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Enclave Of Ingenuity: The Plan And Promise Of The Beijing Intellectual Property Court, Max Goldberg 2017 Yale University

Enclave Of Ingenuity: The Plan And Promise Of The Beijing Intellectual Property Court, Max Goldberg

Student Work

A 2016-2017 William Prize for best essay in East Asian Studies was awarded to Max Goldberg (Pierson College '17) for his essay submitted to the Ethics, Politics, & Economics Program, "Enclave of Ingenuity: The Plan and Promise of the Beijing Intellectual Property Court.” (Frances Rosenbluth, Damon Wells Professor of Political Science, and Paul Gewirtz, Potter Stewart Professor of Law, advisors.)

Max Goldberg’s thesis, Enclave of Ingenuity: The Plan and Promise of the Beijing Intellectual Property Court, examines in depth one of the most interesting institutions in today’s China – an experimental court that stands at the intersection of China’s ...


Embryos As Patients? Medical Provider Duties In The Age Of Crispr/Cas9, G. Edward Powell III 2017 Duke Law

Embryos As Patients? Medical Provider Duties In The Age Of Crispr/Cas9, G. Edward Powell Iii

Duke Law & Technology Review

The CRISPR/Cas9 genome engineering platform is the first method of gene editing that could potentially be used to treat genetic disorders in human embryos. No past therapies, genetic or otherwise, have been intended or used to treat disorders in existent embryos. Past procedures performed on embryos have exclusively involved creation and implantation (e.g., in-vitro fertilization) or screening and selection of already-healthy embryos (e.g., preimplantation genetic diagnosis). A CRISPR/Cas9 treatment would evade medical malpractice law due to the early stage of the intervention and the fact that it is not a treatment for the mother. In most ...


Autonomy Challenges In The Age Of Big Data, Sofia Grafanaki 2017 Data Elite

Autonomy Challenges In The Age Of Big Data, Sofia Grafanaki

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

This Article examines how technological advances in the field of “Big Data” challenge meaningful individual autonomy (and by extension democracy), are redefining the process of self-formation and the relationship between self and society, and can cause harm that cannot be addressed under current regulatory frameworks. Adopting a theory of autonomy that includes both the exploration process an individual goes through in order to develop authentic and independent desires that lead to his actions, as well as the independence of the actions and decisions themselves, this Article identifies three distinct categories of autonomy challenges that Big Data technologies present. The first ...


Toward A More Coherent Doctrine Of Trademark Genericism And Functionality: Focusing On Fair Competition, Sandra L. Rierson 2017 Thomas Jefferson School of Law

Toward A More Coherent Doctrine Of Trademark Genericism And Functionality: Focusing On Fair Competition, Sandra L. Rierson

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

The doctrines of trademark genericism and functionality serve similar functions under the Lanham Act and the common law of unfair competition. Genericism, in the context of word marks, and functionality, for trade dress, bar trademark registration under the Lanham Act and, both under the Act and at common law, render a trademark unprotectable and invalid. In the word mark context, genericism stands for the proposition that certain parts of vocabulary cannot be cordoned off as trademarks; all competitors must be able to use words that consumers understand to identify the goods or services that they are selling. Functionality likewise demands ...


A Paper Shield? Whether State Privilege Protections Apply To Student Journalists, Jonathan Peters, Genelle Belmas, Piotr Bobkowski 2017 University of Kansas

A Paper Shield? Whether State Privilege Protections Apply To Student Journalists, Jonathan Peters, Genelle Belmas, Piotr Bobkowski

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

Most states recognize a privilege for journalists to protect confidential sources from compelled disclosure. The privilege varies from state to state, and a major difference is how they define a journalist—i.e., a person qualified to claim the privilege. Some schemes are narrow and limit their coverage to employees of professional news organizations. Others are broad and cover freelancers, filmmakers, bloggers, and others who gather information for publication. But what about student journalists? Are they covered? In recent years, as traditional media have adapted to changing circumstances, student journalists have played a vital role in meeting their communities’ needs ...


The Billionaire’S Treasure Trove: A Call To Reform Private Art Museums And The Private Benefit Doctrine, E. Alex Kirk 2017 Fordham University School of Law

The Billionaire’S Treasure Trove: A Call To Reform Private Art Museums And The Private Benefit Doctrine, E. Alex Kirk

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

Thanks to the new generation of billionaire art collectors, and the recent boom in the art market, a growing number of high-net-worth patrons are creating their own tax-exempt private art museums. These “jewel-box” museums provide invaluable public benefits, lead to growth and innovation in the private museum sector, and encourage donors to pursue more avant-gardes collecting strategies. This advantageous tax-saving strategy appeals to wealthy individuals, who wish to maintain control over their art collection, and still receive generous charitable income tax deductions. However, several private museums have recently come under fire due to private benefit concerns. To qualify for federal ...


