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Using Econometrics And Predictive Modeling For Allocation Of Resources To Counter Organized Crime, William Byrnes 2010 Texas A&M University School of Law

Using Econometrics And Predictive Modeling For Allocation Of Resources To Counter Organized Crime, William Byrnes

William H. Byrnes

No abstract provided.


Blameworthiness And Dangerousness: An Analysis Of Violent Female Capital Offenders In The United States And China, Courtney LaHaie 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Blameworthiness And Dangerousness: An Analysis Of Violent Female Capital Offenders In The United States And China, Courtney Lahaie

Graduate Research Symposium (GCUA)

The United States and China represent two of the leading nations that retain the death penalty in both law and practice. Research suggests that judges’ sentencing decisions are based primarily on two factors, blameworthiness and dangerousness. Studies involving gender and sentencing in capital punishment cases tend to provide inconsistent findings. The current study uses case narratives to examine the direct and conjunctive effects of various factors on the sentencing decisions of violent female capital offenders in the United States and China. The findings suggest that the concepts of blameworthiness and dangerousness are distinctly defined in the United States and China ...


Environmental Crimes, Beau James Brock, Walter Becker, Jr., Dorothy Taylor 2010 Selected Works

Environmental Crimes, Beau James Brock, Walter Becker, Jr., Dorothy Taylor

Beau James Brock

Power point team presentation on environmental crimes.


Privacy Revisited: Gps Tracking As Search And Seizure, Bennett L. Gershman 2010 Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Privacy Revisited: Gps Tracking As Search And Seizure, Bennett L. Gershman

Pace Law Faculty Publications

Part I of this Article discusses the facts in People v. Weaver, the majority and dissenting opinions in the Appellate Division, Third Department, and the majority and dissenting opinions in the Court of Appeals. Part II addresses the question that has yet to be decided by the U.S. Supreme Court – whether GPS tracking of a vehicle by law enforcement constitutes a search under the Fourth Amendment. Part III addresses the separate question that the Court of Appeals did not address - whether the surreptitious attachment of a GPS device to a vehicle constitutes a seizure under the Fourth Amendment. The ...


Development Of A Dna Database In Ireland — Assessing The Proposed Legislation, Liz Campbell 2010 University of Aberdeen

Development Of A Dna Database In Ireland — Assessing The Proposed Legislation, Liz Campbell

Liz Campbell

The collection and retention of DNA samples are seen universally as crucial for purposes of criminal investigation and prosecution, as a means of excluding innocent suspects, and of exonerating the wrongfully convicted. However, there is less consistency across jurisdictions regarding whose DNA should be obtained by the state and for how long it should be stored. The need for a measured approach in this context is underlined by the “exceptionalism” of genetic material, given the depth and sensitivity of the information contained within, and the potential for “function creep”, whereby state powers insidiously increase and data gathered for one purpose ...


The Dance Of Death Or (Almost) "No One Here Gets Out Alive": The Fourth Circuit's Capital Punishment Jurisprudence, John H. Blume 2010 Cornell Law School

The Dance Of Death Or (Almost) "No One Here Gets Out Alive": The Fourth Circuit's Capital Punishment Jurisprudence, John H. Blume

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Lethal Discrimination, J. Thomas Sullivan 2010 University of Arkansas at Little Rock William H. Bowen School of Law

Lethal Discrimination, J. Thomas Sullivan

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Lethal Discrimination 2: Repairing The Remedies For Racial Discrimination In Capital Sentencing, J. Thomas Sullivan 2010 University of Arkansas at Little Rock William H. Bowen School of Law

Lethal Discrimination 2: Repairing The Remedies For Racial Discrimination In Capital Sentencing, J. Thomas Sullivan

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Do The Fifth And Sixth Amendments Prohibit The Designation Of U.S. Persons Under The International Emergency Economic Powers Act?, Eric Sandberg-Zakian 2010 Yale Law School

Do The Fifth And Sixth Amendments Prohibit The Designation Of U.S. Persons Under The International Emergency Economic Powers Act?, Eric Sandberg-Zakian

Student Scholarship Papers

The International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA) empowers the executive branch to designate organizations and individuals “Specially Designated Global Terrorists.” Though IEEPA designation is used against both domestic and foreign entities, its consequences are most severe within the United States. The designee’s assets are frozen and transacting with the designee becomes a federal felony. For an American organization, IEEPA designation is a death sentence. For an Amercan individual, it amounts to house arrest. This Article analyzes IEEPA using the Mendoza-Martinez test and concludes that IEEPA designation of U.S. persons violates the Fifth and Sixth Amendments by imposing punishment ...


Australia And The United States: Two Common Criminal Justice Systems Uncommonly At Odds, Part 2, Paul Marcus, Vicki Waye 2010 William & Mary Law School

Australia And The United States: Two Common Criminal Justice Systems Uncommonly At Odds, Part 2, Paul Marcus, Vicki Waye

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


One Free Swerve? Requiring Police To Corroborate Anonymous Tips In Order To Establish Reasonable Suspicion For Warrantless Seizure Of Alleged Drunk Drivers, Michael B. Kunz 2010 American University Washington College of Law

One Free Swerve? Requiring Police To Corroborate Anonymous Tips In Order To Establish Reasonable Suspicion For Warrantless Seizure Of Alleged Drunk Drivers, Michael B. Kunz

Distinguished Student Research Papers

The Supreme Court holds that warrantless searches and seizures are presumptively unreasonable. Nonetheless, the Court has carved out exceptions that give law enforcement officials considerable flexibility with which to conduct their day-to-day criminal investigations. One such exception to the warrant requirement is that police may stop and question an individual so long as the detaining officer has a reasonable belief that criminal activity may be taking place. Furthermore, the Court permits this requisite reasonable suspicion to be based on information provided by third-party sources, and has identified specific limits as to the type and quality of information police may use ...


