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Killing To Save: Trophy Hunting And Conservation In Mongolia, Lucy Page 2015 SIT Study Abroad

Killing To Save: Trophy Hunting And Conservation In Mongolia, Lucy Page

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Since transitioning to capitalism in 1990, Mongolia’s wildlife has faced growing threats from the development of infrastructure, increasing livestock populations, and the expansion of an illegal trade in wildlife products. As wildlife populations face these growing risks, Mongolia needs to develop and implement strong wildlife management practices, including tighter enforcement of existing wildlife trade laws, more frequent wildlife population studies, and better legislation. However, these revisions will require significant funding. Trophy hunting, the system through which the Mongolian government sells wealthy foreigners expensive permits to hunt species like argali, ibex, wolf, and roe deer, may be a major source ...


The Elephant In The Room, Troy B. Albert 2015 Lewis & Clark Law School

The Elephant In The Room, Troy B. Albert

Troy B Albert

Every 15 minutes, a poacher kills an elephant for its ivory. If this rate continues, the African elephant could become extinct in 20 years. Although federal law has strictly regulated the ivory market for several decades, the United States remains one of the largest markets for illegal wildlife products in the world. Because there are little to no enforcement mechanisms or verification processes by which to definitively distinguish legal from illegal ivory after reaching domestic markets, illegal ivory is easily mixed in with legal stocks. New regulations have been promulgated but are they enough?


A Solution In Search Of A Problem: The Difficulty With State Constitutional "Right To Hunt" Amendments, Stacey Gordon 2015 University of Montana School of Law

A Solution In Search Of A Problem: The Difficulty With State Constitutional "Right To Hunt" Amendments, Stacey Gordon

Public Land and Resources Law Review

This article explores the facets of hunting amendments. Part I traces the legal history of protections for hunting, from early laws to preserve hunting for the people to modern hunter harassment statutes. Part II analyzes the forms of hunting amendments—some guarantee a right, others only recognize a heritage; some are fundamental rights, others are less strong; some are limited by private property rights, others are absolute. Nonetheless, they have a common source. Part III considers the impacts— possibly unintended consequences—of hunting amendments. Finally, Part IV suggests that while there are unrecognized common values between hunters and animal welfare ...


In Defense Of, Or Offensive To Farms? Hog Farming And The Changing American Agricultural Industry, Shi-Ling Hsu 2015 Florida State University College of Law

In Defense Of, Or Offensive To Farms? Hog Farming And The Changing American Agricultural Industry, Shi-Ling Hsu

Shi-Ling Hsu

American agriculture is inexorably concentrating into the hands of a small number of large conglomerates. Expanding farms pursuing scale economies would also normally have to abide by a system of environmental and other laws that would, in theory, require farms to account for negative externalities. If those laws were observed and enforced, they would help strike a balance between the greater profitability and the larger externalities of larger farms. But these laws are not widely observed and not rigorously enforced, upsetting this balance and giving large-scale farms a cost advantage while insulating them from corresponding responsibilities.

Perhaps nowhere in agriculture ...


Canines (And Cats!) In Correctional Institutions: Legal And Ethical Issues Relating To Companion Animal Programs, Rebecca J. Huss 2015 Selected Works

Canines (And Cats!) In Correctional Institutions: Legal And Ethical Issues Relating To Companion Animal Programs, Rebecca J. Huss

Rebecca J. Huss

No abstract provided.


Human-Centered Environmental Values Versus Nature-Centric Environmental Values: Is This The Question?, Zygmunt J.B. Plater 2015 Boston College Law School

Human-Centered Environmental Values Versus Nature-Centric Environmental Values: Is This The Question?, Zygmunt J.B. Plater

Zygmunt J.B. Plater

The challenging background context for much of the discussion and cogitation in the panels and pages of this conference is the unfortunate fact that environmental protection law in virtually all its manifestations is currently faring rather poorly in the public policy arenas of national government. From the public health hazards of residual substances in consumer goods and human breast milk to the mighty troubles of human-caused climate disruption, many of the most significant structures of societal governance are locked in political and financial dysfunctions and impasses. Given the conference’s goal to “explore more deeply the relationship between environmental protection ...


