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11,839 full-text articles. Page 1 of 268.

Brexit: A Harbinger Of Change For The European Union, Benjamin D. Hargrove 2020 University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

Brexit: A Harbinger Of Change For The European Union, Benjamin D. Hargrove

University of St. Thomas Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Silencing Xinjiang: The Chinese Government's Campaign Against The Uyghurs, Connor W. Dooley 2020 University of Georgia School of Law

Silencing Xinjiang: The Chinese Government's Campaign Against The Uyghurs, Connor W. Dooley

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


You Made Gideon A Promise, Eh?: Advocating For Mandated Publicly Appointed Counsel At Bail Hearings In The United States Through Domestic Comparisons With Canadian Practices And Legal Considerations, Lauren Elizabeth Lisauskas 2020 University of Georgia School of Law

You Made Gideon A Promise, Eh?: Advocating For Mandated Publicly Appointed Counsel At Bail Hearings In The United States Through Domestic Comparisons With Canadian Practices And Legal Considerations, Lauren Elizabeth Lisauskas

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Regulatory Abdication In Practice, Cary Coglianese 2020 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Regulatory Abdication In Practice, Cary Coglianese

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

“Meta-regulation” refers to deliberate efforts to induce private firms to create their own internal regulations—a regulatory strategy sometimes referred to as “management-based regulation” or even “regulation of self-regulation.” Meta-regulation is often presented as a flexible alternative to traditional “command-and-control” regulation. But does meta-regulation actually work? In her recent book, Meta-Regulation in Practice: Beyond Normative Views of Morality and Rationality, Fiona Simon purports to offer a critique of meta-regulation based on an extended case study of the often-feckless process of electricity regulatory reform undertaken in Australia in the early part of this century. Yet neither Simon’s case study nor ...


Reviewing Intergovernmental Institutions In Federal Systems: Opportunity For Cooperation, Harrison Schafer 2020 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

Reviewing Intergovernmental Institutions In Federal Systems: Opportunity For Cooperation, Harrison Schafer

Indiana Journal of Constitutional Design

This Article surveys intergovernmental institutions across federal states. Generally, these institutions offer meaningful cooperation for the different levels of government when addressing state problems. These institutions, however, often lack political authority to bind institutional members or implement authoritative state actions.

This Article proceeds in two general parts. First, this Article taxonomizes intergovernmental institutions across federal systems. Though few intergovernmental institutions are constitutionally mandated bodies, several federal states have enacted legislation to formalize these institutions while others simply utilize informal arrangements. This taxonomy will primarily discuss contemporary institutions within federal systems and focus exclusively on executive institutions. The taxonomy categorizes these ...


An Alternative Constitutional Implementation Mechanism? A Case Study Of Kenya’S Commission For The Implementation Of The Constitution., Siyu Li 2020 Maurer School of Law: Indiana University

An Alternative Constitutional Implementation Mechanism? A Case Study Of Kenya’S Commission For The Implementation Of The Constitution., Siyu Li

Indiana Journal of Constitutional Design

This Paper analyzes the independent implementation commission of Kenya and its work in facilitating the implementation process of the 2010 Kenyan Constitution, and further evaluates the effectiveness of such implementation mechanism. The case study of the Kenyan Constitution implementation shows that an independent implementation commission established by the constitution can have substantially positive impact over the implementation process. To design a successful commission, it is crucial to ensure its institutional independence, legal and enforcement power, and collaboration with civil society.


Israeli Perspectives On Alternative Dispute Resolution And Justice, Omer Shapira 2020 Pepperdine University

Israeli Perspectives On Alternative Dispute Resolution And Justice, Omer Shapira

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Israel is a highly litigious country with an overburdened legal system infected with delays. In addition, Israeli society is highly diversified and saturated with social disagreements and rifts between groups. This article identifies two concepts of justice in ADR discourse in Israel—Justice as Efficiency and Justice Beyond Efficiency—and illustrates their application in the context of several ADR developments in the court system, community mediation, the education system, environmental conflicts, and complaints against public bodies. Using these visions of justice, the article explores the justice goals of ADR in Israel, assesses whether they have been achieved, and considers the ...


