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Book Review. Joan Biskupic, An American Original: The Life And Constitution Of Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, Jeffrey C. Tuomala 2010 Liberty University

Book Review. Joan Biskupic, An American Original: The Life And Constitution Of Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, Jeffrey C. Tuomala

Jeffrey C. Tuomala

No abstract provided.


Rethinking The Regulation Of Securities Intermediaries, Jill E. Fisch 2010 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Rethinking The Regulation Of Securities Intermediaries, Jill E. Fisch

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This Article argues that existing regulation of mutual funds has serious shortcomings. In particular, the Investment Company Act, which is based primarily on principles of corporate governance and fiduciary duties, fails to support and, in some cases impedes, market forces. Existing evidence suggests that retail investing behavior and the dominance of sales agents with competing financial incentives further weakens market discipline. As a solution, the Article proposes that funds should be treated primarily as financial products rather than corporations and, correspondingly, investors should be treated primarily as consumers rather than corporate shareholders. To implement this approach, the Article proposes the ...


Agency Hygiene, Nicholas Bagley 2010 University of Michigan Law School

Agency Hygiene, Nicholas Bagley

Articles

Prof. Bagley notes that reshaping captured agencies using the structural reforms suggested by Prof. Barkow may be politically infeasible and offers an alternative solution for eliminating interest-group capture. First, he suggests establishing a body within the Executive Branch that proactively investigates and documents capture dynamics. Second, he suggests creating legislative mechanisms that will encourage Congressional action on the body’s recommendations, and perhaps, more provocatively, requiring the Executive Branch to enact any such recommendations in the absence of Congress’s formal objection.


Disclosing 'Political' Oversight Of Agency Decision Making, Nina A. Mendelson 2010 University of Michigan Law School

Disclosing 'Political' Oversight Of Agency Decision Making, Nina A. Mendelson

Articles

Scholars and courts have divided views on whether presidential supervision enhances the legitimacy of the administrative state. For some, that the President can supervise administrative agencies is key to seeing agency action as legitimate, because of the President's accountability to the electorate. Others, however, have argued that such supervision may simply taint, rather than legitimate, an agency action. The reality is that presidential supervision of agency rulemaking, at least, appears to be both significant and opaque. This Article presents evidence from multiple presidential administrations suggesting that regulatory review conducted by the White House's Office of Management and Budget ...


Marbury V. Madison And The Foundation Of Law, Jeffrey C. Tuomala 2010 Liberty University

Marbury V. Madison And The Foundation Of Law, Jeffrey C. Tuomala

Jeffrey C. Tuomala

No abstract provided.


Marbury V. Madison And The Foundation Of Law, Jeffrey C. Tuomala 2010 Liberty University

Marbury V. Madison And The Foundation Of Law, Jeffrey C. Tuomala

Faculty Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Legislation That Isn't - Attending To Rulemaking's "Democracy Deficit", Peter L. Strauss 2010 Columbia Law School

Legislation That Isn't - Attending To Rulemaking's "Democracy Deficit", Peter L. Strauss

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Reducing Distracted Driving: Regulation And Education To Avert Traffic Injuries And Fatalities, Lawrence O. Gostin, Peter D. Jacobson 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

Reducing Distracted Driving: Regulation And Education To Avert Traffic Injuries And Fatalities, Lawrence O. Gostin, Peter D. Jacobson

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

In this article, we consider the legal and policy implications of distracted driving (the tendency of people to use electronic devices while operating a motor vehicle). After reviewing the empirical evidence showing that distracted driving has serious adverse consequences, we discuss the legal basis for governmental interventions to reduce distracted driving. These interventions include laws restricting the use of electronic devices while driving, especially sending text messages. Since drivers have at best a reduced expectation of privacy, these restrictions should easily survive legal challenges. At the same time, it is important to consider the responsibility of automobile manufacturers to improve ...


Attention Must Be Paid: Commercial Speech, User-Generated Ads, And The Challenge Of Regulation, Rebecca Tushnet 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

Attention Must Be Paid: Commercial Speech, User-Generated Ads, And The Challenge Of Regulation, Rebecca Tushnet

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

This Article examines the dynamics that drive advertisers to push into new formats, and the law’s ability to regulate them. I argue that it will remain possible, and constitutional, to identify advertising and subject it to prohibitions on false and misleading claims, even for ads in unconventional formats. The article also addresses the ways in which regulators were caught off-guard by these new formats. In particular, Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, which frees online service providers and users from liability for content generated by other users, poses some unanticipated barriers to regulating advertising. Yet despite section 230 ...


Making Self-Regulation More Than Merely Symbolic: The Critical Role Of The Legal Environment, Jodi Short, Michael W. Toffel 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

Making Self-Regulation More Than Merely Symbolic: The Critical Role Of The Legal Environment, Jodi Short, Michael W. Toffel

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Using data from a sample of U.S. industrial facilities subject to the federal Clean Air Act from 1993 to 2003, this article theorizes and tests the conditions under which organizations’ symbolic commitments to self-regulate are particularly likely to result in improved compliance practices and outcomes. We argue that the legal environment, particularly as it is constructed by the enforcement activities of regulators, significantly influences the likelihood that organizations will effectively implement the self-regulatory commitments they symbolically adopt. We investigate how different enforcement tools can foster or undermine organizations’ normative motivations to self-regulate. We find that organizations are more likely ...


