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Pickering, Garcetti, & Academic Freedom, Mark Strasser 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Pickering, Garcetti, & Academic Freedom, Mark Strasser

Brooklyn Law Review

While the U. S. Supreme Court long ago recognized that individuals do not lose their free speech rights simply by virtue of being state employees, the contours of their First Amendment protections have been evolving over the past several decades. The proper way to apply these protections in the academic context is confusing, especially after Garcetti v. Ceballos in which the Court suggested that First Amendment protections do not attach insofar as individuals are speaking as employees rather than as citizens. The circuit courts have adopted a dizzying set of rules to determine when First Amendment protections are triggered in ...


Every English Learner Succeeds: The Need For Uniform Entry And Exit Requirements, Ana A. Núñez Cárdenas 2018 Brooklyn Law School

Every English Learner Succeeds: The Need For Uniform Entry And Exit Requirements, Ana A. Núñez Cárdenas

Brooklyn Law Review

While the number of English Learners (ELs) continues to significantly grow in the United States, the focus on their education is still severely lacking. During the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) era, the federal role in education greatly expanded, holding states accountable for their practices and ensuring academic proficiency. Even with the federal government’s expanded role ELs’ academic achievements did not improve and were further frustrated under the NCLB. In 2005, the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) was introduced to ameliorate the harmful stain the NCLB left on education. Under the ESSA, the states regained both their autonomy and ...


Accreditation Under Fire: How Striking A Balance Between Accreditor Accountability And Autonomy Can Strengthen Educational Quality, Tyler J. Bishoff 2018 J.D. 2018, Roger Williams University School of Law

Accreditation Under Fire: How Striking A Balance Between Accreditor Accountability And Autonomy Can Strengthen Educational Quality, Tyler J. Bishoff

Roger Williams University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Realizing Restorative Justice: Legal Rules And Standards For School Discipline Reform, Lydia Nussbaum 2018 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Realizing Restorative Justice: Legal Rules And Standards For School Discipline Reform, Lydia Nussbaum

Scholarly Works

Zero-tolerance school disciplinary policies stunt the future of school children across the United States. These policies, enshrined in state law, prescribe automatic and mandatory suspension, expulsion, and arrest for infractions ranging from minor to serious. Researchers find that zero-tolerance policies disproportionately affect low-income, minority children and correlate with poor academic achievement, high drop-out rates, disaffection and alienation, and greater contact with the criminal justice system, a phenomenon christened the "School-to-Prison Pipeline."

A promising replacement for this punitive disciplinary regime derives from restorative justice theory and, using a variety of different legal interventions, reform advocates and lawmakers have tried to institute ...


Protecting The Silence Of Speech: Academic Safe Spaces, The Free Speech Critique, And The Solution Of Free Association, Trevor N. Ward 2017 College of William & Mary Law School

Protecting The Silence Of Speech: Academic Safe Spaces, The Free Speech Critique, And The Solution Of Free Association, Trevor N. Ward

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Safeguarding The Future Of Bangladeshi Children: The Need For A Comprehensive National Educational System, Samantha A. Barach 2017 Brooklyn Law School

Safeguarding The Future Of Bangladeshi Children: The Need For A Comprehensive National Educational System, Samantha A. Barach

Brooklyn Journal of International Law

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)—the human rights treaty ratified by the most States Parties—is binding international law which enumerates the rights guaranteed to all children worldwide. Despite the widespread ratification of the CRC, many countries lack the proper legislation and agencies to ensure that these rights are afforded to all children. One such country is Bangladesh. A relatively new country, Bangladesh gained its independence in 1971 and was one of the first twenty countries to ratify the CRC. Notwithstanding this eagerness to promote children’s rights, Bangladeshi children suffer from a high ...


Baking Common Sense Into The Ferpa Cake: How To Meaningfully Protect Student Rights And The Public Interest, Zach Greenberg, Adam Goldstein 2017 Notre Dame Law School

Baking Common Sense Into The Ferpa Cake: How To Meaningfully Protect Student Rights And The Public Interest, Zach Greenberg, Adam Goldstein

Journal of Legislation

No abstract provided.


