Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Intellectual Property Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

6,059 Full-Text Articles 4,323 Authors 2,527,288 Downloads 119 Institutions

All Articles in Intellectual Property

Faceted Search

6,059 full-text articles. Page 1 of 126.

A Material World: Using Trademark Law To Override Copyright's First Sale Rule For Imported Copies, Mary LaFrance 2015 William S. Boyd School of Law, UNLV

A Material World: Using Trademark Law To Override Copyright's First Sale Rule For Imported Copies, Mary Lafrance

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

When the Supreme Court held that the first sale rule of copyright law permits the unauthorized importation and domestic sale of lawfully made copies of copyrighted works, regardless of where those copies were made, copyright owners lost much of their ability to engage in territorial price discrimination. Publishers, film and record producers, and software and videogame makers could no longer use copyright law to prevent the importation and domestic resale of gray market copies, and therefore could no longer protect their domestic distributors against competition from cheaper imported copies. However, many of these copyright owners can take advantage of a ...


Dilution At The Patent And Trademark Office, Jeremy N. Sheff 2015 St. John's University

Dilution At The Patent And Trademark Office, Jeremy N. Sheff

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

This Article undertakes the first systematic investigation of trademark dilution in registration practice before the US Patent and Trademark Office (PTO). The Article consists of three distinct descriptive empirical analyses. In the first, I present a new hand-coded dataset of all 453 Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB) dispositions of dilution claims through June 30, 2014, and report that dilution has been necessary to the PTO’s refusal of exactly three registrations in over a decade. In the second part, I apply algorithmic coding of the recently released PTO Casefiles Dataset to demonstrate that concurrent registration of identical marks to ...


After Myriad: Reconsidering The Incentives For Innovation In The Biotech Industry, Daniel K. Yarbrough 2015 University of Michigan

After Myriad: Reconsidering The Incentives For Innovation In The Biotech Industry, Daniel K. Yarbrough

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

35 U.S.C. § 101 allows a patent for “any new and useful process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof.” Recently, the Supreme Court issued several key decisions affecting the doctrine of patentable subject matter under § 101. Starting with Bilski v. Kappos (2011), and continuing with Mayo Collaborative Services, Inc. v. Prometheus Laboratories (2012), Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics (2013) and, most recently, Alice Corporation Pty. Ltd. v. CLS Bank International (2014), every year has brought another major change to the way in which the Court assesses patentability. In Myriad, the ...


District Courts Versus The Usitc: Considering Exclusionary Relief For F/Rand-Encumbered Standard-Essential Patents, Helen H. Ji 2015 University of Michigan

District Courts Versus The Usitc: Considering Exclusionary Relief For F/Rand-Encumbered Standard-Essential Patents, Helen H. Ji

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

Technological standards allow manufacturers and consumers to rely upon these agreed-upon basic systems to facilitate sales and further invention. However, where these standards involved patented technology, the process of standard-setting raises many concerns at the intersection of antitrust and patent law. As patent holders advocate for their patents to become part of technological standards, how should courts police this activity to prevent patent holdup and other anti-competitive practices? This Note explores the differing approaches to remedies employed by the United States International Trade Commission and the United States District Courts where standard-essential patents are infringed. This Note further proposes that ...


Holding Up And Holding Out, Colleen V. Chien 2015 Santa Clara University

Holding Up And Holding Out, Colleen V. Chien

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

Patent “hold-up” and patent “hold-out” present important, alternative theories for what ails the patent system. Patent “hold-up” occurs when a patent owner sues a company when it is most vulnerable—after it has implemented a technology—and is able wrest a settlement because it is too late for the company to change course. Patent “hold-out” is the practice of companies routinely ignoring patents and resisting patent owner demands because the odds of getting caught are small. Hold-up has arguably predicted the current patent crises, and the ex ante assertion of technology patents whether in the smartphone war, standards, or patent ...


