Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Food and Drug Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,458 Full-Text Articles 1,361 Authors 687,536 Downloads 127 Institutions

All Articles in Food and Drug Law

Faceted Search

1,458 full-text articles. Page 43 of 45.

Food, Law & The Environment: Informational And Structural Changes For A Sustainable Food System, Jason J. Czarnezki 2011 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Food, Law & The Environment: Informational And Structural Changes For A Sustainable Food System, Jason J. Czarnezki

Pace Law Faculty Publications

This Article considers legal, theoretical, and practical steps to a more sustainable food model. Part I discusses the underlying reasons for problems in the current food system, including those manifested in law, and the perceived benefits of creating a new agricultural paradigm. Part II discusses the major agricultural and food programs that have become more common in shaping a different food system model, specifically focusing on direct marketing (for example, farmers markets and community-supported agriculture) and the organic movement as it relates to small farmers. Part III argues that in order to change modern American food consumption, two changes must ...


The Future Of Food Eco-Labeling: Organic, Carbon Footprint, And Environmental Life-Cycle Analysis, Jason J. Czarnezki 2011 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

The Future Of Food Eco-Labeling: Organic, Carbon Footprint, And Environmental Life-Cycle Analysis, Jason J. Czarnezki

Pace Law Faculty Publications

This Article discusses public and private efforts to inform consumers about environmentally preferable food choices. Part II describes the environmental consequences of the modern food system. Part III describes existing public and private eco-labeling regimes, including organic labeling, carbon footprint labeling, and country of origin labeling.


Rethinking Addiction: Drugs, Deterrence, And The Neuroscience Revolution, Linda C. Fentiman 2011 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Rethinking Addiction: Drugs, Deterrence, And The Neuroscience Revolution, Linda C. Fentiman

Pace Law Faculty Publications

This article connects the debate about addiction with the fundamental criminal law principle of deterrence. It seeks to bridge the gap between the competing medical and criminal justice approaches by exploring addiction in light of recent research about the brain, gender differences, and what works best from both a treatment and justice perspective. To sharpen the issues, the article deliberately focuses on the emotionally freighted subject of pregnant drug users. This approach will illuminate prevailing assumptions about how biological, genetic, cultural, and other environmental factors shape human behavior and challenge conventional understandings of deterrence in light of new research on ...


Blood Transfusions, Jehovah’S Witnesses, And The American Patients’ Rights Movement, Charles Baron 2010 Boston College Law School

Blood Transfusions, Jehovah’S Witnesses, And The American Patients’ Rights Movement, Charles Baron

Charles H. Baron

The litigation to protect Jehovah’s Witnesses from unwanted blood transfusions, which their theology considers a violation of the biblical prohibition against drinking blood, has produced important changes in both the right to refuse treatment and in the preferred treatment methods of all patients. This article traces the evolution of the rights of competent medical patients in the United States to refuse medical treatment. It also discusses the impact this litigation has had on the medical community’s realization that blood transfusions were neither as safe nor as medically necessary as medical culture posited.


Short Summaries Of Two Main Speeches, Evgenia Pavlovskaia 2010 Law Faculty, University of Lund

Short Summaries Of Two Main Speeches, Evgenia Pavlovskaia

Evgenia Pavlovskaia

This paper contains short summaries of two main speeches made during the NELN+ Conference in Lund in October 2011. The first speaker, Nicolas de Sadeleer from Belgium, talked about the issues of precautionary measures in situations of scientific uncertainty. He presented an overview of the relevant EU case-law from the General Court and the Court of Justice. The central question that was highlighted concerned the space left to the EU Commission and Council to determine how “safe is safe”. The second speaker, Hillevi Eriksson from Sweden, reflected on the results of her research within the topic “Knowledge Needed for Climate ...


Requirements Of A Valid Islamic Marriage Vis-À-Vis Requirements Of A Valid Customary Marriage In Nigeria, olanike sekinat odewale mrs 2010 Lead City University, Ibadan

Requirements Of A Valid Islamic Marriage Vis-À-Vis Requirements Of A Valid Customary Marriage In Nigeria, Olanike Sekinat Odewale Mrs

Olanike Sekinat Adelakun

Marriage is a universal institution which is recognized and respected all over the world. As a social institution, marriage is founded on and governed by the social and religious norms of the society. Consequently, the sanctity of marriage is a well accepted principle in the world community .
Marriage could either be monogamous or polygamous in nature. A monogamous marriage has bee described as ‘…the voluntary union for life of one man and one woman to the exclusion of all others’ . A polygamous marriage on the other hand can be defined as a voluntary union for life of one man with ...


