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The Unseen Harm: U.S.-Indian Relations & Tribal Sovereignty, George Emmons 2018 Golden Gate University School of Law

The Unseen Harm: U.S.-Indian Relations & Tribal Sovereignty, George Emmons

Golden Gate University Law Review

This article explores tribal sovereignty through the lens of the Standing Rock Sioux and its opposition to the DAPL. The DAPL situation is a symptom of the larger problem of a lack of tribal consultation, which diminishes tribal sovereignty and tribal rights.

Part I discusses the history of tribal sovereignty through an explanation of the domestic dependent status of Indian tribes and the two historic canons of Indian treaty interpretation. The Court’s interpretation and application of these canons in the cases of Winters, Dion, and Bourland have a direct relation to the amount of protection given to Indian tribes ...


Current Issues In Native American Law, Gloria Valencia-Weber, Taiawagi Helton, Paul Frye, Samuel Winder, John Echohawk 2018 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Current Issues In Native American Law, Gloria Valencia-Weber, Taiawagi Helton, Paul Frye, Samuel Winder, John Echohawk

Gloria Valencia-Weber

Report of the Proceedings of the Judicial Conference of the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. Transcribed conference panel session: Gloria Valencia-Weber focuses her segment on important language on Indian sovereignty in the Nevada v. Hicks case.


Reimagining Overrepresentation Research: Critical Reflections On Researching The Overrepresentation Of First Nations Children In The Child Welfare System, Vandna Sinha, Ashleigh Delaye, Brittany Orav-Lakaski 2018 School of Social Work, McGill University

Reimagining Overrepresentation Research: Critical Reflections On Researching The Overrepresentation Of First Nations Children In The Child Welfare System, Vandna Sinha, Ashleigh Delaye, Brittany Orav-Lakaski

Journal of Law and Social Policy

This paper builds on the experiences of the first author in doing research on the overrepresentation of First Nations children in child welfare systems in Canada. Six lessons are presented: (1) overrepresentation is an inherently quantitative construct; (2) overrepresentation is an inherently comparative construct; (3) a focus on overrepresentation draws attention to the needs of specific groups, but may obscure the need for broader systemic reform; (4) available data relies on, but incompletely represents, decision-maker perspectives; (5) available data emphasizes point-in-time decisions; and (6) ambiguity in data must be very clearly acknowledged. Building on discussion of these lessons, we explore ...


Implicit Divestiture Reconsidered: Outtakes From The Cohen's Handbook Cutting-Room Floor, John LaVelle 2018 University of New Mexico

Implicit Divestiture Reconsidered: Outtakes From The Cohen's Handbook Cutting-Room Floor, John Lavelle

John P. LaVelle

The most dramatic development in the field of Indian law during the years between publication of the 1982 and 2005 editions of Cohen's Handbook of Federal Indian Law has been the Supreme Court's reliance on a judicially devised theory for denying the inherent sovereign governing authority of Indian nations in cases where Congress has not acted to divest tribes of this authority. The executive committee of the board of authors and editors for the 2005 revision of Cohen's Handbook recognized the importance of discussing this recent line of cases in-depth and entrusted me with the task of ...


Petitioner's Brief - Reargument Of Oliphant V. Suquamish Indian Tribe, John LaVelle 2018 University of New Mexico

Petitioner's Brief - Reargument Of Oliphant V. Suquamish Indian Tribe, John Lavelle

John P. LaVelle

Does the Suquamish Indian Tribe possess inherent sovereign power to exercise criminal jurisdiction over non-Indians alleged to have committed misdemeanor crimes within the boundaries of the tribe's own reservation in violation of the Suquamish Law and Order Code?


Strengthening Tribal Sovereignty Through Indian Participation In American Politics: A Reply To Professor Porter, John LaVelle 2018 Selected Works

Strengthening Tribal Sovereignty Through Indian Participation In American Politics: A Reply To Professor Porter, John Lavelle

John P. LaVelle

A rebuttal to Porter's recent article The Demise of the Ongwehoweh and the Rise ofthe Native Americans: Redressing the Genocidal Act of Forcing American Citizenship upon Indigenous Peoples


Review Essay: “Indians Are Us?: Culture And Genocide In Native North America" By Me Monroe, John LaVelle 2018 University of New Mexico

Review Essay: “Indians Are Us?: Culture And Genocide In Native North America" By Me Monroe, John Lavelle

John P. LaVelle

Indians Are Us? is a collection of commentaries on American Indian political and social affairs, written in the truculent tone that readers have come to expect from writer Ward Churchill. Like its predecessors, Fantasies of the Master Race and Struggle far the Land, this latest Churchill project consists largely of polemical pieces hastily compiled from obscure leftist publications.


