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Schaghticoke Tribal Nation V. Kent School Corporation Inc., Lindsey M. West 2015 University of Montana School of Law

Schaghticoke Tribal Nation V. Kent School Corporation Inc., Lindsey M. West

Public Land and Resources Law Review

The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed dismissal of three consolidated actions of the Schaghticoke Tribal Nation claiming the Schaghticoke had been dispossessed of Indian land without the approval of Congress, a violation of the Nonintercourse Act. The court found the district court correctly deferred under the primary jurisdiction doctrine to the United States Department of Interior’s determination that the Schaghticoke did not qualify for tribal status. Additionally, the district court properly relied on the Department of Interior’s factual findings in holding the Schaghticoke presented insufficient evidence to establish a prima facie violation of ...


Jackson V. Payday Financial, Llc., Hannah S. Cail 2015 University of Montana School of Law

Jackson V. Payday Financial, Llc., Hannah S. Cail

Public Land and Resources Law Review

In Jackson v. Payday Financial, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals held loan a provision requiring arbitration in tribal court was unreasonable and substantially and procedurally unconscionable. The Court rejected Payday’s argument that the dispute belonged in tribal court, because there was no subject matter jurisdiction over Plaintiffs’ claims, and the defendants did not raise a colorable claim for tribal jurisdiction or tribal exhaustion.


Smith V. Parker, Lindsay M. Thane 2015 University of Montana School of Law

Smith V. Parker, Lindsay M. Thane

Public Land and Resources Law Review

The Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals found that an 1882 Act of Congress did not intend to diminish the boundaries of the Omaha Indian Reservation in Nebraska. The district court’s decision was affirmed because reservation land may not be divested from the tribe absent clear congressional intent to alter the reservation’s boundaries. Because the Omaha Reservation land was not diminished, the town of Pender, Nebraska—which currently sits on Reservation land—and residents of Pender, Nebraska who are engaged in the sale of alcoholic beverages must comply with the Omaha Tribal Code’s imposition of a ten percent ...


Agenda: Seeds Of Change: Responding To Global Change In A Bottom-Up World, University of Colorado Boulder. Getches Wilkinson Center for Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment, Posner Center for International Development, RESOLVE (Firm), Newmont Mining Corporation 2015 University of Colorado Law School

Agenda: Seeds Of Change: Responding To Global Change In A Bottom-Up World, University Of Colorado Boulder. Getches Wilkinson Center For Natural Resources, Energy, And The Environment, Posner Center For International Development, Resolve (Firm), Newmont Mining Corporation

Seeds of Change: Responding to Global Change in a Bottom-Up World (Martz Winter Symposium, February 12-13)

Sponsors: Posner Center for International Development, RESOLVE, Inc., Newmont Mining Corporation, and Getches-Wilkinson Center for Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment.

Conference moderators, panelists and speakers included University of Colorado Law School professors Phil Weiser, Sarah Krakoff, Britt Banks, and Lakshman Guruswamy.

This conference is made possible through the generous support of donors who sponsored this year’s Martz Sustainability Symposium (including Newmont Mining Corporation) and those who have invested in our Clyde O. Martz Endowed Fund for Natural Resources Management (including Brian Dolan and Davis Graham and Stubbs LLP). The Martz Natural Resources Management Fund was established in the ...


Permissibility Of Colour And Racial Profiling, James Singh Gill 2015 Thompson Rivers University

Permissibility Of Colour And Racial Profiling, James Singh Gill

Western Journal of Legal Studies

Racial profiling in law enforcement is a contentious matter, particularly in light of U.S. police-citizen race tensions. The racial profiling debate has not been settled. Racial profiling proponents view it as a tool to effectively uncover criminal activity among certain racial groups. Critics find that racial profiling perpetuates racial stigmas and is largely inefficient as a policing tool. This article explores the ongoing debate and offers an overview of the Canadian judicial experience with racial profiling. The author proposes a middle-ground solution where racial profiling may be used under certain constraints imposed on law enforcement. The author suggests that ...


The Treaty Of Waiting In New Zealand's Law And Constitution In 2015, Matthew S. R. Palmer QC 2015 Thorndon Chambers

The Treaty Of Waiting In New Zealand's Law And Constitution In 2015, Matthew S. R. Palmer Qc

Dr Matthew S. R. Palmer QC

This lecture addresses issues concerning the place of the Treaty of Waitangi, including: implications of the Waitangi Tribunal's conclusions on sovereignty; the rationale behind historical Treaty settlements; and the future role of the Waitangi Tribunal.


India's Companies Act Of 2013: A Governance Shift Into The Sunlight, Sarah C. Alvy 2015 California Western School of Law

India's Companies Act Of 2013: A Governance Shift Into The Sunlight, Sarah C. Alvy

Sarah C Alvy

Recently enacted, the Companies Act of 2013 overhauls India’s corporate governance framework and has left the country anticipating whether implementation of the Act will be successful in attaining its policy objectives. This Article examines and critiques three provisions of the Act, including mandatory female board directorship, corporate social responsibility, and auditor rotation. The Article uses global business case studies to argue, from a managerial perspective, that each provision will enhance corporate governance and oversight, resulting in a more efficient Indian capital market. Also, the Article comments on how the U.S. could emulate India in adopting a regulation designed ...


Can Tribal Courts Issue Domestic Relations Orders That Will Be Honored By Pension Plan Administrators Under Erisa?, Colin Osiecki 2015 Northwestern University School of Law

Can Tribal Courts Issue Domestic Relations Orders That Will Be Honored By Pension Plan Administrators Under Erisa?, Colin Osiecki

Northwestern University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Forfeiting Federalism: The Faustian Pact With Big Tobacco, Ryan Dreveskracht 2015 University of Washington - Seattle Campus

Forfeiting Federalism: The Faustian Pact With Big Tobacco, Ryan Dreveskracht

Ryan Dreveskracht

This article discusses the effects of the largest legal settlement in United States history: the so-called Master Settlement Agreement, or “MSA.” Part I discusses the settlement generally, and its intended effect on the U.S. tobacco market. Parts II through IV discuss the unintended consequences of the settlement. Specifically, Part II considers how states got into their current disarray, and how a perceived state windfall of billions of dollars ended up putting states on what by all accounts now appears to be very real risk of insolvency. Part III examines how the major tobacco companies are using the states’ dire ...


Two Hundred Years On: A Reexamination Of The Acquisition Of Australia, Nii Lante Wallace-Bruce 2014 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory

Two Hundred Years On: A Reexamination Of The Acquisition Of Australia, Nii Lante Wallace-Bruce

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


A Contextualized Account Of General Principles Of International Law, Michelle Biddulph, Dwight Newman 2014 University of Saskatchewan

A Contextualized Account Of General Principles Of International Law, Michelle Biddulph, Dwight Newman

Pace International Law Review

This Article examines general principles of international law through the innovative means of comparing their use in four different, novel areas of international law—international environmental law, international investment law, international criminal law, and international indigenous rights. By doing so, the Article is able to make the distinct claim that there is no one, single methodology for analysis of general principles of international law. Rather, each area of international law tends to use a methodology suited to its policy objectives and overall characteristics as a specific area of law. The Article characterizes two predominant academic approaches to general principles: a ...


An Unfinished Joruney: Arctic Indigenous Rights, Lands, And Jurisdiction?, Tony Penikett 2014 Seattle University School of Law

An Unfinished Joruney: Arctic Indigenous Rights, Lands, And Jurisdiction?, Tony Penikett

Seattle University Law Review

The indigenous rights movement has been defined as a struggle for land and jurisdiction. Over the last forty years, American and Canadian governments made much progress on the land question in the Arctic and sub-Arctic; however, from an irrational fear of the unknown, politicians in Washington, D.C. and Ottawa have effectively blocked the pathways to aboriginal jurisdiction or self-government. During the late-twentieth century in the Yukon, Northwest Territories, and Nunavut, as well as in Nisga’a territory, indigenous governments negotiated local government powers, but continent-wide progress on the question of indigenous jurisdiction has stalled. This Article considers the formation ...


Extracting More Than Resources: Human Security And Arctic Indigenous Women, Victoria Sweet 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Extracting More Than Resources: Human Security And Arctic Indigenous Women, Victoria Sweet

Seattle University Law Review

The circumpolar Arctic region is at the forefront of rapid change, and with change come potential threats to human security. Numerous factors determine what makes a state, a community, or an individual feel secure. For example, extractive industry development can bring economic benefits to an area, but these development projects also bring security concerns, including potential human rights violations. While security concerns connected with development projects have been studied in southern hemisphere countries and countries classified as “developing,” concerns connected with extractive industry development projects in “developed” countries like the United States have received little attention. This Article will change ...


Conceptualizing Climate Justice In Kivalina, Marissa Knodel 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Conceptualizing Climate Justice In Kivalina, Marissa Knodel

Seattle University Law Review

Due to climate change, indigenous communities in Alaska are forced to develop in ways that adversely affect their livelihoods and culture. For example, decreases in sea ice, increases in the frequency of sea storms, and melting permafrost have so accelerated the erosion of one barrier island that an entire village faces relocation. These indigenous communities, which have contributed little to causing climate change, are limited in their ability to adapt. After examining three broad questions about the effects of climate change on indigenous communities, this Article reaches four preliminary conclusion about relocation as a climate adaptation strategy and its relations ...


