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Civil Asset Forfeiture Abuse: Can State Legislation Solve The Problem?, David Pimentel 2017 University of Idaho College of Law

Civil Asset Forfeiture Abuse: Can State Legislation Solve The Problem?, David Pimentel

David Pimentel

Civil asset forfeiture is an extraordinarily powerful tool for law enforcement, allowing the seizure of assets without proof of wrongdoing, and with few safeguards in place to protect innocent owners. The incentives to overreach are powerful as police are usually able to keep whatever they seize for their own use. Federal reform in 2000 was largely ineffective to rein in the abuses, and with public outrage against the practice rising, states are starting to weigh in with reforms of their own. But this is a complex area of law, and the financial incentives to perpetuate it are powerful. Accordingly, many ...


Section 875c: Not For All Intents And Purposes, Maris Snell 2017 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Section 875c: Not For All Intents And Purposes, Maris Snell

Florida Law Review

In spring of 2010, Anthony Elonis’s wife left him, taking their two children with her. Shortly thereafter, Elonis began posting violent and degrading material, frequently styled as “rap lyrics,” on Facebook. After Elonis posted an illustrated diagram depicting his wife’s home and provided hypothetical instructions on the best way to “fire a mortar launcher at her house,” she sought a protective order. Elonis learned of the order and redirected the focus of his threatening posts to include police officers, FBI agents, and even a kindergarten class.

A grand jury indicted Elonis for five counts of violating 18 U ...


The Rise Of Systematic Pre-Exclusion Delay: Proposing A Solution To Decades On Death Row, Krista MacKay 2017 University of Florida Levin College of Law

The Rise Of Systematic Pre-Exclusion Delay: Proposing A Solution To Decades On Death Row, Krista Mackay

Florida Law Review

Although the claim that death row inmates’ pre-execution delays violate the Eighth Amendment has been historically unsuccessful, the decision in Jones v. Chappell paved a new path to its success. In Jones, despite the Ninth Circuit’s disagreement, a federal judge in California became the first to rule that systematic delay has rendered California’s death penalty system unconstitutional. The court in Jones defined systematic delay as delay inherent to the state’s dysfunctional administration of the death penalty. Due to increasing pre-execution delays nationwide and recent initiatives to examine and repeal state death penalty systems, other state courts may ...


Corporate Criminal Prosecutions And The Exclusionary Rule, Robert E. Wagner 2017 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Corporate Criminal Prosecutions And The Exclusionary Rule, Robert E. Wagner

Florida Law Review

For well over half a century, the legal system has chosen to exclude some of the most probative evidence possible from criminal trials when the government obtained the evidence in contravention of the Fourth Amendment. This policy of exclusion is based more on a perceived greater need to protect U.S. citizens from governmental abuses than to convict every criminal. Meanwhile, during the same time period in which courts have excluded this evidence, the government has consistently increased the level of criminal enforcement against corporations. The government regularly promotes the idea that corporations are dangerous if left unchecked, and as ...


Coming To Grips With The Ethical Challenges For Capital Post-Conviction Representation Posed By Martinez V. Ryan, John H. Blume, W. Bradley Wendel 2017 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Coming To Grips With The Ethical Challenges For Capital Post-Conviction Representation Posed By Martinez V. Ryan, John H. Blume, W. Bradley Wendel

Florida Law Review

In its groundbreaking decision in Martinez v. Ryan, 556 U.S. 1 (2012), the Supreme Court of the United States held that inadequate assistance of post-conviction counsel could be sufficient “cause” to excuse a procedural default thus allowing a federal court in habeas corpus proceedings to reach the merits of an otherwise barred claim that an inmate was deprived of his Sixth Amendment right to the effective assistance of counsel at trial. The upshot of Martinez is that, if state post-conviction counsel unreasonably (and prejudicially) fails to raise a viable claim of ineffective assistance of trial counsel, then there is ...


The Sentencing Controversy: Punishment And Policy In The War Against Drugs - Introduction - What Frankel Hath Wrought, Donald W. Dowd 2017 Selected Works

The Sentencing Controversy: Punishment And Policy In The War Against Drugs - Introduction - What Frankel Hath Wrought, Donald W. Dowd

Donald W. Dowd

No abstract provided.


Prisoner's Rights And The Correctional Scheme: The Legal Controversy And Problems Of Implementation - A Symposium - Introduction, Donald W. Dowd 2017 Selected Works

Prisoner's Rights And The Correctional Scheme: The Legal Controversy And Problems Of Implementation - A Symposium - Introduction, Donald W. Dowd

Donald W. Dowd

No abstract provided.


Skyjacking: Problems And Potential Solutions - Introduction, Donald W. Dowd 2017 Selected Works

Skyjacking: Problems And Potential Solutions - Introduction, Donald W. Dowd

Donald W. Dowd

No abstract provided.


The Pit And The Pendulum: Correctional Law Reform From The Sixties Into The Eighties, Donald W. Dowd 2017 Selected Works

The Pit And The Pendulum: Correctional Law Reform From The Sixties Into The Eighties, Donald W. Dowd

Donald W. Dowd

No abstract provided.