Popular Consultation And Referendum In The Making Of Contemporary Cuban Socialist Democracy Practice And Constitutional Theory, Larry Catá Backer, Flora Sapio 2020 Pennsylvania State University

Popular Consultation And Referendum In The Making Of Contemporary Cuban Socialist Democracy Practice And Constitutional Theory, Larry Catá Backer, Flora Sapio

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

The language of democracy and democratic organization is usually spoken only in the vernacular of liberal democracy. Liberal democracy, mostly of western origin centers legitimacy of a political order on open, full, and free election for representatives, as well as a substantially unregulated civic space in which individuals and others can engage in political discourse. This essentially exogenous form of democratic organization has been increasingly challenged in the 21st century by an alternative model of endogenous democracy more compatible with states organized along Marxist Leninist principles. These emerging forms of endogenous democratic practices have been developed along two distinct lines ...


Their Cheese Has Holes But Their Gun Policy Doesn’T: A Review Of The Swiss Gun Policy Compared To The United States, Nikolaos Manuel Hernandez 2020 University of Miami Law School

Their Cheese Has Holes But Their Gun Policy Doesn’T: A Review Of The Swiss Gun Policy Compared To The United States, Nikolaos Manuel Hernandez

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

“With the right to bear arms come a great responsibility to use caution and common sense on handgun purchases.” – Ronald Reagan

The left will say we need more gun control, the right will say it is our constitutional right to bear arms. Is one truly better than the other? Does the answer lie simply in gun education? This note will scrutinize the history of the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution as it relates to gun rights, gun laws, and gun violence. Next, this note will compare those rights, laws, and statistics to that of Switzerland. Switzerland’s gun ...


Reforming Expansive Crime Control & Sentencing Legislation In An Era Of Mass Incarceration: A National And Cross-National Study, Rebecca Wasif 2020 University of Miami Law School

Reforming Expansive Crime Control & Sentencing Legislation In An Era Of Mass Incarceration: A National And Cross-National Study, Rebecca Wasif

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Environmental Racism: How Governments Are Systematically Poisoning Indigenous Communities & The U.N.’S Role, Maia Dombey 2020 University of Miami Law School

Environmental Racism: How Governments Are Systematically Poisoning Indigenous Communities & The U.N.’S Role, Maia Dombey

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

This note examines the practice of toxic waste dumping on indigenous lands and how it fits within the broader concept of environmental racism. It further evaluates the international human rights framework and how the United Nations and other international bodies interact with this concept and provide means for protection against this illicit practice. Further, it examines the role of the Special Rapporteur on the Implications for Human Rights of the Environmentally Sound Management and Disposal of Hazardous Substances and Wastes and how he, in his role as Special Rapporteur, can provide relief to indigenous communities suffering the effects of this ...


The Shortcomings Of The “Public Charge” Doctrine: Why The Dhs Final Rule Should Be Abandoned And Why The United States Should Look To The Progressive Immigration Policies Of Sweden, Emily Demetree 2020 University of Miami Law School

The Shortcomings Of The “Public Charge” Doctrine: Why The Dhs Final Rule Should Be Abandoned And Why The United States Should Look To The Progressive Immigration Policies Of Sweden, Emily Demetree

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

The United States has a longstanding history of denying aliens admission based on a wide range of grounds that we have deemed to demonstrate the alien would be either dangerous to society or a financial burden on the state. “Self-sufficiency” has been a basic principle of US immigration law since the country’s earliest immigration statutes. It is the contention of the Department of Homeland Security that the availability of public benefits can create an incentive for immigration to the United States at a rate that cannot be financially supported by the government. Certain European countries, such as Sweden, see ...


Pluralism, Democracy, And The Conflict Within: Challenging The State’S Narrative By Artistic Forms Of Protest, Alexandra V. Orlova 2020 Ryerson University

Pluralism, Democracy, And The Conflict Within: Challenging The State’S Narrative By Artistic Forms Of Protest, Alexandra V. Orlova

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

This article follows the Pussy Riot case from the 2012 trial decision to the 2018 challenge before the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR). The case revolved around the “punk prayer” performed by three women in Christ the Saviour Cathedral in Moscow. While the case, which centered on violation of freedom of expression, may be framed as a matter of political speech vs. religious speech, it has broader implications. Pussy Riot’s performance and subsequent legal cases were about the ability of pluralism and dissent to counter the carefully constructed government narrative of “traditional values” and moral sovereignty. For democracy ...


