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The Importance Of Commercial Law In The Legal Architecture Of Post-Conflict "New" States, Michael J. Stepek 2017 University of Maine School of Law

The Importance Of Commercial Law In The Legal Architecture Of Post-Conflict "New" States, Michael J. Stepek

Maine Law Review

In the era of international relations ushered in by the end of the Cold War, nation-building has become all the rage. In a burst of Wilsonian optimism, Western countries have sought to recreate failed states in their own image, fashioning new governmental institutions from the ashes of violent conflict or civil collapse. These projects became possible in a fresh environment of international consensus that has prevailed since the middle of the 1990s. Developing improved legal institutions has been considered a particularly important component of any state-building project and has been a primary focus of almost all such efforts. A new ...


Odious Debts And Nation-Building: When The Incubus Departs, Lee C. Buchheit, G. Mitu Gulati 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Odious Debts And Nation-Building: When The Incubus Departs, Lee C. Buchheit, G. Mitu Gulati

Maine Law Review

To most people, the notion that the citizens of a country lucky enough to have ousted a dictator should spend the rest of their lives paying off the debts incurred by that dictator in the name of the state is morally repugnant. This is a situation in which a strict requirement of the law (that governments automatically succeed to, and must honor, the debt obligations of their predecessors) is incongruent with most people’s sense of the morally right outcome. At a superficial level, state responsibility for debts incurred by prior governments resembles the belief that a country carries a ...


The Rise Of Outsourcing In Modern Warfare: Sovereign Power, Private Military Actors, And The Constitutive Process, Winston P. Nagan, Craig Hammer 2017 University of Maine School of Law

The Rise Of Outsourcing In Modern Warfare: Sovereign Power, Private Military Actors, And The Constitutive Process, Winston P. Nagan, Craig Hammer

Maine Law Review

Constitutions are continuous outcomes of power relations. The primary function of any constitution is to manage power, a critical feature of which is the prevention of destructive conflict. Warfare—including its facilitation by failure to pursue diplomatic avenues in some circumstances, and its promotion through the development of technological horrors such as nuclear weapons, mini-nukes, and other weapons of mass destruction—is the foremost challenge to the viability of an international constitutional system. The collapse of the League of Nations provided the world with a stark lesson in how aggression and warfare can undo a weak international constitutional regime dedicated ...


Refugees And Internally Displaced: A Challenge To Nation-Building, Rebecca M.M. Wallace, Diego Quiroz 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Refugees And Internally Displaced: A Challenge To Nation-Building, Rebecca M.M. Wallace, Diego Quiroz

Maine Law Review

Recent statistics published by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) indicate that there are at least 32.9 million people who are “persons of concern to UNHCR.” This growing population includes “refugees, returnees, [and] stateless and internally displaced persons (IDPs).” Furthermore, it is estimated that there are some “[thirty] states in the world . . . that are at some stage or another along the road to possible failure.” These are weak states beset by invasion, civil war, ethnic rivalry and tribal warfare, or struggling in the wake of any of these catastrophes. Given that 2006 saw a fifty-six percent increase ...


Clash Of The Titans: A Comparative Approach To Reform Of Judicial Accountability In Egypt, Shams Al Din Al Hajjaji 2017 Seattle University School of Law

Clash Of The Titans: A Comparative Approach To Reform Of Judicial Accountability In Egypt, Shams Al Din Al Hajjaji

Seattle University Law Review

This Article argues for the reform of judicial accountability rules in Egypt. The lack of a real separation of powers and “checks and balances” between the three powers often leads the judiciary to become a periphery in the executive body, rather than an independent authority that invigilates and monitors any violation of the law. Judges who refuse to comply with executive wishes are often subjected to persecution from the Ministry of Justice and its Judicial Inspection Department, which can reach up to the level of impeachment. The Ministry of Justice uses judicial accountability as a tool of retribution over disobedient ...


The Copyright Box Model, Stephen T. Black 2017 Seattle University School of Law

The Copyright Box Model, Stephen T. Black

Seattle University Law Review

Intellectual property law is territorial in nature. That is why intellectual property assets have always been favorites among international tax planners. Rapid appreciation, even faster transfer times, and a somewhat vague standard for appraisal and valuation make for an interesting field of play. Transfer the assets to a low tax jurisdiction before the appreciation begins, and you find yourself with a large income stream that is taxed at a low rate. Miss the beat, and you have a large tax hit. For these reasons, many nations have followed the lead of Ireland in providing for so-called “patent box” schemes. These ...


