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Promoting The Sustainability Of Biofuels In America: Looking To Brazil, Julia Johnson 2015 SelectedWorks

Promoting The Sustainability Of Biofuels In America: Looking To Brazil, Julia Johnson

Julia Johnson

This article explores the reasons why previous attempts at biofuels legislation in the United States have not been successful and focuses upon market-level incentives that drive consumer willingness to purchase biofuels. For the U.S.’s biofuels policies to be more effective, the nation must better employ consumer-side factors and devise policies around promoting biofuels’ ability to compete with conventional fuels. Consumer-side factors include biofuels’ accessibility and pricing, as well as the ease and attractiveness of purchasing alternative energy-powered vehicles. The U.S.’s initiatives have also neither been aggressive enough, nor sufficiently comprehensive, to enable the U.S. to ...


Gatt/Wto Rules For Border Tax Adjustment And The Proposed European Directive Introducing A Tax On Carbon Dioxide Emissions And Energy, Christian Pitschas 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Gatt/Wto Rules For Border Tax Adjustment And The Proposed European Directive Introducing A Tax On Carbon Dioxide Emissions And Energy, Christian Pitschas

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Black Market Trade In Chlorofluorocarbons: The Montreal Protocol Makes Banned Refrigerants A Hot Commodity, Frederick P. Landers Jr. 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Black Market Trade In Chlorofluorocarbons: The Montreal Protocol Makes Banned Refrigerants A Hot Commodity, Frederick P. Landers Jr.

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Sustaining An Unsustainable Fuel Source: How Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Limitations Can Improve The Sustainability Of The Tar Oil Industry, Brittany DeBord 2014 SelectedWorks

Sustaining An Unsustainable Fuel Source: How Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Limitations Can Improve The Sustainability Of The Tar Oil Industry, Brittany Debord

Brittany DeBord

The United States seeks to achieve energy security and self-sufficiency by acquiring energy from Canadian tar sands and promoting a domestic tar sands industry. However, support for this industry is inconsistent with the greenhouse gas reduction policies of the Energy Independence and Security Act and the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation, since tar oil extraction creates three times more carbon emissions than conventional oil extraction. Legislation limiting lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions has already been implemented through the Renewable Fuel Standard Program in response to concerns that plant-based fuel production leads to greater carbon emissions than intended. Since the lifecycle ...


Kyoto Comes To Georgia: How International Environmental Initiatives Foster Sustainable Commerce In Small Town America, T. Rick Irvin, Peter A. Appel, Julie M. McEntire, J. Chris Rabon 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Kyoto Comes To Georgia: How International Environmental Initiatives Foster Sustainable Commerce In Small Town America, T. Rick Irvin, Peter A. Appel, Julie M. Mcentire, J. Chris Rabon

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


"First, Do No Harm": Human Rights And Efforts To Combat Climate Change, Naomi Roht-Arriaza 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

"First, Do No Harm": Human Rights And Efforts To Combat Climate Change, Naomi Roht-Arriaza

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Worth Keeping Around? The United States' Biofuel Policies And Compliance With The World Trade Organization, Kelly Christian 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Worth Keeping Around? The United States' Biofuel Policies And Compliance With The World Trade Organization, Kelly Christian

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Human Rights Violations By Canadian Companies Abroad: Choc V Hudbay Minerals Inc, Susana C. Mijares Peña 2014 Western University

Human Rights Violations By Canadian Companies Abroad: Choc V Hudbay Minerals Inc, Susana C. Mijares Peña

Western Journal of Legal Studies

Canadian mining corporations operating abroad represent a challenge to the international legal system and Canadian legal system in the field of human rights. Currently, there are no legal mechanisms available to ensure that these corporations abide by international standards and voluntary codes. For this reason, some argue that Canadian courts should be more active in holding Canadian companies accountable for the human rights violations of their affiliates operating abroad. The recent Ontario Superior Court of Justice decision of Choc v Hudbay Minerals suggests that for the first time, a Canadian court is ready to play a regulatory role in preventing ...