Foie Gras Ban In California, Erica Williams Morris 2015 Golden Gate University School of Law

Foie Gras Ban In California, Erica Williams Morris

Golden Gate University Law Review

Section 25982 of the California Health and Safety Code was unsuccessfully challenged by one restaurant that served foie gras to customers for many years prior to the ban imposed by the statute. If the courts do not invalidate the statute, foie gras will be permanently banned in the state. The statute is unconstitutional, and if challenged correctly, the courts should so find. However, although foie gras production is very controversial, there are alternative methods that allow all interested parties have what they want: foie gras and happy birds.


Buzzkill: How The Epa’S Inaction Is Killing America’S Bees, Kelsey Ott 2015 College of William & Mary Law School

Buzzkill: How The Epa’S Inaction Is Killing America’S Bees, Kelsey Ott

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Roundtable On Environmentalism And Animal Advocacy, Gina Warren 2015 Texas A&M University School of Law

Roundtable On Environmentalism And Animal Advocacy, Gina Warren

Gina Warren

No abstract provided.


Foie Gras Is A Product Of Cruelty, Bruce Friedrich 2015 The Good Food Institute & New Crop Capital

Foie Gras Is A Product Of Cruelty, Bruce Friedrich

Bruce Friedrich

No abstract provided.


The Touch Of Nature Has Made The Whole World Kin: Interspecies Kin Selection In The Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora, Laura E. Jenkins 2015 SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry

The Touch Of Nature Has Made The Whole World Kin: Interspecies Kin Selection In The Convention On International Trade In Endangered Species Of Wild Fauna And Flora, Laura E. Jenkins

Honors Theses

The unequal distribution of legal protections on endangered species has been attributed to the “charisma” and “cuteness” of protected species. However, the theory of kin selection, which predicts the genetic relationship between organisms is proportional to the amount of cooperation between them, offers an evolutionary explanation for this phenomenon.

In this thesis, it was hypothesized if the unequal distribution of legal protections on endangered species is a result of kin selection, then the genetic similarity between a species and Homo sapiens is proportional to the legal protections on that species. This hypothesis was tested by analyzing the taxonomic classifications of ...


Taking A Bite Out Of Forensic Science: The Misuse Of Accelerant-Detecting Dogs In Arson Cases, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 1149 (2015), Andrew Scott 2015 John Marshall Law School

Taking A Bite Out Of Forensic Science: The Misuse Of Accelerant-Detecting Dogs In Arson Cases, 48 J. Marshall L. Rev. 1149 (2015), Andrew Scott

The John Marshall Law Review

This Comment identifies the proper uses of canine handler teams in arson investigations and trials. Part II discusses the origins of forensic science in criminal trials, the use of expert witnesses in the courtroom, the history and role of forensic science and canine handler teams in arson cases, and the problem of “junk science.” Part III analyzes the pros and cons of using canine handler teams in arson investigations and the dilemma courts face when confronted with unconfirmed canine alerts. Part IV resolves the issue of using canine handler teams in arson investigations. First, it advocates for their continued use ...


Going The Way Of The Dodo: De-Extinction, Dualisms, And Reframing Conservation, Alejandro E. Camacho 2015 University of California, Irvine School of Law

Going The Way Of The Dodo: De-Extinction, Dualisms, And Reframing Conservation, Alejandro E. Camacho

Washington University Law Review

De-extinction, a suite of selective breeding or biotechnological processes for reviving and releasing into the environment members or facsimiles of an extinct species, has been the subject of a recent surge of analysis in popular, scientific, and legal literature. Yet de-extinction raises more fundamental questions about the relationship between humans and nature and about the more and less useful ways that the law serves to navigate that relationship. Unfortunately, the endangered species, invasive species, and public land management laws likely to govern the revival and introduction of de-extinct species largely remain premised on an understanding of nature as static and ...


The Harm Principle At Play: How The Animal Welfare Act Fails To Protect Animals Adequately, Proshanti Banerjee 2015 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

The Harm Principle At Play: How The Animal Welfare Act Fails To Protect Animals Adequately, Proshanti Banerjee

University of Maryland Law Journal of Race, Religion, Gender and Class

No abstract provided.