Teaching International Law: Beyond The Law School Experience, Charlotte Ku 2017 Selected Works

Teaching International Law: Beyond The Law School Experience, Charlotte Ku

Charlotte Ku

As teachers, it is perhaps natural for us to think about teaching in the classroom context, although this panel is demonstrating the teaching opportunities that may exist outside of a single course or courses in international law.


Can Self-Defense Serve As An Appropriate Tool Against International Terrorism?, Jan Kittrich 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Can Self-Defense Serve As An Appropriate Tool Against International Terrorism?, Jan Kittrich

Maine Law Review

The phenomenon of terrorism represents one of the gravest challenges to international order, peace, and security. The unpredictable nature of terrorist attacks threatens the public safety of each member of the international community. At the same time, member states’ responses to terrorism appear to threaten the homogeneity of modern international law and disrupt the uniform system of legal rules. In some aspects, it also seems to divide the community of international scholars. Simply put, terrorism deviates from the rule of law and so might the responsive action that it necessitates. This is the potential danger that terrorism intentionally aims to ...


A Century Of French International Law Scholarship, Emmanuelle Jouannet 2017 University of Maine School of Law

A Century Of French International Law Scholarship, Emmanuelle Jouannet

Maine Law Review

In this study of contemporary French scholarship in the field of international law, I aimed to reveal its reality at the dawn of the 21st century, but I quickly discovered that it is difficult to understand the current trends in this area of scholarship without first placing French international legal thought in the broader context of the evolution of international law itself. It seems that the increased stature of international law and its considerable expansion since 1945 are both accepted and problematic. This evolution is not problematic in and of itself; the problem lies in the increased interest it arouses ...


U.S. And Anglo-Australian Decisions On A Husband's Right To Prevent Abortion, J. Kodowo Bentil 2017 St. John's University School of Law

U.S. And Anglo-Australian Decisions On A Husband's Right To Prevent Abortion, J. Kodowo Bentil

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Reflections On Forty Years Of Private Practice And Sustained Pro Bono Advocacy, Stephen H. Oleskey 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Reflections On Forty Years Of Private Practice And Sustained Pro Bono Advocacy, Stephen H. Oleskey

Maine Law Review

I am going to address two topics. The first is the one Judge Coffin asked me to address in October 2009, when I was invited to give the 2010 Coffin Lecture: how to combine the private practice of law with an active pro bono practice. The second topic is the one Dean Peter Pitegoff and I agreed to add: a brief discussion of legal developments in national security law since 9/11. My pro bono involvement in Guantanamo Habeas litigation began in 2004 and led directly to my interest in national security law and to my recognition of how difficult ...


The Board Against All Odds: Assessing The Powers Of Delegated Management In Brazil, Alexandre Edde Diniz de Oliveira 2017 Southern Methodist University

The Board Against All Odds: Assessing The Powers Of Delegated Management In Brazil, Alexandre Edde Diniz De Oliveira

Law and Business Review of the Americas

This article aims to analyze the contractual allocation of decision-making power to the board of directors in Brazilian public companies. Unlike U.S. law, Brazil's corporate statute bestows original and supreme decision-making power to the shareholders' meeting in running of the firm, while reserving a comparatively ancillary role to the board. At the same time, however, the statute permits shareholders to delegate part of these powers to the board through charter provisions. Whether or not parties take advantage of private ordering to empower the board is of great interest given the changing normative framework applicable to Brazil's capital ...


The International Harmonization Of Competition Norms And Brazilian Competition Law: The Use Of Settlement Agreements, Kathryn McMahon 2017 School of Law, University of Warwick

The International Harmonization Of Competition Norms And Brazilian Competition Law: The Use Of Settlement Agreements, Kathryn Mcmahon

Law and Business Review of the Americas

Unlike many other emerging and developing countries where competition laws have only recently been enacted, Brazil has had a long history of the application of competition laws and policies, culminating in its most recent legislative reforms in 2011. Brazilian competition agencies are also internationally commended as a success story, particularly for their strong stance against, and criminalization of, cartel activity. But there are also emerging difficulties. In recent years, the Brazilian constitutional courts have become important sites of social change as they adjudicate in areas such as health, telecommunications, and financial markets. There have been comparatively fewer applications for judicial ...


