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Mental Health Outcomes Of Various Types Of Fear Among University Students Who Have An Undocumented Legal Status During The Donald Trump Presidency, Liliana Campos 2021 The University of San Francisco

Mental Health Outcomes Of Various Types Of Fear Among University Students Who Have An Undocumented Legal Status During The Donald Trump Presidency, Liliana Campos

Doctoral Dissertations

Having an undocumented legal status is a risk factor for mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety among university students. Much of the literature on the experiences of university students who hold an undocumented legal status has primarily focused on better understanding the educational, social, financial, and legal challenges among undergraduate students. The literature has addressed how some of these difficulties impact components of their social and mental health wellness. Yet, there is still a dearth of research focused on further understanding the experiences of students who hold an undocumented legal status from a psychological perspective, and specifically, with ...


A Comparison Of Public Defenders Vs. Private Attorneys, Tiffany Costello 2021 Merrimack College

A Comparison Of Public Defenders Vs. Private Attorneys, Tiffany Costello

Honors Senior Capstone Projects

This study seeks to determine whether there are any differences in conviction rates or client satisfaction between public defenders and private attorneys in state or federal courts. Although researchers have spent time examining differences between attorney type and client satisfaction or conviction rates, little information exists on the assessment of attorney type in the federal system. The study will consist of a two-part survey with approximately twenty-seven closed-ended questions about client satisfaction, conviction, court, and attorney type. The target population will be any criminal defendant in federal or state court with an attorney. In this study, the sampling method will ...


The Ethics Of Interrogation: How Unethical Interrogations Lead To False Confessions And What It Means For The Criminal, Janelle Havens 2021 Merrimack College

The Ethics Of Interrogation: How Unethical Interrogations Lead To False Confessions And What It Means For The Criminal, Janelle Havens

Criminology Student Work

Forensic interrogation is a vital step in the process of criminal investigations in order to extract information about suspects and the crime at hand. However, tunnel vision, artificial time constraints, lack of thorough training, and noble-cause corruption can influence how an investigator decides to interrogate a suspect or witness. When these influences are exerted on an investigator, the need to secure an arrest and conviction overpowers the need for justice - this results in false confessions and wrongful convictions. This is otherwise known as “the end doesn't justify the means” mindset. This causes investigators to engage in unethical interrogations, whether ...


The Odious Intellectual Company Of Authority Restricting Second Amendment Rights To The “Virtuous”, Royce de R. Barondes 2021 University of Missouri School of Law

The Odious Intellectual Company Of Authority Restricting Second Amendment Rights To The “Virtuous”, Royce De R. Barondes

Faculty Publications

To the woes of the victims of American over-criminalization, we can add deprivation of the suitable tools for self-defense during national emergency and civil unrest. Federal law disarms “unlawful users” of controlled substances (including medical marijuana), and imposes a permanent firearms ban on substantially all those with prior felony convictions. A notable exception is made for white-collar criminals with felony violations of antitrust and certain business practice statutes.

The constitutionality of these restrictions typically is founded on the view that one is tainted as “non-virtuous” for any serious criminal conviction, which includes any felony conviction. Using extensive sampling, this article ...


Hegemonic Marriage: The Collision Of 'Transformative' Same-Sex Marriage With Reactionary Tax Law, Anthony C. Infanti 2021 University of Pittsburgh School of Law

Hegemonic Marriage: The Collision Of 'Transformative' Same-Sex Marriage With Reactionary Tax Law, Anthony C. Infanti

Articles

Before there was a culture war in the United States over same-sex marriage, there was a battle between opponents and proponents of same-sex marriage within the LGBTQ+ community. Some within the LGBTQ+ community opposed same-sex marriage because of the long patriarchal history of marriage and the more consequential need to bridge the economic and privilege gap between the married and the unmarried. On the other hand, LGBTQ+ proponents of same-sex marriage saw marriage as a civil rights issue because of the central importance of marriage in American society. They sensed a profound wrong in the denial of the benefits of ...


