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Countering Personalized Speech, Leon G. Ho 2022 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law

Countering Personalized Speech, Leon G. Ho

Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property

Social media platforms use personalization algorithms to make content curation decisions for each end user. These personalized recommendation decisions are essentially speech conveying a platform's predictions on content relevance for each end user. Yet, they are causing some of the worst problems on the internet. First, they facilitate the precipitous spread of mis- and disinformation by exploiting the very same biases and insecurities that drive end user engagement with such content. Second, they exacerbate social media addiction and related mental health harms by leveraging users' affective needs to drive engagement to greater and greater heights. Lastly, they erode end user …


Data Types, Data Doubts & Data Trusts, João Marinotti 2022 Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Data Types, Data Doubts & Data Trusts, João Marinotti

Articles by Maurer Faculty

Data is not monolithic. Nonetheless, the word is frequently used indiscriminately—in reference to a number of distinct concepts. It may refer to information writ large, or specifically to personally identifiable information, discrete digital files, trade secrets, and even to sets of AI-generated content. Yet each of these types of “data” requires different governance regimes in commerce, in life, and in law. Despite this diversity, the singular concept of data trusts is promulgated as a solution to our collective data governance problems. Data trusts—meant to cover all of these types of data—are said to promote personal privacy, increase corporate transparency, facilitate …


The Ascension Of Indigenous Cultural Property Law, Angela R. Riley 2022 UCLA School of Law; Native Nations Law and Policy Center

The Ascension Of Indigenous Cultural Property Law, Angela R. Riley

Michigan Law Review

Indigenous Peoples across the world are calling on nation-states to “decolonize” laws, structures, and institutions that negatively impact them. Though the claims are broad based, there is a growing global emphasis on issues pertaining to Indigenous Peoples’ cultural property and the harms of cultural appropriation, with calls for redress increasingly framed in the language of human rights. Over the last decade, Native people have actively fought to defend their cultural property. The Navajo Nation sued Urban Outfitters to stop the sale of “Navajo panties,” the Quileute Tribe sought to enjoin Nordstrom’s marketing of “Quileute Chokers,” and the descendants of Tasunke …


Myles Away From Perfect: The Potential Impact On Nil Deals Following Lsu Quarterback’S Retirement, Brian Ahle 2022 Saint Louis University School of Law

Myles Away From Perfect: The Potential Impact On Nil Deals Following Lsu Quarterback’S Retirement, Brian Ahle

SLU Law Journal Online

Just prior to the 2022 College Football Season, Louisiana State University Quarterback Myles Brennan decided to abruptly retire from football. Despite the unexpected finish to his career, Brennan is still going to likely retain all of the money he received in endorsements that were paid through the newly approved “NIL” deals available to collegiate athletes, as a result of a stipulation that these deals cannot be “performance-based”. In this article, Brian Ahle evaluates the potential ways in which endorsers may be able to protect their investments, while still complying with the NIL Policies that provide protections towards the athletes.


The Emerging Digital Infrastructure For Research In The Humanities, Donald J. Waters 2022 Independent Scholar and Former Senior Program Officer of The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation

The Emerging Digital Infrastructure For Research In The Humanities, Donald J. Waters

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

This article advances the thesis that three decades of investments by national and international funders, combined with those of scholars, technologists, librarians, archivists, and their institutions, have resulted in a digital infrastructure in the humanities that is now capable of supporting end-to-end research workflows. The article refers to key developments in the epigraphy and paleography of the premodern period. It draws primarily on work in classical studies but also highlights related work in the adjacent disciplines of Egyptology, ancient Near East studies, and medieval studies. The argument makes a case that much has been achieved but it does not declare …


The Global Publishing Industry In 2021, World Intellectual Property Organization 2022 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Global Publishing Industry In 2021, World Intellectual Property Organization

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Mixed forces shaped global publishing activity in 2021. The spread of different COVID-19 variants throughout the world still caused hardship and widespread social distancing. At the same time, the rollout of vaccines helped to contain the pandemic’s impact and enabled a recovery of the global economy, which grew by around 6 percent in 2021. The preliminary release of data from WIPO’s global survey of publishing activity shows that recovery extended to the publishing industry. Still, industry performance varies by country, reflecting the nature of book markets and other local economic forces.

The highest number of books published and deposited in …


An Introduction To "Marshall Law", IP Theory Volume 12 Editorial Board 2022 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

An Introduction To "Marshall Law", Ip Theory Volume 12 Editorial Board

IP Theory

No abstract provided.