“To Remand, Or Not To Remand”: Ventura’S Ordinary Remand Rule And The Evolving Jurisprudence Of Futility, Patrick J. Glen 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

“To Remand, Or Not To Remand”: Ventura’S Ordinary Remand Rule And The Evolving Jurisprudence Of Futility, Patrick J. Glen

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

It is a foundational principle of administrative law that a reviewing court should not dispose of a petition for review or appeal on grounds not relied upon by the agency, and should not reach issues in the first instance not addressed administratively. In such circumstances, there is a strong presumption that the reviewing court should remand the case to the agency for further proceedings rather than reach out to decide the disputed issues. The United States Supreme Court explicitly extended operation of the “ordinary remand rule” to the immigration context in its 2002 decision in INS v. Ventura. Notwithstanding subsequent ...


An Overview Of Tsca, Its History And Key Underlying Assumptions, And Its Place In Environmental Regulation, David Markell 2010 Florida State University College of Law

An Overview Of Tsca, Its History And Key Underlying Assumptions, And Its Place In Environmental Regulation, David Markell

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Implementing Public Health Regulations In Developing Countries: Lessons From The Oecd Countries, Lawrence O. Gostin, Emily A. Mok, Monica Das Gupta, Max Levin 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

Implementing Public Health Regulations In Developing Countries: Lessons From The Oecd Countries, Lawrence O. Gostin, Emily A. Mok, Monica Das Gupta, Max Levin

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The enforcement of public health standards is a common problem in many developing countries. Public health agencies lack sufficient resources and, too often, enforcement mechanisms rely on slow and erratic judicial systems. These limitations can make traditional public health regulations difficult to implement. In this article, we examine innovative approaches to the implementation of public health regulations that have emerged in recent years within OECD countries. These approaches aim to improve compliance with health standards, while reducing dependence on both the legal system and the administrative resources of public health agencies.

This article begins by discussing some traditional forms of ...


Lifting Burdens: Proof, Social Justice, And Public Assistance Administrative Hearings, Lisa Brodoff 2010 Seattle University School of Law

Lifting Burdens: Proof, Social Justice, And Public Assistance Administrative Hearings, Lisa Brodoff

Faculty Scholarship

In "Lifting Burdens: Proof, Social Justice, and Public Assistance Administrative Hearings," Lisa Brodoff describes the administrative hearing system for public assistance recipients and applicants, and asserts that it is the primary social justice system for the poor. She discusses why public assistance appellants are always placed at a significant disadvantage in this system. The article proposes that the best way to even out the inequities in adjudications is to always place the burdens of production and persuasion by clear and convincing evidence on the government in these hearings. She argues that policy, efficiency, and fairness require a consistent and heavy ...


The Visible Hand: Coordination Functions Of The Regulatory State, Robert B. Ahdieh 2010 Texas A&M University School of Law

The Visible Hand: Coordination Functions Of The Regulatory State, Robert B. Ahdieh

Faculty Scholarship

We live in a coordination economy. As one surveys the myriad challenges of modern social and economic life, an ever increasing proportion is defined not by the need to reconcile competing interests, but by the challenge of getting everyone on the same page. Conflict is not absent in these settings. It is not, however, the determinative factor in shaping our behaviors and resulting interactions. That essential ingredient, instead, is coordination.

Such coordination is commonly understood as the function of the market. As it turns out, however, optimal coordination will not always emerge, as if led “by an invisible hand.” Even ...


Leaps And Bounds, Nestor M. Davidson 2010 University of Colorado Law School

Leaps And Bounds, Nestor M. Davidson

Michigan Law Review

Imagine how stunted our understanding of the federal government would be without any detailed scholarly examination of the U.S. Constitution itself. As remarkable as that sounds, that is essentially the problem that Gerald Frug and David Barron have set out to remedy for local governments in their superb City Bound. In the book, Frug and Barron take a comprehensive, empirical look at the legal frameworks under which cities and other local governments operate, providing an invaluable roadmap for understanding the hidden architecture of legal constraints that-largely without notice-are shaping America's urban future. Why this kind of analysis has ...


Coasean Blindspots: Charting The Incomplete Institutionalism, Gregg P. Macey 2010 Brooklyn Law School

Coasean Blindspots: Charting The Incomplete Institutionalism, Gregg P. Macey

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Legislative Entrenchment Rules In The Tax Law, Amandeep S. Grewal 2010 University of Iowa College of Law

Legislative Entrenchment Rules In The Tax Law, Amandeep S. Grewal

College of Law Publications

No abstract provided.


Leverhulme Lecture: The Future Of Securitization, Steven L. Schwarcz 2010 Duke Law School

Leverhulme Lecture: The Future Of Securitization, Steven L. Schwarcz

Faculty Scholarship

Lecture given November 11, 2010, the third of three delivered by Prof. Schwarcz as Leverhulme Visiting Professor of Law, Oxford University.

The securitization of subprime mortgage loans is widely viewed as a root cause of the financial crisis. This lecture balances the costs and benefits of securitization, focusing on what went wrong and on what needs to be fixed to curtail securitization’s abuses and make it viable again as an important financing tool. Finally, the lecture examines alternatives to securitization, focusing on covered bonds and comparing and contrasting covered bonds and securitization.


A Statute In Particularly Serious Need Of Reinterpretation: The Particularly Serious Crime Exception To Withholding Of Removal, Michael McGarry 2010 Boston College Law School

A Statute In Particularly Serious Need Of Reinterpretation: The Particularly Serious Crime Exception To Withholding Of Removal, Michael Mcgarry

Boston College Law Review

Withholding of removal provides that a deportable alien may avoid removal if she can show that it is more likely than not that her life or freedom will be threatened if she is removed to a particular country. Aliens are not eligible for withholding of removal, however, if they are found to have been convicted of a particularly serious crime as defined by 8 U.S.C. § 1231(b)(3)(B)(ii). Although Congress provided a per se definition of a particularly serious crime in the statute, the majority of U.S. courts of appeals have held that immigration judges ...


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