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The European Union Military: A Debate On The Need For A Common Defense Mechanism, Gonzalo Secaira 2020 Claremont Colleges

The European Union Military: A Debate On The Need For A Common Defense Mechanism, Gonzalo Secaira

CMC Senior Theses

In a region affected by death and destruction brought on by two devastating world wars, the European Union has held peace and economic stability as its primary objective. Since its creation, the EU has expanded both in size and scope, becoming on the largest economic global actors in the world. In recent years, the EU has looked towards expanding its competencies to include common security and defense policies. Efforts on behalf of the EU to further integrate EU members have faced mixed reactions and opposition. One of these policies, the funding, and implementation of a European Union military has been ...


Sovereign Immunity For Russia's Rocket Engines? Enforcing The "Yukos" Award, Evan Drake 2019 Brooklyn Law School

Sovereign Immunity For Russia's Rocket Engines? Enforcing The "Yukos" Award, Evan Drake

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

In 2003 Yukos Oil Company was once the largest oil company in Russia, and its oligarch CEO was Russia’s richest man. By 2007 Yukos had been dissolved, its CEO arrested, and its assets acquired by Russian state oil giants Rosneft and Gazprom. The fall of Yukos triggered what may be the largest arbitral dispute of all time. In 2014, the former shareholders of Yukos successfully won a $50 billion award against Russia for violations of the Energy Charter Treaty – by far the largest in history. Now the shareholders need to collect. This Note examines how Yukos could enforce its ...


Looking To The United Kingdom To Overhaul New York State’S Paid Family Leave Law And Close The Global Gender Gap, John Pietruszka 2019 Brooklyn Law School

Looking To The United Kingdom To Overhaul New York State’S Paid Family Leave Law And Close The Global Gender Gap, John Pietruszka

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

The World Economic Forum estimates that mitigating gender-based disparities in the area of economic participation could lead to substantial economic benefits for the global economy. However, the international system of sovereign states requires this effort be piecemeal, as each state must set priorities to achieve greater gender parity within its own economic, political, and cultural contexts. The United States, by virtue of being the largest economy in the world by nominal GDP, undoubtedly has one of the largest roles to play in the effort to mitigate this global problem. Nonetheless, it lags behind other nation-states in several key areas that ...


The Unwavering Movement: Integrating Reason Into British Penal Code 1730-1823, Rebecca M. Good 2019 Bowling Green State University

The Unwavering Movement: Integrating Reason Into British Penal Code 1730-1823, Rebecca M. Good

International ResearchScape Journal

Between the early 16th and 18th centuries, English attitude towards crime and correction were based on the strong held belief that faith and religion were the only cure to immorality. Lawmakers began to threaten citizens with capital punishment for menial crimes such as petty theft and begging. Resulting of a moral panic, lawmakers turned to the deterrence to dissuade citizens from partaking in criminal activity. The list of crimes punishable by death in England rose from 50 offenses in 1688 to over 220 in 1815. This article explains the origins of the Bloody Code and how Enlightenment-Era thought ...


European Banking Union D: Cross-Border Resolution—Dexia Group, Rosalind Z. Wiggins, Natalia Tente, Andrew Metrick 2019 Yale Program on Financial Stability

European Banking Union D: Cross-Border Resolution—Dexia Group, Rosalind Z. Wiggins, Natalia Tente, Andrew Metrick

Journal of Financial Crises

In September 2008, Dexia Group, SA, the world’s largest provider of public finance, experienced a sudden liquidity crisis. In response, the governments of Belgium, France, and Luxembourg provided the company a capital infusion and credit support. In February 2010, the company adopted a European Union (EU)-approved restructuring plan that required it to scale back its businesses and cease proprietary trading. In June 2011, Dexia withdrew from the government-sponsored credit support program before its expiration date, and in July, the company announced that it had passed an EU stress test. However, just three months later, Dexia wrote down its ...