Gmos, International Law And Indigenous Peoples, Casandia Bellevue 2018 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Gmos, International Law And Indigenous Peoples, Casandia Bellevue

Pace International Law Review

This Article sprung from a desire to discover why—despite scientific uncertainty and the oft-cited precautionary principle in international law—genetically modified organisms are still allowed to spread via international trade and natural ecological cycles. While exploring this topic, it did not take long to come across the environmental justice impacts of genetically modified crops, and their particularly disparate impact upon indigenous peoples across the globe. Not only are GMOs threatening biodiversity and our planet, but also the very existence and cultural foundations of many indigenous groups.

This Article seeks to answer the following questions: What are the international agreements ...


A Dollar For Your Thoughts: Dollar General And The Supreme Court's Struggle With Tribal Civil Jurisdiction, Hallie McDonald 2018 Maurice A. Deane School of Law at Hofstra University

A Dollar For Your Thoughts: Dollar General And The Supreme Court's Struggle With Tribal Civil Jurisdiction, Hallie Mcdonald

Hofstra Law Review

No abstract provided.


“The Lands…Belonged To Them, Once By The Indian Title, Twice For Having Defended Them…And Thrice For Having Built And Lived On Them”: The Law And Politics Of Métis Title, Karen Drake, Adam Gaudry 2018 Lakehead University

“The Lands…Belonged To Them, Once By The Indian Title, Twice For Having Defended Them…And Thrice For Having Built And Lived On Them”: The Law And Politics Of Métis Title, Karen Drake, Adam Gaudry

Karen Drake

To predict what is on the horizon of the Métis legal landscape, we can look to jurisprudence on First Nations’ rights, given that Métis rights cases are typically ten to fifteen years behind those of First Nations. With the release of the Supreme Court of Canada’s decision in Tsilhqot’in, the next big issue in Métis law may be Métis title. Scholars have doubted the ability of Métis to establish Aboriginal title in Canada for two reasons: first, Métis were too mobile, and second, Métis were too immobile. This paper critically analyzes these positions and argues that the case ...


The Sioux's Suits: Global Law And The Dakota Access Pipeline, Stephen Young 2017 University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

The Sioux's Suits: Global Law And The Dakota Access Pipeline, Stephen Young

American Indian Law Journal

The Sioux Tribe’s lawsuits and protests against the Dakota Access Pipelines (DAPL) received an incredible amount of international attention in ways that many Indigenous peoples’ protests have not. This article argues that attention exists because the Sioux Tribe has been at the epicenter of the Indigenous peoples’ rights movement in international law. Accordingly, they have invoked or claimed international human rights—particularly free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC)— to complicate, and perhaps destabilize, the DAPL’s development. However, the importance of their activism is not merely in claiming human rights.

Based upon a global map of law that involves ...


A Hell Of A Complex: The Miscarriages Of The Federal Hydropower Licensing Regime, Derek Red Arrow Frank 2017 Seattle University, School of Law

A Hell Of A Complex: The Miscarriages Of The Federal Hydropower Licensing Regime, Derek Red Arrow Frank

American Indian Law Journal

What you are about to read is an illustration of systemic racism. Systemic racism is the current effects of statutes and policies developed through a singular and racially-charged narrative. The current hydropower relicensing regime fails to acknowledge the overarching Treaty-reserved rights of American Indian tribes while statutorily granting state and federal authorities the power to prescribe mandatory conditions on hydropower projects. This fact remains constant whether the hydropower project is within or outside a tribe’s reservation or aboriginal territory. Specifically, the Hells Canyon Complex, which rests along the Snake River, has had and continues to have enormous impacts on ...


