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Preempting Humanity: Why National Meat Ass'n V. Harris Answered The Wrong Question, Pamela Vesilind 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Preempting Humanity: Why National Meat Ass'n V. Harris Answered The Wrong Question, Pamela Vesilind

Maine Law Review

The 2011-12 Supreme Court term was notable for high profile cases about state undocumented immigrant law, GPS-enabled police searches,chronic liars claiming military honors, and the constitutionality of the Affordable Health Care Act. As such, it is unsurprising that the decision in National Meat Ass’n v. Harris,notable for its unanimity and matter-of-fact concision, received relatively little attention from the media or the academy. Nevertheless, National Meat is a bellwether federalism opinion, the significance of which has been widely overlooked. At first blush, the legal question in National Meat appeared to be relatively unremarkable: whether the USDA’s slaughterhouse ...


When Fox And Hound Legislate The Hen House: A Nixon-In-China Moment For National Egg-Laying Standards?, Lucinda Valero, Will Rhee 2017 University of Maine School of Law

When Fox And Hound Legislate The Hen House: A Nixon-In-China Moment For National Egg-Laying Standards?, Lucinda Valero, Will Rhee

Maine Law Review

It is no secret that the vast majority of American eat animals and animal products. Because of the popularity of animals and animal products as food, “foxes”—agricultural producers—have long struggled against “hounds”—animal welfare advocacy groups—to influence the popular American appetite. This essay focuses upon one such fox, the United Egg Producers (UEP), the nation’s largest egg farmer organization, and one such hound, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS), the nation’s largest animal advocacy organization. JSUS had already outmaneuvered UEP by successfully swaying popular opinion in California, Michigan, Ohio, Oregon, an Washington to ...


Whatever Happened To The "Frankenfish"?: The Fda's Foot-Dragging On Transgenic Salmon, Lars Noah 2017 University of Maine School of Law

Whatever Happened To The "Frankenfish"?: The Fda's Foot-Dragging On Transgenic Salmon, Lars Noah

Maine Law Review

AquaBounty Technologies has genetically modified the Atlantic salmon through the introduction of a growth hormone gene from the Chinook salmon, which allows the fish to reach market size almost twice as quickly as its farmed counterparts. The research began more than two decades ago. The company secured licenses for the patents that emerged out of this research, and its plans to commercialize the transgenic salmons (branded “AquAdvantage”) took shape more than a decade ago. In late 2010, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) appeared to be on the verge of authorizing production, but, more than two years later ...


Colb And Dorf On Abortion And Animal Rights, Mylan Engel Jr. 2017 Northern Illinois University

Colb And Dorf On Abortion And Animal Rights, Mylan Engel Jr.

Between the Species

In their recent book, Sherry Colb and Michael Dorf defend the following ethical theses: (1) sentience is sufficient for possessing the right not to be harmed and the right not to be killed; (2) killing sentient animals for food is almost always seriously wrong; (3) aborting pre-sentient fetuses raises no moral concerns at all; and (4) aborting sentient fetuses is wrong absent a reason weighty enough to justify killing the fetus. They also discuss strategies and tactics for activists: They oppose the use of graphic images by activists on tactical grounds, and they categorically oppose the use of violence by ...


Alaska Oil & Gas Association V. Pritzker, Benjamin W. Almy 2017 Alexander Blewitt III School of Law at the University of Montana

Alaska Oil & Gas Association V. Pritzker, Benjamin W. Almy

Public Land and Resources Law Review

In Alaska Oil & Gas Association v. Pritzker, the Ninth Circuit reversed the United States District Court for the District of Alaska’s decision to strike down the National Marine Fisheries Service’s (“NMFS”) listing of distinct population segments of the Pacific bearded seal. The court determined that the NMFS was in full compliance with the requirements of the Endangered Species Act and squarely rejected the district court’s demand for highly specific data pertaining to the projected effects of climate change on the bearded seal.


Rethinking Western Water Law: Instream Flows, Reed D. Benson 2017 Selected Works

Rethinking Western Water Law: Instream Flows, Reed D. Benson

Reed D. Benson

Presenter: Reed D. Benson, University of New Mexico School of Law 1 page.


Safari Club International V. Jewell, Jacob Schwaller 2017 University of Montana, Missoula

Safari Club International V. Jewell, Jacob Schwaller

Public Land and Resources Law Review

Safari Club International and the National Rifle Association brought this challenge to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s suspension of elephant trophy imports from 2014 forward. Both parties brought cross motions for summary judgment. In a recent memorandum opinion, the D.C. Federal District Court found that, although there was a minor procedural error on the part of the Service, an extended ban on Zimbabwean elephant trophies by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service was in large part compliant with their mandate under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna and ...


