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Caught By The Act: Does The Copyright Act Of 1909 Pose Legal Disasters For Modern Music?, 21 Uic Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 292 (2022), Raine Odom 2022 UIC School of Law

Caught By The Act: Does The Copyright Act Of 1909 Pose Legal Disasters For Modern Music?, 21 Uic Rev. Intell. Prop. L. 292 (2022), Raine Odom

UIC Review of Intellectual Property Law

No abstract provided.


Assessing Amateurism In College Sports, Casey E. Faucon 2022 University of Alabama School of Law

Assessing Amateurism In College Sports, Casey E. Faucon

Washington and Lee Law Review

College sports generate approximately $8 billion each year for the National C[artel] Athletic Association and its member institutions. Most of this revenue flows from lucrative television broadcasting deals, which often incorporate the right to commercialize and sell the names, images, and likenesses of college athletes. Under its current revenue scheme, student-athletes—85 percent of whom live below the poverty line—receive a share of zero. For over a century, we’ve justified this exploitative distribution scheme under a cloak of student-athlete “amateurism.” Antitrust challenges to the NCAA’s amateurism rules clash with the assumption that “amateurism” is a revered tradition and an important tenet …


Rhode Island And Sports Law, Adam Epstein 2022 Central Michigan University

Rhode Island And Sports Law, Adam Epstein

Roger Williams University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Must American Artists Starve?, 2022 Florida A&M University College of Law

Must American Artists Starve?

Florida A & M University Law Review

This legal essay proposes a solution to the problem of artist and publisher compensation as deprived by MMA and discusses the realities and limitations of pursuing a Takings Clause violation under the Fifth Amendment. It further proposes a modern perspective on copyrighted works as property to lay the intellectual foundation for copyright reform and offers that the “best efforts” standard should replace the “commercially reasonable efforts” standard since modernizing copyright law is essential to the music industry. Lastly, the author suggests a practical approach to pursuing a Due Process claim under the Fifth Amendment.


Video Games And The Federal Trade Commission Act: An Analysis Of The Practices Of Video Game Developers And Their Effects On Players, 2022 Florida A&M University College of Law

Video Games And The Federal Trade Commission Act: An Analysis Of The Practices Of Video Game Developers And Their Effects On Players

Florida A & M University Law Review

The purpose of this Note is to propose that the FTC exercise its broad authority under § 45 of the Federal Trade Commission Act (“FTC Act”) to address the seemingly innocuous conduct of the video game industry. To that end, this Note is divided into two sections. The first section reviews administrative and judicial opinions interpreting the history and scope of the FTC. It also notes how the Wheeler-Lea Amendment expanded the Commission’s power to include consumer protection. The second section identifies specific acts and practices used by video game developers (hereinafter “VGDs”) to demonstrate how they fall within the …


Federal District Court Refuses To Dismiss Challenge To West Virginia Law Banning Trans Girls From Scholastic Athletic Competition, Arthur S. Leonard 2022 New York Law School

Federal District Court Refuses To Dismiss Challenge To West Virginia Law Banning Trans Girls From Scholastic Athletic Competition, Arthur S. Leonard

Other Publications

No abstract provided.


Using The Internal Revenue Code To Limit Coaching Salaries: A Proposal To Bring Amateurism Back Into College Football, Blaire Mikesell 2022 Indiana University

Using The Internal Revenue Code To Limit Coaching Salaries: A Proposal To Bring Amateurism Back Into College Football, Blaire Mikesell

Indiana Law Journal

Since formal collegiate athletic competitions began in 1852, they have gained popularity and become a mainstay in American culture. This rise in popularity coupled with increased media coverage allowed college athletics, and particularly college football, to grow into a successful business that generates billions of dollars in revenue each year. Colleges and institutions earn this athletic revenue as tax-free income due to their tax-exempt status under the Internal Revenue Code § 501(c)(3) tax-exemption statute. The basic policy underlying this statute is as follows: colleges and universities provide an important benefit to the public by providing education, and in exchange for …


Concussion Safety Law Should Be Enacted In All Canadian Provinces And Territories, Marcus Moore, Charles H. Tator 2022 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia

Concussion Safety Law Should Be Enacted In All Canadian Provinces And Territories, Marcus Moore, Charles H. Tator

All Faculty Publications

The concussion crisis in sports remains an important public health issue. Indeed, it is cited by 97% of Canadians as a major public health concern.