Amplifying The Washington Pro Bono Patent Network Through Legal Consults, Jennifer S. Fan 2022 University of Washington School of Law

Amplifying The Washington Pro Bono Patent Network Through Legal Consults, Jennifer S. Fan

Presentations

The USPTO hosted a series of presentations related to patent pro bono work. This presentation discusses how the legal consult structure the University of Washington School of Law Entrepreneurial Law Clinic developed brings more visibility to the work of the Washington Pro Bono Patent Network.


Information Theory And Patent Documents, W. Michael Schuster 2022 The University of Akron

Information Theory And Patent Documents, W. Michael Schuster

Akron Law Review

Recent scholarship has expanded the scope of analytical tools available to patent law researchers. The foundation of information theory published by Claude Shannon has been applied to textual analysis to determine the similarities of patents and to assess a patent’s value. This article presents a theoretical application of information theory to quantify lexical ambiguity and originality in innovation within patent law.


Revisiting The Justification Of Trademark Protection For Single Drug Compositions: A Critical Analysis From A Regulatory Perspective, Kuhu Tiwari, Dr. Niharika Sahoo Bhattacharya 2022 The University of Akron

Revisiting The Justification Of Trademark Protection For Single Drug Compositions: A Critical Analysis From A Regulatory Perspective, Kuhu Tiwari, Dr. Niharika Sahoo Bhattacharya

Akron Law Review

Trademarks, which are premised on product differentiation, are alleged to play a divergent role when used on pharmaceutical products: they tend to create an artificial product differentiation for the bioequivalent pharmaceutical products that are marketed as branded, generics, and branded-generic products. It is implied that the companies incorporate trademarks to market their products to different consumers at different prices. However, concerns arise when a company uses multiple trademarks for a single active pharmaceutical ingredient (API); sometimes, the company labels each trademark as treating a different medical condition.

This practice of brand proliferation may pose risks to patient safety by confusing …


Fair Use As A Market Facilitator, Miriam Marcowitz-Bitton, Dan Bombach 2022 The University of Akron

Fair Use As A Market Facilitator, Miriam Marcowitz-Bitton, Dan Bombach

Akron Law Review

The Digital Age has enabled individuals worldwide to store, organize, and share everything from cherished memories embodied in photographs and videos to academic writing and correspondence. Yet, archived collections of academic, public, and private libraries are out of reach to many, and many books are now beyond reach because they are no longer in print. The high cost of digitization exacerbates these challenges.

In 2004, Google Inc. responded to these issues by announcing a project to scan and digitize the collections of several leading universities and public libraries (the “Google Books” project). The project offered users the opportunity to search …


Letting Anarchy Loose On The World: The Anarchist Cookbook And How Copyright Fails The Author, Debora Halbert 2022 The University of Akron

Letting Anarchy Loose On The World: The Anarchist Cookbook And How Copyright Fails The Author, Debora Halbert

Akron Law Review

The Anarchist Cookbook by William Powell remains one of the most controversial books in print, even 50 years after its first publication. The story to be told about its ongoing publication can teach us about the politics of authorship, ownership, publication, copyright assignments, the public domain, and the legacies our printed words leave behind. Later in life Powell regretted publishing the book and wished that it would be removed from publication and circulation but stated that he did not own the copyright and so could not control the book. However, even at his death the book remained in print and …


Infographic: Digital Copyright Laws And Online Teaching, Zoe Kaskamanidis 2022 Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER)

Infographic: Digital Copyright Laws And Online Teaching, Zoe Kaskamanidis

Teacher infographics

A new report has assessed whether copyright limitations for educational purposes are unfit for remote education through a legal analysis of copyright laws in 40 countries. This infographic shows the number of countries in the report for which the following online teaching scenarios are not legal.


Fashion In The Times Of War: The Recent Exodus Of Luxury Brands From Russia And What It Means For Trademark Law, Irene Calboli, Vera Sevastianova 2022 Texas A&M University School of Law

Fashion In The Times Of War: The Recent Exodus Of Luxury Brands From Russia And What It Means For Trademark Law, Irene Calboli, Vera Sevastianova

Faculty Scholarship

In February 2022, Russia infamously invaded Ukraine, starting an unprovoked war. As a result, many foreign companies left their Russia-based operations, including most luxury fashion houses. In these remarks, we elaborate on the possible issues that these companies may face regarding the enforcement of their IP rights in Russia, particularly trademark rights, following their departure resulting from the sanctions imposed by Western countries.

