Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Human Rights Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

7828 Full-Text Articles 5326 Authors 3169460 Downloads 170 Institutions

All Articles in Human Rights Law

Faceted Search

7828 full-text articles. Page 1 of 234.

Private And Family Life, Gender Equality And Social Security Under The European Convention On Human Rights - Di Trizio V Switzerland, Mel Cousins 2017 Trinity College Dublin

Private And Family Life, Gender Equality And Social Security Under The European Convention On Human Rights - Di Trizio V Switzerland, Mel Cousins

Mel Cousins

This note examines the recent Di Trizio ruling by the European Court of Human Rights. The case, first, involves the scope of Article 8 of the Convention as it concerns social security schemes. The Court by a narrow majority held that the claim fell within the scope of Article 8 but, it is submitted that the approach of the dissenting judges was a better reading of the Convention.  However, a panel of the Grand Chamber has rejected a State request to refer the matter to the Grand Chamber.[1] Second, the case involves a rather complicated gender equality claim concerning ...


Understanding "Hostage-Diplomacy": The Release Of Wei Jingsheng And Wang Dan, Hari M. Osofsky 2017 Selected Works

Understanding "Hostage-Diplomacy": The Release Of Wei Jingsheng And Wang Dan, Hari M. Osofsky

Hari Osofsky

China recently has released two of its most prominent dissidents, Wei Jingsheng and Wang Dan, into exile in the United States. The releases corresponded to major United States-Chinese diplomatic initiatives without broader gains in allowing political dissent, causing a number of commentators to refer to them as "hostage-diplomacy."' This New Development explores what it means to think of the releases in this way and the implications for future strategic engagement with China.


Sex, Tax And The Charter: A Review Of Thibaudeau V. Canada, Lisa Philipps, Margot Young 2017 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia

Sex, Tax And The Charter: A Review Of Thibaudeau V. Canada, Lisa Philipps, Margot Young

Lisa Philipps

Section 15 of the Charter offers the promise of redressing many systemic inequalities in the law. This paper considers the implications of section 15 for the taxation of child support payments, an issue raised in the Thibaudeau case. While endorsing the Federal Court of Appeal's decision that the current tax regime is unconstitutional, the authors take issue with the Court's reasoning in reaching this result. In the first part of their paper, the authors address a number of shortcomings in the Court's equality analysis, arguing that the process employed by the Court ignored critical aspects of equality ...


The Quantitative Turn In Transitional Justice Research: What Have We Learned About Impact?, Brandon Stewart, Eric Wiebelhaus-Brahm 2017 University of North Texas

The Quantitative Turn In Transitional Justice Research: What Have We Learned About Impact?, Brandon Stewart, Eric Wiebelhaus-Brahm

Transitional Justice Review

In recent years, scholars have increasingly turned to quantitative research methods to understand the impact of transitional justice (TJ) on societies emerging from periods of violence and repression. This research often seeks to influence policy diffusion by making bold claims based upon large datasets of TJ events that span space and time. However, the policy advice from the first wave of quantitative research is inconsistent if not contradictory. In this article, we outline a range of methodological issues that help to explain the different conclusions reached by these studies, including sampling strategies, model construction, and the measurement of key variables ...


No Justice Without Narratives:Transition, Justice And The Khmer Rouge Trials, Tallyn Gray Dr 2017 The University of Westminster

No Justice Without Narratives:Transition, Justice And The Khmer Rouge Trials, Tallyn Gray Dr

Transitional Justice Review

The article addresses the relationship between the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC) and the supposed constituents of that transitional justice institution. The article sets out to offer a sociological methodology that TJ mechanism could contemplate in the process of enabling victims/witnesses to narrate justice and transition in their own terms and using Cambodia as a case study. It offers a theoretical and methodological approach to be reflected upon by transitional justice scholars and practitioners, which may enable a more victim-centered attitude in practical interactions with atrocity survivors ( not a cure-all policy solution ). My own research has ...


