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Friends Of Animals V. United States Fish & Wildlife Service, Bradley E. Tinker 2018 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Friends Of Animals V. United States Fish & Wildlife Service, Bradley E. Tinker

Public Land & Resources Law Review

In Friends of Animals v. United States Fish & Wildlife Service, the Ninth Circuit held that the plain language of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act allows for the removal of one species of bird to benefit another species. Friends of Animals argued that the Service’s experiment permitting the taking of one species––the barred owl––to advance the conservation of a different species––the northern spotted owl––violated the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. The court, however, found that the Act delegates broad implementing discretion to the Secretary of the Interior, and neither the Act nor the underlying international conventions limit ...


Public Employees For Environmental Responsibility V. United States Epa, F. Aaron Rains 2018 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Public Employees For Environmental Responsibility V. United States Epa, F. Aaron Rains

Public Land & Resources Law Review

Prior to 2016, the EPA acknowledged that human activities significantly contribute to climate change. However, on March 9, 2017, EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt announced that significant debate regarding the issue remained in the scientific community. In response to these statements, a nonprofit organization filed a FOIA request with the EPA seeking any documents or records Pruitt may have used when formulating his statements or substantiating his position. The EPA refused to comply with the request, citing undue burden and improper interrogation and this action followed. Upon review, the District Court for the District of Columbia found the plaintiff’s FOIA ...


Upper Skagit Indian Tribe V. Lundgren, Brett Berntsen 2018 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Upper Skagit Indian Tribe V. Lundgren, Brett Berntsen

Public Land & Resources Law Review

Stemming from a property dispute between a private landowner and the Upper Skagit Indian Tribe, this action evolved into a debate concerning the scope of tribal sovereign immunity and whether Indian tribes should be bound by certain common law doctrines applicable to most other sovereigns. The Washington Supreme Court originally ruled against the Tribe, citing County of Yakima v. Confederated Tribes and Bands of Yakima Nation in holding that sovereign immunity does not apply to in rem actions. The United States Supreme Court granted certiorari to clarify that its ruling in Yakima did not support such a proposition. The case ...


Upstate Citizens For Equality, Inc. V. United States, Kirsa Shelkey 2018 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Upstate Citizens For Equality, Inc. V. United States, Kirsa Shelkey

Public Land & Resources Law Review

The Indian Reorganization Act of 1935 is the proper avenue for Tribes pursuing restoration of their historic trust lands. The Oneida Indian Nation of New York long sought to reassert tribal jurisdiction over its historic homeland in Central New York. These efforts were largely unsuccessful until 2008 when the United States took 13,000 acres of this historic homeland into trust on behalf of the Tribe under the Indian Reorganization Act. This case affirms the federal government’s plenary powers over Indian Tribes, and that neither state sovereignty principles, nor the Enclave Clause upset that authority.


The Seminole Water Rights Compact And The Seminole Indian Land Claims Settlement Act Of 1987, Jim Shore, Jerry C. Straus 2018 Florida State University College of Law

The Seminole Water Rights Compact And The Seminole Indian Land Claims Settlement Act Of 1987, Jim Shore, Jerry C. Straus

Florida State University Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


An Indian Site-Specific Religious Claim Again Trips Over Judeo-Christian Stumbling Blocks (Lyng V. Northwest Indian Cemetery Protective Association, 108 S. Ct. 1319 (1988))., Anita Clark Pryor, Gypsy Cowherd Bailey 2018 Florida State University College of Law

An Indian Site-Specific Religious Claim Again Trips Over Judeo-Christian Stumbling Blocks (Lyng V. Northwest Indian Cemetery Protective Association, 108 S. Ct. 1319 (1988))., Anita Clark Pryor, Gypsy Cowherd Bailey

Florida State University Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


The Bald Eagle, The Florida Panther And The Nation's Word: An Essay On The "Quiet" Abrogation Of Indian Treaties And The Proper Reading Of United States V. Dion, Robert Laurence 2018 University of Arkansas School of Law

The Bald Eagle, The Florida Panther And The Nation's Word: An Essay On The "Quiet" Abrogation Of Indian Treaties And The Proper Reading Of United States V. Dion, Robert Laurence

Florida State University Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


Indian Fishing Rights: A Lost Opportunity For Ecosystem Management, Martin H. Belsky 2018 University of Tulsa College of Law

Indian Fishing Rights: A Lost Opportunity For Ecosystem Management, Martin H. Belsky

Florida State University Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law

This Article targets the problem of depletion of salmon and steelhead fisheries in the Northwest United States. The Article provides a brief overview of the Sohappy v. Smith and United States v. Washington decisions, which promoted regulation and conservation of these fisheries. Next, the Article discusses the Ecosystem Management Model, which these courts declined to adopt. Additionally, a description of the legislative measures taken in response to these two cases is provided. The Article concludes that adoption of an ecosystem management approach to fisheries management is essential to the future well-being of the fisheries in the Northwest United States.


Commercial Hazardous Waste Projects In Indian Country: An Opportunity For Tribal Economic Development Through Land Use Planning, Robert Sitkowski 2018 Florida State University College of Law

Commercial Hazardous Waste Projects In Indian Country: An Opportunity For Tribal Economic Development Through Land Use Planning, Robert Sitkowski

Florida State University Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


Chapter 8: Indigenous Belonging: Membership And Identity In The Undrip: Articles 9, 33, 35, And 36, Shin Imai, Kathryn Gunn 2018 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Chapter 8: Indigenous Belonging: Membership And Identity In The Undrip: Articles 9, 33, 35, And 36, Shin Imai, Kathryn Gunn

Shin Imai

The recognition of Indigenous peoples' right to determine their own membership is crucial for their ability to meaningfully exercise their right to self-determination. The Declaration addresses rights of membership directly in Article 9 (right to belong), 33 (right to determine membership), 35 (right to determine responsibilities of members), and 36 (right to maintain relations across borders). Together, these provisions reinforce the right of Indigenous peoples to define themselves, both in terms of membership and geographic scope.


