Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Urban Studies and Planning Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2005

Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 101

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Transforming Our Regional Economy, Ziona Austrian, Ed Morrison, Laszio Kozmon Dec 2005

Transforming Our Regional Economy, Ziona Austrian, Ed Morrison, Laszio Kozmon

Urban Publications

This strategic action plan focuses on the future of Cuyahoga County and sets forth a roadmap to build a more prosperous economy. It is not the only road map available to us, and we can certainly improve upon it. But, it is a roadmap that is practical, one that we can begin using today. We have set out initiatives that can and should be implemented.


The Nasa Glenn Research Center: An Economic Impact Study Fiscal Year 2004, Robert Sadowski Dec 2005

The Nasa Glenn Research Center: An Economic Impact Study Fiscal Year 2004, Robert Sadowski

Urban Publications

The John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field (Glenn) is one of 10 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Centers. Glenn is situated on 350 acres adjacent to Cleveland Hopkins International Airport. Its physical plant includes over 150 buildings that contain a unique collection of world-class test facilities. Glenn also includes the 6,400-acre Plum Brook Station near Sandusky, Ohio, 50 miles west of Cleveland. It specializes in large-scale tests that would be hazardous within the confines of the main campus.


Translating Research Into Homelessness Policy And Practice: One Perspective From The United States, Dennis P. Culhane Oct 2005

Translating Research Into Homelessness Policy And Practice: One Perspective From The United States, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

Like social scientists everywhere, homelessness researchers in the US are usually ignored. Good science that identifies what causes homelessness, sound evaluations which document that certain programs will never work, and even evidence that promising solutions deserve broad replication, are often disregarded. Such wanton indifference for science would constitute malpractice in the field of medicine, but it sometimes passes as acceptable policy in the field of social welfare. Ideology, politics and preservation of the status quo usually prevail. So, what’s a well intentioned researcher to do? Persevere and become more tactical. After all, policy failures can’t be ignored forever ...


List Of Abstracts, Creating Collaborative Communities Conference, Jered B. Carr Oct 2005

List Of Abstracts, Creating Collaborative Communities Conference, Jered B. Carr

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

No abstract provided.


Interlocal Contractual Arrangements In The Provision Of Public Safety, Simon A. Andrew Oct 2005

Interlocal Contractual Arrangements In The Provision Of Public Safety, Simon A. Andrew

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

The range of interlocal contractual arrangements in the realm of public safety in Florida provides a research site to examine the extent to which these arrangements have been used by local governments. We developed a contractual perspective on interlocal contractual arrangements as relational contracts by arguing that their institutional designs are partly an effort of involved parties to reduce transaction costs that are the product of the properties of the services themselves; and partly by state statutes that allowed mix approaches to contractual arrangements. A relational contract is advantageous because it specified the activities to be rendered without unnecessarily intruding ...


Characteristics Of Service, Structure Of Networks, And Forms Of Inter-Local Cooperation In Local Service Production: Evidence From Florida, Manoj Shrestha Oct 2005

Characteristics Of Service, Structure Of Networks, And Forms Of Inter-Local Cooperation In Local Service Production: Evidence From Florida, Manoj Shrestha

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

This paper empirically examines the interrelationships between service characteristics and the structure of networks among local jurisdictions using relational data across a set of diverse services from Pinellas County in Florida. In metropolitan areas, cities as well as counties work together to become increasingly efficient in public service delivery, and hence, engage into a variety of cooperative arrangements such as bilateral or multilateral service agreements. Increasing restraints on jurisdictions’ fiscal capacity have further forced them to look for cooperative avenues. Extant literature suggests that types of public goods and services determine the choice of service production. Policy/management network scholars ...


Cooperation Costs And The Economics Of Intergovernmental Partnerships, Soji Adelaja, Laila A. Racevskis Oct 2005

Cooperation Costs And The Economics Of Intergovernmental Partnerships, Soji Adelaja, Laila A. Racevskis

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

Increasingly, state and local governments are promoting intergovernmental coordination, cooperation, and/or outright consolidation (3Cs) based on the perceived economies of scale advantages of such joint actions. However, the growing public finance and political science literature on interregional cooperation highlights the fact that transactions or other cooperation costs may preclude the realization of economies of scale benefits. Despite this evidence, some proponents go as far as to view such collaborative actions as effective policy tools for enhancing regional economic development and competitiveness. The role of cooperation costs and their relationship to economies of scale are not well documented in the ...


Elements Of Successful Interlocal Agreements: An Iowa Case Study , Kurt Thurmaier Oct 2005

Elements Of Successful Interlocal Agreements: An Iowa Case Study , Kurt Thurmaier

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

This paper explores the factors that contribute to successful interlocal agreements. Success is defined in terms of achieving agreement objectives, increasing the effectiveness of the public service, and increasing the efficiency of the public service. Influential factors of interest include the reason the interlocal agreement was created, the estimated costs and benefits of participation in the agreement, and the types and levels of communication between the parties to the agreement. The paper reports results from a survey of local governments (including cities, counties, school districts) in Iowa that have filed an agreement with the state. The sample of about 1250 ...


