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Policy Preference: An Unreasonable Means To Advance Moot Claims Under The Endangered Species Act, Molly McGrath 2017 Boston College Law School

Policy Preference: An Unreasonable Means To Advance Moot Claims Under The Endangered Species Act, Molly Mcgrath

Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review

Citizen plaintiffs play a vital role in the enforcement of the Endangered Species Act (“ESA”). In Strahan v. Roughead, the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts opened the possibility for expansion of a citizen’s ability to impose its own policy preference upon federal agencies working to comply with their statutory requirements under the ESA. Although the District Court properly denied the defendant’s motion to dismiss on the basis of mootness, it erred in its rationale. A plaintiff’s claim under the ESA may survive a mootness challenge, even after the violating agency has reinitiated consultation ...


Section 1983 Litigation: Supreme Court Review, Erwin Chemerinsky, Martin A. Schwartz 2017 Touro Law Center

Section 1983 Litigation: Supreme Court Review, Erwin Chemerinsky, Martin A. Schwartz

Erwin Chemerinsky

No abstract provided.


Procedural Due Process Claims, Erwin Chemerinsky 2017 Selected Works

Procedural Due Process Claims, Erwin Chemerinsky

Erwin Chemerinsky

No abstract provided.


O'Neal V. Hudson, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 29 (June 1, 2017), Kristopher Kalkowski 2017 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

O'Neal V. Hudson, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 29 (June 1, 2017), Kristopher Kalkowski

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

If a party timely sends a motion for new trial directly to the presiding judge in an email, then that motion is properly filed and will toll the time available to file a notice of appeal so long as: (1) the presiding judge allows the motion to be filed with that judge; and, (2) the presiding judge accepts the motion within the required time-period.


Sargeant V. Henderson Taxi, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 27 (June 1, 2017), Ping Chang 2017 Nevada Law Journal

Sargeant V. Henderson Taxi, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 27 (June 1, 2017), Ping Chang

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined that (1) a summary judgment is proper when the opposing party did not file a substantive opposition to the motion for summary judgment and (2) a class certification is inappropriate when the plaintiff/appellant did not meet the burden of demonstrating “numerosity, commonality, and typicality,” and the ability to “fairly and adequately” represent the class members when an earlier-filed grievance between the union and taxi company resolved the minimum wage back-pay dispute at issue.


The Transnational Case In Conflict Of Laws: Two Suggestions For The New Restatement Third Of Conflict Of Laws--Judicial Jurisdiction And Party Autonomy In International Contracts, Linda J. Silberman, Nathan Yaffe 2017 New York University School of Law

The Transnational Case In Conflict Of Laws: Two Suggestions For The New Restatement Third Of Conflict Of Laws--Judicial Jurisdiction And Party Autonomy In International Contracts, Linda J. Silberman, Nathan Yaffe

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

To inform the ongoing Restatement efforts in Conflict of Laws and Foreign Relations, the authors identify two areas where the "transnational case" might deserve special consideration: judicial jurisdiction over foreign defendants and party autonomy in choosing the applicable law. On the question of judicial jurisdiction, the authors point out that the modern two-step constitutional test for specific jurisdiction articulated in Asahi—"minimum contacts" and then "reasonableness"—involved a foreign defendant. Although the lower courts appear to embrace the same standard with respect to both domestic and foreign defendants, they argue that the factors identified by the court in the "reasonableness ...


The U.S. Approach To Recognition And Enforcement Of Awards After Set-Asides: The Impact Of The Pemex Decision, Linda J. Silberman, Nathan Yaffe 2017 NELLCO

The U.S. Approach To Recognition And Enforcement Of Awards After Set-Asides: The Impact Of The Pemex Decision, Linda J. Silberman, Nathan Yaffe

New York University Public Law and Legal Theory Working Papers

The Second Circuit’s decision in Pemex is the first federal appellate decision to confirm a foreign Convention award that was set aside at the seat of arbitration. The question of how to treat an award set aside at the seat raises common questions for nearly all New York and Panama Convention countries. The authors situate the Pemex decision against the backdrop of the various approaches to those questions taken in different jurisdictions. Although the court in Pemex described its reasoning as consistent with prior U.S. federal appellate decisions in which courts have considered a set-aside award, Pemex in ...


