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The Hidden Ball Trick: Major League Baseball’S Collective Bargaining Agreement Attempts To Hide Tobacco Use By Players, Lee N. Gilgan 2015 Willamette University

The Hidden Ball Trick: Major League Baseball’S Collective Bargaining Agreement Attempts To Hide Tobacco Use By Players, Lee N. Gilgan

Lee N Gilgan

No sport has failed to protect its players, fans and the public from tobacco to the degree of Major League Baseball. The statistics of tobacco are shocking, especially within the sport. While some stadiums have made steps toward a remedy, the Collective Bargaining Agreement and State Law need to become the primary source of regulation.


Campbell At 21/Sony At 31, Jessica Litman 2015 University of Michigan

Campbell At 21/Sony At 31, Jessica Litman

Jessica Litman

When copyright lawyers gather to discuss fair use, the most common refrain is its alarming expansion. Their distress about fair use’s enlarged footprint seems completely untethered from any appreciation of the remarkable increase in exclusive copyright rights. In the nearly 40 years since Congress enacted the 1976 copyright act, the rights of copyright owners have expanded markedly. Copyright owners’ demands for further expansion continue unabated. Meanwhile, they raise strident objections to proposals to add new privileges and exceptions to the statute to shelter non-infringing uses that might be implicated by their expanded rights. Copyright owners have used the resulting ...


After Further Review: Whether The College Football Playoff Falls Short Of The Antitrust Marker, Jude D. Schmit 2015 University of St. Thomas School of Law, Minnesota

After Further Review: Whether The College Football Playoff Falls Short Of The Antitrust Marker, Jude D. Schmit

Jude D Schmit

Throughout the annals of college football’s most storied traditions, perhaps the most powerful is its legacy for determining championships not on the field but from behind closed doors. This Article looks at the sport’s history of anticompetitive behavior in determining a national champion, including a look at the new College Football Playoff (“CFP”). Despite the CFP’s ambition, the structure does not right the wrongs inflicted by preceding structures and is ultimately subject to potential antitrust attack. Nonetheless, an expanded CFP format could level the playing field and, therefore, shield the structure from liability. This Article concludes that ...


Invisible Labor, Invisible Play: Online Gold Farming And The Boundary Between Jobs And Games, Julian Dibbell 2015 SelectedWorks

Invisible Labor, Invisible Play: Online Gold Farming And The Boundary Between Jobs And Games, Julian Dibbell

Julian Dibbell

When does work become play, and play work? Courts have considered the question in a variety of economic contexts, from student athletes seeking recognition as employees to professional blackjack players seeking to be treated by casinos just like casual players. Here I apply the question to a relatively novel context: that of online gold farming, a gray-market industry in which wage-earning workers, largely based in China, are paid to play online fantasy games (MMOs) that reward them with virtual items their employers sell for profit to the same games’ casual players. Gold farming is clearly a job (and under the ...


Ohio Athletic Trainer's Reactions To New Ohio Concussion Legislation, Alexander K. Heaton 2015 Cedarville University

Ohio Athletic Trainer's Reactions To New Ohio Concussion Legislation, Alexander K. Heaton

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

This research examines the effects that concussion legislation has had on how Certified Athletic Trainers practice medicine in the state of Ohio. In the spring of 2009, the state of Washington passed a bill that would change how concussions are handled in youth sports. According to the legislation, all athletes who display any signs and symptoms of a concussion are to be removed immediately from play and are not able to return to play until cleared by a licensed professional health care provider. Since then, concussion legislation of some form has been passed in every state, with Ohio passing its ...


Copyright And Sport Broadcasting In Australia And England, Chris Davies 2015 Bond University

Copyright And Sport Broadcasting In Australia And England, Chris Davies

Sports Law eJournal

Television rights are an essential component of the revenue generated by professional sporting leagues, and protecting the copyright in the broadcasting of matches is therefore of significant importance to these leagues. A Federal Court decision has held that there had been in breach of copyright when Optus allowed its mobile phone users to access matches on a two minute delay. However, European and English Courts have held that the plaintiff’s copyright only existed in the anthem, graphics and recorded highlights, not in the actual matches.


Constitutional Dimensions Of Sport In Greece, Konstantinos Margaritis 2015 Bond University

Constitutional Dimensions Of Sport In Greece, Konstantinos Margaritis

Sports Law eJournal

Sports play an important role within development of personality and society in general. Affirming this importance, the Constitution of Greece acknowledges the right to sports as a fundamental right. Furthermore, in certain cases, this may lead to restriction of other fundamental rights guaranteed in the Constitution, in favour of sports. Issues arise regarding those restrictions and the necessity of recognition of sports in the highest level within the legal system of a country, the Constitution.