The Miseducation Of Welfare Reform: Denying The Promise Of Postsecondary Education, Rebekah J. Smith, Luisa S. Deprez, Sandra S. Butler 2017 University of Maine School of Law

The Miseducation Of Welfare Reform: Denying The Promise Of Postsecondary Education, Rebekah J. Smith, Luisa S. Deprez, Sandra S. Butler

Maine Law Review

When Congress enacted “welfare reform” in 1996, decades of progress in assisting low-income mothers obtain a college education in order to escape poverty was nearly eradicated. The federal welfare reform law strongly discouraged states from incorporating postsecondary education into their welfare reform programs and focused instead on “work-first” policies. As a direct result, hundreds of thousands of low-income mothers across the country were forced to drop out of college and find jobs in order to comply with strict “work-first” welfare rules. Despite the pressure imposed by the federal law, the State of Maine persevered in its effort to make college ...


No “Gift” Giving Here: The Inadequate Gifted Education Programs In New York State And The Need For Gifted Education Reform, Jamie M. Kautz 2017 Brooklyn Law School

No “Gift” Giving Here: The Inadequate Gifted Education Programs In New York State And The Need For Gifted Education Reform, Jamie M. Kautz

Journal of Law and Policy

Gifted Education is a topic that is often not at the forefront of educational issues throughout federal and state discussions and legislative actions. However, while there are a large number of students in classrooms across the country who are “gifted,” the number of individual states with comprehensive gifted programs within their public school districts is small. As a result, gifted programming is limited and gifted students are not guaranteed any sort of academic assistance beyond that of a standard classroom curriculum for their designated grade levels. More importantly, in the majority of states, including New York, the legal protections offered ...


Barriers To Higher Education: Underrepresented Minorities' Access To Uci, Kimberly Dennin 2017 Salve Regina University

Barriers To Higher Education: Underrepresented Minorities' Access To Uci, Kimberly Dennin

Pell Scholars and Senior Theses

Ever since the removal of Affirmative Action in California from Proposition 209, the UC system has struggled with increasing the enrollment numbers of underrepresented minorities on their campuses. In response to this, many of the UC schools are adopting different policies to help counteract the negative effects of Proposition 209. This paper examines the effects of Proposition 209 on the underrepresented minority population in the UC system, specifically focusing on the University of California, Irvine (UCI). The areas of focus for addressing the issues of Proposition 209 at UCI are outreach programs, admissions policies, and recruitment programs. This paper examines ...


Efficacy Of North Haven’S Response To Intervention In Reducing Over-Identification Of Specific Learning Disabilities, Karyn B. Gallagher 2017 Sacred Heart University

Efficacy Of North Haven’S Response To Intervention In Reducing Over-Identification Of Specific Learning Disabilities, Karyn B. Gallagher

EDL Sixth Year Theses

In 2006, a reauthorization of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Improvement Act led to changes in how the state of Connecticut determined special education eligibility for a student with a specific learning disability. The Response to Intervention (RTI) approach replaced of the discrepancy model in making this determination. This retrospective case study looked at the perceptions of North Haven Staff on the efficacy of the RTI process in reducing the over-identification of students with specific learning disabilities. A mixed-methods survey was administered to 337 professionals in North Haven, CT. Of the 86 responses received, 73 were determined to be useful ...


Unpatriotic Profit: How For-Profit Colleges Target Veterans And What The Government Must Do To Stop Them, Christopher J. Salemme 2017 Brigham Young University Law School

Unpatriotic Profit: How For-Profit Colleges Target Veterans And What The Government Must Do To Stop Them, Christopher J. Salemme

Brigham Young University Journal of Public Law

No abstract provided.


Arkansas Teacher Salaries, Sarah C. McKenzie, Gary W. Ritter 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Arkansas Teacher Salaries, Sarah C. Mckenzie, Gary W. Ritter

Policy Briefs

This brief examines teacher salaries in Arkansas. Using data publicly available from the Arkansas Department of Education, we examine how teacher salaries compare to the nation and surrounding states. Further analyses examine differences in teacher salary within and between the regions of Arkansas. We identify the district factors most related to and make recommendations for utilizing this information.