Class Action Settlements, Cy Pres Awards, And The Erie Doctrine, Andrew Rodheim 2017 Northwestern University Pritzker School of Law

Class Action Settlements, Cy Pres Awards, And The Erie Doctrine, Andrew Rodheim

Northwestern University Law Review

As class action settlement funds become more and more prevalent, cy pres awards have become a more common means of providing relief to absent class members. The primary purpose of cy pres awards is to provide a second-best form of relief when it is deemed impossible to directly compensate individual plaintiffs. Most often, these cy pres awards are given to some kind of charitable organization. Under federal law, class action settlements and cy pres awards are governed by Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23(e). Rule 23(e)(2) requires all class action settlements to be “fair, reasonable, and adequate ...


In Re Davis Family Heritage Trust, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 26 (May 25, 2017)., Ping Chang 2017 Nevada Law Journal

In Re Davis Family Heritage Trust, 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 26 (May 25, 2017)., Ping Chang

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

No abstract provided.


Forty-Eight States Are Probably Not Wrong: An Argument For Modernizing Georgia’S Legal Malpractice Statute Of Limitations, Ben Rosichan 2017 Georgia State University College of Law

Forty-Eight States Are Probably Not Wrong: An Argument For Modernizing Georgia’S Legal Malpractice Statute Of Limitations, Ben Rosichan

Georgia State University Law Review

The legal profession is largely self-regulated, and each state has a bar association charged with creating and enforcing basic standards of professionalism and competence for attorneys. Unfortunately, attorneys do not always adhere to these standards. In Georgia, the State Bar can address attorney misconduct through remedial measures up to and including disbarment. The State Bar cannot, however, compensate wronged clients through monetary damages.Thus, some wronged clients must resort to a lawsuit for legal malpractice where a financial recovery is necessary to make the client whole again.

The statute of limitations for legal malpractice claims should not be so restrictive ...


Dueling Grants: Reimagining Cafa’S Jurisdictional Provisions, Tanya Pierce 2017 Texas A&M University School of Law

Dueling Grants: Reimagining Cafa’S Jurisdictional Provisions, Tanya Pierce

Georgia State University Law Review

More than a decade after Congress passed the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 (CAFA), courts continue to disagree as to its application and meaning in a variety of situations, many of which have wide-ranging effects. This article considers a fundamental issue that arises after a certification decision is reached: whether a court’s subject matter jurisdiction under CAFA depends on a class being certified. Specifically, the article considers what happens when a federal court’s subject matter jurisdiction derives solely from CAFA’s minimal diversity jurisdiction provision and a request for class certification under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure ...


The Fraudulent Joinder Prevention Act Of 2016: Moving The Law In The Wrong Direction, E. Farish Percy 2017 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

The Fraudulent Joinder Prevention Act Of 2016: Moving The Law In The Wrong Direction, E. Farish Percy

Villanova Law Review

No abstract provided.


In Re Parental Rights As To M.M.L., 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 21 (May 11, 2017), Hayley Cummings 2017 Nevada Law Journal

In Re Parental Rights As To M.M.L., 133 Nev. Adv. Op. 21 (May 11, 2017), Hayley Cummings

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Court determined that (1) when a parent is deemed incompetent to stand a criminal trial, there is no statutory authority requiring the district court to continue a parallel parental rights termination trial so that the parent can regain competence; and (2) when a litigant fails to object to the State’s method of service in initial pleadings or during trial, the litigant waives all challenges to the service of a parental rights termination by publication.


Who Needs To Know? The Seventh Circuit Accepts Information Sent To Government As Publicly Disclosed In Cause Of Action V. Chicago Transit Authority, Kurtis Brown 2017 Boston College Law School

Who Needs To Know? The Seventh Circuit Accepts Information Sent To Government As Publicly Disclosed In Cause Of Action V. Chicago Transit Authority, Kurtis Brown

Boston College Law Review

On February 29, 2016, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Cause of Action v. Chicago Transit Authority held that information disclosed to a government official and acted upon by that official has been publicly disclosed, barring a qui tam action from being brought under the False Claims Act. Several other circuits, including the First, Fourth, and Sixth, in contrast, have all interpreted the public disclosure bar within the False Claims Act to require a disclosure of information beyond the government. This Comment argues that the majority of circuit courts have correctly interpreted the False Claims ...


