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2007

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Articles 1 - 30 of 279

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Philadelphia's Chinatown: An Ethnic Enclave Economy In A Changing Landscape, Jun Li Dec 2007

Philadelphia's Chinatown: An Ethnic Enclave Economy In A Changing Landscape, Jun Li

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Philadelphia’s Chinatown: An Ethnic Enclave Economy in a Changing Landscape Abstract Philadelphia’s Chinatown is a residential-commercial neighborhood that is ethnically concentrated and still serves as a first entry point for many new immigrants. As an enclave economy, the businesses are geographically concentrated in Chinatown, the employers are self-employed, the business’s suppliers are largely located in Chinatown, there is a co-ethnic employee base, and there is a co-ethnic customer base. With a history of encounters with urban renewal, it is currently facing a slew of condominium developments. This paper seeks to address the impact of these developments on ...


The Implementation Of A Public-Use Bicycle Program In Philadelphia, Brittany Bonnette Dec 2007

The Implementation Of A Public-Use Bicycle Program In Philadelphia, Brittany Bonnette

Urban Studies Senior Seminar Papers

Philadelphia has many worries: from a declining economy, to a population decrease, to severe gun violence. The city suffers from these worries as well as high taxes, poor transportation options and few jobs for many workers, all detrimental the quality of life of Philadelphia citizens. Severe congestion, high costs of car ownership as the mounting price of public have severely impeded personal mobility in the city. One answer to this detrimental problem can be found in Europe, through public-use bicycles (PUBs). In over 60 European cities, PUBs have made an enormous impact on personal mobility, allowing citizens to access the ...


College Of Engineering Senior Design Competition Fall 2007, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas Dec 2007

College Of Engineering Senior Design Competition Fall 2007, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas

Senior Projects (COE)

Part of every UNLV engineering student’s academic experience, the senior design project stimulates engineering innovation and entrepreneurship. Each student in their senior year chooses, plans, designs, and prototypes a product in this required element of the curriculum. A capstone to the student’s educational career, the senior design project encourages the student to use everything learned in the engineering program to create a practical, real world solution to an engineering challenge.

The senior design competition helps to focus the senior students in increasing the quality and potential for commercial application for their design projects. Judges from local industry evaluate ...


Knight Creative Communities Initiative (Kcci) Evaluation: Interim Report, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert Dec 2007

Knight Creative Communities Initiative (Kcci) Evaluation: Interim Report, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert

Knight Creative Communities Initiative Evaluation—2007-2008

During the summer of 2007, SIAP was asked by the Knight Foundation to undertake a process evaluation of its Creative Communities Initiative (KCCI) underway in Charlotte, North Carolina; Duluth, Minnesota/Superior, Wisconsin; and Tallahassee, Florida. This memo reports on initial findings of the experience of KCCI participants from catalyst selection in March through October 2007. The memo begins with an overview of the logic of KCCI and then examines participants’ experience of the initiative using a chronological structure: the selection of catalysts, the initial two-day seminar, the organization of the action or initiative teams, and the history of the teams ...


Creativity And Neighborhood Development: Strategies For Community Investment, Jeremy Nowak Dec 2007

Creativity And Neighborhood Development: Strategies For Community Investment, Jeremy Nowak

Culture and Community Revitalization: A SIAP/Reinvestment Fund Collaboration—2007-2009

In this publication, Jeremy Nowak, President and CEO of The Reinvestment Fund, examines the role of community-based arts and cultural activity in neighborhood development and points towards strategies for building an integrated vision of creativity and development. The monograph focuses on the ways cultural activity and neighborhood development have complementary and in some ways intertwined missions. Nowak also offers a framework for flexible investment and funding that supports the synthesis of creativity, development, and knowledge and contributes to imaginative and substantive urban revitalization.


Tigard-Tualatin School District Enrollment Forecast Update, 2008-09 To 2011-12, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Charles Rynerson, Vivian Siu Dec 2007

Tigard-Tualatin School District Enrollment Forecast Update, 2008-09 To 2011-12, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Charles Rynerson, Vivian Siu

School District Enrollment Forecast Reports

The Tigard-Tualatin School District (TTSD) enrolled 12,460 students in Fall 2007, an increase of 153 students (1.2 percent) from Fall 2006. Growth was concentrated in the secondary grades, with increases of 59 students (2.1 percent) in middle school grades 6-8, and 93 students (2.4 percent) in high school grades 9-12. Elementary grades K-5 enrolled only one more student in Fall 2007 compared with Fall 2006. This report presents the results of a demographic study conducted by the Portland State University Population Research Center (PRC). The study includes analysis of population, housing and enrollment trends affecting the ...


Amity School District: Population And Enrollment Forecasts 2008-09 To 2017-18, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Charles Rynerson, Vivian Siu Dec 2007

Amity School District: Population And Enrollment Forecasts 2008-09 To 2017-18, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Charles Rynerson, Vivian Siu

School District Enrollment Forecast Reports

The Amity School District (ASD) experienced enrollment growth during the late 1980s and early 1990s, but reached a peak of 945 K-12 students in Fall 1994. In the 12 years that followed, enrollment fell by 143 students, or 15 percent. This year’s enrollment of 822 represents an increase of 20 students (2.5 percent) from Fall 2006, the largest increase since 1994. The long period of decline initially had its greatest impact on elementary grades, followed by middle school and more recently high school. This report presents the results of a study conducted by the Portland State University Population ...


Public And Private Sources Of Assistance For Low-Income Households, Chi-Fang Wu, Mary Keegan Eamon Dec 2007

Public And Private Sources Of Assistance For Low-Income Households, Chi-Fang Wu, Mary Keegan Eamon

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This study examined the types and combinations of public and private assistance received by three types of low-income households, including those with children, without children, and elderly without children. Using data from the 1996 and 2001 panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), the results indicate that a large percentage of low-income households rely on public assistance, and receipt of private assistance is much less common. Approximately 7% of the sample use both types of assistance. The findings highlight differences in combinations of public and private assistance used by different household types. Wealsofound some significant differences in ...


Demographic, Economic, And Social Transformations In The South Bronx: Changes In The Nyc Community Districts Comprising Mott Haven, Port Morris, Melrose, Longwood, And Hunts Point, 1990 - 2005, Astrid Rodríguez Dec 2007

Demographic, Economic, And Social Transformations In The South Bronx: Changes In The Nyc Community Districts Comprising Mott Haven, Port Morris, Melrose, Longwood, And Hunts Point, 1990 - 2005, Astrid Rodríguez

Center for Latin American, Caribbean, and Latino Studies

Introduction: This report analyzes demographic and socioeconomic characteristics among the five largest Latino nationality groups during 1990-2005 in South Bronx, specifically the neighborhoods of Mott Haven, Port Morris, Melrose, Longwood, and Hunts Point.

Methods: Data on Latinos and other racial/ethnic groups were obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey, reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, IPUMSusa. Cases in the dataset were weighted and analyzed to produce population estimates.

Results: Puerto Ricans are the largest Latino subgroup in the South Bronx, accounting for over half of the total population by 2005 ...


The Disneyfication Of New Orleans: The French Quarter As Facade In A Divided City, J. Mark Souther Dec 2007

The Disneyfication Of New Orleans: The French Quarter As Facade In A Divided City, J. Mark Souther

History Faculty Publications

The article discusses the development of New Orleans, Louisiana as a tourist attraction. The author suggests that Hurricane Katrina allowed the public to perceive racial and economic divisions in New Orleans. He suggests the French Quarter of New Orleans was developed for tourism due to its historic architecture. An attempt to attract military bases to the region during World War II failed due to the labor market and competition, leading to a focus on tourism. The author compares the city's appearance to that of Disneyland and suggests urban renewal relocated African Americans to ensure the development of the French ...


Research To Action: A Campus-Community Partnership To Address Health Issues Of The Food Insecure, Kimberly A. Greder, Steven Garasky, Susan Klein Dec 2007

Research To Action: A Campus-Community Partnership To Address Health Issues Of The Food Insecure, Kimberly A. Greder, Steven Garasky, Susan Klein

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

A university-community partnership assessed the food security and health status of food pantry participants in a midwestern urban community. Eighty percent of households surveyed were food insecure, and 40% experienced fair or poor health. The sample experienced higher rates of chronic disease than the general population. A nutrition education program designed to meet specific nutrition and health-related needs of pantry participants was developed. Implications include training pantry staff about chronic disease and its relationship to nutrition, identifying pantry foods that provide positive health benefits, and developing consumer publications focused on selecting and preparing pantry foods when one has chronic disease.


Travel Choice At Transit-Oriented Developments: Survey Results From Portland's Eastside, Jennifer Dill Dec 2007

Travel Choice At Transit-Oriented Developments: Survey Results From Portland's Eastside, Jennifer Dill

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

This report presents results from surveys of residents at several transit-oriented developments (TODs) in the cities of Portland and Gresham, along the MAX blue line between downtown Portland and Gresham. The research complements survey work done in 2005 at sites near three MAX stations in Hillsboro and Beaverton (west of downtown) and the Merrick apartments near the Convention Center in Portland. Results from those surveys are in a May 2006 report, Travel and Transit Use at Portland Area Transit-Oriented Developments (TODs) available at http://www.transnow.org/publication/final-reports/documents/TNW2006-03.pdf.


The High-Tech Sector In Northeast Ohio: 2007 Update, Ziona Austrian, Jill S. Taylor Dec 2007

The High-Tech Sector In Northeast Ohio: 2007 Update, Ziona Austrian, Jill S. Taylor

Urban Publications

This report describes trends in the high-tech sector in Northeast Ohio, focusing on the 2004-2006 time period. It is the first update to a baseline report released in February 2007 that analyzed trends between 2000 and 2005. This study follows the baseline report in that it examines the high-tech sector in Northeast Ohio from three perspectives — high-tech industries, high-tech occupations, and research and development activity. It assesses the strengths and weaknesses of high-tech industries in terms of employment, average wage, gross regional product (output), and productivity. High-tech occupations are analyzed in terms of employment levels. Research and development activity is ...


The People's Plan For Overcoming The Hurricane Katrina Blues - Summary, Michelle M. Thompson Nov 2007

The People's Plan For Overcoming The Hurricane Katrina Blues - Summary, Michelle M. Thompson

Michelle M. Thompson

The Peoples’ Plan is a strategic action plan for the recovery of the 9th Ward. We’ve created it based on conversations with residents – some struggling to return home, others intent on remaining in a neighborhood that has always been there own. The Peoples’ Plan provides a thorough assessment of what must be done to provide recovery in one of the hardest hit areas of the City, and provides a recovery model for all badly flooded areas. Our Plan seeks to transform the 9th Ward as it is rebuilt. The proposed transformation will be resident-driven and will provide improved employment ...


The Bus Stops Here For First Transit Contact, Peter Dreier Nov 2007

The Bus Stops Here For First Transit Contact, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Affordable Housing Needs Study For The Portland Metropolitan Area Draft Final Report, George C. Hough Jr., Sheila A. Martin, Gerard C. Mildner, Risa S. Proehl Nov 2007

Affordable Housing Needs Study For The Portland Metropolitan Area Draft Final Report, George C. Hough Jr., Sheila A. Martin, Gerard C. Mildner, Risa S. Proehl

Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies Publications

The purpose of this report is to respond to the recommendations of the Regional Housing Choice Task Force by providing information to guide housing choice policy for the Metro Council. In particular, the objectives of this project were to: estimate current and future affordable housing need for the Metro region; describe the distribution of households by income, age, and size across the metro region; describe the tenure of these households and the type of housing they will choose; identify and describe those household types that are most likely to struggle to meet the cost of housing based on their income ...


Saving The Inner Suburbs, Michael E Lewyn Nov 2007

Saving The Inner Suburbs, Michael E Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

While Jacksonville's older, more walkable neighborhoods and its newest suburbs have been thriving, its 1950s and 1960s suburbs have been declining. This article analyzes the causes of (and possible solutions to) this problem.


Farm-Raisers, Vanessa Zajfen Nov 2007

Farm-Raisers, Vanessa Zajfen

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Filling In 'Food Deserts', Amanda Shaffer, Robert Gottlieb Nov 2007

Filling In 'Food Deserts', Amanda Shaffer, Robert Gottlieb

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


R&D Policy In The United States: The Promotion Of Nanotechnology, Philip Shapira, Jue Wang Nov 2007

R&D Policy In The United States: The Promotion Of Nanotechnology, Philip Shapira, Jue Wang

Philip Shapira

This case study reviews the evolution of nanotechnology policies and programmes in the United States with a particular focus on three thematic areas: governance, interactions among R&D policies, and interaction between R&D policy and non-R&D policies. Federal R&D policy in nanotechnology has moved through several stages, including initial exploration before the 1980s, the promotion of scientific and technological breakthroughs in the 1980s, policy development in the 1990s and multiagency national initiatives in the 2000s. Since 2001, the major federal R&D policy mechanism in nanotechnology in the US has been the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI). NNI ...


El Desafío Político De Gobernar La Ciudad, Fernando Carrión Mena Nov 2007

El Desafío Político De Gobernar La Ciudad, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Las ciudades latinoamericanas están cambiando. De la «ciudad frontera», con una lógica de urbanización basada en la expansión de las periferias y la metropolización industrial, se ha pasado a una «ciudad en red», resultado de la globalización, la reforma del Estado y los cambios demográficos. En este nuevo contexto, se perciben en la región dos modelos políticos de gobierno de la ciudad: el de la ciudad empresarial privada, que recurre al mercado para inyectarle eficiencia a la gestión urbana, y el de la ciudad inclusiva, basada en una revalorización del espacio público y la promoción de derechos. La exitosa experiencia ...


Permanently Failing Organizations? Small Business Recovery After September 11, 2001, Leigh Graham Nov 2007

Permanently Failing Organizations? Small Business Recovery After September 11, 2001, Leigh Graham

Publications and Research

Small businesses in Lower Manhattan after September 11, 2001, paint a telling portrait of vulnerability after disasters. This qualitative analysis of recovery for small retail and service firms with 50 or fewer employees is based on ethnographic fieldwork, interviews, and documentary research from September 2001 through 2005. A postdisaster emphasis on place-based assistance to firms conflicted with macro-level redevelopment plans for Lower Manhattan. Small business recovery was impeded as aid programs responded to a new sense of urgency, attachment to place, and prestorm conceptions of the neighborhood at the expense of addressing community-wide economic changes accelerated by the disaster. Ingredients ...


Inventing The Greatest: Constructing Louisville’S Future Out Of Story And Clay, James A. Throgmorton Nov 2007

Inventing The Greatest: Constructing Louisville’S Future Out Of Story And Clay, James A. Throgmorton

School of Urban & Regional Planning Publications

In earlier publications I have argued that planning can be thought of as a form of persuasive and constitutive storytelling about the future. In this paper I tell a story about the transformation of Louisville, Kentucky, a city of approximately 700,000 people located in the middle of the United States. The story begins in the early 1950s with a youth named Cassius Marcellus Clay, moves through space and time, weaves together a series of locally-grounded common urban narratives, and ends at a new Center in Louisville named after Muhammad Ali. By weaving these tales together, I seek to demonstrate ...