At the time of writing, perhaps the most pressing issue is whether luxury fashion houses risk losing their trademark rights in Russia due to their decision to suspend their operations, even though temporarily. An additional issue facing …


Hoosier Athletes Get An Assist From Law Students Through Name, Image And Likeness Initiative, James Owsley Boyd 2022 Maurer School of Law - Indiana University

Hoosier Athletes Get An Assist From Law Students Through Name, Image And Likeness Initiative, James Owsley Boyd

Keep Up With the Latest News from the Law School (blog)

Student-athletes at Indiana University Bloomington will get an assist from their peers at the IU Maurer School of Law under a new Name, Image and Likeness Initiative through the school’s Center for Intellectual Property Research.

As student-athletes navigate the still-emerging complexities of the NCAA’s new policy surrounding name, image and likeness — also referred to as NIL — they’ll now have a homefield advantage: one of the country’s top intellectual property clinics.


Are Cryptopunks Copyrightable?, Brian L. Frye 2022 Pepperdine University

Are Cryptopunks Copyrightable?, Brian L. Frye

Pepperdine Law Review

Larva Labs’ CryptoPunks NFTs are iconic. Created in 2017, they were among the first NFTs on the Ethereum blockchain. Four years later, they are among the most valuable, selling for anywhere from $200,000 to millions of dollars. The CryptoPunks collection consists of 10,000 NFTs, each of which is associated with a unique CryptoPunks image. Everyone knows who owns each CryptoPunks NFT. The Ethereum blockchain provides indelible proof. But people disagree about who owns - and who should own - the copyright in the CryptoPunks images. Most CryptoPunks NFT owners believe they should own the copyright in the image associated with …


Traditional Knowledge And Twail, Gunjan Deshpande 2022 Maharashtra National Law University

Traditional Knowledge And Twail, Gunjan Deshpande

Indonesian Journal of International Law

Traditional Knowledge (TK) is a deep-rooted notion in the Indian culture, it is the knowledge that has been passed on for centuries and is governed by the traditional customary laws. It applies to everything from food storage, agriculture to medicine to the preservation of the environment. TK are protected by national or regional laws that provide limited protection. There have been various instances where Indian TK was patented outside India some of the examples are Turmeric, Amla, and Neem. TK is the base of modern science and technology, as it is derived from a strong cultural heritage that is vital …


Memorandum For The Heads Of Executive Departments And Agencies, August 25, 2022: Ensuring Free, Immediate, And Equitable Access To Federally Funded Research, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy 2022 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Memorandum For The Heads Of Executive Departments And Agencies, August 25, 2022: Ensuring Free, Immediate, And Equitable Access To Federally Funded Research, White House Office Of Science And Technology Policy

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

This memorandum provides policy guidance to federal agencies with research and development expenditures on updating their public access policies. In accordance with this memorandum, OSTP recommends that federal agencies, to the extent consistent with applicable law:

1. Update their public access policies as soon as possible, and no later than December 31, 2025, to make publications and their supporting data resulting from federally funded research publicly accessible without an embargo on their free and public release;

2. Establish transparent procedures that ensure scientific and research integrity is maintained in public access policies; and,

3. Coordinate with OSTP to ensure equitable …


Viagra Did Not Work, But Michael Jordan Still Made It: Trademark Policy Toward The Translation Of Foreign Marks In China, Jyh-An Lee, LiLi Yang 2022 Duke Law

Viagra Did Not Work, But Michael Jordan Still Made It: Trademark Policy Toward The Translation Of Foreign Marks In China, Jyh-An Lee, Lili Yang

Duke Law & Technology Review

Most multinational enterprises (MNEs) register their original trademarks in Roman letters in China upon entering the Chinese market. However, many fail to develop and register corresponding Chinese marks because they do not understand local culture and consumers, overvalue consumers’ presumed brand loyalty, or neglect the accompanying trademark issues. This failure enables trademark squatters to register and hold the Chinese marks for ransom or local competitors to free ride on foreign marks using their Chinese translations or transliterations. This Article first introduces the complexity of translating a foreign mark into Chinese, which concerns complex linguistic, cultural, and business challenges. Based on …


Developing An Advanced Intellectual Property Curriculum, Emily R. Lynch 2022 Western University

Developing An Advanced Intellectual Property Curriculum, Emily R. Lynch

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

The Faculty of Law at Western University is leading a group of industry partners and academic institutions to develop a free, self-paced, online IP curriculum consisting of case studies and practical examples from companies in three main areas: artificial intelligence, automotive, and medical technologies. The curriculum will provide training on generating, protecting, commercializing, and leveraging intangible assets in the knowledge-based economy.


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