The Deeply Flawed Inaugural College Football Playoff: A Call For Structural Changes To Protect Against Undue Commercialization, To Ensure Transparency, And To Systematize Democratic Due Process, Matthew M. Heekin, Bruce W. Burton 2015 Charlotte School of Law

The Deeply Flawed Inaugural College Football Playoff: A Call For Structural Changes To Protect Against Undue Commercialization, To Ensure Transparency, And To Systematize Democratic Due Process, Matthew M. Heekin, Bruce W. Burton

Matthew M. Heekin

This article contends that the new College Football Playoff system (CFP)—as formulated and administered in 2014—contains a series of serious flaws. The new CFP system needlessly incorporates an anti-democratic structure, lacks in the transparency required for sustainability in a democratic society, and endangers the longstanding tradition of the student-athlete in American college athletics. This article offers several detailed suggestions—in part modeled on the Administrative Procedures Act—to correct these flaws and move towards an improved CFP system.

Employing the benchmarks of television viewership and advertising revenues, some have declared the inaugural 2014 College Football Playoff a success ...


Will Ticket Scalpers Meet The Same Fate As Spinal Tap Drummers? The Sale And Resale Of Concert And Sports Tickets, Gregory M. Stein 2015 Pepperdine University

Will Ticket Scalpers Meet The Same Fate As Spinal Tap Drummers? The Sale And Resale Of Concert And Sports Tickets, Gregory M. Stein

Pepperdine Law Review

Some people purchase concert or sports tickets for their own entertainment and then are unable to use their tickets. They may have a scheduling conflict, or their favorite team may be underperforming. Other people buy tickets with the intention of giving them as gifts. Still others purchase with the goal of reselling the tickets at a profit. This Article examines the transferability of tickets to performances and sporting events. What, exactly, is a “ticket”? What property and contract rights does the initial ticket holder acquire? Does the holder have the legal power to transfer these rights? To what extent can ...


Cuando Censurar No Es La Solución: La Regulación Jurídica De Los “Programas Basura” En El Mercado Peruano Del Entretenimiento, Javier André Murillo Chávez 2015 Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú

Cuando Censurar No Es La Solución: La Regulación Jurídica De Los “Programas Basura” En El Mercado Peruano Del Entretenimiento, Javier André Murillo Chávez

Javier André Murillo Chávez

No abstract provided.


Fda Regulation Of Adult Stem Cell Therapies As Used In Sports Medicine, Mary Ann Chirba, Berkly Sweetapple, Charles P. Hannon, John A. Anderson 2015 Boston College Law School

Fda Regulation Of Adult Stem Cell Therapies As Used In Sports Medicine, Mary Ann Chirba, Berkly Sweetapple, Charles P. Hannon, John A. Anderson

Mary Ann Chirba

In sports medicine, adult stem cells are the subject of great interest. Several uses of stem cells are under investigation including cartilage repair, meniscal regeneration, anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, and tendinopathy. Extensive clinical and basic science research is warranted as stem cell therapies become increasingly common in clinical practice. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for regulating the use of stem cells through its “Human Cells, Tissues, and Cellular and Tissue-Based Products” regulations. This report provides a brief overview of FDA regulation of adult stem cells. Several common clinical case scenarios are then presented ...


A Call To The Bullpen: Alternatives To The Morality Clause As Endorsement Companies’ Main Protection Against Athletic Scandal, Andrew Zarriello 2015 Boston College Law School

A Call To The Bullpen: Alternatives To The Morality Clause As Endorsement Companies’ Main Protection Against Athletic Scandal, Andrew Zarriello

Boston College Law Review

High-profile scandals in the sports world, exemplified by Lance Armstrong and Tiger Woods, expose endorsement companies to financial and reputational risks. Endorsement contracts today rely on morality clauses to mitigate this risk of exposure, which unduly restricts a company’s response to an athlete’s misconduct. Clawback clauses, on the other hand, provide companies with a mechanism to fully protect their investment in the employee or sponsored athlete. This Note discusses the practicality of introducing clawback clauses into athletic endorsement contracts. Although many factors inhibit endorsement companies from implementing clawback clauses into endorsement contracts, more beneficial alternatives exist that companies ...


Definitions, Religion, And Free Exercise Guarantees, Mark Strasser 2015 Capital University Law School

Definitions, Religion, And Free Exercise Guarantees, Mark Strasser

Mark Strasser

The First Amendment to the United States Constitution protects the free exercise of religion. Non-religious practices do not receive those same protections, which makes the ability to distinguish between religious and non-religious practices important. Regrettably, members of the Court have been unable to agree about how to distinguish the religious from the non-religious—sometimes, the implicit criteria focus on the sincerity of the beliefs, sometimes the strength of the beliefs or the role that they play in an individual’s life, and sometimes the kind of beliefs. In short, the Court has virtually guaranteed an incoherent jurisprudence by sending contradictory ...


