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A Whole New World: Income Tax Considerations Of The Bitcoin Economy, Benjamin W. Akins JD, LLM, Jennifer L. Chapman JD, CPA, Jason M. Gordon JD, MBA 2015 SelectedWorks

A Whole New World: Income Tax Considerations Of The Bitcoin Economy, Benjamin W. Akins Jd, Llm, Jennifer L. Chapman Jd, Cpa, Jason M. Gordon Jd, Mba

Benjamin W. Akins

Bitcoin is a virtual, cryptocurrency growing rapidly in influence throughout the world. Numerous characteristics associated with the bitcoin system, including low transaction costs and greater user privacy, make it appealing as a medium of electronic payment. The number of users of bitcoin, including merchants accepting the currency as a form of payment, has grown considerably in recent years. Estimates indicate that there are more than 60,000 active bitcoin users as of September 2012, with nearly 11 million bitcoins in existence. According to the latest estimates, bitcoin market capitalization is roughly $9 billion. The growth of bitcoin as an accepted ...


Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. McCall 2015 University of Oklahoma College of Law

Gambling On Our Financial Future: How The Federal Government Fiddles While State Common Law Is A Safer Bet To Prevent Another Financial Collapse, Brian M. Mccall

Brian M McCall

Many politicians and commentators agree that credit default swaps (CDS) played a significant role in the financial crisis of 2008. Yet, few who observe this role are aware that CDS were set loose on the economy by the federal pre-emption of thousands of years of public policy. Since the time of Aristotle law, philosophy and public policy have been hostile to gambling. Viewed as a socially unproductive zero sum wealth transfer, the law has generally refused to permit parties to use the courts to enforce wagers. Courts and legislatures worked in harmony to control and in some cases punish financial ...


Banking And Financial Regulation, Steven L. Schwarcz 2015 Duke Law

Banking And Financial Regulation, Steven L. Schwarcz

Faculty Scholarship

This chapter provides a basic overview of banking and financial regulation for the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics (Francesco Paris, ed.). Among other things, the chapter compares traditional and shadow banking and their regulation, differentiating “micro prudential” regulation (which focuses on protecting individual components of the financial system, such as banks) and “macro prudential” regulation (which focuses on protecting against systemic risk). The chapter also examines how regulation can help to correct market failures that undermine financial efficiency. In that context, it discusses, among other things, capital requirements, ring-fencing, and stress testing. Finally, the chapter examines how regulation ...


The New Wild West: Preventing Money Laundering In The Bitcoin Network, Kavid Singh 2014 SelectedWorks

The New Wild West: Preventing Money Laundering In The Bitcoin Network, Kavid Singh

Kavid Singh

Bitcoin is the most popular online decentralized currency in the world. Created by an enigmatic figure, Satoshi Nakamoto, in 2009, its propagation and use has caused heated controversy. On the legal side of its use, businesses both large and small have started to accept bitcoins as a form of payment. On the illegal side of its use, large quantities of bitcoins worth hundreds of millions of dollars have been stolen from businesses and large Bitcoin currency exchanges. The aim of this article is to introduce workable federal regulation that will help deter money laundering, a pervasive problem in the world ...


A Comparative Study Of Monitoring Of Management In German And U.S. Corporations After Sarbanes-Oxley: Where Are The German Enrons, Worldcoms, And Tycos?, Florian Stamm 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

A Comparative Study Of Monitoring Of Management In German And U.S. Corporations After Sarbanes-Oxley: Where Are The German Enrons, Worldcoms, And Tycos?, Florian Stamm

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Remembering The Bay Of Pigs: Using Letters Of Credit To Facilitate The Resolution Of International Disputes, Gerald T. McLaughlin 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Remembering The Bay Of Pigs: Using Letters Of Credit To Facilitate The Resolution Of International Disputes, Gerald T. Mclaughlin

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Privatization Challenge In Guyana, Elizabeth A. Reid 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Privatization Challenge In Guyana, Elizabeth A. Reid

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Creditor Participation In The Hipc Debt Relief Initiatives: The Case Of Guyana, Magnus Saxegaard 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Creditor Participation In The Hipc Debt Relief Initiatives: The Case Of Guyana, Magnus Saxegaard

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Corporate Governance In Banks - The Eu And The Us' Responses To The Financial Crisis, Mette W. Loefquist Mrs 2014 SelectedWorks

Corporate Governance In Banks - The Eu And The Us' Responses To The Financial Crisis, Mette W. Loefquist Mrs

Mette W Loefquist Mrs

Abstract

Legislation in the field of banks’ corporate governance has become an international antidote for financial crisis. The article explores the EU and the US application of corporate governance instruments in banking legislation after the financial crisis (2008). In this process, similarities and differences in the strategies and the subject matter of the legislation are highlighted and discussed. First, the article analyses the three-folded purpose behind the legislative initiatives 1) to secure the soundness and safety of banks individual structures, 2) to ensure financial stability, and 3) to make corporate governance a tool for the supervisory authorities. Second, it compares ...


The Sarbanes-Oxley Act Of 2002: Are Stricter Internal Controls Constricting International Companies?, Jennifer K. Coalson 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act Of 2002: Are Stricter Internal Controls Constricting International Companies?, Jennifer K. Coalson

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Legal And Institutional Remedies For Middle East States Wishing To Develop And Increase Foreign Direct Investment, Griffin Weaver 2014 SelectedWorks

Legal And Institutional Remedies For Middle East States Wishing To Develop And Increase Foreign Direct Investment, Griffin Weaver

Griffin Weaver

The cost to overhaul a legal system is astronomical. For example, before and after the fall of the Soviet Union in the 1980’s several states received billions of dollars in loans to help change their “legal systems” and make them more western friendly. A couple of these states were West Germany and Japan, which received roughly 1.5 billion and 2.4 billion USD in loans. Considering most of this money was given in the 1950’s, the value today is probably three times or more those amounts. Without this aid both states would have been unable to make ...


The Imf’S Reassessment Of Capital Controls After The 2008 Financial Crisis: Heresy Or Orthodoxy?, Philip J. MacFarlane 2014 SelectedWorks

The Imf’S Reassessment Of Capital Controls After The 2008 Financial Crisis: Heresy Or Orthodoxy?, Philip J. Macfarlane

Philip J. MacFarlane

While the IMF allows countries to limit the flow of capital through the use of capital controls, it has since the 1980s discouraged this practice and instead promoted capital account liberalization as a means for developing countries to attract the foreign investment needed for economic growth. The 2008 financial crisis, however, prompted the IMF to reconsider this view and increasingly support the use of capital controls for countries that were vulnerable to the effects of volatile capital flows. In 2012, the IMF changed its official position on the use of capital controls from permitted but discouraged to accepted in certain ...


"Competitiveness" Has Nothing To Do With It, Edward D. Kleinbard 2014 BLR

"Competitiveness" Has Nothing To Do With It, Edward D. Kleinbard

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

The recent wave of corporate tax inversions has triggered interest in what motivates these tax-driven transactions now. Corporate executives have argued that inversions are explained by an “anti-competitive” U.S. tax environment, as evidenced by the federal corporate tax statutory rate, which is high by international standards, and by its “worldwide” tax base. This paper explains why this competitiveness narrative is largely fact-free, in part by using one recent articulation of that narrative (by Emerson Electric Co.’s former vice-chairman) as a case study.

The recent surge in interest in inversion transactions is explained primarily by U.S. based multinational ...


Halliburton, Basic And Fraud On The Market: The Need For A New Paradigm, Charles W. Murdock 2014 Loyola University Chicago

Halliburton, Basic And Fraud On The Market: The Need For A New Paradigm, Charles W. Murdock

Charles W. Murdock

Summary: Halliburton, Basic and Fraud on the Market: The Need for a New Paradigm

If defrauded securities plaintiffs cannot bring a class-action lawsuit, there often will be no effective remedy since the amount at stake for individual plaintiffs is not sufficient to warrant the substantial costs of litigation. To surmount the problem of individualized reliance and establish commonality, federal courts for twenty-five years have been employing the Basic fraud-on-the-market theory which posits that, in an efficient market, investors rely on the integrity of the market price.

While class certification at one time was a matter of course, today it is ...


Japan's Financial Instruments And Exchange Law: Hercules Or Hydra?, Clark T. Wisenbaker 2014 University of Georgia School of Law

Japan's Financial Instruments And Exchange Law: Hercules Or Hydra?, Clark T. Wisenbaker

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Mutui Bancari, Ammortamento Alla Francese E Nullità Delle Clausole Sugli Interessi Per Indeterminatezza, Valerio Sangiovanni 2014 SelectedWorks

Mutui Bancari, Ammortamento Alla Francese E Nullità Delle Clausole Sugli Interessi Per Indeterminatezza, Valerio Sangiovanni

Valerio Sangiovanni

No abstract provided.


Money From Syar’Iah Perspective, Anowar Zahid 2014 SelectedWorks

Money From Syar’Iah Perspective, Anowar Zahid

Anowar Zahid

In history, paper money systems have always wound up with collapse and economic chaos. Today, the usage of fiat currency, a form of paper money and the correlate bank money has brought about wide spread hardships and sufferings upon many sectors of society and communities. Following in depth syari’ah analysis, the only conclusion that is possible is that fiat currency and bank money are illegal. They are, in reality, introduced through manipulative collaborations between governments and bank cartels, as they defy the long established sanction against riba’ (usury), operate at the advantage of a selected group in society to ...


Harmonizing Choice-Of-Law Rules For International Insolvency Cases: Virtual Territoriality, Virtual Universalism, And The Problem Of Local Interests, Charles W. Mooney Jr. 2014 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Harmonizing Choice-Of-Law Rules For International Insolvency Cases: Virtual Territoriality, Virtual Universalism, And The Problem Of Local Interests, Charles W. Mooney Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

This paper explores the potential content and feasibility of a set of harmonized choice of law rules (HICOL Rules) that would apply in insolvency proceedings. It contemplates a main insolvency proceeding opened in a debtor’s center of main interests (“COMI”) and the existence of (or possibility of opening) one or more non-main (or secondary) proceedings. It also contemplates the possibility that an insolvency representative in a main or non-main proceeding may seek and be granted recognition in another state under the UNCITRAL Model Law on Cross-Border Insolvency (codified as Chapter 15 of the Bankruptcy Code in the U.S ...


Against Regulatory Displacement: An Institutional Analysis Of Financial Crises, Jonathan C. Lipson 2014 SelectedWorks

Against Regulatory Displacement: An Institutional Analysis Of Financial Crises, Jonathan C. Lipson

Jonathan C. Lipson

This paper uses “institutional analysis”—the study of the relative capacities of markets, courts, and regulators—to make three claims about financial crises.

First, financial crises are increasingly a problem of “regulatory displacement.” Through the ad hoc rescues of 2008 and the Dodd-Frank reforms of 2010, regulators displace market and judicial processes that ordinarily prevent financial distress from becoming financial crises. Because regulators are vulnerable to capture by large financial services firms, however, they cannot address the pathologies that create crises: market concentration and complexity. Indeed, regulators may inadvertently aggravate these conditions through resolution tactics that consolidate firms, and the ...


Reward The Stalking Horse Or Preserve The Estate: Determining The Appropriate Standard Of Review For Awarding Break-Up Fees In § 363 Sales, Zachary Frimet 2014 SelectedWorks

Reward The Stalking Horse Or Preserve The Estate: Determining The Appropriate Standard Of Review For Awarding Break-Up Fees In § 363 Sales, Zachary Frimet

Zachary Frimet

Following the surge of bankruptcies in the wake of the Great Recession, a growing and somewhat controversial trend has emerged whereby companies seeking to purchase a debtor’s assets in bankruptcy frequently make use of Section 363 of the United States Bankruptcy Code (“§ 363”). In general, § 363 sales are accomplished via public auction. This aspect of § 363 exposes initial bidders, known in bankruptcy as “stalking horses bidders”, to the risk that they will commit time and resources in pursuit of the acquisition and yet fail to succeed as the prevailing bidder. To hedge against this risk, stalking horse bidders frequently ...


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