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“It Really Tastes Good With Mayonnaise”, Review Of “Get Real, Get A Prescription” Advertisement Campaign, Christopher Wadlow 2009 University of East Anglia

“It Really Tastes Good With Mayonnaise”, Review Of “Get Real, Get A Prescription” Advertisement Campaign, Christopher Wadlow

Christopher Wadlow

A television advertising campaign based on the assertion that counterfeit medicines bought over the internet have been found to contain rat poison is criticised as having no demonstrable basis in fact.


La Protection Des Civils Dans Les Nouvelles Configurations Conflictuelles : Retour Au Droit Des Gens Ou Dépassement Du Droit International Humanitaire, Gregory Lewkowicz 2009 Université Libre de Bruxelles

La Protection Des Civils Dans Les Nouvelles Configurations Conflictuelles : Retour Au Droit Des Gens Ou Dépassement Du Droit International Humanitaire, Gregory Lewkowicz

Gregory Lewkowicz

In this paper, the development of alternative regulatory tools (codes of conduct, monitoring mechanisms, etc.) dealing with the protection of civilians during armed conflicts is scrutinized in the context of “new wars”. The paper analyses the connections between these alternative regulatory tools and classical international humanitarian law (IHL) instruments. The paper suggests that the profusion of alternative regulatory tools can help to disseminate classical IHL norms and to adapt them to contemporary warfare. The paper also envisages the possibility of a new “lex armorum” emerging from these new regulatory tools and challenging classical IHL.


Implementing Public Health Regulations In Developing Countries: Lessons From The Oecd Countries, Max Levin 2009 Selected Works

Implementing Public Health Regulations In Developing Countries: Lessons From The Oecd Countries, Max Levin

Max Levin

No abstract provided.


Women And Private Military And Security Companies, Ana Filipa Vrdoljak 2009 University of Western Australia

Women And Private Military And Security Companies, Ana Filipa Vrdoljak

Ana Filipa Vrdoljak

Lack of clarity about the application of international law norms and inadequacies of existing regulatory regimes covering private military and security companies have reinforced concerns about transparency and accountability in respect of gender-related violence, harassment and discrimination. This chapter focuses on the main issues and legal concerns raised by the impact of the privatisation of war on women, both as PMSC employees and civilians. Part I highlights how armed conflict, civil unrest, occupation and transition have a detrimental effect upon the lives of women with particular reference to safety, displacement, health and economic disadvantage. Part II provides a summary of ...


The Doctrine Of Proportionality, Mubashshir Sarshar 2009 National Law University, Delhi

The Doctrine Of Proportionality, Mubashshir Sarshar

Mubashshir Sarshar

No abstract provided.


Sexual Harassment Of Women At Workplace In Iran., Ehsan Rostamzadeh 2009 University Kebangssan Malaysia

Sexual Harassment Of Women At Workplace In Iran., Ehsan Rostamzadeh

Ehsan Rostamzadeh

No abstract provided.


Towards A Truly Harmonised International Commercial And Investment Arbitration Law Enforcing Mena-Foreign Investor Arbitrations Via A Single Regulatory Framework: A New Map For A New Landscape., Mary Ayad 2009 Macquarie University

Towards A Truly Harmonised International Commercial And Investment Arbitration Law Enforcing Mena-Foreign Investor Arbitrations Via A Single Regulatory Framework: A New Map For A New Landscape., Mary Ayad

Dr Mary B Ayad PhD

The current regulatory framework governing International Commercial and investment Arbitration Law, hereinafter ‘ICA’ Law is problematic. A new harmonised ICA Law addressing current laws and trends in ICA Law and IIA Law applicable to both European investors and MENA governments regarding oil concession and foreign investment contract disputes is required to form the foundation of a single regulatory framework. A harmonised ICA/IIA Law will ensure courts rule in favour of arbitral award enforcement. Reasons for the ever importance of Arbitral Award enforcement will be given. This new law, based on general principles of law found at civil, common and ...