Water, Climate, And Energy Security, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson 2010 Selected Works

Water, Climate, And Energy Security, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

Civil society participation can facilitate sound energy, climate, and water governance. This article analyzes the dynamics of transnational decision-making. Part II discusses sound energy strategy in light of a shrinking water-resources base due to climate change. Part III considers how public participation in international decision-making can sustain trust in governments and strengthen the legitimacy of legal decisions. Part IV concludes that process and outcome are both integral to addressing water, climate, and energy challenges.


The Rise Of U.S. Food Sustainability Litigation, Stephanie Tai 2010 University of Wisconsin Law School

The Rise Of U.S. Food Sustainability Litigation, Stephanie Tai

Stephanie Tai

This article provides one of the first critical looks at the interface between the values of the sustainable food movement and its rising use of litigation. In particular, it focuses on two growing areas of food sustainability litigation: challenges to CAFOs and challenges to the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in the food system. These areas were chosen because they involve growing sectors of U.S. agriculture over which members of the sustainable food movement have raised significant concerns.

The article begins by describing the sustainable food movement, including how the movement fits in with factors that sociologists use ...


What Is The Impact Of Liquor Licensing Laws On Portland’S Entertainment Venues? A Case Study, Will Etheridge 2010 Muskie School of Public Service, University of Southern Maine

What Is The Impact Of Liquor Licensing Laws On Portland’S Entertainment Venues? A Case Study, Will Etheridge

Muskie School Capstones

In January 2009, Port City Music Hall in Portland, Maine was preparing to open its doors to the public for the first time. With a capacity for nearly six hundred attendees, Port City Music Hall was designed to attract national touring acts to Portland too big for the bar scene, but not suited for the Merrill Auditorium or Cumberland Civic Center. With the State Theatre still shuttered at the time, this new venue hoped to fill an important niche in the city’s creative economy, bringing a diverse array of performers that would not otherwise be able to find a ...


Patently Obvious: A Dual Standard Solution To The Diverging Needs Of The Information Technology And Pharmaceutical Patent Industries, Andrew Moody 2010 Golden Gate University School of Law

Patently Obvious: A Dual Standard Solution To The Diverging Needs Of The Information Technology And Pharmaceutical Patent Industries, Andrew Moody

Golden Gate University Law Review

This Comment proposes the use of a specifically tailored obviousness standard as a new solution to the IT and pharmaceutical patent industries' divergent needs. Part I summarizes the obviousness standard's history in patent law. Part II illustrates how the IT and pharmaceutical industries have divergent needs. Part III describes why using a single standard for the obviousness inquiry is inadequate to meet the needs of both the IT and pharmaceutical industries. Part IV illustrates why the obviousness standard needs to be specifically tailored for the IT and pharmaceutical industries. Finally, Part V concludes that a dual standard for obviousness ...


Rehabilitative Punishment And The Drug Treatment Court Movement, Richard C. Boldt 2010 University of Maryland School of Law

Rehabilitative Punishment And The Drug Treatment Court Movement, Richard C. Boldt

Richard C. Boldt

No abstract provided.


Foodshed Foundations: Law's Role In Shaping Our Food System's Future, Margaret Sova McCabe 2010 University of New Hampshire School of Law

Foodshed Foundations: Law's Role In Shaping Our Food System's Future, Margaret Sova Mccabe

Law Faculty Scholarship

[. . .] This symposium Article analyzes how we can rethink the architecture of law based on a foodshed model to provide a greater role for local, state, and regional government in the American food system. In turn, greater roles for different levels of government may help America achieve greater efficiencies in domestic food safety, nutrition and related public health issues, sustainability, and international trade.

Americans need a greater voice in the food system. The foodshed model is a powerful vehicle that allows us to conceptualize change, allowing greater citizen participation and a more nuanced approach to food policy. The model also allows ...


Bridging The Gap: How United States V. Munn Correctly Interprets The Legislative Intent Of Amendment 706 Addressing The Disparity Between Crack And Cocaine Offenses, Alyn Goodson 2010 North Carolina Central University School of Law

Bridging The Gap: How United States V. Munn Correctly Interprets The Legislative Intent Of Amendment 706 Addressing The Disparity Between Crack And Cocaine Offenses, Alyn Goodson

North Carolina Central Law Review

No abstract provided.


