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From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, yehezkel Margalit 2016 SelectedWorks

From Baby M To Baby M(Anji): Regulating International Surrogacy Agreements, Yehezkel Margalit

Hezi Margalit

In 1985, when Kim Cotton became Britain’s first commercial surrogate mother, Europe was exposed to the issue of surrogacy for the first time on a large scale. Three years later, in 1988, the famous case of Baby M drew the attention of the American public to surrogacy as well. These two cases implicated fundamental ethical and legal issues regarding domestic surrogacy and triggered a fierce debate about motherhood, child-bearing, and the relationship between procreation, science and commerce. These two cases exemplified the debate regarding domestic surrogacy - a debate that has now been raging for decades. Contrary to the well-known ...


Handelsrätt Och Internationell Privat- Och Processrätt, Ulf Maunsbach 2015 Lund University, Faculty of Law

Handelsrätt Och Internationell Privat- Och Processrätt, Ulf Maunsbach

Ulf Maunsbach

No abstract provided.


Private International Law And The Internet, Ulf Maunsbach 2015 Lund University, Faculty of Law

Private International Law And The Internet, Ulf Maunsbach

Ulf Maunsbach

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of The Jurisprudence Of The Ecj And The Efta Court On The Free Movement Of Goods In The Eea: Is There An Intolerable Separation Of Article 34 Of The Tfeu And Article Of 11 Of The Eea?, Jarrod Tudor 2015 Kent State University - Kent Campus

A Comparison Of The Jurisprudence Of The Ecj And The Efta Court On The Free Movement Of Goods In The Eea: Is There An Intolerable Separation Of Article 34 Of The Tfeu And Article Of 11 Of The Eea?, Jarrod Tudor

Jarrod Tudor

Article 11 of the European Economic Area (“EEA”) and Article 34 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (“TFEU”) prohibit quantitative restrictions on the free movement of goods. The EEA is monitored by the European Free Trade Area Court (“EFTA Court”) and the TFEU is monitored by the European Court of Justice (“ECJ”). In theory, the EFTA Court and the ECJ should interpret Article 11 and Article 34 in the same manner in order to promote harmonization of the law on the free movement of goods and allow for further economic integration between EFTA and the EU ...


Less Mischief, Not None: Respecting Federalism, Respecting States And Respecting Judges In Diversity Jurisdiction Cases, Doris DelTosto Brogan 2015 Villanova University School of Law

Less Mischief, Not None: Respecting Federalism, Respecting States And Respecting Judges In Diversity Jurisdiction Cases, Doris Deltosto Brogan

Doris DelTosto Brogan

Abstract:

In 2009, the Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit decided Berrier v. Simplicity, a tragic, but otherwise modest personal injury diversity case that was brought under Pennsylvania products liability law. The Third Circuit predicted that Pennsylvania would adopt the Restatement (Third) of Torts, and abandon what everyone (including several members of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court) considered an incomprehensible products liability jurisprudence that had evolved under Pennsylvania’s interpretation of the Restatement (Second). But for five years the Pennsylvania Supreme Court did not adopt the Restatement (Third), despite several opportunities to do so. Yet during those years, the Third ...


The Legal Community’S Most Elusive Task: Codifying A Universal Definition Of “Terrorism.”, Jennifer Breedon 2015 Regent University

The Legal Community’S Most Elusive Task: Codifying A Universal Definition Of “Terrorism.”, Jennifer Breedon

Jennifer Breedon

The international community has been, and remains, unable to prevent episodes of mass murder resulting for modern-day terrorist ideologies due to three basic failures: (1) the failure to face the problem squarely and understand its real nature, (2) the failure to recognize that it is possible to prevent mass murder of individuals, and (3) the failure to act once knowledge of the violent intent of perpetrators is recognized. This paper will face these challenges by uncovering the fundamental issues underlying the failure of the international community to adopt a uniform and transnational definition of modern-day terrorism boldly and honestly. Terrorism ...


Mining Investment In Brazil, Peru, And Mexico: A Practical Methodology, Gerald J. Pels 2015 Liddell, Sapp, Zivley, and Laboon

Mining Investment In Brazil, Peru, And Mexico: A Practical Methodology, Gerald J. Pels

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Information Technology And The Law - An Overview Of Issues, Ulf Maunsbach 2015 Lund University, Faculty of Law

Information Technology And The Law - An Overview Of Issues, Ulf Maunsbach

Ulf Maunsbach

No abstract provided.