Caster Semenya And The Policing Of Competitive Athletic Advantage, Taylor Vann 2022 University of Connecticut

Caster Semenya And The Policing Of Competitive Athletic Advantage, Taylor Vann

Connecticut Law Review

In recent years, transgender and intersex athletes competing in track and field have come under intense scrutiny. The most notable of these athletes at the elite level is Caster Semenya of South Africa. Semenya has been accused of benefiting from an unfair competitive advantage due to her natural biological makeup. In response, international track and field’s governing body has promulgated multiple regulations to address athletes like Semenya. This article examines these regulations and their impact on transgender and intersex athletes at multiple levels of competition, It argues that these regulations and similar attempts under Title IX in the United States …


From The Golden Gate To London: Bridging The Gap Between Data Privacy And The Right Of Publicity, Kristin Kuraishi 2021 Brooklyn Law School

From The Golden Gate To London: Bridging The Gap Between Data Privacy And The Right Of Publicity, Kristin Kuraishi

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Currently, there is no global standard or recognition for the right of publicity. Even within the United States, the recognition, scope, and protections vary by state. As the world becomes increasingly reliant on social media for news, information, communication, and recommendations, micro-influencers and non-celebrities require a way to control their developed and curated name, image, and likeness from unauthorized commercial uses by others. Advertising is occurring more frequently online, and brands recognize the power that micro-influencers have on commerce. Some countries, like the United Kingdom, do not recognize the right of publicity, potentially leaving many individuals without recourse for the …


You Are Not A Commodity: A More Efficient Approach To Commercial Privacy Rights, Benjamin T. Pardue 2021 University of Washington School of Law

You Are Not A Commodity: A More Efficient Approach To Commercial Privacy Rights, Benjamin T. Pardue

Washington Law Review

United States common law provides four torts for privacy invasion: (1) disclosure of private facts, (2) intrusion upon seclusion, (3) placement of a person in a false light, and (4) appropriation of name or likeness. Appropriation of name or likeness occurs when a defendant commandeers the plaintiff’s recognizability, typically for a commercial benefit. Most states allow plaintiffs who establish liability to recover defendants’ profits as damages from the misappropriation under an “unjust enrichment” theory. By contrast, this Comment argues that such an award provides a windfall to plaintiffs and contributes to suboptimal social outcomes. These include overcompensating plaintiffs and incentivizing …


Copyright’S Deprivations, Anne-Marie Carstens 2021 University of Washington School of Law

Copyright’S Deprivations, Anne-Marie Carstens

Washington Law Review

This Article challenges the constitutionality of a copyright infringement remedy provided in federal copyright law: courts can order the destruction or other permanent deprivation of personal property based on its mere capacity to serve as a vehicle for infringement. This deprivation remedy requires no showing of actual nexus to the litigated infringement, no finding of willfulness, and no showing that the property’s infringing uses comprise the significant or predominant uses. These striking deficits stem from a historical fiction that viewed a tool of infringement, such as a printing plate, as the functional equivalent of an infringing copy itself. Today, though, …


Level-Up: Towards A More Competitive & Labor-Friendly E-Sports Industry, Andrew Ramstad 2021 Brooklyn Law School

Level-Up: Towards A More Competitive & Labor-Friendly E-Sports Industry, Andrew Ramstad

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Despite humble beginnings, the advent of the modern internet has seen the explosion of e-sports into an industry commanding hundreds of millions of annual viewers and nearly a billion dollars in annual advertising revenue. Facilitating this expansion has been a shift from independently run competitive e-sports leagues to leagues created and operated by the developers of the league’s underlying game. This vertical integration by developers increases e-sports accessibility to viewers, but at the cost of decreased player bargaining power and professional flexibility. The integration further incentivizes ever-increasing working hours and self-destructive or rule-breaking behavior by players to stay competitive. This …


The Case For An International Solution To The Restitution Of Cultural Property: Morality, Legality And Righting Western Wrongs, Ariana Catarisano 2021 Brooklyn Law School

The Case For An International Solution To The Restitution Of Cultural Property: Morality, Legality And Righting Western Wrongs, Ariana Catarisano

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

In 2020, the conversation surrounding the return of cultural property acquired during the colonial era was given new life after the world watched as Black Lives Matter activists exposed systemic racial injustice in the United States. Thousands of objects currently sit in western museums under the guise of sharing these cultures and civilizations with the world, but this brings little comfort to communities suffering the genocidal consequences of colonialism. As formerly colonized nations battle the western world for the return of their cultural property, success is often dictated by a combination of power, money, and the ability to turn the …


