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The Maker Movement: Copyright Law, Remix Culture, And 3d Printing, Matthew Rimmer 2017 Queensland University of Technology

The Maker Movement: Copyright Law, Remix Culture, And 3d Printing, Matthew Rimmer

Matthew Rimmer

3D printing is a process of making physical objects from three-dimensional digital models. 3D printing is a form of additive manufacturing – rather than a traditional form of subtractive manufacturing. 3D printing is a disruptive technology, which promises to transform art and design, science and manufacturing, and the digital economy.

The Minister for Industry, Innovation and Science, the Hon. Christopher Pyne, has highlighted the key role of 3D printing for manufacturing and material science in Australia: ‘Manufacturing remains a key driver in our economy, but as the industrial landscape changes, the sector needs to transition to more innovative and economically viable ...


Making & Sharing Scholarship: Copyright Issues In Scholarly Communication (2017 Nebraska Acrl Scholarly Communication Roadshow, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln), William M. Cross, Elizabeth A. Brown 2017 North Carolina State University

Making & Sharing Scholarship: Copyright Issues In Scholarly Communication (2017 Nebraska Acrl Scholarly Communication Roadshow, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln), William M. Cross, Elizabeth A. Brown

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Excerpts from the presenters' notes:

Today’s focus – not copyright generally, or copyright for things like library digitization, but copyright in the context of scholarly publishing.

Copyright’s purpose and higher education’s purpose have a lot in common. We as a society all benefit if people can build on the discoveries that came before them, while having an incentive to create new things.

Article I, Section 8, where the authority for US copyright law comes from, reads "To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to ...


Reflection & Next Steps (2017 Nebraska Acrl Scholarly Communication Roadshow, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln), William M. Cross, Jaron Porciello, Elizabeth Brown 2017 North Carolina State University

Reflection & Next Steps (2017 Nebraska Acrl Scholarly Communication Roadshow, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln), William M. Cross, Jaron Porciello, Elizabeth Brown

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

How can we sustain our library community? Ideas for reaching out to your institution - students, faculty, administration, other library personnel.


Understanding Scholarly Communication: Framing The Issues (2017 Nebraska Acrl Scholarly Communication Roadshow, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln), Jaron Porciello, William M. Cross, Elizabeth A. Brown 2017 Cornell University

Understanding Scholarly Communication: Framing The Issues (2017 Nebraska Acrl Scholarly Communication Roadshow, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln), Jaron Porciello, William M. Cross, Elizabeth A. Brown

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Excerpts from the presenters' notes:

This is the (simple) big overview of the SC system. Within this system exist participants, pressures and intersections, which lead to the opportunities that we’re seeing now.

Participants: Researchers, authors, administrators, students, editors, peer reviewers, and others. Including libraries. Flow in and out and according to processes.

A system of systems: Higher education, publishing industry, disciplinary practice, scholarly societies, internet culture, research industry, IP/legal system, funders, AND OF COURSE faculty rewards system (P&T).


Scholarly Communication: From Understanding To Engagement (2017 Nebraska Acrl Scholarly Communication Roadshow, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln), William M. Cross, Jaron Porciello, Elizabeth A. Brown 2017 North Carolina State University

Scholarly Communication: From Understanding To Engagement (2017 Nebraska Acrl Scholarly Communication Roadshow, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln), William M. Cross, Jaron Porciello, Elizabeth A. Brown

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

“The goal of the program is to empower participants to help accelerate the transformation of the scholarly communication system.” From www.ala.org/acrl/issues/scholcomm/roadshow.


Measuring Impact (2017 Nebraska Acrl Scholarly Communication Roadshow, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln), Jaron Porciello 2017 Cornell University

Measuring Impact (2017 Nebraska Acrl Scholarly Communication Roadshow, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln), Jaron Porciello

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Excerpt from the slides and presenter's notes:

Helps us see the lifecycle of research - why and how We have a lot of knowledge in this space because we know the resources and systems impact is based on -- we can act as thought leaders.

Scholarly communication cycle involves “evaluating research and other scholarly writings for quality” (ARL, 2013).

Librarians have always been part of the “impact” conversation from the perspective of the ways in which we help people. We provide budding researchers with access to seminal ideas in the field and help established researchers keep current with new information and ...


Open Education (2017 Nebraska Acrl Scholarly Communication Roadshow, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln), William M. Cross 2017 North Carolina State University

Open Education (2017 Nebraska Acrl Scholarly Communication Roadshow, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln), William M. Cross

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Excerpts from the slides:

“Open educational resources are teaching and learning materials that are freely available online for everyone to use, whether you are an instructor, student or self-learner.”

Open Textbooks: Traditional textbooks with lessons, exercises, and reference materials.

Many instructors also want better materials:

➢ So all students can participate.

➢ So their voice can shine through.

➢ So their discipline can be represented.

➢ So they can use new technologies and pedagogies.