Full Faith And Conflict Of Law: The Peculiar Legacy Of Legal Federalism, Sheldon D. Pollack 2015 University of Delaware

Full Faith And Conflict Of Law: The Peculiar Legacy Of Legal Federalism, Sheldon D. Pollack

Sheldon D Pollack

The new constitution crafted by the delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 was a major improvement over its predecessor (the ill-fated Articles of Confederation), especially in concentrating greater political authority at the center of the confederation, it imposed a flawed constitutional structure on the new regime based on the same untenable proposition that undermined the national government of the Confederacy—namely, that it was possible to preserve the states as separate “sovereign” political organizations within the political union. In adopting a federal constitutional structure for the new republic (as opposed to a “consolidated” or “unitary” government), the Founders institutionalized ...


Full Faith And Conflict Of Law: The Peculiar Legacy Of Legal Federalism, Sheldon D. Pollack 2015 University of Delaware

Full Faith And Conflict Of Law: The Peculiar Legacy Of Legal Federalism, Sheldon D. Pollack

Sheldon D Pollack

The new constitution crafted by the delegates to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 was a major improvement over its predecessor (the ill-fated Articles of Confederation), especially in concentrating greater political authority at the center of the confederation, it imposed a flawed constitutional structure on the new regime based on the same untenable proposition that undermined the national government of the Confederacy—namely, that it was possible to preserve the states as separate “sovereign” political organizations within the political union. In adopting a federal constitutional structure for the new republic (as opposed to a “consolidated” or “unitary” government), the Founders institutionalized ...


Buying Voice: Financial Rewards For Whistleblowing Lawyers, Nancy J. Moore, Kathleen Clark 2015 Boston University School of Law

Buying Voice: Financial Rewards For Whistleblowing Lawyers, Nancy J. Moore, Kathleen Clark

Nancy J Moore

“Buying Voice: Financial Incentives for Whistleblowing Lawyers”

Kathleen Clark and Nancy J. Moore

Abstract

The federal government relies increasingly on whistleblowers to ferret out fraud, and has awarded whistleblowers over $4 billion under the False Claims Act and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street reform and Consumer Protection Act. May lawyers ethically seek whistleblower rewards under these federal statutes? A handful of lawyers have tried to do so as FCA qui tam relators. They have not yet succeeded, but several court decisions suggest that they might be able to do so under confidentiality exceptions to state ethics law, which several courts have ...


Choosing The Choice: Distilling And Designating Contract Choice Of Law In Virginia, Jessica Pak 2015 SelectedWorks

Choosing The Choice: Distilling And Designating Contract Choice Of Law In Virginia, Jessica Pak

Jessica Pak

Choice of law[1] has been said to cause more “consternation and confusion among the bench and bar” than any legal subject.[2] Contract interpretation, in turn, has been identified by the great choice of law theorist Joseph Beale as the most confusing issue in the conflict of laws.[3] Unfortunately, the perplexity of this legal topic is paralleled by its practical importance. Choice of law is a matter of paramount concern in any dispute involving more than one jurisdiction, as a court cannot adjudicate a case without first ascertaining which law applies. Particularly in contract cases where the laws ...


The New Conflict Of Laws Code Provisions Of The Federal Republic Of Germany: Introductory Comment And Translation, Rainer Gildeggen, Jochen Langkeit 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

The New Conflict Of Laws Code Provisions Of The Federal Republic Of Germany: Introductory Comment And Translation, Rainer Gildeggen, Jochen Langkeit

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


European Economic Community - Regulation Of Airfares - European Commission May Sanction Anti-Competitive Measures Of European Community And Possibly Foreign Airlines As Eec Expands Its Role In Air Transport Domain - "The Newest Frontiers", Richard S. Alembik 2015 University of Georgia School of Law

European Economic Community - Regulation Of Airfares - European Commission May Sanction Anti-Competitive Measures Of European Community And Possibly Foreign Airlines As Eec Expands Its Role In Air Transport Domain - "The Newest Frontiers", Richard S. Alembik

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Stiffing The Arbitrators: The Problem Of Nonpayment In Commercial Arbitration, Brian Farkas, Neal M. Eiseman 2015 Goetz Fitzpatrick LLP / Brooklyn Law School

Stiffing The Arbitrators: The Problem Of Nonpayment In Commercial Arbitration, Brian Farkas, Neal M. Eiseman

Brian Farkas

Commercial arbitration is a creature of contract; the parties are there because they choose to be, either including an arbitration clause in their written agreement or, after a dispute developed, electing to avoid litigation all together. Arbitration also comes with an up-front cost non-existent in litigation: the arbitrators. Taxpayers pay for their state and federal judges, but the parties themselves pay for their arbitrators.