A Comparative Legal Approach For The Risks Of Offshore Methane Hydrates: Existing Laws And Conventions, Roy A. Partain 2014 SelectedWorks

A Comparative Legal Approach For The Risks Of Offshore Methane Hydrates: Existing Laws And Conventions, Roy A. Partain

Roy A Partain

Methane hydrates are a critical new energy alternative. Their commercial extraction would offer substantial green energy alternatives but would also potentially create novel environmental and civil hazards. This article is potentially one of the first major comparative treatments on the existing governance for offshore methane hydrates, or the lack of such governance, and the contrast of those existing mechanisms with theoretically optimal governance of those risks. The article the laws and legal conventions of the United Nations, the European Union, and of the United States. It also provides an examination of a set of international conventions on maritime protection and ...


The Application Of Civil Liability For The Risks Of Offshore Methane Hydrates, Roy A. Partain 2014 SelectedWorks

The Application Of Civil Liability For The Risks Of Offshore Methane Hydrates, Roy A. Partain

Roy A Partain

Methane hydrates are a critical new energy alternative. Their commercial extraction would offer substantial green energy alternatives but would also potentially create novel environmental and civil hazards. The article evaluates various rules of civil liability to find the most effective rule to address those environmental and civil risks from the soon-to-begin commercial development of offshore methane hydrates.

Methane hydrates have only recently become technologically feasible to extract; Japan achieved the first successfully sustained offshore extraction of methane hydrates in 2013. Their reserves are estimated to dwarf the combined reserves of traditional crude oil and natural gas deposits by a factor ...


The State Response To Climate Change: 50 State Survey, Laura Jensen, Kelly Nishikawa, Benjamin Lowenthal 2014 Pace University

The State Response To Climate Change: 50 State Survey, Laura Jensen, Kelly Nishikawa, Benjamin Lowenthal

Pace Law Faculty Publications

This survey accompanies Global Climate Change and U.S. Law, Second Edition (Michael B. Gerrard and Jody Freeman, eds, 2014). It compiles state legislation, rules and executive orders that specifically address climate change as of the end of April 2014. It also includes a wide variety of state activities that may have an impact on greenhouse gases including legislation related to energy efficiency and renewable energy. The focus of this material is to provide readers with an understanding of the range of state activity that may contribute to greenhouse gas reduction and climate change. Some types of energy efficiency, alternative ...


Incorporating Third Party Green Building Rating Systems Into Municipal Building And Zoning Codes, Edward Teyber 2014 Pace University

Incorporating Third Party Green Building Rating Systems Into Municipal Building And Zoning Codes, Edward Teyber

Pace Environmental Law Review

The role of green buildings in mitigating climate change has thus become a hot topic. This literature has begun to elicit change within corporations pursuing third party certification of their corporate buildings and campuses. Perhaps the success of discrete green building projects in mitigating climate change compared to the failure of international regulatory bodies to reach consensus for meaningful change is due to the publicity and, in turn, profits associated with certification by a third party green building rating system. In addition to reduced GHG emissions, reduced runoff, reduced maintenance costs, and positive publicity of green buildings for the project ...


Executive Power And Regional Climate Change Agreements, Conor J. Walline 2014 Pace University

Executive Power And Regional Climate Change Agreements, Conor J. Walline

Pace Environmental Law Review

This Article explores the potential for such agreements to address climate change on a regional level by analyzing the parallels between the agreements, the nature and limits of the executive power used to create them, and the scope of enforcement available under them. Section II briefly examines the present state of climate warming and its attendant impacts, while Section III highlights the relative failure of current national and international approaches to mitigating climate change. Section IV focuses on the recent rise of environmental regional agreements in the United States, specifically those agreements to which the State of New York has ...


Innovations In Energy And Climate Policy: Lessons From Vermont, Benjamin K. Sovacool, Alex Gilbert, Brian Thomson 2014 Pace University

Innovations In Energy And Climate Policy: Lessons From Vermont, Benjamin K. Sovacool, Alex Gilbert, Brian Thomson

Pace Environmental Law Review

We ask in this article: how can planners and policymakers replicate Vermont’s energy and climate policies? We begin by explaining the research methods utilized for this article—mainly research interviews with a pool of experts, coupled with a targeted literature review. We then analyze the success of Vermont energy policy across four areas: energy efficiency, renewable energy, the smart grid, and energy governance. The following sections first explain how Vermont accomplished these successes, next identify a number of remaining barriers and elements of Vermont’s approach that may not be replicable, and finally present the article’s conclusions.