Sensitizing Humans To Fish Sentience, Kelly Levenda 2017 Animal Legal Defense Fund

Sensitizing Humans To Fish Sentience, Kelly Levenda

Animal Sentience: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling

Although fish can feel pain and suffer, they are not often protected legally. Jonathan Balcombe’s What a Fish Knows provides a timely and important contribution to the literature on animal cognition and sentience. By explaining their personalities and capabilities, Balcombe brings much needed public attention to fish and advances the principle that they need and deserve protection.


From Inside The Cage To Outside The Box: Natural Resources As A Platform For Nonhuman Animal Personhood In The U.S. And Australia, Randall S. Abate, Jonathan Crowe 2017 Florida A & M University College of Law

From Inside The Cage To Outside The Box: Natural Resources As A Platform For Nonhuman Animal Personhood In The U.S. And Australia, Randall S. Abate, Jonathan Crowe

Journal Publications

Nonhuman animals are currently treated as property under U.S. and Australian law, leaving them open to various kinds of exploitation. There has been a gradual evolution away from this property paradigm in both countries, but significant work remains to ensure that nonhuman animals are afforded adequate legal protections. This article considers the legal avenues available to protect nonhuman animals in the U.S. and Australia, focusing particularly on the attribution of legal personhood. Section 2 of the article reviews attempts by the Nonhuman Rights Project (NhRP) to establish legal personhood protections for nonhuman animals through writ of habeas corpus ...


Chapter 568: Saving Our Voiceless Companions, One Life At A Time, Kelci Binau 2017 University of the Pacific, McGeorge School of Law

Chapter 568: Saving Our Voiceless Companions, One Life At A Time, Kelci Binau

The University of the Pacific Law Review

No abstract provided.


Discretion Bites: The Current State Of Animal Emergency Planning, Paige Chretien 2017 University of San Diego

Discretion Bites: The Current State Of Animal Emergency Planning, Paige Chretien

San Diego Journal of Climate & Energy Law

Natural disasters have historically wreaked havoc on the lives of animals. Hurricane Katrina, which hit the gulf coast of Louisiana in 2005, exposed the tragic vulnerabilities of pets and pet owners in disasters and brought awareness to the significance of the human-animal bond.[1] As climate change will likely breed storms that are more deadly than their predecessors, planning and preparedness are essential to mitigating the impacts of these storms. The current status of animal emergency planning and preparedness in the state of California does not ensure that such vulnerable population will be adequately protected.
Part I begins by discussing ...


A Bird In The Hand: Shotguns, Deadly Oil Pits, Cute Kittens, And The Migratory Bird Treaty Act, Samuel J. Panarella 2017 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

A Bird In The Hand: Shotguns, Deadly Oil Pits, Cute Kittens, And The Migratory Bird Treaty Act, Samuel J. Panarella

Faculty Law Review Articles

This Article is presented in three parts. Part I describes the modern application (and misapplication) of the MBTA and briefly sets out the history of the Act, including the widespread, indiscriminate killing of migratory birds for food and fashion in the 19th century that first spurred Congress to act. Building off this history and the clear Congressional intent behind the MBTA to criminalize industrial activities directed at killing birds, Part II sorts human-caused bird killing activities into three categories and proposes the appropriate MBTA liability treatment for each category based both on the original purpose of the Act and on ...


Animal Sentience And The Precautionary Principle, Jonathan Birch 2017 London School of Economics and Political Science

Animal Sentience And The Precautionary Principle, Jonathan Birch

Animal Sentience: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling

In debates about animal sentience, the precautionary principle is often invoked. The idea is that when the evidence of sentience is inconclusive, we should “give the animal the benefit of the doubt” or “err on the side of caution” in formulating animal protection legislation. Yet there remains confusion as to whether it is appropriate to apply the precautionary principle in this context, and, if so, what “applying the precautionary principle” means in practice regarding the burden of proof for animal sentience. Here I construct a version of the precautionary principle tailored to the question of animal sentience together with a ...


Living With Owning, Matt Ampleman, Douglas A. Kysar 2016 Yale Law School

Living With Owning, Matt Ampleman, Douglas A. Kysar

Indiana Law Journal

In October, 2011, Terry Thompson committed suicide by gunshot after cutting open the cages of fifty-six exotic animals on his farm in Zanesville, Ohio. Fearing for pub-lic safety, law enforcement officers systematically hunted down the escaped animals in an episode that garnered international attention and prompted renewed discus-sion of the propriety of exotic animal ownership. This Article retells and discusses the circumstances surrounding Terry Thompson’s unhinging, applying frameworks of legal theory, chiefly in the realm of property law, to assess the fabric that held Thompson’s delicate system together and the tensions that led to its unravelling. As an ...