Access To Knowledge In Egypt: New Research On Intellectual Property, Innovation And Development, Lea Shaver, Nagla Rizk 2009 American University in Cairo

Access To Knowledge In Egypt: New Research On Intellectual Property, Innovation And Development, Lea Shaver, Nagla Rizk

Lea Shaver

The conventional wisdom in Egypt examines the issue of intellectual property solely as a question of policing and enforcement. The high levels of protection indicated by the WTO Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights are unquestioningly assumed to be desirable. Policy debates—and all too often academic ones as well—focus only on the questions of how to more efficiently tighten IP protection and crack down on “piracy.” Yet a more critical examination is urgently needed, whereby IP law, policy, and practice are viewed from a development perspective, rather than from an enforcement perspective.

This volume takes ...


Labour Trafficking: Key Concepts And Issues, Fiona David 2009 Centre for International and Public Law, Australian National University

Labour Trafficking: Key Concepts And Issues, Fiona David

Fiona David

At the international level, there is no single, clear definition of ‘labour trafficking’. Arguably, the expression can be used to describe those forms of trafficking in persons of which the exploitative purpose relates to a person’s labour. There are, however, debates over the scope and meaning of these terms. This brief provides an introduction to key terms and notes some of the issues that remain less settled.


Una Aproximación Al Debate Democrático En Derecho Internacional, Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral 2009 Visiting Global Governance, Law and Social Thought Fellow, The Watson Institute of International Studies, Brown University

Una Aproximación Al Debate Democrático En Derecho Internacional, Ignacio De La Rasilla Del Moral

Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral, Ph.D.

Taking as it starting point a critical introduction to the democratic debate in international law, the object of the present work is that of contributing to the critical development of an appropiate methodology for the exam of the normative pretension according to which the international legal order would be developing within itself a particular conception of the liberal State. Such a conception would be premised in the gradual emergence of an international legal obligation that would command the development within every sovereign state of institutions of democratic governance, thus marking the transition from the paradigm of equivalence of domestic political ...


Kewajiban Internasional Dan Diplomasi Indonesia Di Bidang Hak Azazi Manusia, Mada Zuhir 2009 Sriwijaya University

Kewajiban Internasional Dan Diplomasi Indonesia Di Bidang Hak Azazi Manusia, Mada Zuhir

Mada Apriandi Zuhir

The rule of law basically ensure the emergence of the positive aspects of humanity and inhibit the negative aspects of humanity. Indonesian Constitution expressly guarantees the existence of civil rights, political, to the economic, social and cultural rights in the 1945 Constitution, which obliges the state, especially the government, conducted a series of actions for the implementation of effective guarantees for the protection and guarantee of human rights. Guarantee the protection and implementation of international human rights law is not intended to replace domestic, but are intended to ensure the protection and more effective implementation of human rights in national ...


Between Judicial Enabling And Adversarialism: The Role Of The Judicial Officer In Protecting The Unrepresented Accused In Botswana In A Comparative Perspective, rowland cole 2009 UNDP South Sudan

Between Judicial Enabling And Adversarialism: The Role Of The Judicial Officer In Protecting The Unrepresented Accused In Botswana In A Comparative Perspective, Rowland Cole

rowland cole

The role of the judicial officer in Botswana’s adversarial system has evolved over the decades. Traditionally, the judicial officer in the adversarial system plays a neutral role while the parties present their cases. The semblance of neutrality compels the judicial officer to remain passive and refrain from interfering with the process. Over the years, the courts have recognised that the unrepresented accused cannot get a fair trial as she is unaware of the rules of procedure and evidence. This being the case, the unrepresented accused cannot effectively participate in the proceedings. Consequently, the courts have over the years stated ...


The Arms Trade Treaty: Zimbabwe, The Democratic Republic Of The Congo, And The Prospects For Arms Embargoes On Human Rights Violators., David Kopel, Paul Gallant, J0anne Eisen 2009 Independence Institute

The Arms Trade Treaty: Zimbabwe, The Democratic Republic Of The Congo, And The Prospects For Arms Embargoes On Human Rights Violators., David Kopel, Paul Gallant, J0anne Eisen

David B Kopel

Advocates of the proposed United Nations Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) promise that it will prevent the flow of arms to human rights violators. This paper first examines the ATT, and observes that the ATT, if implemented as promised, would require dozens of additional arms embargoes, including embargoes on much of Africa. The paper then provides case studies of the current supply of arms to the dictatorship in Zimbabwe and to the warlords in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The paper argues that the ATT would do nothing to remediate the conditions which have allowed so many arms ...