Copystrikes And Meme Bans: Social Media And Copyright Protections In The Digital Age, Angelina Sanchez 2021 Brooklyn Law School

Copystrikes And Meme Bans: Social Media And Copyright Protections In The Digital Age, Angelina Sanchez

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

Social media is a pervasive and ever-present aspect of many peoples’ lives. Its use permeates nearly every aspect of our existence – there truly is an app for everything. Most notably, social media operates internationally both in scope and usage allowing for the creation of an astounding global society that shares cultures and perspectives in a way unprecedented in human history. Never before have societies been as interconnected as they are now. Unfortunately, such interconnectedness comes with the issue of globalizing enforcement of copyright laws. Infringement runs rampant online and forces creators to struggle against a seemingly faceless foe in …


Law Is In The Bin: New Frontiers In Conceptual Art And Legal Liability, Katelyn E. Doering 2021 Candidate for Juris Doctor, Notre Dame Law School, 2022

Law Is In The Bin: New Frontiers In Conceptual Art And Legal Liability, Katelyn E. Doering

Notre Dame Law Review

Part I of this Note begins with a discussion of who Banksy is and why his work is important to this legal debate, finishing with a detailed description of the features of conceptual art that are relevant for legal analysis and an argument that the shredding stunt—the event itself, not the partially shredded canvas—is a work of conceptual art. Part II argues that the unique features of the shredding stunt, and of future works in the same artistic category, present a novel legal problem both for artists and for buyers. This novel problem is explored through the lens of …


Covid-19 Protocols For Ncaa Football And The Nfl: Does Collective Bargaining Produce Safer Conditions For Players?, Michael H. LeRoy 2021 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Covid-19 Protocols For Ncaa Football And The Nfl: Does Collective Bargaining Produce Safer Conditions For Players?, Michael H. Leroy

Utah Law Review

My study surveyed all NCAA football programs in Power 5 conferences during the 2020 season to compare their COVID-19 safety protocols to those in the NFL-NFLPA labor agreement. College protocols lacked input from a players association. In contrast, the NFL and their players collectively bargained a seventy-two-page agreement for COVID- 19 protocols. Policies from nineteen college football programs fell far short of NFL-NFLPA standards, scoring ten to thirty points out of the forty-five safety points in the NFL labor agreement. College policies were strongest for symptom checking and cardiac evaluations. However, most college policies failed to identify players with individual …


Touchdown St. Louis: A Recap Of The Nfl And Rams Lawsuit, Katie Hoffecker 2021 Saint Louis University School of Law

Touchdown St. Louis: A Recap Of The Nfl And Rams Lawsuit, Katie Hoffecker

SLU Law Journal Online

The Rams’ move to Los Angeles in 2016 brought about more than just hard feelings toward the National Football League and owner, Stan Kroenke—it resulted in a billion dollar lawsuit. In this article, Katie Hoffecker analyzes the past five years of the litigation proceedings as the case ultimately settles.


Like And Subscribe: The Fight For Student Athletes’ Nil Rights, Jovanny Nava 2021 Saint Louis University School of Law

Like And Subscribe: The Fight For Student Athletes’ Nil Rights, Jovanny Nava

SLU Law Journal Online

Recent developments in state law concerning student athlete’s ability to monetize their name, image, and likeness, as well as the Supreme Court’s recent ruling striking down similar restrictions, does not bode well for the NCAA’s remaining policies. In this article, Jovanny Nava explores the implications of these developments.


Influencing Immigration: The Need For Immigration Reform In The Age Of Social Media Influencers, Sydney Wong 2021 LMU Loyola Law School, Los Angeles

Influencing Immigration: The Need For Immigration Reform In The Age Of Social Media Influencers, Sydney Wong

Loyola of Los Angeles Entertainment Law Review

The social media “influencer” has become a powerful marketing tool for American businesses to advertise their products and services. Foreign influencers have the ability to help American businesses reach international markets and are an effective solution to the marketing challenges that come with trying to break into these international markets. However, if a foreign influencer visits the United States and performs paid marketing work for an American business without a work visa, then the influencer will have violated U.S. immigration law. Indeed, even a seemingly harmless sponsored Instagram post may be a violation.

The clear solution to this problem would …


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