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The Racial Politics Of Elementary School Choice For Black Parents Living In Brooklyn, Ny, Shannon N. Allen 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Racial Politics Of Elementary School Choice For Black Parents Living In Brooklyn, Ny, Shannon N. Allen

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Charter school proliferation has disproportionately affected Black urban neighborhoods and the debate about the relationship between racial educational equity and enhanced public school choice through charters has created dissension and discord in scholarship and across Black politics, educational organizing efforts, neighborhoods, and school communities. This study is an interpretive policy analysis of the effects of charter school policy on the elementary school choice preferences and experiences of twenty Black parents living in predominately low-income and racially segregated Black Brooklyn neighborhoods where charter schools are disproportionately concentrated. It was designed to identify disparities between the values and goals of school choice ...


When Rules Are Made To Be Broken: The Case Of Sexual Harassment Law, David S. Sherwyn, Nicholas F. Menillo, Zev J. Eigen 2017 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

When Rules Are Made To Be Broken: The Case Of Sexual Harassment Law, David S. Sherwyn, Nicholas F. Menillo, Zev J. Eigen

Center for Hospitality Research Publications

Judicial holdings regarding sexual harassment actions have put judges who want to ensure what they view as a just outcome in the awkward position of having to choose between following precedent or “breaking the rules.” This article presents a theoretical assessment and empirical analysis of judicial rule-breaking with regard to two rules relating to sexual harassment. The first such rule, established in the Oncale decision, opened the door to the “equal-opportunity harasser” who treats everyone badly and thus escapes the prohibition on harassment “due to sex.” The other rule, set forth in the Ellerth and Faragher decisions, establishes a two-prong ...


The President's Role In Advancing Criminal Justice Reform, Barack Obama 2017 President of the United States

The President's Role In Advancing Criminal Justice Reform, Barack Obama

U.S. Department of Justice Publications and Materials

Criminal justice is a complex system, administered at all levels of government and shaped by a range of actors. Thanks to the dedicated efforts of so many in my Administration, the bipartisan push for reform from federal, state, and local officials, and the work of so many committed citizens outside government, America has made important strides. We have reduced overlong sentences for offenders and removed barriers for those with criminal records. We have made progress in helping people, especially young people, avoid getting entangled in the justice system in the first place. This Commentary talks about those achievements — and the ...


Women, Migration, And Prostitution In Europe: Not A Sex Work Story, Anna Zobnina 2017 European Network of Migrant Women (ENoMW)

Women, Migration, And Prostitution In Europe: Not A Sex Work Story, Anna Zobnina

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


Martin Luther King, Jr. Celebration Keynote Speaker: Don Graves, Deputy Assistant To President Obama And Counselor To Vice President Biden: January 24, 2017, Roger Williams University School of Law 2017 Roger Williams University

Martin Luther King, Jr. Celebration Keynote Speaker: Don Graves, Deputy Assistant To President Obama And Counselor To Vice President Biden: January 24, 2017, Roger Williams University School Of Law

School of Law Conferences, Lectures & Events

No abstract provided.


The Free Exercise Of Religious Identity, Lauren Sudeall Lucas 2017 Georgia State University College of Law

The Free Exercise Of Religious Identity, Lauren Sudeall Lucas

Faculty Publications By Year

In recent years, a particular strain of argument has arisen in response to decisions by courts or the government to extend certain rights to others. Grounded in religious freedom, these arguments suggest that individuals have a right to operate businesses or conduct their professional roles in a manner that conforms to their religious identity. For example, as courts and legislatures have extended the right to marry to same-sex couples, court clerks have refused to issue marriage certificates to such couples, claiming that to do so would violate their religious beliefs. Similarly, corporations have refused, for reasons grounded in religious identity ...


Tradition And Culture In Africa: Practices That Facilitate Trafficking Of Women And Children, Norah Hashim Msuya 2017 Mzumbe University

Tradition And Culture In Africa: Practices That Facilitate Trafficking Of Women And Children, Norah Hashim Msuya

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

Many states in Africa have adopted legislative, administrative and institutional measures to combat trafficking in human beings. These measures include, among other things, the formulation and implementation of both national and regional action plans by African states to provide for comprehensive and coordinated interventions. Many African countries have also enacted an anti-trafficking legislation at the country level. Despite these measures, African women and children have been trafficked annually worldwide for purposes of forced labor, sexual exploitation, and domestic servitude. Additionally, women and children are trafficked within their countries from rural to urban areas. Misconception and abuse of African tradition and ...


Does The Constitution Allow President To Ban Muslims?, John M. Greabe 2017 University of New Hampshire School of Law

Does The Constitution Allow President To Ban Muslims?, John M. Greabe

Legal Scholarship

[Excerpt] "The president-elect has stated that he intends to protect national security by banning Muslim immigration into the United States. He also has signaled an openness to some form of Muslim registration program. Does the Constitution impose barriers to the adoption of such policies?"


Gendering Disability To Enable Disability Rights Law, Michelle Travis 2016 University of San Francisco

Gendering Disability To Enable Disability Rights Law, Michelle Travis

Michelle A. Travis

This Article expands the social model of disability by analyzing the interaction between disability and gender. The modern disability rights movement is built upon the social model, which understands disability not as an inherent personal deficiency but as the product of the environment with which an impairment interacts. The social model is reflected in the accommodation mandate of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ("ADA"), which holds employers responsible for the limiting aspects of their workplace design. This Article shows that the limitations imposed upon impairments result not only from physical aspects of a workplace but also from other ...


