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Solar Rights In The United States, Sara C. Bronin 2015 University of Connecticut

Solar Rights In The United States, Sara C. Bronin

Sara C. Bronin

Solar rights are legal rights needed to ensure that a piece of land has access to sunlight. These rights may be of interest to property owners seeking to undertake a variety of activities: farming, lighting, and clothes drying, to name a few. But perhaps the most economically significant purpose for which solar rights may be utilized is for the purpose of solar collectors. Such devices are used to harness the rays of the sun and transform them into thermal, chemical, or electrical energy. In an era of increasing deployment of solar collectors across the globe, the fair and efficient allocation ...


An Approach To The Regulation Of Spanish Banking Foundations, Miguel Martínez 2015 Universidad Pontificia de Comillas

An Approach To The Regulation Of Spanish Banking Foundations, Miguel Martínez

Miguel Martínez

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the legal framework governing banking foundations as they have been regulated by Spanish Act 26/2013, of December 27th, on savings banks and banking foundations. Title 2 of this regulation addresses a construct that is groundbreaking for the Spanish legal system, still of paramount importance for the entire financial system insofar as these foundations become the leading players behind certain banking institutions given the high interest that foundations hold in the share capital of such institutions.


What The Frack? How Weak Industrial Disclosure Rules Prevent Public Understanding Of Chemical Practices And Toxic Politics, Benjamin W. Cramer 2015 Pennsylvania State University

What The Frack? How Weak Industrial Disclosure Rules Prevent Public Understanding Of Chemical Practices And Toxic Politics, Benjamin W. Cramer

Benjamin W. Cramer

Hydraulic fracturing, known colloquially as “fracking,” makes use of chemically-formulated fluid that is forced down a gas well at great pressure to fracture underground rock formations and release embedded natural gas. Many journalists, environmentalists, and public health advocates are concerned about what may happen if the fracking fluid escapes the well and contaminates nearby drinking water supplies. This article attempts a comprehensive analysis and comparison of all relevant fracking fluid disclosure regulations currently extant in the United States, and considers whether the information gained is truly useful for citizens, journalists, and regulators. In recent years the federal government and several ...


Agenda: Innovations In Managing Western Water: New Approaches For Balancing Environmental, Social, And Economic Outcomes, University of Colorado Boulder. Getches-Wilkinson Center for Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment 2015 University of Colorado Law School

Agenda: Innovations In Managing Western Water: New Approaches For Balancing Environmental, Social, And Economic Outcomes, University Of Colorado Boulder. Getches-Wilkinson Center For Natural Resources, Energy, And The Environment

Innovations in Managing Western Water: New Approaches for Balancing Environmental, Social and Economic Outcomes (Martz Summer Conference, June 11-12)

Many aspects of western water allocation and management are the product of independent and uncoordinated actions, several occurring a century or more ago. However, in this modern era of water scarcity, it is increasingly acknowledged that more coordinated and deliberate decision-making is necessary for effectively balancing environmental, social, and economic objectives. In recent years, a variety of forums, processes, and tools have emerged to better manage the connections between regions, sectors, and publics linked by shared water systems. In this event, we explore the cutting edge efforts, the latest points of contention, and the opportunities for further progress.


The Pursuit Of Non-Corn-Based Biofuel Production As A Means Of Countering Rising Crop Costs, Rachele M. Hendricks 2015 Michigan State University

The Pursuit Of Non-Corn-Based Biofuel Production As A Means Of Countering Rising Crop Costs, Rachele M. Hendricks

Rachele M Hendricks-Sturrup

The “Renewable Fuel Standard” was the first renewable fuel mandate set forth by the United States Environmental Protection Agency initially under the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005. Alternative fuels are defined by the US EPA as alternatives to conventional fuels such as gasoline and diesel. Alternative fuels are lauded for their “clean energy” attributes and also because they can be resourced domestically, allowing for per-capita reductions in greenhouse gas emissions with less dependency on foreign energy resources. Alternative fuel conversions are methods used to convert gasoline and/or diesel engines into engines that operate on natural gas, alcohols, or ...