A View From American Courts: The Year In Indian Law 2017, Grant Christensen 2018 Seattle University School of Law

A View From American Courts: The Year In Indian Law 2017, Grant Christensen

Seattle University Law Review

This Article provides a comprehensive review of Indian law for 2017. It does not include a citation to every case related to Indian law issued by the courts but tries to incorporate the majority of opinions into its catalog to provide a robust discussion of the changes in Indian law over the course of 2017. Part I of this Article provides some general statistics about Indian law in 2017. Part II focuses on activity at the U.S. Supreme Court, which is the most watched forum for Indian law cases for obvious reasons. Part III groups cases by subject area ...


The State, The Tribe, And The Ugly: The Ninth Circuit Stakes A Bad Claim On Indian Land For Tribal Civil Jurisdiction Over Nonmembers In Window Rock Unified School District V. Reeves, Tyler L. Murphy 2018 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

The State, The Tribe, And The Ugly: The Ninth Circuit Stakes A Bad Claim On Indian Land For Tribal Civil Jurisdiction Over Nonmembers In Window Rock Unified School District V. Reeves, Tyler L. Murphy

Villanova Law Review

No abstract provided.


Indian Nations And The Constitution, Joseph William Singer 2018 University of Maine School of Law

Indian Nations And The Constitution, Joseph William Singer

Maine Law Review

This Constitution Day speech focuses on how the Constitution has been interpreted both to protect and to undermine the sovereignty of Indian nations. The good news is that both the text of the Constitution and the practice of the United States have recognized Indian nations as sovereigns who pre-existed the creation of the United States and who retain their inherent original sovereignty. The bad news is that the Constitution has often been interpreted by the Supreme Court to deny Indian nations protection for their property rights and their sovereignty. Most Americans are not aware of the history of interactions between ...


Indian Child Welfare Act Annual Case Law Update And Commentary, Kathryn Fort, Adrian T. Smith 2018 Michigan State University College of Law

Indian Child Welfare Act Annual Case Law Update And Commentary, Kathryn Fort, Adrian T. Smith

American Indian Law Journal

There are, on average, 200 appellate cases addressing the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) annually—though this number includes published and unpublished opinions. There are usually around thirty reported state appellate court cases involving ICWA issues every year. There has never been a systematic look at the cases on appeal including an analysis of who is appealing, what the primary issues are on appeal, and what trends are present. This article seeks to fill that void.

This article provides a comprehensive catalog of published ICWA jurisprudence from across all fifty states in 2017. Designed as a quick reference for the ...


I See You - A Story From The Haudenosaunee, Simone Anter J.D. 2018 Columbia Riverkeeper

I See You - A Story From The Haudenosaunee, Simone Anter J.D.

American Indian Law Journal

A young Apache woman sits on a bench outside of her university classroom; next to her is a stack of law books. She has just come from the first day of her first-year property class, where the professor lectured about the origins of property law devoid of any mention of Native people. As she sits she notices an individual walking along the sidewalk, towards her. This person wears a baseball hat with the Washington Redskins’ logo embellished on the front, a grotesque caricature of an “Indian.” The person’s attire includes a T-shirt featuring a skull wearing a feathered headdress ...


August 2016 - August 2017 Case Law On American Indians, Thomas P. Schlosser 2018 Seattle University School of Law

August 2016 - August 2017 Case Law On American Indians, Thomas P. Schlosser

American Indian Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Cdib: The Role Of The Certificate Of Degree Of Indian Blood In Defining Native American Legal Identity, Paul Spruhan 2018 Navajo Nation Department of Justice

Cdib: The Role Of The Certificate Of Degree Of Indian Blood In Defining Native American Legal Identity, Paul Spruhan

American Indian Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Tribal Exclusion Authority: Its Sovereign Basis With Recommendations For Federal Support, Jeremy Wood 2018 Seattle University School of Law

Tribal Exclusion Authority: Its Sovereign Basis With Recommendations For Federal Support, Jeremy Wood

American Indian Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Native American Rights & Adoption By Non-Indian Families: The Manipulation And Distortion Of Public Opinion To Overthrow Icwa, Harman Bual 2018 Seattle University School of Law

Native American Rights & Adoption By Non-Indian Families: The Manipulation And Distortion Of Public Opinion To Overthrow Icwa, Harman Bual

American Indian Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Congressional Power And Sovereignty In Indian Affairs, Michalyn Steele 2018 SJ Quinney College of Law, University of Utah

Congressional Power And Sovereignty In Indian Affairs, Michalyn Steele

Utah Law Review

The doctrine of inherent tribal sovereignty—that tribes retain aboriginal sovereign governing power over people and territory—is under perpetual assault. Despite two centuries of precedential foundation, the doctrine must be defended afresh with each attack. Opponents of the doctrine of tribal sovereignty express skepticism of the doctrine, suggesting that tribal sovereignty is a nullity because it is not unfettered. Some pay lip service to the doctrine while undermining tribes in their exercise of inherent sovereignty. Underlying many of these legal fights is confusion about both the nature of tribal sovereignty and the justifications for its continuing existence. Under current ...


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