Fisheries Governance And How It Fits Within The Broader Arctic Governance, Adam Soliman 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Fisheries Governance And How It Fits Within The Broader Arctic Governance, Adam Soliman

Seattle University Law Review

Climate change is causing the Arctic ice to melt and fish stocks to change their migration patterns. These changes are increasing access to Arctic fisheries, as well as moving other fish stocks to the north. To prevent the depletion of fish stocks and to protect the Arctic environment, proper fisheries governance requires collaboration between nation-states and specific populations. Fisheries present unique governance and management issues. Unlike other natural resources, fish stocks do not stay in the same place. The non-stationary nature of fish stocks, along with shared sovereignty over the oceans, make coordination between stakeholders the most difficult as well ...


Changes In Latitudes Call For Changes In Attitudes: Towards Recognition Of A Global Imperative For Stewardship, Not Exploitation, In The Arctic, Taylor Simpson-Wood 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Changes In Latitudes Call For Changes In Attitudes: Towards Recognition Of A Global Imperative For Stewardship, Not Exploitation, In The Arctic, Taylor Simpson-Wood

Seattle University Law Review

For more than two centuries, the imagination of mariners has been captured by visions of a trade route across the Arctic Sea allowing vessels to travel from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. Known as the Northwest Passage, this fabled route is a time- and money-saving sea lane running from the Atlantic Ocean Arctic Circle to the Pacific Ocean Arctic Circle. Now, the thinning of the ice in the Arctic may transform what was once only a dream into a reality. New shipping lanes linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans are likely to open between 2040 and 2059. If loss ...


Oil And Gas In America's Arctic Ocean: Past Problems Counsel Precaution, Michael LeVine, Peter Van Tuyn, Layla Hughes 2014 Seattle University School of Law

Oil And Gas In America's Arctic Ocean: Past Problems Counsel Precaution, Michael Levine, Peter Van Tuyn, Layla Hughes

Seattle University Law Review

This Article provides context for the controversy facing government agencies charged with making decisions about the future of America’s Arctic Ocean. It then distill themes that, if addressed, could help further a lasting solution for this region that respects its natural and human values while crafting a reasonable path forward for decisions about development. First, this Article offers background about the region, the threats facing it, and some of the challenges in managing the natural resources there. Second, it provides an overview of the legal framework through which the United States government makes decisions about whether and under what ...


United States Policy And Norwegian Commercial Whaling: A Cooperative Approach, Jamie Nystrom 2014 Seattle University School of Law

United States Policy And Norwegian Commercial Whaling: A Cooperative Approach, Jamie Nystrom

Seattle University Law Review

Both the United States and Norway have a long history of commercial whaling, but the mantle of dominance in the whaling world passed from the United States to Norway in the mid-nineteenth century. As demand for whale-based products declined in the United States over the past century, and environmentalism and conservationism became more popular public ideologies, the United States shifted from a pro-whaling nation to, effectively, an anti-whaling nation. Norway, however, has continued to be the only nation that openly engages in commercial whaling for profit, albeit on a smaller scale in comparison to historical practices. The United States’ past ...


The Cross-Fertilization Of Human Rights Norms And Indigenous Peoples In Africa: From Endorois And Beyond, Derek M K Inman 2014 Vrije Universiteit Brussel

The Cross-Fertilization Of Human Rights Norms And Indigenous Peoples In Africa: From Endorois And Beyond, Derek M K Inman

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Beginning in the 20th century, international law expanded beyond law between nations to eventually embrace the concept of human rights. However, until recently, human rights efforts were focused mostly on individuals, their rights and the obligations of the state in question. Indigenous peoples, on the other hand, have always articulated their collective rights and, to their credit, achieved notable success.

While there is no doubt that these achievements should be applauded, what is also of interest, and deserves further study, are the ways in which human rights jurisprudence concerning Indigenous peoples’ collective rights intermingle, cross-fertilize, and integrate. This dynamic relationship ...


Implementation Of Indigenous Rights In Russia: Shortcomings And Recent Developments, Alexandra Tomaselli, Anna Koch 2014 European Academy of Bolzano (EURAC), Italy

Implementation Of Indigenous Rights In Russia: Shortcomings And Recent Developments, Alexandra Tomaselli, Anna Koch

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

After more than 20 years of active engagement in Indigenous issues, RAIPON, the umbrella organization of the Indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia, and the Far East, was ordered to suspend its activities by the Russian Ministry of Justice in November 2012. Eventually, this order was withdrawn provided that RAIPON changed its statute, which subsequently took place in early 2013. Why such sudden and definitive decisions? Apparently, the measures taken against RAIPON were due to its active engagement to defend Indigenous peoples' rights especially vis-à-vis the Russian extractive industry. A starting point for all possible explanations is thus the existing ...


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