Consent Decrees In The Streaming Era: Digital Withdrawal, Fractional Licensing, And § 114(I), Steven J. Gagliano 2017 Pepperdine University

Consent Decrees In The Streaming Era: Digital Withdrawal, Fractional Licensing, And § 114(I), Steven J. Gagliano

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

Clear disagreement exists about how best to reconcile the copyright protections afforded to songwriters with the antitrust considerations protecting consumers. Songwriter public performance royalty collections account for over $2 billion in annual U.S. revenue, roughly 90% of which is collected by the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) and Broadcast Music, Inc. (BMI). ASCAP and BMI are performance rights organizations (PROs) regulated by seventy-five-year-old consent decrees. After the Second Circuit determined that these consent decrees prohibit music publishers from selectively withdrawing their new media rights from ASCAP and BMI to directly negotiating with new media services, the ...


Film Piracy: Surfing The Internet For Free Content Provides Little Bounty For The Collective Economy, Jordan Matthews 2017 Pepperdine University

Film Piracy: Surfing The Internet For Free Content Provides Little Bounty For The Collective Economy, Jordan Matthews

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

This Note focuses on the protection of a copyright holder against infringement in the form of film piracy. It centers on the recent litigation surrounding Dallas Buyers Club, a biographical film articulating the life and events surrounding an AIDS patient, diagnosed in the mid-1980s, who pursued experimental treatments by smuggling pharmaceuticals into the United States. In 2013, more than 4,700 Australian Internet users allegedly downloaded the film within the span of one month. In August of 2015, an Australian federal court declared that the studio behind the film would need to post a $600,000 bond before it could ...


The Rule Of Reason, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Rule Of Reason, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

Antitrust’s rule of reason was born out of a thirty year (1897-1927) division among Supreme Court Justices about the proper way to assess multi-firm restraints on competition. By the late 1920s the basic contours of the rule for restraints among competitors was roughly established. Antitrust policy toward vertical restraints remained much more unstable, however, largely because their effects were so poorly understood.

This article provides a litigation field guide for antitrust claims under the rule of reason – or more precisely, for situations when application of the rule of reason is likely. At the time pleadings are drafted and even ...


Reasonable Patent Exhaustion, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Reasonable Patent Exhaustion, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

A lengthy tug of war between the Supreme Court and the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals may have ended when the Supreme Court held that the sale of a patented article exhausts the patentee seller’s rights to enforce restrictions on that article through patent infringement suits. Further, reversing the Federal Circuit, the parties cannot bargain around this rule through the seller’s specification of conditions stated at the time of sale, no matter how clear. No inquiry need be made into the patentee’s market power, anticompetitive effects, or other types of harms, whether enforcement of the condition is ...


Equitable Resale Royalties, Brian L. Frye 2017 University of Kentucky College of Law

Equitable Resale Royalties, Brian L. Frye

Brian L. Frye

A “resale royalty right” or droit de suite(resale right) is a legal right that gives certain artists the right to claim a percentage of the resale price of the artworks they created. The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and the Tunis Model Law on Copyright for Developing Countries provide for an optional resale royalty right. Many countries have created a resale royalty right, although the particulars of the right differ from country to country. But the United States has repeatedly declined to create a federal resale royalty right, and a federal court recently held ...


Incidental Intellectual Property, Brian L. Frye 2017 University of Kentucky College of Law

Incidental Intellectual Property, Brian L. Frye

Brian L. Frye

As Mark Twain apocryphally observed, “History doesn’t repeat itself, but it often rhymes.” The history of the right of publicity reflects a common intellectual property rhyme. Much like copyright, the right of publicity is an incidental intellectual property right that emerged out of regulation. Over time, the property right gradually detached itself from the regulation and evolved into an independent legal doctrine.

Copyright emerged from the efforts of the Stationers’ Company to preserve its members’ monopoly on the publication of works of authorship. Similarly, it can be argued the right of publicity emerged from the efforts of bubblegum companies ...


Fixing Forum Selling, Brian L. Frye, Christopher J. Ryan Jr. 2017 University of Kentucky College of Law

Fixing Forum Selling, Brian L. Frye, Christopher J. Ryan Jr.

Brian L. Frye

"Forum selling” is jurisdictional competition intended to attract litigants. While consensual forum selling may be beneficial, non-consensual forum selling is harmful because it encourages jurisdictions to adopt an inefficient pro-plaintiff bias. In the last 20 years, the Eastern District of Texas has adopted an aggressive and remarkably successful policy of non-consensual forum selling in patent infringement actions. In 2016, 44% of all patent infringement actions were filed in the Eastern District of Texas, and 93% of them were filed by patent assertion entities or “patent trolls.” In December 2016, the Supreme Court granted certiorari in TC Heartland v. Kraft, to ...


An Empirical Study Of The Copyright Practices Of American Law Journals, Brian L. Frye, Franklin L. Runge, Christopher J. Ryan Jr. 2017 University of Kentucky College of Law

An Empirical Study Of The Copyright Practices Of American Law Journals, Brian L. Frye, Franklin L. Runge, Christopher J. Ryan Jr.