But what happens if one party refuses (or is otherwise unable) to pay the arbitrator? If the arbitrator then refuses to proceed, as is likely, should the dispute revert to court, in derogation of the prior ...


Extraterritorial Enforcement Of National Laws In Connection With Online Commercial Activity, Marketa Trimble 2015 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Extraterritorial Enforcement Of National Laws In Connection With Online Commercial Activity, Marketa Trimble

Boyd Briefs / Road Scholars

Professor Marketa Trimble displayed this slideshow during her presentation at the Fifth Annual Internet Law Works-in-Progress conference, held at Santa Clara Law on March 7, 2015.


Advancing National Intellectual Property Policies In A Transnational Context, Marketa Trimble 2015 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Advancing National Intellectual Property Policies In A Transnational Context, Marketa Trimble

Scholarly Works

The increasing frequency with which activities involving intellectual property (“IP”) cross national borders now warrants a clear definition of the territorial reach of national IP laws so that parties engaging in the activities can operate with sufficient notice of the laws applicable to their activities. Legislators, however, have not devoted adequate attention to the territorial delineation of IP law; in fact, legislators rarely draft IP statutes with any consideration of cross-border scenarios, and with few exceptions IP laws are designed with only single-country scenarios in mind. Delineating the reach of national IP laws is actually a complex matter because the ...


The Multiplicity Of Copyright Laws On The Internet, Marketa Trimble 2015 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

The Multiplicity Of Copyright Laws On The Internet, Marketa Trimble

Scholarly Works

From the early days of the Internet, commentators have warned that it would be impossible for those who act on the Internet (“Internet actors”) to comply with the copyright laws of all Internet-connected countries if the national copyright laws of all those countries were to apply simultaneously to Internet activity. A multiplicity of applicable copyright laws seems plausible at least when the Internet activity is ubiquitous — i.e., unrestricted by geoblocking or by other means — given the territoriality principle that governs international copyright law and the choice-of-law rules that countries typically use for copyright infringements.

This Article posits that the ...


The Corporate Conspiracy Vacuum (Formerly "Corporate Conspiracy: How Not Calling A Conspiracy A Conspiracy Is Warping The Law On Corporate Wrongdoing"), Josephine Sandler Nelson 2015 Harvard Law School Affiliates

The Corporate Conspiracy Vacuum (Formerly "Corporate Conspiracy: How Not Calling A Conspiracy A Conspiracy Is Warping The Law On Corporate Wrongdoing"), Josephine Sandler Nelson

J.S. Nelson

The intracorporate conspiracy doctrine immunizes an enterprise and its agents from conspiracy prosecution based on the legal fiction that an enterprise and its agents are a single actor incapable of the meeting of two minds to form a conspiracy. The doctrine, however, misplaces incentives in contravention of agency law, criminal law, tort law, and public policy. As a result of this absence of accountability, harmful behavior is ordered and performed without consequences, and the victims of the behavior suffer without appropriate remedy.

This vacuum at the center of American conspiracy law has now warped the doctrines around it. Especially in ...


The Forum Selection Defense, Stephen E. Sachs 2015 Duke Law School

The Forum Selection Defense, Stephen E. Sachs

Faculty Scholarship

Forum selection is hardly new, but courts still disagree on the basics. What do these agreements really do, and how should they be invoked? This Article suggests a few answers.

First, forum selection is a form of procedural waiver. A permissive agreement waives the parties' objections to litigating in the chosen court. A mandatory one waives their rights to litigate somewhere else. Whether each agreement succeeds in waiving what it purports to waive is a question of procedure, not just contract law. So its validity rests on the procedural law of the forum -- including, in a federal forum, federal law ...


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