Confidentiality Of Alcohol And Other Drug Abuse Treatment Information For Emergency Department And Trauma Center Patients, Richard Boldt 2010 University of Maryland School of Law

Confidentiality Of Alcohol And Other Drug Abuse Treatment Information For Emergency Department And Trauma Center Patients, Richard Boldt

Richard C. Boldt

he diagnosis and treatment of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use disorders has for the most part been confined to a narrow band of the U.S. heath-care system. Recently, some hospital emergency departments and, especially, trauma centers have taken the lead in seeking to integrate AOD diagnosis and treatment through the adoption of screening and brief intervention protocols. The available data suggest that the practice of providing screening and either brief interventions or referrals for more intensive AOD treatment can significantly reduce re-injury rates. Despite these encouraging statistics, many trauma centers and emergency departments still do not provide these ...


One False Move: The History Of Organic Agriculture And Consequences Of Non-Compliance With The Governing Laws And Regulations, Sara N. Pasquinelli 2010 Golden Gate University School of Law

One False Move: The History Of Organic Agriculture And Consequences Of Non-Compliance With The Governing Laws And Regulations, Sara N. Pasquinelli

Golden Gate University Environmental Law Journal

This Article provides an overview of the types of factors that may lead to the decertification of organic products, and the current regulatory scheme to evaluate and adjudicate potential violations. The underlying rationale for the enforcement of the Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 may lie in protection of the integrity of the product, as well as protection of the environmental system that is integral to its production. However, the risk factors for transitioning the U.S. food economy to a larger market share in order for organic food to reach a broader population could be an unintended disincentive. Part ...


Different Endings: Lethal Injection, Animal Euthanasia, Humane Slaughter, And Unregulated Slaugter, Jeff Welty 2010 Golden Gate University School of Law

Different Endings: Lethal Injection, Animal Euthanasia, Humane Slaughter, And Unregulated Slaugter, Jeff Welty

Golden Gate University Environmental Law Journal

This Article compares the laws and regulations that govern the termination of life in several contexts: lethal injection of condemned inmates; the euthanasia of companion animals; the slaughter of farmed animals covered by the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act; and the slaughter of farmed and other animals not covered by the Act.


An Evaluation Of Lead In Imported Candies Within Clark County, Nevada, Usa, Lee Reuben Ibarra 2010 University of Nevada Las Vegas

An Evaluation Of Lead In Imported Candies Within Clark County, Nevada, Usa, Lee Reuben Ibarra

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Imported candies from Latin America pose a danger to children because of the potential for those candies to contain harmful levels of lead. This study sought to identify characteristics of imported candies that typically display higher concentrations of lead. This study also explored the Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic model developed by the EPA. Using lead exposure data specific to Clark County, Nevada, the IEUBK model was used to estimate the amounts of candy a child would have to consume in order to raise his blood lead level to over 10µg/dL (the federal allowable limit).

The results showed that candies ...


A Reconsideration Of Agricultural Law: A Call For The Law Of Food, Farming, And Sustainability, Susan A. Schneider 2010 College of William & Mary Law School

A Reconsideration Of Agricultural Law: A Call For The Law Of Food, Farming, And Sustainability, Susan A. Schneider

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

American agricultural policy has evolved from its early focus on agricultural development and expansion to its current focus on economic and political support for the agricultural sector. Agricultural law as a discipline has tracked this policy, with agricultural law scholars debating the origins and the validity of the special treatment of agriculture under the law. This article reviews these debates and calls for a reconsideration of agricultural law and policy to address the unique aspects of agricultural production, the fragility of the environment, and the fundamental need for healthy food. Transforming the special law of agriculture to a new more ...


A Law-Policy Proposal To Promote The Public Nature Of Science In An Era Of Academia-Industry Integration, Michael J. Malinowski 2010 Louisiana State Univ. Law Center

A Law-Policy Proposal To Promote The Public Nature Of Science In An Era Of Academia-Industry Integration, Michael J. Malinowski

Michael J. Malinowski

This article addresses the impact of integration of academia, industry, and government on the public nature of research. The article concludes that, while the integration has benefited science immensely, regulatory measures should be taken to restore the public nature of research in an age of integration.


Keeping Agriculture Alive In The Shadow Of A Uranium Mine: Potential Effects And Regulatory Solutions For Virginia, Maggy J. Lewis 2010 College of William & Mary Law School

Keeping Agriculture Alive In The Shadow Of A Uranium Mine: Potential Effects And Regulatory Solutions For Virginia, Maggy J. Lewis

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress