, and sexual chattel. In turn, such social norms—often enforced by statutes and legal opinions—took root in rhetoric rather than the realities of women’s humanity, experiences, capacities, autonomy, and lived lives. As such, law created legal ...


Us State Implementation Of 5 Methods Of Foreign Lawyer Practice In The United States, Laurel S. Terry 2018 Pennsylvania State University, Dickinson Law

Us State Implementation Of 5 Methods Of Foreign Lawyer Practice In The United States, Laurel S. Terry

Laurel S. Terry

This document was originally prepared for a Jan. 2014 presentation on Globalization and Regulation for the Conference of Chief Justices. Since that time, I have regularly updated this map which shows state implementation of the five methods of ACTIVE foreign lawyer practice in the U.S.

This document presents data collected by other entitites, including the ABA Center for Professional Responsibility and the National Conference of Bar Examiners. I periodically update this document and replace it with the most recent version. (To confirm that the most recent version is here, email Laurel Terry at Penn State Dickinson Law (LTerry@psu ...


Concluding Chapter: Theories Of Justice And International Trade Law, Frank J. Garcia 2018 Boston College Law School

Concluding Chapter: Theories Of Justice And International Trade Law, Frank J. Garcia

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Why does a textbook on trade law end with a chapter on justice? By justice I mean that branch of political theory (going back to Aristotle) that concerns itself with the allocative fairness of social institutions, i.e. how rights, resources, privileges and opportunities are divided among those participating in the social enterprise. Why, indeed, has the relationship between justice and international economic law become an increasingly urgent subject of academic and policy debate? First, it has been increasingly recognized that international economic law and its institutions are powerful engines of resource allocation, establishing patterns of distribution for market access ...


Preface, Frank J. Garcia 2018 Boston College Law School

Preface, Frank J. Garcia

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

Preface to the textbook International Trade Law by Giovanni Di Lieto and David Treisman. The preface introduces the reader to the text's interest in the relationship of justice to trade and investment law.


Volume 1, Issue 2, 2018 James Madison University

Volume 1, Issue 2

International Journal on Responsibility

Contents:

3 – 5 Howard Zehr, Restorative Justice and the Gandhian Tradition.

6 – 26 Richard E. Rubenstein, Responsibility for Peacemaking in the Context of Structural Violence.

27 – 64 Marc Pufong, Terror, Insecurity, State Responsibility and Challenges: Yesterday and Today?

65 – 77 Ron Kraybill, Responsibility, Community and Conflict Resolution in an Age of Polarization.

78 – 96 John Fairfield, Beyond non-violence to courtship.

97 – 98 Call for papers for forthcoming issues of the International Journal on Responsibility and instructions for authors.


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