Which Local Governments Cooperate On Public Safety?: Lessons From Michigan, Jered B. Carr, Kelly Leroux Oct 2005

Which Local Governments Cooperate On Public Safety?: Lessons From Michigan, Jered B. Carr, Kelly Leroux

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

Despite the increased interest in voluntary services cooperation, little is known about the factors that encourage local governments to enter into collaborative services arrangements with each other. This paper addresses this question through an analysis of interlocal contracting arrangements for police and fire services reported by 464 local governments in Michigan. While the contracting of public services is increasing common in local governments across the country, collaborations on police and fire services have proved far more difficult to achieve. Public safety contracting presents a dilemma for public managers. On one hand, local governments devote a substantial part of their budgets ...


The Nature Of Metropolitan Governance In Urban America: A Study Of Cooperation, Conflict, And Avoidance In The Kansas City Region, Curtis H. Wood Oct 2005

The Nature Of Metropolitan Governance In Urban America: A Study Of Cooperation, Conflict, And Avoidance In The Kansas City Region, Curtis H. Wood

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

In this study I determine the dominant pattern of governance in the Kansas City metro based on interviews with 46 city administrative officers in cities over 2,500 in population. Consistent with theories of cooperation, I found that the dominant governance strategy is intergovernmental cooperation in the delivery of public services punctuated by conflict and avoidance/defection when intergovernmental service delivery arrangements involve infrequent interaction between the parties and when the presence and influence of the regional council of government is minimal.


Interlocal Services Cooperation: Bridging Public Management And Metropolitan Governance?, Jered B. Carr Oct 2005

Interlocal Services Cooperation: Bridging Public Management And Metropolitan Governance?, Jered B. Carr

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

No abstract provided.


Cooperative Municipal Service Provision: A Political-Economy Framework For Understanding Intergovernmental Cooperation, Elisabeth R. Gerber, Clark C. Gibson Oct 2005

Cooperative Municipal Service Provision: A Political-Economy Framework For Understanding Intergovernmental Cooperation, Elisabeth R. Gerber, Clark C. Gibson

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

We develop and apply a theoretical framework for understanding how local governments respond to the perceived costs and benefits of intergovernmental cooperation. Our theory connects local government decisions to economic and political costs and benefits at both the local and regional levels, as well as the institutional context in which collaborative decisions take place. We develop and test hypotheses with data from a sample of regional councils. We find preliminary support for our institutional, local, and regional hypotheses


Public Administration And Shared Power: Understanding Governance, Networks, And Partnerships, H. George Frederickson, David Matkin Oct 2005

Public Administration And Shared Power: Understanding Governance, Networks, And Partnerships, H. George Frederickson, David Matkin

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

Starting with the “consolationist” and “fragmentationist” arguments in American local government and contemporary patterns of increasing jurisdictional cooperation and regionalization, this paper examines patterns of jurisdictional cooperation and power sharing in metropolitan regions, and analyses the influence of extrajurisdictional benefits on local government decisions to engage in regional agreements. Our findings are based on a survey of local government officials in the Kansas City Metropolitan area. Cooperation is examined using an Axelrod-type prisoner’s dilemma scenario. Participants include elected officials, chief administrative officers, and department-level administrators—Police Chiefs, Parks and Recreation Directors, Fire Chiefs, and Public Works Directors. Results point ...


Institutional Collective Action And Local Goverance, Richard C. Feiock Oct 2005

Institutional Collective Action And Local Goverance, Richard C. Feiock

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

This paper elaborates the institutional collective action framework and its applications to cooperative interlocal service agreements among governments in metropolitan areas. It begins by outlining the information, negotiation, enforcement and agency cost that pose obstacles to cooperative interlocal arrangements. Next it identifies how these transaction costs, and the ability of local actors to overcome them, depend on: 1) characteristics of services; 2) characteristics of communities; 3) political institutions; and 4) structures of policy networks. Specific propositions regarding evolution and effectiveness of interlocal cooperation are advanced and an agenda to investigate institutional collective action among local governments is presented.


Culture Vs. Policy: Introduction And Summary Of The Research, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert Oct 2005

Culture Vs. Policy: Introduction And Summary Of The Research, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert

Dynamics of Culture—2003-2005

This summary provides a descriptive overview of SIAP’s research from 2003 to 2005 in metropolitan Philadelphia. The authors argue that the papers produced by the Dynamics of Culture project document an early 21st century American city with a flourishing cultural sector--a community infrastructure full of vitality and promise, in spite of social policy, not because of it.