Energy In The Ecopolis, Sara C. Bronin 2015 University of Connecticut

Energy In The Ecopolis, Sara C. Bronin

Sara C. Bronin

Climate change, resource scarcity, and environmental degradation demand a paradigm shift in urban development. Currently, too many of our cities exacerbate these problems: they pollute, consume, and process resources in ways that negatively impact our natural world. Cities of the future must make nature their model, instituting circular metabolic processes that mimic, embrace, and enhance nature. In other words, a city must be a regenerative city or, as some say, an “ecopolis.”

So, how to get there—to ecopolis—from here? In this Comment, I propose a partial answer by focusing on certain legal frameworks that must be reenvisioned to ...


Red Tape: New Jersey's Energy Regulations Deter Residents From Installing Solar Photovoltaics, Alicia Gené Artessa Ms 2015 Vermont Law School

Red Tape: New Jersey's Energy Regulations Deter Residents From Installing Solar Photovoltaics, Alicia Gené Artessa Ms

Alicia Gené Artessa Ms

RED TAPE: NEW JERSEY’S ENERGY REGULATIONS DETER RESIDENTS FROM INSTALLING SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAICS.

New Jersey’s current energy regulations regarding solar photovoltaic (PV) use are not reaching their stated purpose. New Jersey’s Residential Development Solar Energy Systems Act set forth commendable goals for an ambitious approach toward solar energy use. The Herculean standards the State government has set would, ostensibly, make using solar energy sources on the residential level an attainable goal. However, the regulations, in effect, negate the purpose of encouraging the use of solar energy sources.[1]

In addition to energy regulations, New Jersey’s Clean Energy ...


Intellectual Property And Biofuels: The Energy Crisis, Food Security, And Climate Change, Matthew Rimmer, Griffith Hack 2015 Australian National University College of Law

Intellectual Property And Biofuels: The Energy Crisis, Food Security, And Climate Change, Matthew Rimmer, Griffith Hack

Matthew Rimmer

In light of larger public policy debates over intellectual property and climate change, this article considers patent practice, law, and policy in respect of biofuels. This debate has significant implications for public policy discussions in respect of energy independence, food security, and climate change. The first section of the paper provides a network analysis of patents in respect of biofuels across the three generations. It provides empirical research in respect of patent subject matter, ownership, and strategy in respect of biofuels. The second section provides a case study of significant patent litigation over biofuels. There is an examination of the ...


Recent Case Decisions, Jordan D. Volino, John C. Curtis III, Jarrod H. Gamble, Patrick J. Hoog, Taylor C. Venus, Daniel Franklin 2015 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Recent Case Decisions, Jordan D. Volino, John C. Curtis Iii, Jarrod H. Gamble, Patrick J. Hoog, Taylor C. Venus, Daniel Franklin

Oil and Gas, Natural Resources, and Energy Journal

No abstract provided.


Oil And Gas Title Examination: The Basics, David D. Hunt II 2015 GableGotwals

Oil And Gas Title Examination: The Basics, David D. Hunt Ii

Oil and Gas, Natural Resources, and Energy Journal

No abstract provided.


Marketable Product: What Did Kuntz Say? What Did Merrill Say?, Owen L. Anderson 2015 University of Oklahoma Norman Campus

Marketable Product: What Did Kuntz Say? What Did Merrill Say?, Owen L. Anderson

Oil and Gas, Natural Resources, and Energy Journal

No abstract provided.


Old Faves And New Raves: How Case Law Has Affected Form Joint Operating Agreements—Problems And Solutions (Part One), Christopher S. Kulander 2015 South Texas College of Law

Old Faves And New Raves: How Case Law Has Affected Form Joint Operating Agreements—Problems And Solutions (Part One), Christopher S. Kulander

Oil and Gas, Natural Resources, and Energy Journal

No abstract provided.


Editor's Introduction, Daniel Franklin 2015 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Editor's Introduction, Daniel Franklin

Oil and Gas, Natural Resources, and Energy Journal

No abstract provided.