Legal Purgatory: Why Some Animals Are Neither Persons Nor Property, Sharisse Kanet 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Legal Purgatory: Why Some Animals Are Neither Persons Nor Property, Sharisse Kanet

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

All animals with non-borderline sentience are deserving of certain legal considerations independent of their use and relationship to human beings. That is, all sentient beings should have some rights. Given the current organization of the U.S. legal system, which divides all entities into property or persons, it is not surprising that animals are relegated to property status. I put forth a proposal to fix this whose central suggestion is that we create a third legal designation, legal patient, into which all non-person sentient animals (those which do not properly belong on either current category) would fit. These animals would ...


The Integration And Securitization Of Muslim Migrants In Europe, Yasmeen Nawwar 2021 American University in Cairo

The Integration And Securitization Of Muslim Migrants In Europe, Yasmeen Nawwar

Theses and Dissertations

In its efforts to integrate newly entering migrants into their societies, Europe has established integration policies that negatively impact these migrants, especially those from racialized backgrounds. The policies mask an agenda of securitization against outsiders who are falsely considered to be a danger to national security and national identity. Since the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center in the United States, many Western countries, including European countries, began to build a culture of fear against Muslims. Europe began to increasingly associate migrants with problems such as trafficking, radicalization, and terrorism. As a result, Europe began to treat migration ...


Exploring Refugee Administration Systems In Egypt, Jordan, And Uganda: A Comparative Study, Noura El Guindy 2021 American University in Cairo

Exploring Refugee Administration Systems In Egypt, Jordan, And Uganda: A Comparative Study, Noura El Guindy

Theses and Dissertations

In this study, I compare three refugee administration models in the global south to one another: Egypt’s, Jordan’s, and Uganda’s. This research is conducted at what I believe is a curious moment of history, where host countries in the global south are encouraged by wealthier states to accept aid in exchange for keeping migrants in the south. In these circumstances, refugee administration models in host countries continue to operate, and new political approaches arise, such as the “Jordan Refugee Compact”. The aim of the comparative study is to spot both the successes and failures of each model ...


The Legal Framework Of Apostasy In Egypt: A Manifestation Of Secular Reconstruction Of Sharia By A Modern State, Ahmed Sedky Mohammed 2021 American University in Cairo

The Legal Framework Of Apostasy In Egypt: A Manifestation Of Secular Reconstruction Of Sharia By A Modern State, Ahmed Sedky Mohammed

Theses and Dissertations

The legal consequences of renouncing Islam or apostasy, which include depriving the apostate from some civil rights, and the non-recognition of the act itself by law in Egypt have been usually criticized as a blatant violation of the right to religious freedom. Such criticisms are based on the right’s definition according to international human rights law precisely the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. The dominant reasoning for this violation according to the majority of the related literature is the conservative interpretation of Sharia, the principal source of law, that has been adopted by Egyptian judiciary for more ...


Codetermination In Theory And Practice, Grant M. Hayden, Matthew T. Bodie 2021 Southern Methodist University - Dedman School of Law

Codetermination In Theory And Practice, Grant M. Hayden, Matthew T. Bodie

All Faculty Scholarship

A system of shared corporate governance between shareholders and workers, codetermination has been mostly ignored within the U.S. corporate governance literature. When it has made an appearance, it has largely served as a foil for shareholder primacy and an example of corporate deviance. However, over the last twenty years—and especially in the last five—empirical research on codetermination has shown surprising results as to the system’s efficiency, resilience, and benefits to stakeholders. This Article reviews the extant American legal scholarship on codetermination and provides a fresh look at the current state of codetermination theory and practice. Rather ...


Intellectual Property As A Determinant Of Health, Ana Santos Rutschman 2021 Saint Louis University - School of Law

Intellectual Property As A Determinant Of Health, Ana Santos Rutschman

All Faculty Scholarship

Public health literature has long recognized the existence of determinants of health, a set of socio-economic conditions that affect health risks and health outcomes across the world. The World Health Organization defines these determinants as “forces and systems” consisting of “factors combin[ing] together to affect the health of individuals and communities.” Frameworks relying on determinants of health have been widely adopted by countries in the global South and North alike, as well as international institutional players, several of which are direct or indirect players in transnational intellectual property (IP) policymaking. Issues raised by the implementation of IP policies, however ...