An Examination Of The Instruction Of Religion Clause Issues In Massachusetts Teacher Education Programs, Matthew E. Henry 2017 Lesley University

An Examination Of The Instruction Of Religion Clause Issues In Massachusetts Teacher Education Programs, Matthew E. Henry

Educational Studies Dissertations

The prevailing research, as well as reported complaints of academic, civic, personal, and social harm, indicates that public school teachers do not exhibit the professional knowledge, skills, and attitudes grounded in the religion clauses of the U.S. Constitution. This study investigated how TEPs in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts document their instruction of preservice teachers on religion clause issues as they apply to grade 6-12 content area pedagogy, curriculum, and professional ethos. The institutional documents presented to preservice teachers were collected from four teacher education programs in the Commonwealth. An evaluation tool— synthesized from the leading scholarship and research on ...


Educational Equality For Children With Disabilities: The 2016 Term Cases, Samuel R. Bagenstos 2017 University of Michigan Law School

Educational Equality For Children With Disabilities: The 2016 Term Cases, Samuel R. Bagenstos

Book Chapters

One of the most longstanding debates in educational policy pits the goal of equality against the goal of adequacy: Should we aim to guarantee that all children receive an equal education? Or simply that they all receive an adequate education? The debate is vexing in part because there are many ways to specify “equality” and “adequacy.” Are we talking about equality of inputs (which inputs?), equality of opportunity (to achieve what?), or equality of results (which results?)? Douglas Rae and his colleagues famously argued that there are no fewer than 108 structurally distinct conceptions of equality. And how do we ...


Violence In Schools, Sr. Mary Angela Shaughnessy 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Violence In Schools, Sr. Mary Angela Shaughnessy

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Fair Dealing On Trial, Lisa Di Valentino 2017 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Fair Dealing On Trial, Lisa Di Valentino

Lisa Di Valentino

Discusses and critiques Access Copyright v. York University, 2017 FC 669, a Federal Court of Canada decision that addresses fair dealing policy and practice at a major university.


Persistent Monkey On The Back Of The American Public Education System: A Study Of The Continued Debate Over The Teaching Of Creationism And Evolution, Gabriel Acri 2017 St. John's University School of Law

Persistent Monkey On The Back Of The American Public Education System: A Study Of The Continued Debate Over The Teaching Of Creationism And Evolution, Gabriel Acri

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


Education Funding In Maine In Light Of Zelman And Locke: Too Much Play In The Joints?, Sarah M. Lavigne 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Education Funding In Maine In Light Of Zelman And Locke: Too Much Play In The Joints?, Sarah M. Lavigne

Maine Law Review

The United States Supreme Court has struggled with the countervailing directives of the Free Exercise Clause and the Establishment Clause for decades. One area in which this battle has been particularly contentious is the issue of public funding of religious schools. On one hand, opponents argue that such funding is an impermissible co-mingling of church and state, thereby violating the Establishment Clause. Meanwhile, proponents of public funding of religious schools argue that, to withhold funding from religious schools would place a burden on those wishing to send their children to religious schools, thereby impermissibly preventing individuals from practicing their faith ...


From No Child Left Behind To Every Student Succeeds: Back To A Future For Education Federalism, Michael Heise 2017 Cornell Law School

From No Child Left Behind To Every Student Succeeds: Back To A Future For Education Federalism, Michael Heise

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

When passed in 2001, the No Child Left Behind Act represented the federal government’s most dramatic foray into the elementary and secondary public school policymaking terrain. While critics emphasized the Act’s overreliance on standardized testing and its reduced school district and state autonomy, proponents lauded the Act’s goal to close the achievement gap between middle- and upper-middle-class students and students historically ill served by their schools. Whatever structural changes the No Child Left Behind Act achieved, however, were largely undone in 2015 by the Every Student Succeeds Act, which repositioned significant federal education policy control in state ...


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