Can Domestic Courts Adequately Address Past Torture? The García-Lucero Case And The Meeting Of Justice And Reparations Obligations For Chilean Torture Survivors, Cath Collins 2017 Ulster University, Northern Ireland and Universidad Diego Portales, Santiago, Chile

Can Domestic Courts Adequately Address Past Torture? The García-Lucero Case And The Meeting Of Justice And Reparations Obligations For Chilean Torture Survivors, Cath Collins

Transitional Justice Review

The Americas, home to perhaps the most concerted domestic court effort to prosecute past atrocity crimes in recent times, also has a two-tier regional human rights system that came of age in the era of mass violations in 1970s and 1980s Latin America. Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR) jurisprudence since the late 1990s can be understood as creating a strong presumption of a present duty to prosecute such crimes, and to actively guarantee corresponding rights to truth, justice, reparations and guarantees of non-repetition – transitional justice rights – to affected individuals or groups. The recent, 2013, IACtHR verdict in the case ...


Child Labor Trafficking In The United States: A Hidden Crime, Katherine Kaufka Walts JD 2017 Center for the Human Rights of Children at Loyola University Chicago

Child Labor Trafficking In The United States: A Hidden Crime, Katherine Kaufka Walts Jd

Center for the Human Rights of Children

Emerging research brings more attention to labor trafficking in the United States. However, very few efforts have been made to better understand or respond to labor trafficking of minors. Cases of children forced to work as domestic servants, in factories, restaurants, peddling candy or other goods, or on farms may not automatically elicit suspicion from an outside observer as compared to a child providing sexual services for money. In contrast to sex trafficking, labor trafficking is often tied to formal economies and industries, which often makes it more difficult to distinguish from ”legitimate” work, including among adolescents. This article seeks ...


Nearsighted And Colorblind: The Perspective Problems Of Police Deadly Force Cases, Jelani Jefferson Exum 2017 University of Toledo College of Law

Nearsighted And Colorblind: The Perspective Problems Of Police Deadly Force Cases, Jelani Jefferson Exum

Cleveland State Law Review

In dealing with the recently publicized instances of police officers’ use of deadly force, some reform efforts have been focused on the entities that are central to the successful prosecutions of police—the prosecutor and the grand jury. Some have suggested special, independent prosecutors for these cases so that the process of deciding whether to seek charges against police officers remains untainted by the necessary cooperative relationship between the police department and the prosecutor’s office. Others have urged more transparency in the grand jury process so that the public can scrutinize a prosecutor’s efforts in presenting evidence for ...


The Duty To Charge In Police Use Of Excessive Force Cases, Rebecca Roiphe 2017 New York Law School

The Duty To Charge In Police Use Of Excessive Force Cases, Rebecca Roiphe

Cleveland State Law Review

Responding to the problems of mass incarceration, racial disparities in justice, and wrongful convictions, scholars have focused on prosecutorial overcharging. They have, however, neglected to address undercharging—the failure to charge in entire classes of cases. Undercharging can similarly undermine the efficacy and legitimacy of the criminal justice system. While few have focused on this question in the domestic criminal law context, international law scholars have long recognized the social and structural cost for nascent democratic states when they fail to charge those responsible for the prior regime’s human rights abuses. This sort of impunity threatens the rule of ...


Restoring Independence To The Grand Jury: A Victim Advocate For The Police Use Of Force Cases, Jonathan Witmer-Rich 2017 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University

Restoring Independence To The Grand Jury: A Victim Advocate For The Police Use Of Force Cases, Jonathan Witmer-Rich

Cleveland State Law Review

This Article proposes a grand jury victim advocate to represent the interests of the complainant before the grand jury in investigations into police use of excessive force. Currently, the prosecutor has near-exclusive access to the grand jury, and as a result, grand juries have become almost entirely dependent on prosecutors. Historically, however, grand juries exhibited much greater independence. In particular, grand juries have a long history in America of providing oversight over government officials, bringing criminal charges for official misconduct even when local prosecutors proved reluctant. Permitting the alleged victim of police excessive force to be represented before the grand ...