It’S Time To Turn On The Lights: The Necessary Steps For The Rural Electrification Of Sub-Saharan Africa, John Morris 2020 University of Notre Dame Law School

It’S Time To Turn On The Lights: The Necessary Steps For The Rural Electrification Of Sub-Saharan Africa, John Morris

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

While each country in Africa is in a different state of electrification, this Note focuses on the nations of Tanzania and Kenya. Comparatively, in the First World, power generation was a gradual and non-linear process that was slow to perfect. This Note argues that the lack of rural electrification in sub-Saharan Africa will continue without a confluence of investment, support, and regulation. Renewable energy sources (such as solar, wind, and geothermal) seem promising, but none are without their own limitations. The use of mini-grids will play an important role in electricity access for sub-Saharan Africa. This Note advocates that the ...


Attribution And Other Conditions Of Lawful Countermeasures To Cyber Misconduct, Mary Ellen O'Connell 2020 University of Notre Dame Law School

Attribution And Other Conditions Of Lawful Countermeasures To Cyber Misconduct, Mary Ellen O'Connell

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

State cyber misconduct is on the rise, and it can be difficult to differentiate between malicious governmental cyber conduct and active cyber defense. Though some argue that cyberspace is a law-free zone, offensive cyberattacks are almost always unlawful regardless of their purpose. This Article contends that international law can provide for legal boundaries in cyberspace and analogizes cyber misconduct to government actions such as espionage. So long as conditions provided by international law (such as notice, necessity, and proportionality) are met, countermeasures to malicious cyber operations are generally lawful. Cases of urgency may be an exception to this general rule ...


Masthead, 2020 Notre Dame Law School

Masthead

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Collective Countermeasures In Cyberspace, Jeff Kosseff 2020 United States Naval Academy, Department of Cyber Science

Collective Countermeasures In Cyberspace, Jeff Kosseff

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

The president of Estonia, Kersti Kaljulaid, has supported the use of collective countermeasures in response to cyberspace crimes. Collective countermeasures would allow an uninjured state to provide guidance or carry out countermeasures on behalf of another state. This Article advocates for collective countermeasures in cyberspace so long as the operations are carefully executed and subject to the same restrictions as individual countermeasures. This Article further finds for the following in favor of limited forms of collective countermeasures: (1) the highly interconnected nature of threats in cyberspace; (2) states with more sophisticated cyber capabilities can leverage for comparative advantages; (3) states ...


An Extraterritorial Human Right To Cybersecurity, Ido Kilovaty 2020 University of Tulsa College of Law

An Extraterritorial Human Right To Cybersecurity, Ido Kilovaty

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

Cybersecurity breaches have affected consumers and the landscape of politics globally. Legal developments have been reactive and incomprehensive. The fatal flaws of international law make it an ill-suited solution to these concerns because international law binds state actors and does not give individuals rights. International human rights law, however, provides the best solution because it does provide harmed individuals with rights and mechanisms to seek recourse. Cybersecurity relates to several key areas of human rights law and, therefore, its regulation is well suited to the existing international human rights regulatory scheme. This Article explores the possibility of using international human ...


Letter From The Editor, Brad A. Rocheville 2020 Notre Dame Law School

Letter From The Editor, Brad A. Rocheville

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Domestic Law Responses To Transnational Cyberattacks And Other Online Harms: Internet Dreams Turned To Internet Nightmares And Back Again, Clive Walker, Ummi Hani Binti Masood 2020 University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Domestic Law Responses To Transnational Cyberattacks And Other Online Harms: Internet Dreams Turned To Internet Nightmares And Back Again, Clive Walker, Ummi Hani Binti Masood

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

Since its utilization has become widespread, the potential of the Internet has often been overshadowed by the harms it’s capable of bringing upon society. Regulation has not yet properly addressed the harms presented to individuals’ cybersecurity and the U.K. has focused and set objectives at a national security level, while ignoring the effects of attacks on individual citizens. This Article considers whether it is possible to create a domestic legal response to transnational cyberattacks and the appropriateness of law to address the threats, as they exist. The law must be efficient, effective, and fair, which are all aims ...


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