European Banking Union C: Cross-Border Resolution–Fortis Group, Rosalind Z. Wiggins, Natalia Tente, Andrew Metrick 2019 Yale Program on Financial Stability

European Banking Union C: Cross-Border Resolution–Fortis Group, Rosalind Z. Wiggins, Natalia Tente, Andrew Metrick

Journal of Financial Crises

In August 2007, Fortis Group, Belgium’s largest bank, acquired the Dutch operations of ABN AMRO, becoming the fifth largest bank in Europe. Despite its size and its significant operations in the Benelux countries, Fortis struggled to integrate ABN AMRO. Fortis’s situation worsened with the crash of the US subprime market, which impacted its subprime mortgage portfolio. By July 2008, Fortis’s CEO had stepped down, its stock had lost 70% of its value, and it was on the verge of collapse due to a severe liquidity crisis. The governments of Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands quickly came together ...


European Banking Union B: The Single Resolution Mechanism, Rosalind Z. Wiggins, Michael Wedow, Andrew Metrick 2019 Yale Program on Financial Stability

European Banking Union B: The Single Resolution Mechanism, Rosalind Z. Wiggins, Michael Wedow, Andrew Metrick

Journal of Financial Crises

The options available to European governments to respond to a multinational bank in financial trouble have been severely limited since each country has its own unique laws and authority applicable to banks operating within its borders. The Bank Recovery & Resolution Directive (BRRD), which was adopted in 2013 and scheduled to go into effect January 2015, harmonizes rules across EU countries for how to restructure and resolve failing banks. However, the directive would maintain the existing system of individual national resolution authorities and resolution funds. To better secure the Eurozone banks and to compliment the Single Supervisory Mechanism, which was enacted ...


European Central Bank Tools And Policy Actions B: Asset Purchase Programs, Chase P. Ross, Rosalind Z. Wiggins, Andrew Metrick 2019 Yale University

European Central Bank Tools And Policy Actions B: Asset Purchase Programs, Chase P. Ross, Rosalind Z. Wiggins, Andrew Metrick

Journal of Financial Crises

Beginning in August 2007, the European Central Bank (ECB) used standard and non-standard monetary policies as the global financial markets progressed from initial turmoil to a widespread sovereign debt crisis. This case describes the key features of the ECB’s asset purchase programs throughout the Global Financial Crisis and subsequent European sovereign debt crisis. These programs include the Covered Bond Purchase Programs (CBPP1, CBPP2, CBPP3), Securities Markets Program (SMP), Outright Monetary Transactions (OMT), Asset-backed Securities Purchase Program (ABSPP) and the Public Sector Purchase Program (PSPP).

In combating the crises, the ECB designed various innovative programs which it successively employed as ...


European Central Bank Tools And Policy Actions A: Open Market Operations, Collateral Expansion And Standing Facilities, Chase P. Ross, Rosalind Z. Wiggins, Andrew Metrick 2019 Yale University

European Central Bank Tools And Policy Actions A: Open Market Operations, Collateral Expansion And Standing Facilities, Chase P. Ross, Rosalind Z. Wiggins, Andrew Metrick

Journal of Financial Crises

Beginning in August 2007, the European Central Bank (ECB) responded to market turmoil with a variety of standard and non-standard monetary policy tools. This case discusses the operational framework of the ECB’s open market operation tools and standing facilities before and during the financial crisis. Specifically, this case describes the ECB’s use of its main refinancing and longer-term refinancing operations, the expansion of collateral eligible for use in Eurosystem credit operations, and the ECB’s standing facilities, including its marginal lending and deposit facilities.