Criminal Liability Of Sports Participants For Sports-Related Injuries In The Czech Republic, Michal Kralik 2015 Supreme Court of the Czech Republic Europe

Criminal Liability Of Sports Participants For Sports-Related Injuries In The Czech Republic, Michal Kralik

Sports Law eJournal

This discussion of the liability of sports participants for sports-related injuries in the Czech Republic deals with the issue of criminal liability. The author has published a matching article on civil liability.


Maintaining The Integrity Of The Afl's Draft And Salary Cap Systems, Chris Davies 2015 James Cook University

Maintaining The Integrity Of The Afl's Draft And Salary Cap Systems, Chris Davies

Sports Law eJournal

To retain the integrity of its draft and salary cap systems it is essential that the AFL provided suitable penalties for recent breaches of both systems. While COLA has been viewed by its critics as providing the two Sydney clubs additional money under the their salary caps, a suggested compromise is to keep the allowance for players on the lower end of the AFL salary scale, but phase it out for those on the higher salaries.


Civil Liability Of Sports Participants For Sports-Related Injuries In The Czech Republic, Michal Kralik 2015 Supreme Court of the Czech Republic Europe

Civil Liability Of Sports Participants For Sports-Related Injuries In The Czech Republic, Michal Kralik

Sports Law eJournal

This article concerns legal liability of sports participants for sports-related injuries and the approaches adopted by different jurisdictions. In particular, it discusses the Czech Republic’s approach to incidents where a person participating in sports causes injury to another participant. This issue has only recently become the subject of serious study and analysis in the Czech Republic.


Popular Culture's Portrayal Of Attorney Decision-Making And It's Consequences- An Analysis Of An Attorney's Internal Ethical Conflict In Film, Tara M. Parente 2015 Barry University

Popular Culture's Portrayal Of Attorney Decision-Making And It's Consequences- An Analysis Of An Attorney's Internal Ethical Conflict In Film, Tara M. Parente

Tara M. Parente

This paper explores how attorneys deal with ethical conflicts throughout their careers. The paper also incorporates the use of the films The Devil's Advocate and Counsellor at Law and how the attorneys in these films deal with the pressures of being an attorney. Popular culture portrays attorneys in a specific light and exemplifies the struggles they endure while advancing their careers.


Ohio And Sports Law, Adam Epstein 2015 Central Michigan University

Ohio And Sports Law, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

The purpose of this paper is to offer a broad perspective on how individuals, universities and professional teams associated with the state of Ohio have had a varied impact on sports law in general. Many of the cases and decisions discussed in this paper include familiar incidents and issues involving basketball coach Jim O’Brien, pitcher Andy Oliver, running back Maurice Clarett, sprinter Harry “Butch” Reynolds, high school football player Bobby Martin, Major League Baseball (MLB) manager Pete Rose and others. This article could also be viewed as a starting point for further research involving this Midwestern state also known ...


Attack Of The Cheerleaders! Allegations Of Violations Of The Flsa On An Uncertain Landscape, Adam Epstein 2015 Central Michigan University

Attack Of The Cheerleaders! Allegations Of Violations Of The Flsa On An Uncertain Landscape, Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein

In 2013-14, several lawsuits were brought by National Football League (NFL) cheerleaders who claimed that their respective football clubs violated federal or state law with regard to violations of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the 1938 federal act that mandates the minimum wage, overtime provisions, and so on. Interestingly, and at the same time, national discourse manifest itself over possibly increasing the federal, state and local minimum wage with various states and cities voting in favor of increasing their minimum wage. The purpose of this article is to explore the recent claims by certain NFL cheerleaders and to analyze ...


Are The Courts Singing A Different Tune When It Comes To Music?: What Ever Happened To Fair Use In Music Sampling Cases?, Michael B. Landau 2015 Georgia State University College of Law

Are The Courts Singing A Different Tune When It Comes To Music?: What Ever Happened To Fair Use In Music Sampling Cases?, Michael B. Landau

Faculty Publications By Year

As "fair use" has become more common as a defense to copyright infringement, often successfully, it has not gained any ground in cases involving music sampling. In the years since Campbell v. Acuff-Rose Music, Inc., we have seen the introduction of "transformative use" to fair use analysis. "Transformative use" has led to the holdings that thumbnail reproductions of photographs, parodies of novels, parodies of advertisements, changed artworks, the inclusion of legal briefs in searchable databases, the inclusion of music in film, and the mass digitization of millions of books are all "fair use." Almost every day we read of another ...


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