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Puerto Rico And The Right Of Accession, Joseph Blocher, Mitu Gulati 2018 Duke Law School

Puerto Rico And The Right Of Accession, Joseph Blocher, Mitu Gulati

Faculty Scholarship

On June 11, 2017, Puerto Rico held a referendum on its legal status. Although turnout was low, 97% of ballots favored statehood, rather than independence or the status quo. The federal government, however, has financial and political reasons to resist this preference: Puerto Rico would bring with it a massive, unpayable debt, and the potential to swing the current balance of power in Congress. That then raises the two questions of whether Congress could decide expel Puerto Rico (give it “independence”) or is legally required to give it statehood (“accession”).

The answers are not obvious. International law, we argue, suggests ...


Secession And Federalism In The United States: Tools For Managing Regional Conflict In A Pluralist Society, Erin Ryan 2017 Florida State University College of Law

Secession And Federalism In The United States: Tools For Managing Regional Conflict In A Pluralist Society, Erin Ryan

Erin Ryan

This Article explores the use of federalism and secession as tools for managing regional conflict within pluralist governance, drawing on underappreciated features of the American experience.  Epic struggles to balance autonomy with interdependence have taken on new urgency as dissatisfaction with globalization inspires political cataclysms unimaginable just a few years ago—including ‘Brexit’ from the European Union and American threats to leave NATO.  The same impetus toward devolution also surfaces in heated intra-national conflicts.  Recent calls for secession in Scotland, Catalonia, Québec, the Sudan, and even the United States reveal multiple political contexts in which questions have been raised about ...


State Action Doctrine And The Logic Of Constitutional Containment, Jud Mathews 2017 Penn State Law

State Action Doctrine And The Logic Of Constitutional Containment, Jud Mathews

Jud Mathews

Deriding the state action doctrine is one of the great pastimes of American constitutional law. It has been described as a shamble and "incoherent." On its face, the core concept seems straightforward enough constitutional rights are rights against the government. But what counts as the "state action" that triggers the protection of rights seems to shift, maddeningly, from case to case in the Supreme Court's state action jurisprudence.

In this article, I aim to help make some sense of why the state action doctrine has developed as it has by setting it in a comparative and historical frame. It ...


Sex, Tax And The Charter: A Review Of Thibaudeau V. Canada, Lisa Philipps, Margot Young 2017 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia

Sex, Tax And The Charter: A Review Of Thibaudeau V. Canada, Lisa Philipps, Margot Young

Lisa Philipps

Section 15 of the Charter offers the promise of redressing many systemic inequalities in the law. This paper considers the implications of section 15 for the taxation of child support payments, an issue raised in the Thibaudeau case. While endorsing the Federal Court of Appeal's decision that the current tax regime is unconstitutional, the authors take issue with the Court's reasoning in reaching this result. In the first part of their paper, the authors address a number of shortcomings in the Court's equality analysis, arguing that the process employed by the Court ignored critical aspects of equality ...


Developments In Constitutional Law: The 1994-95 Term, Hester Lessard, Bruce Ryder, David Schneiderman, Margot Young 2017 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia

Developments In Constitutional Law: The 1994-95 Term, Hester Lessard, Bruce Ryder, David Schneiderman, Margot Young

Bruce B. Ryder

This essay explores the apparent triumph of the individual of classical liberalism in Supreme Court decision making. Our analysis examines the particular way in which this political imagery of the individual interacts with judicial assumptions about important social institutions: the family, religion, media, and the state. What is revealed is the judicial adoption of an intricate social and political map in which abstract individualism combines with, and often masks, traditional, conservative images of social order and moral choice.


Developments In Constitutional Law: The 1993-94 Term, Joel Bakan, Bruce Ryder, David Schneiderman, Margot Young 2017 Allard School of Law at the University of British Columbia

Developments In Constitutional Law: The 1993-94 Term, Joel Bakan, Bruce Ryder, David Schneiderman, Margot Young

Bruce B. Ryder

This paper seeks to draw out four different, and often conflicting, themes that inform the Supreme Court of Canada's constitutional decision making. Each theme expresses a conception of the Canadian state, and taken together they represent, arguably, the current range of dominant views regarding the appropriate role of the state in Canada: classical liberalism, federalism, social democracy and neo-liberalism. Explicit and implicit reliance upon these conceptions of the state can be understood as reflecting the Court's concern to stay in step with its perception of contemporary social consensus on the large political issues lurking behind every constitutional question ...


The Origins And Boundaries Of Executive Privilege, John M. Greabe 2017 University of New Hampshire School of Law

The Origins And Boundaries Of Executive Privilege, John M. Greabe

Legal Scholarship

[Excerpt] "When the president or persons working with the president are under investigation . . . the doctrine of executive privilege -which entitles the president to keep confidential certain communications to and from his advisers -inevitably becomes relevant."


The Blessing Of Separating Church And State, Alan E. Garfield 2017 Widener Law

The Blessing Of Separating Church And State, Alan E. Garfield

Alan E Garfield

No abstract provided.


Federal Habeas Review Of State Court Convictions: Incoherent Law But An Essential Right, Lynn Adelman 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Federal Habeas Review Of State Court Convictions: Incoherent Law But An Essential Right, Lynn Adelman

Maine Law Review

I thank the editors of the Maine Law Review for the opportunity to participate in a discussion about the present state of post-conviction review of criminal convictions. This discussion is important and timely both because the quality of the procedures by which state prisoners can obtain post-conviction review varies greatly from state to state and because state prisoners who seek federal court review of their constitutional claims by petitioning for a writ of habeas corpus face many obstacles. As a federal district judge, my experience is primarily with the later problem. Thus, in this article, I will offer a few ...