Ireland And Iceland In Crisis D: Similarities And Differences, Arwin G. Zeissler, Daisuke Ikeda, Andrew Metrick 2019 Yale University

Ireland And Iceland In Crisis D: Similarities And Differences, Arwin G. Zeissler, Daisuke Ikeda, Andrew Metrick

Journal of Financial Crises

On September 29, 2008—two weeks after the collapse of Lehman Brothers—the government of Ireland took the bold step of guaranteeing almost all liabilities of the country’s major banks. The total amount guaranteed by the government was more than double Ireland’s gross domestic product, but none of the banks were immediately nationalized. The Icelandic banking system also collapsed in 2008, just one week after the Irish government issued its comprehensive guarantee. In contrast to the Irish response, the Icelandic government did not guarantee all bank debt. Instead, the Icelandic government controversially split each of the three major ...


The Globalization Era And The Conflict Of Laws: What Europe Could Learn From The United States And Vice Versa, Milena Sterio 2019 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University

The Globalization Era And The Conflict Of Laws: What Europe Could Learn From The United States And Vice Versa, Milena Sterio

Milena Sterio

Europe has been under the increasing influence of European Union (E.U.) lawmakers, who have undertaken a harmonization movement attempting to somewhat unify member states' laws. The conflict of laws area has not escaped the harmonization movement and will become increasingly subject to Brussels's regulations and directives. Thus, traditional bilateral rules will have to adapt themselves in light of the new political reality in Europe.

Second, the conflicts field in general, be it in Europe or in the U.S., has been transformed under today's globalization trend. In other words, with the rise of international commerce, traditional private ...


Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review 2019 Seattle University School of Law

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

No abstract provided.


State Of The European Union, Christie S. Warren 2019 William & Mary Law School

State Of The European Union, Christie S. Warren

Christie S. Warren

No abstract provided.


Towards Standard Information Privacy, Innovations Of The New General Data Protection Regulation, Ali ALibeigi, Abu Bakar Munir, MD Ershadulkarim, Adeleh Asemi 2019 University of Malaya

Towards Standard Information Privacy, Innovations Of The New General Data Protection Regulation, Ali Alibeigi, Abu Bakar Munir, Md Ershadulkarim, Adeleh Asemi

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Protection of personal data in recent decades became more crucial affecting by emergence of the new technologies especially computer, internet, information and communications technology. However, Europeans felt this necessity at time and provided for up-to-date and supportive laws. The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is the latest legislation in EU to protect personal data of individuals based on the recent technological advancements. However, its’ domestic and international output still is debatable. This doctrinal legal study by using descriptive methods, aimed to evaluate the GDPR through analyzing and interpreting its’ provisions by especial focus on its’ innovations. The results show that ...


Impact Of Pesticide Regulation On Innovation In The United States And European Union, Brooke D. Schafer 2019 Purdue University

Impact Of Pesticide Regulation On Innovation In The United States And European Union, Brooke D. Schafer

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Poland: Winds Of Change In The Act On Windfarms, Jacob T. McClendon 2019 University of Georgia School of Law

Poland: Winds Of Change In The Act On Windfarms, Jacob T. Mcclendon

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


What Not To Wear: Religious Dress And Workplace Policies In Europe, Sarah Lanier Flanders 2019 University of Georgia School of Law

What Not To Wear: Religious Dress And Workplace Policies In Europe, Sarah Lanier Flanders

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Refugee Crisis In Germany And The Right To A Subsistence Minimum: Differences That Ought Not Be, Ulrike Davy 2019 Bielefeld University, Germany

Refugee Crisis In Germany And The Right To A Subsistence Minimum: Differences That Ought Not Be, Ulrike Davy

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Mind Your Businesses: Why Georgia Companies Should Worry About European Privacy Law, Emily E. Seaton 2019 University of Georgia School of Law

Mind Your Businesses: Why Georgia Companies Should Worry About European Privacy Law, Emily E. Seaton

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Gulf Airline Subsidization: Should The European Union And The United States Collaborate To Combat This Alleged Threat?, Savannah H. Moon 2019 University of Georgia School of Law

Gulf Airline Subsidization: Should The European Union And The United States Collaborate To Combat This Alleged Threat?, Savannah H. Moon

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


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