Separation Of Church And State Or Disparate Treatment? An Analysis Of The Religious Freedom And Discrimination Concerns In Trinity Lutheran Church Of Columbia, Inc. V. Pauley, Michael Petherick 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Separation Of Church And State Or Disparate Treatment? An Analysis Of The Religious Freedom And Discrimination Concerns In Trinity Lutheran Church Of Columbia, Inc. V. Pauley, Michael Petherick

Tennessee Journal of Race, Gender, & Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Roe V. Wade: The Case That Changed Democracy, Adam Lamparello, Cynthia Swann 2016 Indiana Tech Law School

Roe V. Wade: The Case That Changed Democracy, Adam Lamparello, Cynthia Swann

Tennessee Journal of Race, Gender, & Social Justice

No abstract provided.


The Bad, The Ugly, And The Uglier: How Fear And Misconceptions Are Flushing Away Equal Rights And Treatment For Transgender People, Laura Falco 2016 Texas A&M University School of Law

The Bad, The Ugly, And The Uglier: How Fear And Misconceptions Are Flushing Away Equal Rights And Treatment For Transgender People, Laura Falco

Tennessee Journal of Race, Gender, & Social Justice

Our country has gone through multiple social changes over the years, and now we find ourselves in the middle of another change—one involving the transgender community. This community is and has been continuously fighting for equal rights and treatment. It is 2016 and the fight for equal rights in our country is at a tipping point. A tip in one direction would constitute a huge step in the fight for equal rights, but a tip in the other direction could result in unprecedented effects on transgender individuals and the rest of the LGBTQ community. The LGBTQ community just wants ...


Unraveling The Inequitable Nature Of The Model Minority: Asian-Americans Deserve Affirmative Action, Christopher Atlee F. Arcitio 2016 St. John's University School of Law

Unraveling The Inequitable Nature Of The Model Minority: Asian-Americans Deserve Affirmative Action, Christopher Atlee F. Arcitio

Tennessee Journal of Race, Gender, & Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Emigration, Repatriation And The Reality Of Returned Youth In El Salvador, Isabel C. Duarte Vasquez 2016 The University of San Francisco

Emigration, Repatriation And The Reality Of Returned Youth In El Salvador, Isabel C. Duarte Vasquez

Master's Theses

According to US Customs and Border Protection, over 59 thousand unaccompanied minors from the Northern Triangle (Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador) have been detained at the US border, of those 59 thousand, 17 thousand are from El Salvador. El Salvador is home to some of the most dangerous and ruthless gangs of the twenty-first century. Their ruthlessness comes from 1980s guerrilla warfare experience. In addition, El Salvador serves as a transshipment point for illicit substances from South America into Mexico. These dynamics fuel the homicide rate of the region as local gang members must protect their territory by any means ...


Newsroom: Gift Supports Diversity Programming 12-15-2016, Roger Williams University School of Law 2016 Roger Williams University

Newsroom: Gift Supports Diversity Programming 12-15-2016, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


A Duty To Document, Marc Kosciejew 2016 University of Malta

A Duty To Document, Marc Kosciejew

Proceedings from the Document Academy

Access to information is a bedrock principle of contemporary democratic governments and their public agencies and entities. Access to information depends upon these public institutions to document their activities and decisions. When public institutions do not document their activities and decisions, citizens’ right of access is ultimately denied. Public accountability and trust, in addition to institutional memory and the historical record, are undermined without the creation of appropriate records. Establishing and enforcing a duty to document helps promote accountability, openness, transparency, good governance, and public trust in public institutions. A duty to document should therefore be a fundamental component of ...


Psychosocial Risks Of Storing And Using Human Tissues In Research, Jon F. Merz 2016 University of New Hampshire

Psychosocial Risks Of Storing And Using Human Tissues In Research, Jon F. Merz

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Dr. Merz argues that genetics technology makes it more compelling that researchers plan more carefully for the collection and disposition of information derived from subjects' tissues and blood.


Moving Forward By Looking Back: The Retroactive Application Of Obergefell, Lee-ford Tritt 2016 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Moving Forward By Looking Back: The Retroactive Application Of Obergefell, Lee-Ford Tritt

UF Law Faculty Publications

The recent Supreme Court decision of Obergefell v. Hodges has forever altered American jurisprudence. Not only did this decision make same-sex marriage legal in all fifty states, but it also required states to recognize same-sex marriages from other states in accordance with the 14th Amendment. The Court’s holding in Obergefell raises a fundamental question with serious legal and financial significance: when exactly do these once unrecognized marriages legally begin? And to what extent must courts apply Obergefell retroactively? The stakes are high and substantive financial effects are pending on the answer to this question — for, with marriage, comes wide-ranging ...


Environmental Racism And Biased Methods Of Risk Assessment, Daniel C. Wigley, Kristin S. Shrader-Frechette 2016 University of New Hampshire

Environmental Racism And Biased Methods Of Risk Assessment, Daniel C. Wigley, Kristin S. Shrader-Frechette

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment

Based on analysis of a risk assessment for a proposed Louisiana uranium enrichment facility, the authors argue that environmental injustice occurs when assessors' scientific methods cause de facto discrimination.


Nickel And Dimed Into Incarceration: Cash Register Justice In The Criminal System, Laura I Appleman 2016 Willamette University College of Law

Nickel And Dimed Into Incarceration: Cash Register Justice In The Criminal System, Laura I Appleman

Boston College Law Review

Criminal justice debt has aggressively metastasized throughout the criminal system. A bewildering array of fees, fines, court costs, non-payment penalties, and high interest rates have turned criminal process into a booming revenue center for state courts and corrections. As criminal justice “administrative” costs have skyrocketed, the burden to fund the system has fallen largely on the system’s users—primarily poor or indigent—who often cannot pay their burden. Unpaid criminal justice debt often leads to actual incarceration or substantial punitive fines, which turns rapidly into “punishment”. Such punishment at the hands of a court, bureaucracy, or private entity compromises ...


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