A Tale Of Tulips: A Counterpoint To Courts Codifying Collectibles, Hunter S. Higgins 2017 Pepperdine University

A Tale Of Tulips: A Counterpoint To Courts Codifying Collectibles, Hunter S. Higgins

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

The goal of this Note is to educate the courts and public of the patent inconsistencies and latent implications of judicial interference in the art and collectibles market, as prosecutors, judges, and the public risk unraveling the delicate fabric of its legal and economic framework. Part II of the Note will closely examine the economics of the art and collectibles marketplace, from internal changes at the auction house to external changes in the global marketplace. In particular, the Note will examine the Asian marketplace, which has led the global expansion of art and collectibles, and the potential dangers of the ...


Scotus's 2016-17 Term: The Calm Before The Storm?, John M. Greabe 2017 University of New Hampshire School of Law

Scotus's 2016-17 Term: The Calm Before The Storm?, John M. Greabe

Legal Scholarship

[Excerpt] “The court's just-completed 2016-17 term contained no . . . blockbusters. Its highest profile ruling was an unsigned opinion that modified preliminary injunctions issued by lower courts to prevent President Donald Trump's "travel ban" orders from going into immediate effect.

But that ruling did not decide whether the president's orders are in fact unconstitutional. Instead, the court put that important question off until the fall, by which time further factual developments -for example, the executive branch completing its review and deciding to lift or modify the bans -may well render the issue moot.”


The Freedom From Sexploitation Agenda: Policy And Legislative Recommendations To Curb Sexual Exploitation, Dawn Hawkins 2017 National Center on Sexual Exploitation

The Freedom From Sexploitation Agenda: Policy And Legislative Recommendations To Curb Sexual Exploitation, Dawn Hawkins

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Mad Men And Dead Men: Justification For Regulation Of Computer-Generated Images Of Deceased Celebrity Endorsers, Kerry Barrett 2017 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law

Mad Men And Dead Men: Justification For Regulation Of Computer-Generated Images Of Deceased Celebrity Endorsers, Kerry Barrett

Cleveland State Law Review

Pursuant to the Federal Trade Commission Act, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is charged with consumer protection through the prohibition of unfair and deceptive trade practices. An unfair and deceptive trade practice is gaining in prominence and has not yet been subjected to FTC regulation. Computer-generated imagery (CGIs) of deceased celebrity endorsers are misleading to consumers and constitute a false advertisement. This Note evaluates how digitally resurrected endorsers pervert the consumer decision-making process through analysis of issue-relevant thinking, the match-up hypothesis, event-study analysis, social adaptation theory, and transfer theory. This Note also accounts for the macroeconomic effect of regulation of ...


Introduction To Dignity Special Issue: Freedom From Sexploitation, Lisa L. Thompson, Donna M. Hughes 2017 National Center on Sexual Exploitation

Introduction To Dignity Special Issue: Freedom From Sexploitation, Lisa L. Thompson, Donna M. Hughes

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


It Can't Wait: Exposing The Connections Between Forms Of Sexual Exploitation, Dawn Hawkins 2017 National Center on Sexual Exploitation

It Can't Wait: Exposing The Connections Between Forms Of Sexual Exploitation, Dawn Hawkins

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Today's Porn: Not A Constitutional Right; Not A Human Right, Patrick Trueman 2017 National Center on Sexual Exploitation

Today's Porn: Not A Constitutional Right; Not A Human Right, Patrick Trueman

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Amend The Communications Decency Act To Protect Victims Of Sexual Exploitation, Samantha Vardaman 2017 Shared Hope International

Amend The Communications Decency Act To Protect Victims Of Sexual Exploitation, Samantha Vardaman

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


The Progressives: Racism And Public Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2017 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Progressives: Racism And Public Law, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

American Progressivism inaugurated the beginning of the end of American scientific racism. Its critics have been vocal, however. Progressives have been charged with promotion of eugenics, and thus with mainstreaming practices such as compulsory housing segregation, sterilization of those deemed unfit, and exclusion of immigrants on racial grounds. But if the Progressives were such racists, why is it that since the 1930s Afro-Americans and other people of color have consistently supported self-proclaimed progressive political candidates, and typically by very wide margins?

When examining the Progressives on race, it is critical to distinguish the views that they inherited from those that ...


Membership Denied: Subordination And Subjugation Under United States Expansionism, Ediberto Román, Theron Simmons 2017 Florida International University College of Law

Membership Denied: Subordination And Subjugation Under United States Expansionism, Ediberto Román, Theron Simmons

Ediberto Roman

As for the proposal this Article seeks to promote, the length and complexity of this undertaking hopefully demonstrates the difficulty in arriving at an easily identified solution. Century long colonial struggles by several distinct countries and millions of their inhabitants are not easily resolved. Nevertheless, there are certain procedural steps that can be undertaken which may promote the realization of self-determination. The United States should be true to its rhetoric and promote democratic efforts in these lands to achieve autonomy. It is not enough to promote self-determination for other powers' colonies. The subordination of citizens and nationals is not only ...


The Alien-Citizen Paradox And Other Consequences Of U.S. Colonialism, Ediberto Román 2017 Florida International University College of Law

The Alien-Citizen Paradox And Other Consequences Of U.S. Colonialism, Ediberto Román

Ediberto Roman

This Article examines the United States' 100-year-old failed promise. In addition to detailing the unequal citizenship status of the people of Puerto Rico, this Article examines the role that racial and ethnic-based prejudice has played in this issue. 34 Essentially, this Article seeks to compare the traditional legal and political rhetoric of American inclusiveness and the virtues of U.S. citizenship to the reality of colonialism and the impact white supremacy has had on U.S. colonial history. By addressing the subordinated status of "aliencitizens," this Article illustrates the incompatibility of equality under colonialism. As Congress addresses the question of ...


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