Decoding "Never Again", Sherry F. Colb 2015 Cornell Law School

Decoding "Never Again", Sherry F. Colb

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

This article, Decoding “Never Again,” narrates its author’s experience as a child of two Holocaust survivors, one of whom participated in rescuing thousands of his fellow Jews during the war. Colb meditates on this legacy and concludes that her understanding of it has played an important role in inspiring her scholarship about (and ethical commitment to) animal rights. She examines and analyzes the ways in which analogies between the Holocaust and anything else can trigger people’s anger and offense, and she then draws a distinction between occasions when offense is an appropriate response to such analogies and when ...


Precipice Regulations And Perverse Incentives: Comparing Historic Preservation Designation And Endangered Species Listing, J. Peter Byrne 2015 Georgetown University Law Center

Precipice Regulations And Perverse Incentives: Comparing Historic Preservation Designation And Endangered Species Listing, J. Peter Byrne

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The insight upon which this article is built is that the common structures of these two legal regimes create incentives toward destroying the resources they seek to protect. The shift from legal freedom to exploit resources to strict limitation on property modification and the lengthy and public process to designate or list specific resources for protection provide the motive and the opportunity to legally frustrate the application of the statutes. This article seeks to understand how these perverse incentives are created and how they can be lessened. The procedural and substantive provisions of both legal regimes have evolved to reduce ...


Environmental Law And International Trade: Public Morality As A Tool For Advancing Animal Rights, Chad McGuire 2014 University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth

Environmental Law And International Trade: Public Morality As A Tool For Advancing Animal Rights, Chad Mcguire

Chad J McGuire

This book, edited by Prof. Randall S. Abate of Florida A&M University College of Law, seeks to fill the gap between the complex legal issues that matter most to the environmental law and animal law movements. Environmental law, with its intricate layers of international, federal, state, and local laws, has a longer history and is more established than its animal law counterpart. Yet, animal law faces many of the same legal and strategic challenges that environmental law faced in seeking to establish a more secure foothold in the United States and abroad. As such, animal law stands to gain ...


The Death Of The Duty To Apply: Limitations To Cafo Oversight Following Waterkeeper & National Pork Producers, William M. McLaren 2014 Lewis & Clark Law School

The Death Of The Duty To Apply: Limitations To Cafo Oversight Following Waterkeeper & National Pork Producers, William M. Mclaren

Will McLaren

Should regulators have an affirmative burden to show industrial livestock facilities are polluting before imposing permit requirements, or should facility owners have a duty to apply for permits? This article analyzes that question in the context of water quality permitting and the concentrated livestock industry, with an emphasis on permitting regimes under the Clean Water Act (CWA).

Concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) have, in the past decade, received a decisive answer to the above inquiry. In Waterkeeper Alliance v. EPA and National Pork Producers v. EPA, two federal appellate courts determined that CAFOs have no duty to apply for a ...


Who’S Afraid Of The Big Bad Half-Wolf? A Paper Examining The Question Of How States Should Regulate Wolf-Hybrids., George R. Holton 2014 The George Washington University Law School

Who’S Afraid Of The Big Bad Half-Wolf? A Paper Examining The Question Of How States Should Regulate Wolf-Hybrids., George R. Holton

George R Holton

In recent years there have been two growing trends. First, the trend of municipalities banning the ownership of a variety of dog breeds, particularly the dogs commonly referred to as “pit bulls”. There is also a growing trend in the ownership of what are called “wolf-hybrids”, animals that are bred by mixing wild wolves with domesticated dogs. As this ownership has continued to grow, municipalities are searching for ways to control what many see as ownership of animals they consider to be wild. This raises several questions. First, what exactly makes a hybrid animal a hybrid animal? Second, what biological ...


Environmental Law And International Trade: Public Morality As A Tool For Advancing Animal Rights, Chad J. McGuire 2014 University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth

Environmental Law And International Trade: Public Morality As A Tool For Advancing Animal Rights, Chad J. Mcguire

Chad J McGuire

This chapter analyzes the use of public morality as a defense to inter- national obligations. It considers whether and under what circumstances a nation is required to adhere to international agreements when those agree- ments involve morally questionable practices against animals. A case study of the current World Trade Organization (WTO) complaint by Canada and certain Scandinavian countries against the European Union’s (EU’s) import ban of certain seal products is examined to illustrate this inquiry. 


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