Cleaning Up The Standards Of The Mental Hygiene Law: State V. Dennis K. And Civil Commitment, Maria Benvenuto 2017 Boston College Law School

Cleaning Up The Standards Of The Mental Hygiene Law: State V. Dennis K. And Civil Commitment, Maria Benvenuto

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

On July 5, 2016, in State v. Dennis K., the Court of Appeals of New York upheld the civil commitment of two individuals in accordance with article 10 of the Mental Hygiene Law. The majority relied on the testimony of expert witnesses and the individuals’ past criminal records to classify them as possessing a “mental abnormality” that predisposes them to commit sexual offenses, a necessary element of a civil commitment finding. The court ultimately found the evidence presented sufficient to make this classification and indefinitely restrict the freedom of such individuals. In contrast, the dissent emphasized the lack of certainty ...


The Limits Of Executive Clemency: How The Virginia Supreme Court Blocked The Restoration Of Felons’ Political Rights In Howell V. Mcauliffe, Alexander Pringle 2017 Boston College Law School

The Limits Of Executive Clemency: How The Virginia Supreme Court Blocked The Restoration Of Felons’ Political Rights In Howell V. Mcauliffe, Alexander Pringle

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

On July 22, 2016, the Supreme Court of Virginia found Virginia Governor Terence McAuliffe’s actions restoring full political rights to 206,000 Virginians convicted of a felony unconstitutional. At the same time, the court issued a writ of mandamus ordering Commonwealth officials to remove these convicted felons from the voting rolls and return their names to the list of prohibited voters. Governor McAuliffe had restored the political rights of these released felons en masse, via a single Executive Order on April 22, 2016, eschewing the typical case-by-case review process for restoration of voting rights. The majority in the case ...


Trapped To Confess: State V. Gray And Arizona’S Outlier Entrapment Statute, Venus Chui 2017 Boston College Law School

Trapped To Confess: State V. Gray And Arizona’S Outlier Entrapment Statute, Venus Chui

Boston College Journal of Law & Social Justice

On June 20, 2016, in State v. Gray, the Arizona Supreme Court held that for a defendant to invoke the defense of entrapment, he or she must affirmatively admit each element of the crime. The case emerged after Maverick Gray was arrested and charged for selling cocaine to an undercover police officer, and raised the entrapment defense at trial without disputing the government’s evidence of his guilt. The court explained that simply choosing not to challenge the evidence does not rise to the level of an affirmative admission. The dissent persuasively argued that Arizona’s entrapment statute is draconian ...


Introduction: Marijuana Laws And Federalism, Erwin Chemerinsky 2017 University of California, Irvine School of Law

Introduction: Marijuana Laws And Federalism, Erwin Chemerinsky

Erwin Chemerinsky

No abstract provided.


The History Of Drug Control Laws: American Aspects, 9 J. Marshall J. Prac. & Proc. 46 (1975), Nicholas N. Kittrie 2017 Selected Works

The History Of Drug Control Laws: American Aspects, 9 J. Marshall J. Prac. & Proc. 46 (1975), Nicholas N. Kittrie

Nicholas Kittrie

No abstract provided.


A Post Mortem Of The Eichmann Case--The Lessons For International Law, Nicholas N. Kittrie 2017 Selected Works

A Post Mortem Of The Eichmann Case--The Lessons For International Law, Nicholas N. Kittrie

Nicholas Kittrie

No abstract provided.


Contemporary Problems Of Drug Abuse - Iii. Saturday Afternoon, Nicholas Johnson, Mark L. Cohen, Joe Moss, Nicholas N. Kittrie 2017 Selected Works

Contemporary Problems Of Drug Abuse - Iii. Saturday Afternoon, Nicholas Johnson, Mark L. Cohen, Joe Moss, Nicholas N. Kittrie

Nicholas Kittrie

No abstract provided.


The Death Penalty In The Twenty-First Century , Stephen B. Bright, Edward Chikofsky, Laurie Ekstrand, Harriet C. Ganson, Paul D. Kamenar, Robert E. Morin, William G. Otis, Jasmin Raskin, Ira P. Robbins, Diann Rust-Tierney, Charles F. Shilling, Andrew L. Sooner, Ronald J. Rabak, David V. Drehle, James Wootton 2017 Selected Works

The Death Penalty In The Twenty-First Century , Stephen B. Bright, Edward Chikofsky, Laurie Ekstrand, Harriet C. Ganson, Paul D. Kamenar, Robert E. Morin, William G. Otis, Jasmin Raskin, Ira P. Robbins, Diann Rust-Tierney, Charles F. Shilling, Andrew L. Sooner, Ronald J. Rabak, David V. Drehle, James Wootton

Jamin Raskin

No abstract provided.


The Forensic Community Can Educate Lawyers, Judges, Robert M. Sanger 2017 Santa Barbara College of Law

The Forensic Community Can Educate Lawyers, Judges, Robert M. Sanger

Robert M. Sanger

Forensic science has made significant strides in elevating the standards for forensic analysis, reporting and testimony over the last few years. Yet, lawyers and judges lag far behind in understanding the significance of these strides. There is an attempt to educate law students in the law schools and to educate lawyers and judges through continuing legal and judicial education but it is slow in finding its way into the actual courtroom. Therefore, while there is progress at the highest levels of forensic science, a lot of "junk" science competes for the attention of jurors.

Forensic scientists can help educate the ...


Voting Rights And The History Of Institutionalized Racism: Criminal Disenfranchisement In The United States And South Africa, Brock A. Johnson 2017 University of Georgia School of Law

Voting Rights And The History Of Institutionalized Racism: Criminal Disenfranchisement In The United States And South Africa, Brock A. Johnson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Introduction: Marijuana Laws And Federalism, Erwin Chemerinsky 2017 University of California, Irvine School of Law

Introduction: Marijuana Laws And Federalism, Erwin Chemerinsky

Boston College Law Review

No abstract provided.


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