2016 Study Of Current Conditions Of Kentucky County Animal Shelters And Degree Of Compliance With Kentucky Animal Shelter Laws, Cynthia L. Gaskill, Rachel Cullman-Clark, Liane Lachiewicz, Matt Lamarre, Brad Rohleder, Kristin Sadler, Rachel Sparling, Craig N. Carter 2016 University of Kentucky

2016 Study Of Current Conditions Of Kentucky County Animal Shelters And Degree Of Compliance With Kentucky Animal Shelter Laws, Cynthia L. Gaskill, Rachel Cullman-Clark, Liane Lachiewicz, Matt Lamarre, Brad Rohleder, Kristin Sadler, Rachel Sparling, Craig N. Carter

Veterinary Science Reports

Kentucky’s county animal shelter conditions have not been studied for over 20 years. Major goals of this study were to assess current conditions in Kentucky’s county shelters and determine the degree of compliance with Kentucky shelter laws. Additional information was gathered to determine the major problems and needs identified by shelter personnel and researchers. Data was used to determine if additional state funds or refinements and additions to current laws are warranted to ensure humane care of animals in Kentucky’s county shelters. Researchers consisted of a group of 6 veterinary students who traveled to all Kentucky county ...


Risk And Regulatory Calibration: Wto Compliance Review Of The U.S. Dolphin-Safe Tuna Labeling Regime, Cary Coglianese, André Sapir 2016 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Risk And Regulatory Calibration: Wto Compliance Review Of The U.S. Dolphin-Safe Tuna Labeling Regime, Cary Coglianese, André Sapir

Faculty Scholarship

In a series of recent disputes arising under the TBT Agreement, the Appellate Body has interpreted Article 2.1 to provide that discriminatory and trade-distortive regulation could be permissible if based upon a “legitimate regulatory distinction.” In its recent compliance decision in the US-Tuna II dispute, the AB reaffirmed its view that regulatory distinctions embedded in the U.S. dolphin-safe tuna labeling regime were not legitimate because they were not sufficiently calibrated to the risks to dolphins associated with different tuna fishing conditions. This paper analyzes the AB’s application of the notion of risk-based regulation in the US-Tuna II ...


Change In Regulation Is Necessary For Genetically Engineered Mosquitoes, Insung Hwang 2016 University of Michigan Law School

Change In Regulation Is Necessary For Genetically Engineered Mosquitoes, Insung Hwang

Michigan Journal of Environmental & Administrative Law

Millions of genetically engineered (GE) mosquitoes could soon be released in Key West, Florida as an effort to eradicate wild mosquitoes that are transmitters of diseases such as malaria, dengue, and chikungunya. Both international and domestic regulations fail to provide effective regulatory schemes that can facilitate the application of this technology while ensuring all safety and environmental aspects are properly addressed. The Food and Drug Administration’s assertion of jurisdiction is based on its assessment that the GE mosquitoes are “animal drugs” under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. This is especially troublesome because the end goal of using ...


Real Bite: Legal Realism And Meaningful Rational Basis In Dog Law And Beyond, Ann L. Schiavone 2016 College of William & Mary Law School

Real Bite: Legal Realism And Meaningful Rational Basis In Dog Law And Beyond, Ann L. Schiavone

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Real Bite: Legal Realism And Meaningful Rational Basis In Dog Law And Beyond, Ann L. Schiavone 2016 Duquesne University School of Law

Real Bite: Legal Realism And Meaningful Rational Basis In Dog Law And Beyond, Ann L. Schiavone

Ann Schiavone

On August 5, 2002, the City of Toledo, Ohio issued a warrant for the arrest of resident Paul Tellings on the charge of violating the limitation on harboring vicious dogs. Both the Toledo ordinance and Ohio state law in effect in 2002 labeled “pit bull” type dogs per se vicious purely based on their visual identification. Toledo’s ordinance specifically limited citizens to only one “vicious” dog per household. During a routine lead-based paint inspection in Tellings’s home, the health inspector noted three dogs that looked like pit bulls in the household, reported it to the dog warden, and ...


Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. V. Pritzker, Caitlin Buzzas 2016 Alexander Blewett III School of Law at the University of Montana

Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. V. Pritzker, Caitlin Buzzas

Public Land and Resources Law Review

In Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. v. Pritzker, the Ninth Circuit dealt with the conflict of science in making legal and policy decisions. NMFS was held to a stringent mitigation standard to protect marine mammals against the Navy’s use of LFA sonar for military operations. In this decision the court held that agencies are required to apply the least practicable adverse impact on marine mammals in these types of operations and agencies must listen to their own experts when making these decisions.


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