Introduction To Dignity Special Issue: Freedom From Sexploitation, Lisa L. Thompson, Donna M. Hughes 2017 National Center on Sexual Exploitation

Introduction To Dignity Special Issue: Freedom From Sexploitation, Lisa L. Thompson, Donna M. Hughes

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


It Can't Wait: Exposing The Connections Between Forms Of Sexual Exploitation, Dawn Hawkins 2017 National Center on Sexual Exploitation

It Can't Wait: Exposing The Connections Between Forms Of Sexual Exploitation, Dawn Hawkins

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Today's Porn: Not A Constitutional Right; Not A Human Right, Patrick Trueman 2017 National Center on Sexual Exploitation

Today's Porn: Not A Constitutional Right; Not A Human Right, Patrick Trueman

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Inextricably Bound: Strip Clubs, Prostitution, And Sex Trafficking, Dan O'Bryant 2017 Harvard University

Inextricably Bound: Strip Clubs, Prostitution, And Sex Trafficking, Dan O'Bryant

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Why We Must Oppose The Full Decriminalization Of Prostitution, Taina Bien-Aime 2017 Coalition Against Trafficking in Women

Why We Must Oppose The Full Decriminalization Of Prostitution, Taina Bien-Aime

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Amend The Communications Decency Act To Protect Victims Of Sexual Exploitation, Samantha Vardaman 2017 Shared Hope International

Amend The Communications Decency Act To Protect Victims Of Sexual Exploitation, Samantha Vardaman

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Legal Formulations Of A Human Right To Information: Defining A Global Consensus, Kimberli Morris Kelmor 2017 Penn State Dickinson School of Law

Legal Formulations Of A Human Right To Information: Defining A Global Consensus, Kimberli Morris Kelmor

Kimberli Kelmor

There is a growing body of law across the globe that seeks to define a right to information. Any study of such laws quickly reveals a great diversity of definitions for both the type of information covered and the nature of the right. Access to various particular types of information is routinely granted in piecemeal fashion through all levels of government including national sub-constitutional laws, national constitutions, and regional and international treaties. In the hierarchy of individual rights, constitutionally granted rights are commonly perceived as the strongest and are most likely to be accepted as inviolable. Thus, the increasing number ...


Examining Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission V. School District Of Philadelphia: Considering How The Supreme Court’S Waning Support Of School Desegregation Affected Desegregation Efforts Based On State Law, Steven L. Nelson, Alison C. Tyler 2017 Seattle University School of Law

Examining Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission V. School District Of Philadelphia: Considering How The Supreme Court’S Waning Support Of School Desegregation Affected Desegregation Efforts Based On State Law, Steven L. Nelson, Alison C. Tyler

Seattle University Law Review

This study examines the enforcement of desegregation orders mandated under state law as a result of the Supreme Court’s handling of school desegregation cases at the federal level. The Article tracks the development of school desegregation cases starting shortly before Brown v. Board of Education and continues through the recent voluntary school desegregation case, Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1. The Article establishes four distinct generations of school desegregation cases at the federal level and determines that the political tides created, in large part, by the U.S. Supreme Court’s handling of federal ...


Inconsistencies In Combatting The Sex Trafficking Of Minors: Backpage’S Deceptive Business Practices Should Not Be Immune From State Law Claims, Jacqueline Hackler 2017 Seattle University School of Law

Inconsistencies In Combatting The Sex Trafficking Of Minors: Backpage’S Deceptive Business Practices Should Not Be Immune From State Law Claims, Jacqueline Hackler

Seattle University Law Review

Under federal law, the CDA has created a loophole for pimps and johns to exploit minors through the Internet. This Note uses Backpage as an example of how interactive computer services consistently evade liability under the current language of the CDA, and examines the need for an amendment to the language of the CDA. This Note argues that an interactive computer service should be held responsible under state law if it helps create the content, thus becoming an “information content provider” under the CDA. Part I provides the groundwork for what sex trafficking is and its relationship to prostitution. Additionally ...


The Information Regulation Of Business Actors, Kishanthi Parella 2017 Washington and Lee University School of Law

The Information Regulation Of Business Actors, Kishanthi Parella

Kish Parella

A transnational legal order (TLO) is emerging regarding the role of businesses in respecting human rights. This legal order includes multistakeholder initiatives, international organization recommendations and guidelines, NGO certifications, and other voluntary instruments. Many of the norms within this TLO are nonbinding and therefore lack mandatory compliance; what they may possess is persuasive power, particularly when the norms are developed, endorsed, and managed by reputable organizations. It is that reputational, or legitimacy, advantage that matters for encouraging industry associations to comply with the nonbinding norms associated with these organizations. Industry associations and other business actors will gravitate more towards legitimacy ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress