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The Impact Of Cultural Heritage On Japanese Towns And Villages, Yuichiro Tsuji Dr. 2020 University of Tsukuba

The Impact Of Cultural Heritage On Japanese Towns And Villages, Yuichiro Tsuji Dr.

Seattle Journal of Technology, Environmental & Innovation Law

No abstract provided.


"Liberty Requires Accountability": The Appointments Clause, Lucia V. Sec, And The Next Constitutional Controversy, Michael A. Sabino 2020 William & Mary Law School

"Liberty Requires Accountability": The Appointments Clause, Lucia V. Sec, And The Next Constitutional Controversy, Michael A. Sabino

William & Mary Business Law Review

“Liberty requires accountability” is the essential precept which animates the Appointments Clause of Article II. This constitutional safeguard assures that those who exercise the sovereign power of the United States remain accountable both to the Chief Executive who appointed them and to the People who elected that President. The proviso was most recently tested in Lucia v. SEC, and, most assuredly, shall be in controversy again. After first expositing the high Court’s extensive Appointments Clause jurisprudence presaging Lucia, this Article thoroughly explores this newest Article II landmark, before concluding with commentary upon future Appointments Clause challenges expected to soon ...


Time To Prune The Flora--Procedural Due Process, The Full Payment Rule And Assessable Penalties: Larson V. United States, Frank G. Colella 2020 William & Mary Law School

Time To Prune The Flora--Procedural Due Process, The Full Payment Rule And Assessable Penalties: Larson V. United States, Frank G. Colella

William & Mary Business Law Review

In Larson v. United States, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals rejected the opportunity to limit the scope of the Flora “full payment” rule when its strict application in the instant case foreclosed judicial review of the underlying tax controversy. As a result, the decision rubberstamped the IRS’s imposition of assessable penalties without any meaningful judicial review of those actions. The Article argues that the court’s decision to blindly apply the full payment rule, without considering any form of a hardship exception, effectively denied John Larson his right to due process of law as guaranteed by the Fifth ...


Kahler V. Kansas: The End Of The Insanity Defense?, Eric Roytman 2020 Duke Law

Kahler V. Kansas: The End Of The Insanity Defense?, Eric Roytman

Duke Journal of Constitutional Law & Public Policy Sidebar

In 1995, Kansas, along with a small number of other states, passed a statute abrogating the widely recognized common law insanity defense. At common law, a defendant could raise the defense when a mental illness impaired his ability to distinguish right from wrong, allowing him to escape liability even when the elements of the crime were otherwise fulfilled. However, under Kansas’ statutory scheme, evidence of a defendant’s mental illness can only be used to negate the mens rea element of the offense. In other words, evidence of mental illness is only relevant when it shows that the defendant lacked ...


Relief For Preachers: The History Of Parsonages And Taxation, Theodore F. DiSalvo 2020 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

Relief For Preachers: The History Of Parsonages And Taxation, Theodore F. Disalvo

University of St. Thomas Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Taking The "Sum Total" Of The Common Good In Religious Freedom Discourse, Anthony R. Picarello Jr. 2020 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

Taking The "Sum Total" Of The Common Good In Religious Freedom Discourse, Anthony R. Picarello Jr.

University of St. Thomas Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Book A Stay And Win U.S. Citizenship: Examining Birth Tourism As A Business Subject To Federal Regulatory Controls, Nicole Marie Laudick 2020 University of Georgia School of Law

Book A Stay And Win U.S. Citizenship: Examining Birth Tourism As A Business Subject To Federal Regulatory Controls, Nicole Marie Laudick

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


You Made Gideon A Promise, Eh?: Advocating For Mandated Publicly Appointed Counsel At Bail Hearings In The United States Through Domestic Comparisons With Canadian Practices And Legal Considerations, Lauren Elizabeth Lisauskas 2020 University of Georgia School of Law

You Made Gideon A Promise, Eh?: Advocating For Mandated Publicly Appointed Counsel At Bail Hearings In The United States Through Domestic Comparisons With Canadian Practices And Legal Considerations, Lauren Elizabeth Lisauskas

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Do We Intend To Keep Our Republic?, John M. Greabe 2020 University of New Hampshire Franklin Pierce School of Law

Do We Intend To Keep Our Republic?, John M. Greabe

Law Faculty Scholarship

[Excerpt] Commentators recently have reminded us of a famous statement Benjamin Franklin allegedly made upon exiting Independence Hall on the final day of the 1787 Constitutional Convention. When asked whether the proposed Constitution would establish a monarchy or a republic, Franklin supposedly answered: "A republic, if you can keep it."

The anecdote, which both inspired the title of Supreme Court Justice Neil Gorsuch's recent book and was recounted by Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi when she announced the impeachment inquiry into the conduct of the president, reminds us that our republican form of government is not to be ...


Symposium: 19th Amendment At 100: "We Must Forget Every Difference And Unite In A Common Cause - Votes For Women": Lessons From The Woman Suffrage Movement (Or, Before The Notorius Rbg, There Were The Notorious Rbgs), Gwen Jordan 2020 The University of Akron

Symposium: 19th Amendment At 100: "We Must Forget Every Difference And Unite In A Common Cause - Votes For Women": Lessons From The Woman Suffrage Movement (Or, Before The Notorius Rbg, There Were The Notorious Rbgs), Gwen Jordan

ConLawNOW

The centennial of the Nineteenth Amendment induces a renewed assessment of the history of the woman’s suffrage movement and its legacy. This article focuses on the transnational activism of women professionals to secure, for all women, full social, civil, political, and legal rights. It examines the work of Rosa Goodrich Boido, a late nineteenth century doctor, and her daughter, Rosalind Goodrich Bates, an early twentieth century lawyer, as they generationally crossed national borders and fought for women’s rights and dignity in the US and around the world. Their stories document their understanding of suffrage as an incremental step ...


Reviewing Intergovernmental Institutions In Federal Systems: Opportunity For Cooperation, Harrison Schafer 2020 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

Reviewing Intergovernmental Institutions In Federal Systems: Opportunity For Cooperation, Harrison Schafer

Indiana Journal of Constitutional Design

This Article surveys intergovernmental institutions across federal states. Generally, these institutions offer meaningful cooperation for the different levels of government when addressing state problems. These institutions, however, often lack political authority to bind institutional members or implement authoritative state actions.

This Article proceeds in two general parts. First, this Article taxonomizes intergovernmental institutions across federal systems. Though few intergovernmental institutions are constitutionally mandated bodies, several federal states have enacted legislation to formalize these institutions while others simply utilize informal arrangements. This taxonomy will primarily discuss contemporary institutions within federal systems and focus exclusively on executive institutions. The taxonomy categorizes these ...


An Alternative Constitutional Implementation Mechanism? A Case Study Of Kenya’S Commission For The Implementation Of The Constitution., Siyu Li 2020 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

An Alternative Constitutional Implementation Mechanism? A Case Study Of Kenya’S Commission For The Implementation Of The Constitution., Siyu Li

Indiana Journal of Constitutional Design

This Paper analyzes the independent implementation commission of Kenya and its work in facilitating the implementation process of the 2010 Kenyan Constitution, and further evaluates the effectiveness of such implementation mechanism. The case study of the Kenyan Constitution implementation shows that an independent implementation commission established by the constitution can have substantially positive impact over the implementation process. To design a successful commission, it is crucial to ensure its institutional independence, legal and enforcement power, and collaboration with civil society.


The Press, National Security, And Civil Discourse: How A Federal Shield Law Could Reaffirm Media Credibility In An Era Of “Fake News”, Jenna Johnson 2020 Texas A&M University School of Law (Student)

The Press, National Security, And Civil Discourse: How A Federal Shield Law Could Reaffirm Media Credibility In An Era Of “Fake News”, Jenna Johnson

Texas A&M Law Review

The Constitution expressly provides protection for the freedom of the press. Yet there is one area in which the press is not so free: the freedom to refuse disclosing confidential sources when subpoenaed by the federal government. Currently, there is no federal reporter’s privilege. The Supreme Court has held the First Amendment provides no such protection, and repeated congressional attempts to codify a reporter’s privilege in a federal shield law have failed.

Arguments against a shield law include national security concerns and the struggle to precisely define “journalist.” Such concerns were evident in the most recently proposed shield ...