Promoting “Academic Entrepreurship” In Europe And The United States: Creating An Intellectual Property Regime To Facilitate The Efficient Transfer Of Knowledge From The Lab To The Patient, Constance E. Bagley, Christina Tvarno 2015 Yale Law School

Promoting “Academic Entrepreurship” In Europe And The United States: Creating An Intellectual Property Regime To Facilitate The Efficient Transfer Of Knowledge From The Lab To The Patient, Constance E. Bagley, Christina Tvarno

Constance E. Bagley

In 2014, the European Commission announced the launch of a study of knowledge transfer by public research organizations and other institutes of higher learning “to determine which additional measures might be needed to ensure an optimal flow of knowledge between the public research organisations and business thereby contributing to the development of the knowledge based economy.” As the European Commission has recognized, the EU needs to take action to “unlock the potential of IPRs [intellectual property rights] that lie dormant in universities, research institutes and companies.” This article builds on our earlier work on structuring efficient pharmaceutical public-private partnerships (PPPPs ...


Fair Use Fundamentals, Association of Research Libraries, YIPPA 2015 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Fair Use Fundamentals, Association Of Research Libraries, Yippa

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Copyright law is a carefully balanced system meant to encourage creativity as well as cultural and scientific progress. The law encourages authors by giving them limited control over certain uses of their works, and it encourages everyone (including authors) to use existing cultural and scientific material without permission, under certain circumstances, to engage in a wide variety of vital activities. Many parts of the law favor the freedom to use culture, but by far and away the most flexible, powerful, and universal user’s right is fair use. As you’ll see below: fair use is a right, fair use ...


Holding Standards For Randsome: A Remedial Perspective On Rand Licensing Commitments, Layne S. Keele 2015 Faulkner University School of Law

Holding Standards For Randsome: A Remedial Perspective On Rand Licensing Commitments, Layne S. Keele

Layne S. Keele

In Apple, Inc. v. Motorola, Inc., 757 F.3d 1286 (Fed. Cir. 2014), the four federal judges who considered the case—Judge Posner by designation at the trial level, and three Federal Circuit judges on appeal—all expressed differing opinions on the question of whether and to what extent extraordinary patent remedies should be available for the infringement of standard-essential patents. This article aims to simplify this muddled and confusing topic.

The article employs a teleological approach, examining the purposes behind remedies in general, the purposes of extraordinary remedies in patent law, and the purposes of RAND commitments (commitments to ...


Prerogative, Nationalized: The Social Formation Of Intellectual Property, Laura R. Ford 2015 SUNY Buffalo Law School

Prerogative, Nationalized: The Social Formation Of Intellectual Property, Laura R. Ford

Laura R Ford

In this article, I offer a “social formation story” (Hirschman & Reed) of the emergence of intellectual property, as a new type of legal property in England. I treat the history of patents and copyrights together, and focus especially on the Constitutional transformations of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries that enabled this new, “intellectual” form of property to finally emerge in the Eighteenth Century. I open and conclude with the cases of Millar v. Taylor (King’s Bench 1769) and Donaldson v. Becket (House of Lords 1774), viewing these as the first cases in which the status of this new type ...


Information Technology And The Law - An Overview Of Issues, Ulf Maunsbach 2015 Lund University, Faculty of Law

Information Technology And The Law - An Overview Of Issues, Ulf Maunsbach

Ulf Maunsbach

No abstract provided.


Ip Piracy & Developing Nations: A Recipe For Terrorism Funding, Brandy G. Robinson 2015 Independent

Ip Piracy & Developing Nations: A Recipe For Terrorism Funding, Brandy G. Robinson

Brandy G Robinson

When events such as 9/11 hit the U.S., no one thought that terrorists funded these activities through intellectual property piracy. On the surface, intellectual property (IP) piracy and terrorism are two distant topics. However, these topics are not distant but closely connected, as terrorist groups thrive on IP piracy, especially in developing nations, which has led to successful terrorist funding opportunities. Because IP piracy evades normal detection and developing nations do not thoroughly understand it, terrorist groups gravitate towards IP piracy for funding, which presents a distinct global dilemma.

Intellectual property rights and laws, namely criminal enforcement mechanisms ...


Rli 285: Research Library Issues: A Report From Arl, Cni, And Sparc 2015 -- Special Issue On Copyright, Prudence Adler, Brandon Butler, Jonathan Band, Krista Cox 2015 Association of Research Libraries

Rli 285: Research Library Issues: A Report From Arl, Cni, And Sparc 2015 -- Special Issue On Copyright, Prudence Adler, Brandon Butler, Jonathan Band, Krista Cox

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

In “Fair Use Rising: Full-Text Access and Repurposing in Recent Case Law,” Brandon Butler, practitioner-in-residence at the American University Washington College of Law, reviews six recent fair use decisions that cut across many socially important and beneficial purposes. He highlights the trend of courts finding in favor of allowing “the broad redistribution of unaltered, full-text documents for new purposes.” Butler explains how this trend presents new opportunities for research libraries to use and re-purpose the full text of copyrighted works in their collections.