The Costs Of Abusing Probationary Sentences: Overincarceration And The Erosion Of Due Process, Andrew Horwitz 2010 Roger Williams University School of Law

The Costs Of Abusing Probationary Sentences: Overincarceration And The Erosion Of Due Process, Andrew Horwitz

Law Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Fear Of Crime Among Chinese Immigrants, Ilhong Yun, Glen Kercher, Sam Swindell 2010 Boise State University

Fear Of Crime Among Chinese Immigrants, Ilhong Yun, Glen Kercher, Sam Swindell

Criminal Justice Faculty Publications and Presentations

Western scholars implicitly assume that the correlates of fear of crime discovered in the extant literature are also applicable to populations of different culture and ethnic backgrounds. The current study investigates whether such an assumption is valid, drawing on survey data of Chinese immigrants in Houston. Among other findings, this study reveals that the effect of age on fear of crime is negative among Chinese immigrants, contrary to the previous research findings on the general population. We discuss the social and cultural process that produces this interesting pattern. The study also finds that consistent with previous research that acculturation is ...


Why Care About Mass Incarceration?, James Forman Jr. 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

Why Care About Mass Incarceration?, James Forman Jr.

Michigan Law Review

Advocates for less punitive crime policies in the United States face long and dispiriting odds. The difficulty of the challenge becomes clear if we compare our criminal justice outcomes with those of other nations: We lock up more people, and for longer, than anyone else in the world. We continue to use the death penalty long after Europe abandoned it, we are the only country in the world to lock up juveniles for life, and we have prisoners serving fifty-year sentences for stealing videotapes from Kmart. Our courts offer little relief: the German Constitutional Court prohibits a sentence of life ...


Can Criminal Law Be Controlled?, Darryl K. Brown 2010 University of Virginia Law School

Can Criminal Law Be Controlled?, Darryl K. Brown

Michigan Law Review

It is a bizarre state of affairs that criminal law has no coherent description or explanation. We have standard tropes to define criminal law, but they obscure as much as they clarify and are honored in the breach as much as the rule. Crimes, for instance, are defined by wrongdoing and culpability; to be guilty, one must do a wrongful act in a blameworthy manner, that is, as a responsible agent without excuse or justification. And crimes define public wrongs, which are distinct from private wrongs. Further, we criminalize only harmful conduct, or risk-creating conduct, or immoral conduct, or conduct ...


Sentencing Beyond Our Borders, Steven Chanenson 2010 1567

Sentencing Beyond Our Borders, Steven Chanenson

Steven L. Chanenson

No abstract provided.


Omg! Evidence Challenges In An Electronic World, Mary Sue Backus 2010 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Omg! Evidence Challenges In An Electronic World, Mary Sue Backus

Mary Sue Backus

No abstract provided.


Selling Confession: Setting The Stage With The "Sympathetic Detective With A Time-Limited Offer", Richard Leo, Deborah Davis, William C. Follette 2010 University of San Francisco

Selling Confession: Setting The Stage With The "Sympathetic Detective With A Time-Limited Offer", Richard Leo, Deborah Davis, William C. Follette

Richard A. Leo

The effectiveness of an interrogation tactic dubbed the “sympathetic detective with a time limited offer” was tested. Participants read two versions of an interrogation transcript, with and without the tactic. Those who read the sympathetic detective version believed the detective had greater authority to determine whether and with what to charge the suspect, more beneficent intentions toward the suspect, and viewed confession as more wise. However, regression analyses indicated that for innocent suspects, only perceptions of the strength of evidence against the suspect and the detective’s beneficence and authority predicted the perceived wisdom of false confession. Interrogation tactics were ...


Renaissance Of Environmental Criminal Investigation In Louisiana: A Model For The Nation, Beau James Brock, Michael Daniels 2010 Selected Works

Renaissance Of Environmental Criminal Investigation In Louisiana: A Model For The Nation, Beau James Brock, Michael Daniels

Beau James Brock

In Louisiana, perpetrators of knowing criminal violations of the Louisiana Environmental Quality Act, Title 30 subject themselves to felony conduct. Now, that is not just idle words on a page. This law enforcement arm built to preserve the quality of life for every citizen of Louisiana is no longer a paper tiger, but a fightin’ tiger, capable of and willing to investigate in any situation. In the spring of 2008, sustainable programmatic changes in CID were immediately put into place. Some of these included the following: 1) comprehensive overhaul of the then current policies and procedures; 2) the replacement of ...


Federal Hill Protest Targets Landlords, Donna M. Hughes Dr., Melanie Shapiro Esq 2010 University of Rhode Island

Federal Hill Protest Targets Landlords, Donna M. Hughes Dr., Melanie Shapiro Esq

Donna M. Hughes

Landlords who rent space to spa-brothels were the target of a protest on Atwells Avenue on Federal Hill in Providence on the evening of March 28th. About two dozen neighbors, friends, and anti-trafficking activists gathered to condemn landlords who rent to spa-brothels.


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