The Expansive Reach Of Pretrial Detention, Paul Heaton 2020 University of Pennsylvania Law School

The Expansive Reach Of Pretrial Detention, Paul Heaton

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Today we know much more about the effects of pretrial detention than we did even five years ago. Multiple empirical studies have emerged that shed new light on the far-reaching impacts of bail decisions made at the earliest stages of the criminal adjudication process. The takeaway from this new generation of studies is that pretrial detention has substantial downstream effects on both the operation of the criminal justice system and on defendants themselves, causally increasing the likelihood of a conviction, the severity of the sentence, and, in some jurisdictions, defendants’ likelihood of future contact with the criminal justice system. Detention ...


A Suspended Death Sentence: Habeas Review Of Expedited Removal Decisions, Lauren Schusterman 2020 University of Michigan Law School

A Suspended Death Sentence: Habeas Review Of Expedited Removal Decisions, Lauren Schusterman

Michigan Law Review

Expedited removal allows low-level immigration officers to summarily order the deportation of certain noncitizens, frequently with little to no judicial oversight. Noncitizens with legitimate asylum claims should not find themselves in expedited removal. When picked up by immigration authorities, they should be referred for a credible fear interview and then for more thorough proceedings.

Although there is clear congressional intent that asylum seekers not be subjected to expedited removal, mounting evidence suggests that expedited removal fails to identify bona fide asylum seekers. Consequently, many of them are sent back to persecution. Such decisions have weighty consequences, but they have remained ...


The Forgotten Relatives In The Fight Against Family Separation: A Constitutional Analysis Of The Statutory Definition Of Unaccompanied Minors In Immigration Detention, Alysa Williams 2020 William & Mary Law School

The Forgotten Relatives In The Fight Against Family Separation: A Constitutional Analysis Of The Statutory Definition Of Unaccompanied Minors In Immigration Detention, Alysa Williams

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Blatantly Biased: Expanding Pena-Rodriguez To Cases Of Bias Against Sexual Orientation, Religion, And Sex, Tressa Bussio 2020 William & Mary Law School

Blatantly Biased: Expanding Pena-Rodriguez To Cases Of Bias Against Sexual Orientation, Religion, And Sex, Tressa Bussio

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Free-Speech Formalism And Social Injustice, Stephen M. Feldman 2020 William & Mary Law School

Free-Speech Formalism And Social Injustice, Stephen M. Feldman

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

The Roberts Court has shifted constitutional law in a formalist direction. This Essay explains the Court’s formalism and its causes and consequences in First Amendment free-expression cases. The thesis is that the current conservative justices’ reliance on formalism intertwines with their attitudes toward public and private spheres of activity. Their attitudes toward the public-private dichotomy are, in turn, shaped by their political ideologies as well as by the contemporary practices of democratic government, which have shifted significantly over American history. Formalism contains an inherent political tilt favoring those who already wield power in the private sphere. Formalism favors the ...


Symposium: The 19th Amendment At 100: Citizen Soldiers And The Foundational Fusion Of Masculinity, Citizenship, And Military Service, Jamie R. Abrams, Nickole Durbin 2020 The University of Akron

Symposium: The 19th Amendment At 100: Citizen Soldiers And The Foundational Fusion Of Masculinity, Citizenship, And Military Service, Jamie R. Abrams, Nickole Durbin

ConLawNOW

The Akron Law School’s conference on the 100th anniversary of the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment offered the chance to fight the eulogization of the Nineteenth Amendment and explore its modern relevance. This paper concludes that the Nineteenth Amendment cannot be understood without connecting it to broader conceptions of citizenship, masculinities, and military service, thus revealing its ongoing relevance to military inclusion and integration.


Mercy Otis Warren: Republican Scribe And Defender Of Liberties, Mary Kathryn Mueller 2020 Liberty University

Mercy Otis Warren: Republican Scribe And Defender Of Liberties, Mary Kathryn Mueller

Bound Away: The Liberty Journal of History

An active proponent of republican government, Mercy Otis Warren had a significant role in the revolutionary period. She was a woman who was close to the action, well-acquainted with the central figures, and instrumental in bringing about the monumental changes in America in the late 1700s. Referred to as the “muse of the revolution,”[1] Mercy Otis Warren used her pen to significantly broaden the colonial understanding of a republican form of government and passionately promote it. From a collection of early poems and political satires written in the years preceding the war to her epic history of the revolution ...


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