Exploring the implications of one critically important case for research libraries, Jonathan Band, legal counsel to the ...


Between Scylla And Charybdis: Patentability And Morality Related To Human Embryonic Stem Cells, Li Jiang 2015 American University Washington College of Law

Between Scylla And Charybdis: Patentability And Morality Related To Human Embryonic Stem Cells, Li Jiang

Intellectual Property Brief

No abstract provided.


My Online Me: Why Gamers Should Turn To California’S Right Of Publicity Laws In Protecting Their Online Avatars, Breanne Hoke 2015 American University Washington College of Law

My Online Me: Why Gamers Should Turn To California’S Right Of Publicity Laws In Protecting Their Online Avatars, Breanne Hoke

Intellectual Property Brief

No abstract provided.


The New Gtld Program Or The More Things Change The More Things Stay The Same, Jack Vidovich 2015 American University Washington College of Law

The New Gtld Program Or The More Things Change The More Things Stay The Same, Jack Vidovich

Intellectual Property Brief

No abstract provided.


The Very Specialized United States Generalized System Of Preferences: An Examination Of Renewal Changes And Analysis Of Their Legal Effect, Gregory C. Dorris 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

The Very Specialized United States Generalized System Of Preferences: An Examination Of Renewal Changes And Analysis Of Their Legal Effect, Gregory C. Dorris

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


International Satellite Piracy: The Unauthorized Interception And Retransmission Of United States Program-Carrying Satellite Signals In The Caribbean, And Legal Protection For United States Program Owners, Judith S. Weinstein 2015 Barnard College

International Satellite Piracy: The Unauthorized Interception And Retransmission Of United States Program-Carrying Satellite Signals In The Caribbean, And Legal Protection For United States Program Owners, Judith S. Weinstein

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Peer-To-Peer File Sharing As User Rights Activism, Michael A. Gunn 2015 University of Western Ontario

Peer-To-Peer File Sharing As User Rights Activism, Michael A. Gunn

Western Journal of Legal Studies

The pre-digital marketplace is no longer sustainable. With the imposition of digital rights management restrictions on the distribution of media, the Internet cannot promote intellectual freedom. Peer-to-peer file sharing technology helps expose the work of artists and authors to a much wider audience than previously possible. This provides an opportunity for more sales and a greater number of successful artists and authors. Yet corporate copyright owners continue to propagate the “piracy” label to discredit the idea of open access channels. This paper argues that as information professionals, librarians are in a position to promote policy change that revolutionizes the political ...


From The Unforeseeability Exception To Foreseeability Estoppel: The Federal Circuit’S Effort To Limit The Doctrine Of Equivalents, Ping-Hsun Chen 2015 National Chengchi University

From The Unforeseeability Exception To Foreseeability Estoppel: The Federal Circuit’S Effort To Limit The Doctrine Of Equivalents, Ping-Hsun Chen

Ping-Hsun Chen

A person can infringe a patent under the doctrine of equivalents (“DOE”) which may be limited by prosecution history estoppel (“PHE”). The Supreme Court in Festo Corp. v. Shoketsu Kinzoku Kogyo Kabushiki Co., 535 U.S. 722 (2002), finalized the basic doctrine of PHE in the context of claim amendment. A narrowing amendment of a claim results in a presumption that a patentee has surrendered the scope between the original claim and amended claim, but the patentee is allowed to rebut the presumption by proving any of three exceptions. Among those exceptions is the “unforeseeable” exception under which a patentee ...


The Unheightened Reality Of Plausibility Pleading: Identification Of Defendants In Copyright Infringement Claims Using Only An Ip Address Impacts Hundreds Of Thousands, Harmony N. Oswald 2015 Santa Clara University School of Law

The Unheightened Reality Of Plausibility Pleading: Identification Of Defendants In Copyright Infringement Claims Using Only An Ip Address Impacts Hundreds Of Thousands, Harmony N. Oswald

Harmony N. Oswald

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress