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2018

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Articles 31 - 60 of 383

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Modeling Mixed Freeway Traffic: Human-Driven And Self-Driven Cars, Xianfeng Terry Yang, Zhao Zhang, Zhehao Zhang Dec 2018

Modeling Mixed Freeway Traffic: Human-Driven And Self-Driven Cars, Xianfeng Terry Yang, Zhao Zhang, Zhehao Zhang

TREC Project Briefs

Connected automated vehicles (CAVs) are typically equipped with communication devices (e.g., dedicated short range communications (DSRC)) and on-board sensors (e.g., Radar, Lidar, Camera, etc.). Communication devices would enable the exchange of real-time information between vehicles and infrastructures via vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) channels. Sensors equipped in vehicles are providing various vehicle sensor data (VSD) such as the CAV’s GPS location, speed and moving direction (trajectory). Existing studies have shown the effectiveness of using CAV trajectories as input in many traffic control models.

However, it can be expected that CAVs and human-driven vehicles (HVs) will co-exist on ...


The Growing Need For Diverse Teachers In The Mountain West, Michael Hansen, Diana Quintero Dec 2018

The Growing Need For Diverse Teachers In The Mountain West, Michael Hansen, Diana Quintero

Brookings Mountain West Publications

This policy brief examines the racial and ethnic diversity of the public teacher workforce in five Mountain West states, drawing on survey data from 1993 to 2016. We find increases in student diversity are generally outpacing teacher diversity in the region, though important differences in teacher-student parity and access to nonwhite teachers across states are also evident. In addition, we demonstrate the recruitment and retention of nonwhite teachers in these states lag considerably behind the rest of the U.S. This brief concludes with recommendations to help Mountain West states and districts promote greater racial and ethnic diversity among their ...


Efficacy Of Translocation As A Management Tool For Urban Mule Deer In Utah, Channing R. Howard Dec 2018

Efficacy Of Translocation As A Management Tool For Urban Mule Deer In Utah, Channing R. Howard

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

An increase in urbanization in the United States has led to an increase in human-wildlife interactions with deer (Odocoileus spp.) which have been able to adapt and thrive in these urban environments. In Utah, urbanization has occurred along the Wasatch Front which was once traditional mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) winter range habitat. This urban expansion coupled with an increasing use of these urban areas by mule deer, have led to increasing conflicts with deer. Overabundant urban deer have led to increased concerns over safety from deer-vehicle collisions, and damage to personal property including gardens and landscaping. Lethal methods of urban ...


Identifying And Assessing Conflicts Between Future Development And Current Migratory Bird Habitat Around Farmington Bay, Utah, Aubin A. Douglas Dec 2018

Identifying And Assessing Conflicts Between Future Development And Current Migratory Bird Habitat Around Farmington Bay, Utah, Aubin A. Douglas

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Every year, the Great Salt Lake (GSL) and its associated wetlands provide critical habitat for over 250 migratory bird species from both the Pacific and Central Flyways. The GSL borders the Wasatch Front, which is the fastest growing and most populous region in Utah. To support the ever-increasing working population, the government of Utah aspires to increase the robust economic growth of the region through economic incentives and development of infrastructure. As this area continues to develop, greater pressure will be placed on the surrounding natural resources, including the GSL, its wetlands, and the open space and agricultural land that ...


Front International: Cleveland Triennial For Contemporary Art: An American City, Iryna Lendel, Matthew B. Ellerbrock Nov 2018

Front International: Cleveland Triennial For Contemporary Art: An American City, Iryna Lendel, Matthew B. Ellerbrock

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Prioritizing Suitable Locations For Green Stormwater Infrastructure Based On Social Factors In Philadelphia, Zachary Christman, Mahbubur Meenar, Lynn Mandarano, Kyle Hearing Nov 2018

Prioritizing Suitable Locations For Green Stormwater Infrastructure Based On Social Factors In Philadelphia, Zachary Christman, Mahbubur Meenar, Lynn Mandarano, Kyle Hearing

School of Earth & Environment Faculty Scholarship

Municipalities across the United States are prioritizing green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) projects due to their potential to concurrently optimize the social, economic, and environmental benefits of the “triple bottom line”. While placement of these features is often based on biophysical variables regarding the natural and built environments, highly urbanized areas often exhibit either limited data or minimal variability in these characteristics. Using a case study of Philadelphia and building on previous work to prioritize GSI features in disadvantaged communities, this study addresses the dual concerns of the inequitable benefits of distribution and suitable site placement of GSI using a model ...


The Intentional City: Shaping London’S Urban Future, Zack Taylor Nov 2018

The Intentional City: Shaping London’S Urban Future, Zack Taylor

Centre for Urban Policy and Local Governance – Publications

Summary of remarks made at a public roundtable celebrating the launch of the Centre of Urban Policy and Local Governance held at Western University on November 23, 2018. Participants included Pierre Filion, Professor in the School of Planning at the University of Waterloo and an expert in mid-sized cities; Arielle Kayabaga, Councillor-Elect for City of London’s downtown Ward 13; Michelle Baldwin, Executive Director of London’s Pillar Nonprofit Network and Co-Founder of Innovation Works; John Fleming, Managing Director of Planning and City Planner for the City of London; and Neil Bradford, Professor and Chair of the Department of Political ...


The Intentional City: Shaping London’S Urban Future (Event Transcript), Zack Taylor Nov 2018

The Intentional City: Shaping London’S Urban Future (Event Transcript), Zack Taylor

Centre for Urban Policy and Local Governance – Publications

Edited transcript of remarks made at a public roundtable celebrating the launch of the Centre of Urban Policy and Local Governance held at Western University on November 23, 2018. Participants included Pierre Filion, Professor in the School of Planning at the University of Waterloo and an expert in mid-sized cities; Arielle Kayabaga, Councillor-Elect for City of London’s downtown Ward 13; Michelle Baldwin, Executive Director of London’s Pillar Nonprofit Network and Co-Founder of Innovation Works; John Fleming, Managing Director of Planning and City Planner for the City of London; and Neil Bradford, Professor and Chair of the Department of ...


Book Review: The Strip. Las Vegas And The Architecture Of The American Dream., Marta Soligo Nov 2018

Book Review: The Strip. Las Vegas And The Architecture Of The American Dream., Marta Soligo

UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal

Book Review: The Strip. Las Vegas and the Architecture of the American Dream


增闢土地,你我抉擇 = Land For Hong Kong : Our Home, Our Say!, Yuen Fai, Stanley Wong Nov 2018

增闢土地,你我抉擇 = Land For Hong Kong : Our Home, Our Say!, Yuen Fai, Stanley Wong

Policy Studies and Management Seminar Series

土地短缺問題近年一直困擾香港,市民面對「貴」、「細」、「擠」︰樓價高、租金貴、上車難;生活空間狹小擠迫、社區設施不足、營商成本高企,香港房屋、經濟,以至各類用地不足的問題,已經成為大眾最關心的其中一個議題。土地供應專責小組希望凝聚社會最大共識,以公眾參與所收集的意見為基礎,擬訂概括綱領,就整體土地供應策略及不同土地供應選項的優次,向政府提出建議。

講者簡介

黃遠輝先生,生於香港,現年62嵗,持有澳洲麥加里大學應用金融學碩士及香港中文大學文學碩士學位,也是香港銀行學會資深會士。黃先生在銀行界纍積近三十七年經驗,直到二零一一年八月退休。黃先生現時爲香港房屋委員會委員及其資助房屋小組主席,市區重建局非執行董事,香港房屋協會成員,博物館咨詢委員會主席及離職公務員就業申請咨詢委員會委員。在環保方面,黃先生是環境咨詢委員會主席。自2017年9月起,黃先生被委任為土地供應專責小組主席。

Photo Album:

https://gallery.ln.edu.hk/lib/Policy-Studies-and-Management-Seminar-Series-2018/Stanley_Wong_19_Nov_18/


Hartford Hub: Transforming Lower Lincoln, Breeah S. Carey, Lauren Jankowski, Madison Long, Joshua Walker Nov 2018

Hartford Hub: Transforming Lower Lincoln, Breeah S. Carey, Lauren Jankowski, Madison Long, Joshua Walker

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Breeah S. Carey received her degree in speech, language, and hearing sciences with minors in Spanish and psychology from Purdue University in May 2018. She is currently pursuing her master’s degree in speech-language pathology at Purdue University and wants to serve pediatric clients in school and clinic settings. She has volunteered in various schools in Newark, New Jersey, as a tutor in her mother’s after-school program and as a speaker for the Diamond’s in the Rough Program at Belmont Runyon Elementary School, where she encouraged minority girls to attend college in the future.

Lauren Jankowski is a ...


Case Study: Robin Hood Or Criminal? The Case Of A Bank Loan Officer, Vincent Agnello, Joseph F. Winter, Hai Ta Nov 2018

Case Study: Robin Hood Or Criminal? The Case Of A Bank Loan Officer, Vincent Agnello, Joseph F. Winter, Hai Ta

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

Employees who deviate from established rules at work face suspension or termination from their employment. Yet, knowing these dire consequences employees may still find themselves walking on a different path of business policy. Most employee wrongful conduct is done with the specific intent of benefitting the employee. In some cases, the authorities are brought in to intervene and criminal charges are brought against the employee, as in the case of embezzlement. Some acts are done by employees who do not believe in their company’s rules and are willing to deviate from them, not for their own benefit, but rather ...


Usury And The Common Good, Jim Wishloff Nov 2018

Usury And The Common Good, Jim Wishloff

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

The human person’s social nature makes justice and the common good subjects of immense importance. St. Thomas Aquinas defines justice as “the habit whereby a man renders to each one his due by a constant and perpetual will” (Aquinas, 1948, II-II, q.58, a.1). Looking more closely at the definition, we see that justice resides in and perfects the rational will. By willing to be just we perfect our moral personhood. The essence of the virtue is to give to others what is their right by virtue of their nature as human beings. Thus, justice inclines us to ...


Table Of Contents Nov 2018

Table Of Contents

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

No abstract provided.


Editors Nov 2018

Editors

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

No abstract provided.


Cover Nov 2018

Cover

Journal of Vincentian Social Action

No abstract provided.


A Simple Approach For Sustainable Transportation Systems In Smart Cities: A Graph Theory Model, Quinn Nelson, Donald Steffensmeier, Sachin Pawaskar Nov 2018

A Simple Approach For Sustainable Transportation Systems In Smart Cities: A Graph Theory Model, Quinn Nelson, Donald Steffensmeier, Sachin Pawaskar

Sachin Pawaskar

The idea of public transportation is supported by most in theory but often heavily criticized by users when put into application. There are common tensions that are related to public transportation, as described by frequent users: unreliable, too crowded, and slow. The University of Nebraska-Omaha (UNO) is a growing metropolitan
institution that uses a shuttle system to transport students among their three campuses daily. As of 2015, the current total student enrollment is approximately 16,000; UNO plans to enroll 20,000 students by 2020. The expected student growth is also reflected by the current construction of new buildings and ...


13 - Politicking Homelessness In Atlanta: How Does Atlanta Responds To Its Homeless Population?, Aliyah Winfrey Nov 2018

13 - Politicking Homelessness In Atlanta: How Does Atlanta Responds To Its Homeless Population?, Aliyah Winfrey

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

The ethnography performed intended to provide a balanced and integrated perspective of how Atlanta's governmental entities, non-profit organizations, and activist collectives engage and counteract its visibly poor or homeless population. Through primary data collection via semi-structured interviews and participant observation, the study conducted provides a concise and comprehensive presentation of the dominant institutions, interpretation on the cause of homelessness, and it’s solutions to visible poverty. It was vital to contextualize the research given Atlanta's unique history of public housing (de)construction, while granting the individuals dealing with homelessness autonomy in the discussion. To conclude this ethnography explored ...


Modeling Landowner Interactions And Development Patterns At The Urban Fringe, Jennifer Koch, Monica A. Dorning, Derek B. Van Berkel, Scott M. Beck, Georgina M. Sanchez, Ashwin Shashidharan, Lindsey S. Smart, Qiang Zhang, Jordan W. Smith, Ross K. Meentemeyer Nov 2018

Modeling Landowner Interactions And Development Patterns At The Urban Fringe, Jennifer Koch, Monica A. Dorning, Derek B. Van Berkel, Scott M. Beck, Georgina M. Sanchez, Ashwin Shashidharan, Lindsey S. Smart, Qiang Zhang, Jordan W. Smith, Ross K. Meentemeyer

Environment and Society Faculty Publications

Population growth and unrestricted development policies are driving low-density urbanization and fragmentation of peri-urban landscapes across North America. While private individuals own most undeveloped land, little is known about how their decision-making processes shape landscape-scale patterns of urbanization over time. We introduce a hybrid agent-based modeling (ABM) – cellular automata (CA) modeling approach, developed for analyzing dynamic feedbacks between landowners’ decisions to sell their land for development, and resulting patterns of landscape fragmentation. Our modeling approach builds on existing conceptual frameworks in land systems modeling by integrating an ABM into an established grid-based land-change model – FUTURES. The decision-making process within the ...


Yamhill-Carlton School District Enrollment Forecast 2019-20 To 2028-29, Charles Rynerson Nov 2018

Yamhill-Carlton School District Enrollment Forecast 2019-20 To 2028-29, Charles Rynerson

School District Enrollment Forecast Reports

This report presents the results of a demographic study conducted by the Portland State University Population Research Center (PRC) for the Yamhill-Carlton School District (LOSD). The study includes population, housing and enrollment trends affecting the District in recent years, and forecasts of district‐wide school enrollments for the 2019‐20 to 2028‐29 school years. Following are some of the highlights found in this report:

  • Population and Housing Trends
  • Housing and Enrollment
  • Enrollment Trends
  • Enrollment Forecasts


Shale Investment Dashboard In Ohio Q3 And Q4 2017, Andrew R. Thomas, Mark Henning, Kirby Date, Tahir E. Sondo Nov 2018

Shale Investment Dashboard In Ohio Q3 And Q4 2017, Andrew R. Thomas, Mark Henning, Kirby Date, Tahir E. Sondo

Urban Publications

This report presents findings from an investigation into shale-related investment in Ohio. The investment estimates are cumulative from July through December of 2017. Prior investments have previously been reported and are available from Cleveland State University. Subsequent reports will estimate additional investment since the date of this report.


Northeast Ohio Front Runners: Groups Of Regional Industry Drivers (Grids), Iryna Lendel, Merissa Piazza, Iryna Demko Nov 2018

Northeast Ohio Front Runners: Groups Of Regional Industry Drivers (Grids), Iryna Lendel, Merissa Piazza, Iryna Demko

Urban Publications

This research provides relevant, data-driven insights on competitive industries in the Northeast Ohio (NEO) economy over the 2013-2017 period. This report informs the reader on industries that over the last five years outperformed their national counterparts in wealth creation. These industries employ a significant amount of regional workforce, create sizable output, and have a regional competitive advantage. This research updates previous research conducted by the Regional Economic Competitiveness Strategy in 2011 and provides up-to-date insights into the future growth areas of NEO’s regional economy.


Incorporate Emerging Travel Modes In The Regional Strategic Planning Model (Rspm) Tool, Liming Wang, Joseph Broach, Huajie Yang Nov 2018

Incorporate Emerging Travel Modes In The Regional Strategic Planning Model (Rspm) Tool, Liming Wang, Joseph Broach, Huajie Yang

TREC Final Reports

Performance-based planning helps local and state decision makers to understand the potential impacts of policy decisions, supporting cost-effective investments and policy choices that can help achieve policy goals. In addition, it can enable monitoring of progress and facilitate needed adjustments, help them communicate to the public, and assist them with meeting federal regulations and the intent of MAP21. The Regional Strategic Planning Model (RSPM) is a performance-based planning tool first developed by Oregon State DOT (as GreenSTEP) and later adapted for use by other states in the form of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Emissions Reduction Policy Analysis Tool (EERPAT ...


Modeling For New Modes: Autonomous Vehicles & Shared Rides, Liming Wang, Joseph Broach, Huajie Yang Nov 2018

Modeling For New Modes: Autonomous Vehicles & Shared Rides, Liming Wang, Joseph Broach, Huajie Yang

TREC Project Briefs

Performance-based planning helps local and state decision makers to understand the potential impacts of policy decisions, supporting cost-effective investments and policy choices that can help achieve policy goals. In addition, it can enable monitoring of progress and facilitate needed adjustments, help them communicate to the public, and assist them with meeting federal regulations and the intent of MAP21. The Regional Strategic Planning Model (RSPM) is a performance-based planning tool first developed by Oregon State DOT (as GreenSTEP) and later adapted for use by other states in the form of the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Emissions Reduction Policy Analysis Tool (EERPAT ...


Potential Crime Risk And Housing Market Responses, Kim, Kwan Ok Lee Nov 2018

Potential Crime Risk And Housing Market Responses, Kim, Kwan Ok Lee

Research Collection School Of Economics

We study how information on local (dis)amenities is transmitted and manifested in housing markets. Using nationwide data on multifamily homes in South Korea, we analyze heterogeneity in the effect of a sex offender's presence on sale prices and rents of nearby homes. Our results demonstrate that the price effect of the offender's move-in varies significantly by spatial context. People react more strongly and persistently to the move-in of the offender in places wherein indicators of social connectedness are stronger, such as places with relatively low population density. We also find that, unlike housing prices, rents do not ...


Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: Population Distribution By Race, Ethnicity, And Age, Sarah Taylor, Maria Rosario T. De Guzman, Grant Daily, Rodrigo Cantarero, Soo-Young Hong, Aileen S. Garcia, Jeong-Kyun Choi, Yan Xia Oct 2018

Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: Population Distribution By Race, Ethnicity, And Age, Sarah Taylor, Maria Rosario T. De Guzman, Grant Daily, Rodrigo Cantarero, Soo-Young Hong, Aileen S. Garcia, Jeong-Kyun Choi, Yan Xia

Aileen Garcia

KEY POINTS

This section details key points from the data on racial, ethnic, and age groups across Nebraska.

RACIAL AND ETHNIC MINORITIES IN NEBRASKA

• The proportions of Nebraska’s racial and ethnic minority populations tend to be smaller by 4% (i.e., Asian) to 8% (i.e., Black or African American, Hispanic/Latino) than those of the US, except for the Hawaiian and Pacific Islander and American Indian and Alaska Native populations (i.e., smaller only by 0.1% to 0.2%).

• Nebraska’s urban areas, which comprise 73.1% of the Nebraska population, have higher numbers of racial and ...


Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: Migration Rates, Aileen S. Garcia, Rodrigo Cantarero, Grant Daily, Maria Rosario T. De Guzman, Jeong-Kyun Choi, Soo-Young Hong, Sarah Taylor Oct 2018

Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: Migration Rates, Aileen S. Garcia, Rodrigo Cantarero, Grant Daily, Maria Rosario T. De Guzman, Jeong-Kyun Choi, Soo-Young Hong, Sarah Taylor

Aileen Garcia

KEY POINTS AND IMPLICATIONS

Nebraska is a state that is not often viewed as affected significantly by mobility and migration. As a state, the net migration rate of 1.1 from 2015 to 2016 is fairly low compared to others like Florida (16.0) or Nevada (14.4). However, data from this report suggests that there is, in fact, substantial movement of people moving in and moving out; as well as pockets within the state where there is higher than average influx of both domestic and international migrants.

In general, migration trends in the state mirror national trends of “rural ...


Introduction To Transit-Oriented Development, Michael Lewyn Oct 2018

Introduction To Transit-Oriented Development, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Explains how transit-oriented development differs from the automobile-oriented development that surrounds many suburban train stations, why the former is desirable, and what sort of zoning changes promote such development.


Factors Explaining Changes In Household Vehicle Miles Of Travel, Richard Driscoll Oct 2018

Factors Explaining Changes In Household Vehicle Miles Of Travel, Richard Driscoll

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Vehicle miles of travel (VMT) is a key indicator of travel demand in the United States. Since 1995 total VMT and VMT per capita has fluctuated, with notable declines in the late 2000s and accelerated increases in the last 7 years. Since 1995, the National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) has tracked the household share of total VMT to shed light on the demographic and behavioral data behind personal vehicle travel. The household share of VMT, while still a majority, has declined every NHTS year since at least 1995. Meanwhile, household VMT has stagnated around 2.25 trillion miles since the ...


Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: The Geographic Distribution Of Poverty, Grant Daily, Rodrigo Cantarero, Maria Rosario De Guzman, Soo-Young Hong, Sarah Taylor, Aileen Garcia, Jeong-Kyun Choi, Yan Ruth Xia Oct 2018

Mapping Quality Of Life In Nebraska: The Geographic Distribution Of Poverty, Grant Daily, Rodrigo Cantarero, Maria Rosario De Guzman, Soo-Young Hong, Sarah Taylor, Aileen Garcia, Jeong-Kyun Choi, Yan Ruth Xia

Aileen Garcia

Headings:

What is poverty?

Federal definitions of poverty: the poverty line

General poverty and poverty brackets

Poverty and vulnerable populations

Child poverty (under 18 years)

Young child poverty (0 - 5 years)

School age poverty (6 - 17 years)

Elderly poverty (65+)

Comparing child, adult, and elderly poverty

Minority poverty

Key points

Nebraska vs. United States

Geographic distribution

Poverty in children and the elderly

Poverty rates for racial/ethnic minorities

References