Brian L. Frye

This article presents an empirical study of the copyright practices of American law journals in relation to copyright ownership and fair use, based on a 24-question survey. It concludes that many American law journals have adopted copyright policies that are inconsistent with the expectations of legal scholars and the scope of copyright protection. Specifically, many law journals have adopted copyright policies that effectively preclude open-access publishing, and unnecessarily limit the fair use of copyrighted works. In addition, it appears that some law journals may not understand their own copyright policies. This article proposes the creation of a Code of Copyright ...


An Empirical Study Of The Copyright Practices Of American Law Journals, Brian L. Frye, Franklin L. Runge, Christopher J. Ryan Jr. 2017 University of Kentucky College of Law

An Empirical Study Of The Copyright Practices Of American Law Journals, Brian L. Frye, Franklin L. Runge, Christopher J. Ryan Jr.

Franklin L. Runge

This article presents an empirical study of the copyright practices of American law journals in relation to copyright ownership and fair use, based on a 24-question survey. It concludes that many American law journals have adopted copyright policies that are inconsistent with the expectations of legal scholars and the scope of copyright protection. Specifically, many law journals have adopted copyright policies that effectively preclude open-access publishing, and unnecessarily limit the fair use of copyrighted works. In addition, it appears that some law journals may not understand their own copyright policies. This article proposes the creation of a Code of Copyright ...


The World’S Trademark Powerhouse: A Critique Of China’S New Trademark Law, Xuan-Thao Nguyen 2017 Seattle University School of Law

The World’S Trademark Powerhouse: A Critique Of China’S New Trademark Law, Xuan-Thao Nguyen

Seattle University Law Review

China has become the world’s trademark powerhouse with the largest number of trademark registrations for goods and services. Parallel to the new rise is the explosion of scandals concerning trademarked goods, causing numerous deaths, massive hospitalizations, and consumer defection from domestic brands. Instead of having a trademark law with consumer protection as the cornerstone, China’s new Trademark Law will cement China as the world’s manufacturer of trademarks. This Article is the first to critically examine China’s new Trademark Law. The new law mainly centers on creating procedural measures for more trademark registrations, maintaining China’s trademark ...


A New Framework For Determining Reasonable Royalties In Patent Litigation, Norman V. Siebrasse, Thomas F. Cotter 2017 University of Florida Levin College of Law

A New Framework For Determining Reasonable Royalties In Patent Litigation, Norman V. Siebrasse, Thomas F. Cotter

Florida Law Review

Over the past decade, eight-, nine- and even ten-figure damages awards have become a recurring feature in patent infringement litigation, and yet the principal methods for calculating reasonable royalties (the most common form of damages in patent cases) remain unsatisfying and incoherent. Most frequently, courts employ what we refer to as a “pure ex ante” approach, which aims to construct the hypothetical bargain the parties themselves would have struck prior to infringement (ex ante), based on whatever information would have been available to them at that time. This approach has the advantage of avoiding patent “holdup”— basing the royalty partly ...


A Cross-Regional Research Partnership For Sustainable Development: The Open African Innovation Research (Open Air) Experience, Chidi Oguamanam, Jeremy de Beer 2017 University of Ottawa

A Cross-Regional Research Partnership For Sustainable Development: The Open African Innovation Research (Open Air) Experience, Chidi Oguamanam, Jeremy De Beer

Chidi Oguamanam


This paper positions and critiques the Open African Innovation Research (Open AIR) network as a unique cross-regional PPP research platform. It examines, on empirical and theoretical perspectives, the elements of the Open AIR project, including its core driving factors relevant to the development gap associated with IP and knowledge governance in Africa. The authors reflect on policy ramifications, practical lessons, and limitations of the cross-regional research partnership for not only advancing the sustainable development objective but also for expanding an understanding of PPPs in a context that is scarcely broached.


Three Hundred Nos: An Empirical Analysis Of The First 300+ Denials Of Institution For Inter Partes And Covered Business Method Patent Reviews Prior To In Re Cuozzo Speed Technologies, Llc, 14 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 112 (2015), Jarrad Wood, Jonathan Stroud 2017 Selected Works

Three Hundred Nos: An Empirical Analysis Of The First 300+ Denials Of Institution For Inter Partes And Covered Business Method Patent Reviews Prior To In Re Cuozzo Speed Technologies, Llc, 14 J. Marshall Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 112 (2015), Jarrad Wood, Jonathan Stroud

Jonathan R. K. Stroud

Tasked in 2011 with creating powerful new patent review trial regimes, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office—through the efforts of their freshly empowered quasi-judicial body, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board—set to creating a fast-paced trial with limited discovery and concentrated efficiency. For two years, the proceedings have proved potent, holding unpatentable many of the claims that reached decisions on the merits. Yet a small subsection of petitions never make it past the starting gate, resulting in wasted time and effort on the parts of petitioners—and likely sighs of relief from the rights-holders. The AIA exempted ...


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