Regulatory Institutions Of The Global South: Why Are They Different And What Can Be Done About It?, Yugank Goyal 2014 SelectedWorks

Regulatory Institutions Of The Global South: Why Are They Different And What Can Be Done About It?, Yugank Goyal

Yugank Goyal

Developing countries suffer from underperforming regulatory agencies compared to those in the developed world. The paper attempts to theorize general reasons behind such divergence. It argues that the differences lie in developing countries’ (a) higher priorities for redistribution, (b) structurally different institutional endowments, especially at informal level, and (c) limited informational channels. The paper proposes that a multi-stakeholder (with increased emphasis on judiciary and civil society) approach has potential to address the shortcomings. It tests these claims through studying cases of telecom and electricity regulation in India.


The Rise And Rise Of The One Percent: Getting To Thomas Piketty's Wealth Dystopia, Shi-Ling Hsu 2014 SelectedWorks

The Rise And Rise Of The One Percent: Getting To Thomas Piketty's Wealth Dystopia, Shi-Ling Hsu

Shi-Ling Hsu

Thomas Piketty's Capital in the Twenty-first Century, which is surely one of the very few economics treatises ever to be a best-seller, has parachuted into an intensely emotional and deeply divisive American debate: the problem of inequality in the United States. Piketty's core argument is that throughout history, the rate of return on private capital has usually exceeded the rate of economic growth, expressed by Piketty as the relation r > g. If true, this relation means that the wealthy class – who are the predominant owners of capital – will grow their wealth faster than economies grow, which means that ...


Avoiding The Road To Ferc-Dom: The Supreme Court Affirms The Right To Contract In Morgan Stanley V. Snohomish, Jorge A. Mestre 2014 SelectedWorks

Avoiding The Road To Ferc-Dom: The Supreme Court Affirms The Right To Contract In Morgan Stanley V. Snohomish, Jorge A. Mestre

Jorge A Mestre

No abstract provided.


Renewable Energy: Where We Are Now And How Renewable Energy Investment And Development Can Be Expanded, Kevin M. Walsh 2014 SelectedWorks

Renewable Energy: Where We Are Now And How Renewable Energy Investment And Development Can Be Expanded, Kevin M. Walsh

Kevin M Walsh

The renewable energy field is currently stifled because many renewable energy developments require tax equity investors to provide additional funds to get the project off the ground and running. The Code provides tax credits to incentivize investors to invest. Currently, the Investment Tax Credit (“ITC”) is the only available credit left for renewable projects placed in service from 2014 on. Tax credits are a step in the right direction to encourage renewable investment; however, the credits are limited in application mostly to large financial institutions. Moreover, investments into one specific renewable energy project can be risky because there is no ...


A Legal Approach To The Improvement Of Energy Efficiency In Europe And The United States: Greening The Existing Building Stock, Teresa -. Parejo 2014 SelectedWorks

A Legal Approach To The Improvement Of Energy Efficiency In Europe And The United States: Greening The Existing Building Stock, Teresa -. Parejo

Teresa - Parejo

In large cities buildings are responsible for 40% of energy consumption and 36% of CO2 emissions in the EU, and 70% of energy consumption and 40% of CO2 emissions in the US. Hence, improving the energy performance of buildings is a very cost-effective way to fight against climate change.

Most of the potential for energy savings is in existing buildings so they provide the greatest opportunities and challenges, but the measures adopted until today to improve energy efficiency, despite some innovative proposals, have been insufficient and mainly focused in new buildings. All the actions developed either by the EU and ...


Innovative Financing For Renewable Energy, Richard L. Ottinger, John Bowie 2014 Pace University

Innovative Financing For Renewable Energy, Richard L. Ottinger, John Bowie

Pace Law Faculty Publications

Carbon pollution from fossil-fuel combustion is the largest contributor to climate change worldwide. Renewable energy can materially help to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and their principal cause, worldwide dependence on carbon fuels. If our goal is to remain at or below 1990 numbers, then fossil fuels must be phased out of the global energy portfolio.

While other factors such as energy inefficiencies in buildings, appliances and transportation, for example; deforestation, farm animal excretion, pipeline leakage, HFCs for refrigeration, black soot and changes in land use also contribute to increased emissions, finding new, innovative ways to empower people to seize ...


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