Nonconsensual Pornography: An Old Crime Updates Its Software, Jillian Roffer 2017 Fordham University School of Law

Nonconsensual Pornography: An Old Crime Updates Its Software, Jillian Roffer

Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal

This Note proposes a statute that considers social media and the Internet. The proposed statute is advantageous because it understands how perpetrators abuse social media and the Internet and implements the protections that victims deserve from the legal system. When society understands the harms and “[w]hen there is no outlet for these images, no audience for these images, and no desire to post these images, that is when the images will cease to cause harm to victims.” The lessons from the criminalization of other forms of gender abuse indicate that society needs to change its attitude toward crimes that ...


Seeking Rights, Not Rent: How Litigation Finance Can Help Break Music Copyright's Precedent Gridlock, Glenn E. Chappell 2017 Duke Law

Seeking Rights, Not Rent: How Litigation Finance Can Help Break Music Copyright's Precedent Gridlock, Glenn E. Chappell

Duke Law & Technology Review

Since its inception, litigation finance has steadily grown in prevalence and popularity in the United States. While many scholars have examined its merits, few have considered litigation finance specifically in the context of copyright law. This is most unfortunate, for there, a vicious cycle has taken hold: high litigation costs discourage many market participants from taking cases to trial or summary judgment in order to vindicate their legal rights, even when they have strong cases. Thus, parties settle almost every case, which in turn prevents resolution of longstanding precedential questions in critical areas of copyright law. The legal uncertainty resulting ...


The Licensing Function Of Patent Intermediaries, John E. Dubiansky 2017 Duke Law

The Licensing Function Of Patent Intermediaries, John E. Dubiansky

Duke Law & Technology Review

The contemporary patent marketplace is a complex ecosystem comprised of innovators and manufacturers who are often connected by a varied group of intermediaries. While there are a variety of intermediary business models—such as patent assertion entities and defensive aggregators—each facilitates a variant of a similar licensing transaction, connecting a set of patents held by a patent owner with a product or service offered by a prospective licensee. One explanation for the prevalence of intermediaries is that they engage in practices tantamount to arbitrage, acquiring patents and then licensing them at a profit because they enjoy greater success in ...


Law Firm Cybersecurity: The State Of Preventative And Remedial Regulation Governing Data Breaches In The Legal Profession, Madelyn Tarr 2017 Duke Law

Law Firm Cybersecurity: The State Of Preventative And Remedial Regulation Governing Data Breaches In The Legal Profession, Madelyn Tarr

Duke Law & Technology Review

With the looming threat of the next hacking scandal, data protection efforts in law firms are becoming increasingly crucial in maintaining client confidentiality. This paper addresses ethical and legal issues arising with data storage and privacy in law firms. The American Bar Association’s Model Rules present an ethical standard for cybersecurity measures, which many states have adopted and interpreted. Other than state legislation mandating timely disclosure after a data breach, few legal standards govern law firm data breaches. As technology advances rapidly, the law must address preventative and remedial measures more effectively to protect clients from data breaches caused ...


Increasing Copyright Protection For Social Media Users By Expanding Social Media Platforms' Rights, Ryan Wichtowski 2017 Duke Law

Increasing Copyright Protection For Social Media Users By Expanding Social Media Platforms' Rights, Ryan Wichtowski

Duke Law & Technology Review

Social media platforms allow users to share their creative works with the world. Users take great advantage of this functionality, as Facebook, Instagram, Flickr, Snapchat, and WhatsApp users alone uploaded 1.8 billion photos per day in 2014. Under the terms of service and terms of use agreements of most U.S. based social media platforms, users retain ownership of this content, since they only grant social media platforms nonexclusive licenses to their content. While nonexclusive licenses protect users vis-à-vis the social media platforms, these licenses preclude social media platforms from bringing copyright infringement claims on behalf of their users ...


Restoring Rogers: Video Games, False Association Claims, And The “Explicitly Misleading” Use Of Trademarks, 16 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 306 (2017), William K. Ford 2017 John Marshall Law School

Restoring Rogers: Video Games, False Association Claims, And The “Explicitly Misleading” Use Of Trademarks, 16 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 306 (2017), William K. Ford

William K. Ford

Courts have long struggled with how to balance false association claims brought under the Lanham Act with the protections for speech under the First Amendment. The leading approach is the Rogers test, but this test comes in multiple forms with varying degrees of protection for speech. A substantial portion of the litigation raising this issue now involves video games, a medium that more so than others, likely needs the benefit of a clear rule that protects speech. The original version of the test is the simplest and the one most protective of speech. In 2013, the Ninth Circuit endorsed the ...