Northeast Ohio Manufacturing Brief, Afia Yamoah Nov 2007

Northeast Ohio Manufacturing Brief, Afia Yamoah

Urban Publications

This brief continues a series of publications on trends in Northeast Ohio manufacturing industries. It aims to provide a quick, current, and informative report on trends in employment, wages, and output for major manufacturing industries.


Concurrent Panel Session 1: Challenges Of Economic Growth & Diversification & Labor Preparation In Las Vegas, Maggie Arias-Petrel, Cedric Crear, Somer Hollingsworth, Mike Majewski, John Restrepo, Mary Riddel, Keith Schwer, Dina Titus Oct 2007

Concurrent Panel Session 1: Challenges Of Economic Growth & Diversification & Labor Preparation In Las Vegas, Maggie Arias-Petrel, Cedric Crear, Somer Hollingsworth, Mike Majewski, John Restrepo, Mary Riddel, Keith Schwer, Dina Titus

Shaping the Future of Southern Nevada: Economic, Environmental, and Social Sustainability

Moderator: Dr. Mel Jameson, UNLV College of Business Scribe: Angela Moor, UNLV Department of History Conference white paper & Full summary of panel session, 6 pages


Concurrent Panel Session 1: Environmental Sustainability And Las Vegas, Dale A. Devitt, David E. James, Patricia Mulroy, Alan O'Neill, Thomas C. Piechota, Doug Selby, Krystyna Anne Stave, Michael Yackira, Bruce Turner Oct 2007

Concurrent Panel Session 1: Environmental Sustainability And Las Vegas, Dale A. Devitt, David E. James, Patricia Mulroy, Alan O'Neill, Thomas C. Piechota, Doug Selby, Krystyna Anne Stave, Michael Yackira, Bruce Turner

Shaping the Future of Southern Nevada: Economic, Environmental, and Social Sustainability

Moderator: Dr. Stan Smith, UNLV School of Life Sciences Scribe: Crystal Jackson, UNLV Department of Sociology Conference white paper & Full summary of panel session, 6 pages


Engaging The Community: The Metropolitan University, Jonathan Fink Oct 2007

Engaging The Community: The Metropolitan University, Jonathan Fink

Shaping the Future of Southern Nevada: Economic, Environmental, and Social Sustainability

31 PowerPoint slides Abstract: -Phoenix late entry in global, high-tech competition -ASU assists Metro Phoenix with all aspects of sustainability -University provides expertise, ideas, tools, workforce -Global Institute of Sustainability aligns ASU & regional needs -Decision Theater: Policy-making plus technology -Lessons should be relevant to Las Vegas and UNLV


Las Vegas X 3 @ 2030-Part 1 & 2, Arthur Chris Nelson Oct 2007

Las Vegas X 3 @ 2030-Part 1 & 2, Arthur Chris Nelson

Shaping the Future of Southern Nevada: Economic, Environmental, and Social Sustainability

Part 1, 12 PowerPoint slides


Shaping The Future Of Southern Nevada Conference Cover Artwork, James B. Pink Oct 2007

Shaping The Future Of Southern Nevada Conference Cover Artwork, James B. Pink

Shaping the Future of Southern Nevada: Economic, Environmental, and Social Sustainability

Artwork Credit: Blue Moon, Acrylic Painting, 4' x 5' by


The Economic Contribution Of Marine Science And Education Institutions In The Monterey Bay Crescent, Judith T. Kildow Dr, Nathaniel Miller Oct 2007

The Economic Contribution Of Marine Science And Education Institutions In The Monterey Bay Crescent, Judith T. Kildow Dr, Nathaniel Miller

Publications

Ocean and coastal areas of the United States contribute significantly to our nation’s overall economy. The extent to which our economy benefits from the wide range of marine and coastal activities is not completely understood. The National Ocean Economics Program (NOEP) has attempted to track and value the ocean and coastal- related economic activities in the United States. To date six sectors are included in its information system (www.oceaneconomics.org). The economic contribution of marine research and education institutions is a sector of activity that lies outside of the normal federal government datasets, but one which seemed to ...