Solution Before Pollution: Mining And International Transboundary Rivers In Southeast Alaska, Britany Kee’ ya aa. Lindley 2017 Seattle University, School of Law

Solution Before Pollution: Mining And International Transboundary Rivers In Southeast Alaska, Britany Kee’ Ya Aa. Lindley

American Indian Law Journal

No abstract provided.


By Any Means: How One Federal Agency Is Turning Tribal Sovereignty On Its Head, Clifton Cottrell 2017 Native American Financial Services Association

By Any Means: How One Federal Agency Is Turning Tribal Sovereignty On Its Head, Clifton Cottrell

American Indian Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Beyond A Zero-Sum Federal Trust Responsibility: Lessons From Federal Indian Energy Policy, Monte Mills 2017 Alexander Blewett III School of Law, University of Montana

Beyond A Zero-Sum Federal Trust Responsibility: Lessons From Federal Indian Energy Policy, Monte Mills

American Indian Law Journal

The federal government’s trust relationship with federally- recognized Indian tribes is a product of the last two centuries of Federal Indian Law and federal-tribal relations. For approximately the last 50 years, the federal government has sought to promote tribal self-determination as a means to carry out its trust responsibilities to Indian tribes; but the shadows of prior federal policies, based largely on notions of tribal incompetence and federal paternalism, remain. Perhaps no other policy arena better demonstrates the history, evolution, and promise for reform of the federal trust relationship than Federal Indian energy policy, or the range of federal ...


Indian Sovereignty, General Federal Laws, And The Canons Of Construction: An Overview And Update, Bryan H. Wildenthal 2017 Thomas Jefferson School of Law

Indian Sovereignty, General Federal Laws, And The Canons Of Construction: An Overview And Update, Bryan H. Wildenthal

American Indian Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Conservation Easements: A Flexible New Tool For Washington Tribes, A Case Study Of The Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe, David P. Papiez 2017 Seattle University School of Law

Conservation Easements: A Flexible New Tool For Washington Tribes, A Case Study Of The Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe, David P. Papiez

American Indian Law Journal

No abstract provided.


United States V. Osage Wind, Llc, Summer Carmack 2017 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

United States V. Osage Wind, Llc, Summer Carmack

Public Land and Resources Law Review

The Osage Nation, as owner of the beneficial interest in its mineral estate, issues federally-approved leases to persons and entities who wish to conduct mineral development on its lands. After an energy-development company, Osage Wind, leased privately-owned surface lands within Tribal reservation boundaries and began to excavate minerals for purposes of constructing a wind farm, the United States brought suit on the Tribe’s behalf. In the ensuing litigation, the Osage Nation insisted that Osage Wind should have obtained a mineral lease from the Tribe before beginning its work. In its decision, the Tenth Circuit applied one of the Indian ...


Constitutional Conflict And The Development Of Canadian Aboriginal Law, Guy Charlton, Xiang Gao 2017 Auckland University of Technology

Constitutional Conflict And The Development Of Canadian Aboriginal Law, Guy Charlton, Xiang Gao

The University of Notre Dame Australia Law Review

This paper argues that aboriginal rights in Canada have been greatly affected by 19 th century governmental and social conflicts within the Canadian colonial state. These conflicts, largely over the ownership of land and regulatory authority between the federal government and the provinces necessarily impacted the First Nations on the ground while affecting how their legal claims were recognized and implemented. In particular they impacted the legal efficacy of treaty rights, the scope of rights recognised by the courts and an expansive legally protected notion of indigenous sovereignty. As a result, the rights now protected under sec. 25 and 35 ...


Indigenous Rights In The Trump Era, Tereza M. Szeghi 2017 University of Dayton

Indigenous Rights In The Trump Era, Tereza M. Szeghi

The Social Practice of Human Rights: Charting the Frontiers of Research and Advocacy

This paper examines the ways in which the Dakota Access Pipeline and the related protests were divergently covered in mainstream versus alternative news sources and what this divergent coverage suggests about the current status of American Indian affairs and the role of American Indians in the U.S. cultural imaginary. Moreover, the paper will address the status of American Indian tribal sovereignty in the Trump era more broadly, with particular focus on American Indians' treaty-related rights to self-determination in the use of their lands.


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