All The Missing Souls: A Personal History Of The War Crimes Tribunals By David Sheffer, Jennifer Laws 2017 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

All The Missing Souls: A Personal History Of The War Crimes Tribunals By David Sheffer, Jennifer Laws

Jennifer Laws

David Scheffer’s memoir records his firsthand experiences as the primary U.S. representative in the processes of building five war crimes tribunals between 1993 and 2006: the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, the Special Court for Sierra Leone, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Court of Cambodia, and the International Criminal Court. This review analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of his work and makes recommendations to libraries regarding selection for their collections.


Nuclear Weapons And Crimes Against Humanity Under International Law, John Kuhn Bleimaier 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Nuclear Weapons And Crimes Against Humanity Under International Law, John Kuhn Bleimaier

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Investor-State Dispute Settlement Reconceptionalized: Regulation Of Disputes, Standards And Mediation, Monde Marshall 2017 Pepperdine University

Investor-State Dispute Settlement Reconceptionalized: Regulation Of Disputes, Standards And Mediation, Monde Marshall

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This paper argues that the current criticisms of Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS) are ill-informed, and attempts at reforming the system are misguided. The definition of ISDS itself has been, for a long time, limited to investment quasi-judicial bodies or at best arbitration. Analysis of the roots of the ever growing backlash reveals that the main causes for concern are politically negotiated investment treaties, an inherently biased system, lack of transparency, and inconsistent decision-making. Examination of the core reasons behind these complaints leads to the conclusion that the EU Commission’s solution to reform ISDS through a permanent court raises more ...


The Importance Of Improving The Dispute Resolution Process Of Iran’S Nuclear Deal, Diba Alemi 2017 Pepperdine University

The Importance Of Improving The Dispute Resolution Process Of Iran’S Nuclear Deal, Diba Alemi

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Section I provides a brief introduction. Section II discusses the sanctions that have been imposed on Iran. Section III elaborates the worldwide effect of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (“JCPOA”) agreement. Section IV discusses the dispute resolution clause in the JCPOA agreement. Section V compares other dispute resolution clauses to JCPOA’s dispute resolution clause. Section VI discusses the difficulties the developing countries face during the international dispute resolution process. Section VII explains the necessity of adding time to negotiate to the dispute resolution process of the. Lastly, section IX concludes.


Cross-Border Insolvencies: To “Universalize” Or To Arbitrate?, Young Hye (Martina) Chun 2017 Pepperdine University

Cross-Border Insolvencies: To “Universalize” Or To Arbitrate?, Young Hye (Martina) Chun

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This note makes a cost-benefit analysis of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code Chapter 15 and International Commercial Arbitration in the context of cross-border bankruptcy proceedings. Part I sets the stage by providing two opposing theoretical approaches to cross-border insolvencies: territorialism and universalism. Part II introduces the UNCITRAL’s Model Law on Cross-Border Insolvency, which is incorporated into the U.S. Bankruptcy Code Chapter 15. It presents how the Model Law has attempted to compensate for the lack of a global court by incorporating universalism. Part III demonstrates that while Chapter 15 sounds good in theory, it fails to address the ...


The Need For Implementation Of A Consolidation Provision In Institutional Arbitration Rules, Ioannis Giakoumelos 2017 Pepperdine University

The Need For Implementation Of A Consolidation Provision In Institutional Arbitration Rules, Ioannis Giakoumelos

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This article deals with the question whether arbitration institutions should introduce a consolidation provision in their respective rules, and if so, under what conditions consolidation should be ordered. It stresses the general advantages and potential disadvantages which consolidation may have. It further investigates whether the parties’ interests regarding consolidation are sufficiently respected in the absence of an express consolidation rule. In this regard, it argues that interpretation of arbitration agreements can have a detrimental outcome, and therefore, the introduction of a consolidation provision in institutional rules is recommended. The article goes on to compare various consolidation provisions of different arbitration ...


New Constitutional And Penal Theory In Spanish Abortion Law, Richard Smith 2017 St. John's University School of Law

New Constitutional And Penal Theory In Spanish Abortion Law, Richard Smith

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


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