Customary International Law In The 21st Century: Old Challenges And New Debates, Roozbeh (Rudy) Baker 2009 University of Surrey

Customary International Law In The 21st Century: Old Challenges And New Debates, Roozbeh (Rudy) Baker

Roozbeh (Rudy) B. Baker

This Article will survey the new scholarship that has emerged in international law to challenge the two traditional sources of customary norms, state practice and opinio juris. With the recent growth, in the international system, of self-contained international criminal tribunals, new challenges facing international law have emerged. Institutionally structured as self-contained legal regimes, international legal tribunals such as the ICTY, ICTR, and now the ICC have nevertheless contributed to a new paradigm within international law. The jurisprudence of these international criminal tribunals, on a wide range of international legal questions, has slowly begun to be elevated into norms of customary ...


Use Of Statements Of Witnesses And Accused: Commentary, Rosemary Rayfuse 2009 Lund University

Use Of Statements Of Witnesses And Accused: Commentary, Rosemary Rayfuse

Rosemary Rayfuse

No abstract provided.


Potential For Future Growth Of The International Criminal Court: Possible Expansion Toward Universal Jurisdiction, Michael Marriott 2009 University of California - Davis

Potential For Future Growth Of The International Criminal Court: Possible Expansion Toward Universal Jurisdiction, Michael Marriott

Michael K Marriott

Having an intact legal system to prosecute serious criminal offenses is a luxury taken for granted in many parts of the developed world. While comprehensive domestic legal systems are preferable to the far more complex international legal system, an unfortunate reality of the contemporary world is that where many of the most shocking and large-scale violent crimes take place, there is no domestic legal system to speak of. The International Criminal Court was created to meet the need of prosecuting these offenses. Limited in its jurisdiction on a variety of levels, the ICC nevertheless has on its current docket the ...


The Post-9/11 Discourse Revisited: The Self-Image Of The International Legal Scientific Discipline, Ulf Linderfalk 2009 Lund University

The Post-9/11 Discourse Revisited: The Self-Image Of The International Legal Scientific Discipline, Ulf Linderfalk

Ulf Linderfalk

A few years ago, the legality of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) was a topic much discussed in the international legal literature. This article approaches the problem from a new angle. Rather than investigating the relevant issue of legal substance – whether or not OEF was ever consistent with international law – the article focuses attention on the general scholarly performance in dealing with this issue. Scrutinizing the literature published immediately following upon the events of 11 September 2001, the author suggests that overall, the scholarly debate on the legality of OEF did not live up to the standards normally applied in serious ...


Access To Knowledge In Brazil: New Research On Intellectual Property, Innovation And Development, Lea Shaver 2009 Indiana University - Robert H. McKinney School of Law

Access To Knowledge In Brazil: New Research On Intellectual Property, Innovation And Development, Lea Shaver

Lea Shaver

Access to knowledge is a demand for democratic participation, for global inclusion and for economic justice. It is a reaction to the excessively restrictive international IP regime put in place over the last two decades, which seeks to reassert the public interest in a more balanced information policy. With sponsorship from the Ford Foundation, the Information Society Project has embarked on a new series of access to knowledge research, in partnership with colleagues in Brazil, China, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Russia and South Africa.

The first book in this series, Access to Knowledge in Brazil, focuses on current issues in intellectual ...


O Critério Da Capacidade Econômica Na Tributação, Julio Pinheiro Faro 2009 Faculdade de Direito de Vitória

O Critério Da Capacidade Econômica Na Tributação, Julio Pinheiro Faro

Julio Pinheiro Faro

This article discuss the economic capacity criterion's established by paragraph 1 Article 145 of the Brazilian Constitution, regarding above all, the distributive justice taxation with the minimum existential requirement of the taxpayer.


Patriarchy- The Indian Experience, Mubashshir Sarshar 2009 National Law University, Delhi

Patriarchy- The Indian Experience, Mubashshir Sarshar

Mubashshir Sarshar

No abstract provided.


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