How Much Has The Supreme Court Changed Patent Law, Paul Gugliuzza 2017 Boston University School of Law

How Much Has The Supreme Court Changed Patent Law, Paul Gugliuzza

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Reading Together And Apart: Juries, Courts, And Substantial Similarity In Copyright Law, Laura A. Heymann 2017 William & Mary Law School

Reading Together And Apart: Juries, Courts, And Substantial Similarity In Copyright Law, Laura A. Heymann

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Raising Walls Against Overlapping Rights: Preemption And The Right Of Publicity, Rebecca Tushnet 2017 Georgetown University Law Center

Raising Walls Against Overlapping Rights: Preemption And The Right Of Publicity, Rebecca Tushnet

Notre Dame Law Review

By comparing how preemption and First Amendment law have used purposive approaches to limit the right of publicity, we can see something about how boundary work in intellectual property law (IP) is done—badly, usually, with justifications that aren’t consistent or that assume that other regimes work differently than they actually do. One improvement would be to embrace categorical approaches, rather than unpredictable case-by-case balancing; both preemption and First Amendment doctrines can lend themselves to this approach. Another improvement would be to think of the First Amendment as an intellectual property regime of its own, one with general preemptive ...


Who Will Protect The Consumers Of Trademarked Goods?, James Astrachan 2017 Astrachan Gunst Thomas, P.C.

Who Will Protect The Consumers Of Trademarked Goods?, James Astrachan

University of Baltimore Law Review

Federal and state law recognizes multiple forms of intellectual property, including patents,1 copyrights,2 trademarks,3 and trade secrets.4 Alleged violations of patents and copyrights are required by statute to be litigated in the federal courts.5 Trademark rights can arise under the Federal Lanham Act6 or state law.7 Trademark infringement can be litigated in state or federal courts.8 Trade secrets arising under state statutes are litigated in state courts unless diversity jurisdiction exists and is pled.9

Infringement of intellectual property in the case of patents arises when a patented invention is used, manufactured or ...


Samsung V. Apple: Taking A Bite Out Of The Design Patent “Article Of Manufacture” Controversy, Elizabeth M. Gil 2017 University of Miami Law School

Samsung V. Apple: Taking A Bite Out Of The Design Patent “Article Of Manufacture” Controversy, Elizabeth M. Gil

University of Miami Business Law Review

Smartphones have become a universal item. A smartphone is comprised of hundreds of thousands of patented inventions, many of which are design patents.1It is these design patents that are at the center of the highly-contested case of Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. v. Apple Inc., which involves three of the design patents within Apple’s iPhone. Beginning in 2011, Apple and Samsung have been in a seemingly never-ending litigious battle over these design patents with the case commencing in the district court, climbing up to the Supreme Court of the United States, and returning to the district court. It is ...


The Problem Of Creative Collaboration, Anthony J. Casey, Andres Sawicki 2017 College of William & Mary Law School

The Problem Of Creative Collaboration, Anthony J. Casey, Andres Sawicki

William & Mary Law Review

In this Article, we explore a central problem facing creative industries: how to organize collaborative creative production. We argue that informal rules are a significant and pervasive—but nonetheless underappreciated—tool for solving the problem. While existing literature has focused on how informal rules sustain incentives for producing creative work, we demonstrate how such rules can facilitate and organize collaboration in the creative space.

We also suggest that informal rules can be a better fit for creative organization than formal law. On the one side, unique features of creativity, especially high uncertainty and low verifiability, lead to organizational challenges that ...


Workshop Agenda, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Ne, July 12, 2017 (2017 Nebraska Acrl Scholarly Communication Roadshow, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln), Joy Kirchner, William Cross 2017 York University

Workshop Agenda, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Ne, July 12, 2017 (2017 Nebraska Acrl Scholarly Communication Roadshow, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln), Joy Kirchner, William Cross

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Scholarly communication: From understanding to engagement. Agenda for the day. 2017 Nebraska ACRL (Association of College & Research Libraries) Scholarly Communication Roadshow, July 12, 2017, 8:00 am - 4:30 pm CDT, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Jackie Gaughan Multicultural Center, Unity Room.


Risk Regulation And Innovation: The Case Of Rights-Encumbered Biomedical Data Silos, Arti K. Rai 2017 Duke Law School

Risk Regulation And Innovation: The Case Of Rights-Encumbered Biomedical Data Silos, Arti K. Rai

Notre Dame Law Review

This Article discusses whether, and how, risk and social regulation can promote socially valuable innovation. The focus is on regulation as a force for creating a data infrastructure for future innovation. This Article briefly summarizes the history of overlapping and adjacent intellectual property rights in biomedical innovation. It then discusses the manner in which the Supreme Court’s reaction to such rights concentration may exacerbate legally-encumbered diagnostic data silos. It will go on to outlines the basic history of biopharmaceutical trial data silos as well as the core legal and policy arguments in favor of increasing access to the aggregated ...


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