The Intellectual Property Of Covid-19, Ana Santos Rutschman 2021 Saint Louis University School of Law

The Intellectual Property Of Covid-19, Ana Santos Rutschman

All Faculty Scholarship

The response to COVID-19 is indissolubly tied to intellectual property. In an increasingly globalized world in which infectious disease pathogens travel faster and wider than before, the development of vaccines, treatments and other forms of medical technology has become an integral part of public health preparedness and response frameworks. The development of these technologies, and to a certain extent the allocation and distribution of resulting outputs, is informed by intellectual property regimes. These regimes influence the commitment of R&D resources, shape scientific collaborations and, in some cases, may condition the widespread availability of emerging technologies. As seen throughout this ...


The Fight For Birth Control: Down With Trump’S Contraceptive Mandate, Kamera Boyd 2021 Seton Hall University

The Fight For Birth Control: Down With Trump’S Contraceptive Mandate, Kamera Boyd

Law School Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Risky Business: A New(Ish) Approach To Corporate Criminal Liability, Anish Patel 2021 Seton Hall University

Risky Business: A New(Ish) Approach To Corporate Criminal Liability, Anish Patel

Law School Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Cost Of A Bundle Of Wood: Video Games And In-App Purchases, Amory R. Blank 2021 Seton Hall University

The Cost Of A Bundle Of Wood: Video Games And In-App Purchases, Amory R. Blank

Law School Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


A Life Worth Living? Implications Of Noninvasive Prenatal Testing On The Down Syndrome Population, Kacie C. Moscrip 2021 Seton Hall University

A Life Worth Living? Implications Of Noninvasive Prenatal Testing On The Down Syndrome Population, Kacie C. Moscrip

Law School Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Comment: Dude Where’S My Data: The Intersection Of Data Privacy Law And The Marijuana Industry In The United States, Andrew B. Broome 2021 Seton Hall University

Comment: Dude Where’S My Data: The Intersection Of Data Privacy Law And The Marijuana Industry In The United States, Andrew B. Broome

Law School Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Antiracism, Reflection, And Professional Identity, Eduardo R.C. Capulong, Andrew King-Ries, Monte Mills 2021 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Antiracism, Reflection, And Professional Identity, Eduardo R.C. Capulong, Andrew King-Ries, Monte Mills

Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal

Intent on more systematically developing the emerging professional identities of law students, the professional identity formation movement is recasting how we think about legal education. Notably, however, the movement overlooks the structural racism imbedded in American law and legal education. While current models of professional development value diversity and cross-cultural competence, they do not adequately prepare the next generation of legal professionals to engage in the sustained work of interrupting and overthrowing race and racism in the legal profession and system. This article argues that antiracism is essential to the profession’s responsibility to serve justice and therefore key to ...


Tribally Defined Citizenship Criteria: Countering Whiteness As Property Interpretations Of “Indian” For Restoring Inherent Sovereignty, Lori Bable 2021 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Tribally Defined Citizenship Criteria: Countering Whiteness As Property Interpretations Of “Indian” For Restoring Inherent Sovereignty, Lori Bable

Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal

This article implements the framework of whiteness of property to articulate the ways in which holdings of the Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) have limited Tribal Nations’ sovereignty because of the illegibility and correlative dispossession of inherent sovereignty itself. This article also highlights how these past SCOTUS opinions, especially recently, threaten to further reduce tribal sovereignty insofar as Tribal Nation citizenship remains based upon blood quantum. The case studies examined herein were selected because of the ways they strategically diminished Tribal Nation sovereignty via rhetorical precarity created using equivocations on the meaning of “Indian.” Through articulating how SCOTUS ...


From Threat To Victim: Why Stand Your Ground Laws Are Inherently Prejudiced And Do Nothing To Further Justice, Rene Perez 2021 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

From Threat To Victim: Why Stand Your Ground Laws Are Inherently Prejudiced And Do Nothing To Further Justice, Rene Perez

Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal

Stand Your Ground laws give jurors too much leeway in determining what constitutes a reasonable threat in defense cases.2 By removing the traditional duty to retreat, the reasonableness determination makes or breaks a case and inherently discriminates against people of color. This is because reasonableness can all too easily become a character determination instead of an objective adjudgment. Because Stand Your Ground is present at the investigator’s discretion stage, the prosecutorial discretion stage, and finally the judicial stage through jury instructions and juror bias—there is a unique platform for implicit bias to dictate how defendants are advantaged ...


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