Riding The Wave Or Drowning?: An Analysis Of Gender Bias And Twombly/Iqbal In Title Ix Accused Student Lawsuits, Bethany A. Corbin 2017 Wake Forest University School of Law

Riding The Wave Or Drowning?: An Analysis Of Gender Bias And Twombly/Iqbal In Title Ix Accused Student Lawsuits, Bethany A. Corbin

Fordham Law Review

This Article offers the first empirical analysis of dismissal trends in reverse Title IX cases and highlights that most courts erroneously dismiss these lawsuits at the 12(b)(6) stage. Through a misinterpretation of plausibility pleading, these courts hold that accused perpetrators have not shown causal evidence of discrimination at the outset of the lawsuit. This prodismissal approach, however, violates Swierkiewicz v. Sorema N.A.’s proclamation complaint. This Article proposes a more flexible causal pleading scheme that satisfies Twombly, Iqbal, and Swierkiewicz and ensures accused perpetrators receive their day in court. Alternatively, this Article argues for limited predismissal discovery ...


The Legality Of Class Action Waivers In Employment Contracts, Benjamin M. Redgrave 2017 Notre Dame Law School

The Legality Of Class Action Waivers In Employment Contracts, Benjamin M. Redgrave

Notre Dame Law Review

This Note attempts to bring clarity to the questionable legality of class action waivers in employment contracts by examining the two competing statutes at issue—the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) and the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA)—the Supreme Court’s cases on the issue, and the arguments for and against such waivers advanced by the Second, Fifth, Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Circuits, which have all directly addressed the question. After providing an overview of these two statutes, the agency that administers the NLRA, and the evolution of the Supreme Court’s jurisprudence on the topic, this Note discusses the ...


The Brazilian Appellate Procedure Through Common Law Lenses: How American Standards Of Review May Help Improve Brazilian Civil Procedure, Cesar Zucatti Pritsch 2017 University of Miami Law School

The Brazilian Appellate Procedure Through Common Law Lenses: How American Standards Of Review May Help Improve Brazilian Civil Procedure, Cesar Zucatti Pritsch

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

In this article, I discuss a flaw in Brazilian civil procedure observed in my practice as a Federal Labor Judge in Brazil, an issue that may be addressed by limiting appellate review in a similar fashion as the American courts do, using standards of appellate review. In Brazil, appellate courts tend to ignore the lower court’s decisions, replacing them for the ruling they would have made had they been the original decision makers. A simple disagreement with the lower court’s findings of fact or discretionary rulings, no matter how reasonable, is sufficient grounds for reversal. The lack of ...


Jury Deliberation, Giuliana Pietrantoni 2017 gp05106@sjfc.edu

Jury Deliberation, Giuliana Pietrantoni

The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research

Juries are tasked with the duty of deliberating and applying the law to the case at hand. But it is unclear whether juries deliberate or deliberate well enough. Factors which may affect jury deliberation are the motivation of jurors, characteristics of jurors, emotions during and after trial, bargaining, charges, and dissenters. This paper argues that jurors do engage in rigorous dialogue which eventually results in compromises, although whether this creates an unjust verdict is unclear.


No Chance At Immunity: Examining The Possibility Of Immunity Provisions For Drug Crimes In The Criminal Code, Benjamin D. Schnell 2017 Western University

No Chance At Immunity: Examining The Possibility Of Immunity Provisions For Drug Crimes In The Criminal Code, Benjamin D. Schnell

Western Journal of Legal Studies

Many members of the public fear crimes committed by strangers despite statistics showing greater danger from friends, acquaintances, and relatives. Since this fear is rooted in the fear of the unknown, some people prefer to fall victim to white-collar crimes as opposed to street crimes. Since most white-collar crimes require gaining the victim’s trust, many are committed by people that know the victim. Moreover, the traditional view of white-collar criminals as people of high respectability and social class drastically influences our perception of crime and can lead to significant societal implications.

In Canada, this traditional view of white-collar criminals ...


A Modern Look At The Right To A Civil Jury Trial Under The Maine Constitution, Carolyn A. Liegner 2017 University of Maine School of Law

A Modern Look At The Right To A Civil Jury Trial Under The Maine Constitution, Carolyn A. Liegner

Maine Law Review

The right to a civil jury trial is a cornerstone of the American legal system. The Maine Constitution promises an even broader right to a civil jury trial than is offered by the federal Constitution and many other states. Article I, Section 20 states: “In all civil suits, and in all controversies concerning property, the parties shall have a right to a trial by jury, except in cases where it has heretofore been otherwise practiced.” The exception in the provision has been the subject of multiple interpretations by the Maine Supreme Judicial Court, sitting as the Law Court, since the ...


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