Amending Wto Rules To Alleviate Constraints On Renewable Energy Subsidies, Rick A. Waltman 2015 University of San Diego

Amending Wto Rules To Alleviate Constraints On Renewable Energy Subsidies, Rick A. Waltman

Rick A. Waltman

The rate of renewable energy adoption will largely determine the success of climate change mitigation efforts. Subsidies for the renewable energy industry, currently far outweighed by fossil fuel subsidies, will be necessary to establish greater adoption of renewable energy technologies. Because WTO rules impose constraints on subsidies based on ideals of international market freedom above all else, potential for nations to develop their domestic renewable energy industries is severely limited. This article proposes some possible amendments to the GATT, the SCM Agreement, and the TRIMs Agreement that Members might consider in future trade negotiations.


Fracking And The Rural Poor: Negative Externalities, Failing Remedies, And Federal Legislation, Matthew Castelli 2015 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

Fracking And The Rural Poor: Negative Externalities, Failing Remedies, And Federal Legislation, Matthew Castelli

Indiana Journal of Law and Social Equality

This Note examines the relationship between the rural poor and the negative externalities of hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”). It asserts that the rural poor are disproportionately burdened with fracking’s negative externalities and that comprehensive, national regulation is needed because current legal methods are insufficient to internalize these costs. The argument is made in four parts: describing fracking’s externalities; assessing their impact on the rural poor; analyzing current legal regimes; and proposing an equitable regulatory framework based on cooperative federalism.

Fracking produces three main categories of negative externalities: water, air, and land contamination. Water contamination can be caused by migration ...


“The Energy Capital Of The East Coast?”: Lessons Virginia Can Learn From Cape Wind Failure And European Success In Offshore Wind Energy, Lamya Moosa 2015 College of William & Mary Law School

“The Energy Capital Of The East Coast?”: Lessons Virginia Can Learn From Cape Wind Failure And European Success In Offshore Wind Energy, Lamya Moosa

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


The Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Act Of 1980, Paul Kish 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

The Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Act Of 1980, Paul Kish

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Bucking White Stallion: Why Epa Should Have Prohibited Cost Considerations From Clean Air Act Egu Regulatory Designations And Why The D.C. Circuit Would Have Upheld It, Samuel Worth 2015 Boston College Law School

Bucking White Stallion: Why Epa Should Have Prohibited Cost Considerations From Clean Air Act Egu Regulatory Designations And Why The D.C. Circuit Would Have Upheld It, Samuel Worth

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

In 2012 the Environmental Protection Agency issued a Final Rule subjecting coal and oil-fired electric utility steam generating units, or EGUs, to EPA regulation under section 112 of the Clean Air Act, officially listing them as “source-categories” of Hazardous Air Pollutant, or HAP, emissions. Additionally, the agency held that situation-specific factors, such as implementation and compliance costs, should not be considered when designating EGUs for regulation. In White Stallion Energy Center, LLC v. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit held that the CAA does not require EPA to consider implementation ...


Book Review: Internationalization To Prevent The Spread Of Nuclear Weapons. Eds. Frank Barnaby, Jozef Goldblat, & Bhupendra Jasani. London: Taylor And Francis, 1980; The Npt: The Main Political Barrier To Nuclear Weapon Proliferation. Eds. Frank Barnaby, Jozef Goldblat, & Nacha Levinson. London: Taylor And Francis, 1980., W. Paul Gormley 2015 District of Columbia Bar

Book Review: Internationalization To Prevent The Spread Of Nuclear Weapons. Eds. Frank Barnaby, Jozef Goldblat, & Bhupendra Jasani. London: Taylor And Francis, 1980; The Npt: The Main Political Barrier To Nuclear Weapon Proliferation. Eds. Frank Barnaby, Jozef Goldblat, & Nacha Levinson. London: Taylor And Francis, 1980., W. Paul Gormley

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


An International Legal Obligation To Assist In Energy Development Arises From The Charter Of Economic Rights And Duties Of States, Vicki A. Breman 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

An International Legal Obligation To Assist In Energy Development Arises From The Charter Of Economic Rights And Duties Of States, Vicki A. Breman

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


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