‘Natural’ Cultural Districts: Arts Agglomerations In Metropolitan Philadelphia And Implications For Cultural District Planning, Susan C. Seifert, Mark J. Stern Oct 2005

‘Natural’ Cultural Districts: Arts Agglomerations In Metropolitan Philadelphia And Implications For Cultural District Planning, Susan C. Seifert, Mark J. Stern

Dynamics of Culture—2003-2005

As older cities and towns retooled to accommodate post-industrialism, cultural districts have become popular strategies to promote tourism, revive downtowns, revitalize neighborhoods, and generally boost the local economy. While entertainment centers are hardly new to urban life, the cultural district as economic stimulus has become increasingly standard equipment in the planners’ toolbox. The typical district is “a well-recognized, labeled, mixed-use area of a city in which a high concentration of cultural facilities serves as the anchor or attraction.” Thus the cultural district is a strategy for simulating arts “consumption” and “event-related spending”, but planning largely ignores the production needs of ...


Levels Of Consciousness, Archetypal Energies, And Earth Lessons: An Emerging Worldview, Carroy U. Ferguson Sep 2005

Levels Of Consciousness, Archetypal Energies, And Earth Lessons: An Emerging Worldview, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

Worldviews emerge from our individual and collective Levels of Consciousness at given points in time and space and from what we come to “believe” is possible or not. In my own experience, my research on Consciousness, and my study of various cultures, societies, and Consciousness literature, I have identified at least seven Levels of Consciousness, twenty-five Archetypal Energies, and various Earth Lessons, which we seem to commonly experience as human beings, in our own unique personal, societal, and global life spaces.


Facilitating Interlocal Collaboration: Community And The Soft Skills Of Public Management, Ricardo S. Morse Sep 2005

Facilitating Interlocal Collaboration: Community And The Soft Skills Of Public Management, Ricardo S. Morse

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

This paper explores the issue of interlocal collaboration in non-metro areas and argues that the concept of community and related "soft skills" that go along with it are critical to understanding how increased collaboration can be encouraged. An action research process piloted in two Iowa counties provides the basis for this study and offers rich qualitative insight into some of the factors that influence non-metro interlocal collaboration.


A Transaction Costs Explanation Of Interlocal Government Collaboration, Skip Krueger, Michael Mcguire Sep 2005

A Transaction Costs Explanation Of Interlocal Government Collaboration, Skip Krueger, Michael Mcguire

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

No abstract provided.


Patterns Of Interlocal Services Collaboration: A Preliminary Analysis, Jered B. Carr Sep 2005

Patterns Of Interlocal Services Collaboration: A Preliminary Analysis, Jered B. Carr

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

Presentation of preliminary findings of the Citizens Research Council of Michigan's survey of public services arrangements in Michigan.


Catalog Of Local Government Services In Michigan, Eric Lupher Sep 2005

Catalog Of Local Government Services In Michigan, Eric Lupher

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

The Citizens Research Council announces the release of the Catalog of Local Government Services. The Catalog is the result of a survey sent to the governments of 670 counties, cities, villages, and counties in 24 Michigan counties. The surveys asked which services are provided to residents of each community, and if the services are provided, whether they are provided by the units themselves, through cooperative arrangements, by another unit, or by contract. Responses were received from about 70 percent of the units contacted. The data show that Michigan cities, villages, and townships cannot be characterized in simple terms. The menu ...


Occupation Analysis For The Greater Cleveland Area, Jun Koo Sep 2005

Occupation Analysis For The Greater Cleveland Area, Jun Koo

Urban Publications

Occupation is an important aspect of regional economy; it has been forgotten, however, in most studies of regional economies. We developed a set of benchmark occupation clusters that share similar knowledge and skills and examined the Cleveland metropolitan area based on the derived occupation clusters.


Ecolopolis: Making The Case For A Cascadian Supercity, Portland State University Aug 2005

Ecolopolis: Making The Case For A Cascadian Supercity, Portland State University

Regional Planning and Metropolitan Growth Management Research Projects

This is a working document and is the first product of an ongoing project focused on the existence of and prospects for Cascadia. The document is organized into three main sections. In section one we consider Cascadia from an economic point of view using the cluster model developed by Michael Porter and others. In section two we look at the Cascadia through the lens afforded by high speed rail. In the third section we revisit the questions that launched this study, and discuss the next steps. For those you new to Cascadia, we append some basic background information on the ...


Northeast Ohio Manufacturing Analysis: A Working Paper In Support Of Global Northeast Ohio Manufacturing Roadmap Initiative, Ziona Austrian, Iryna Lendel Aug 2005

Northeast Ohio Manufacturing Analysis: A Working Paper In Support Of Global Northeast Ohio Manufacturing Roadmap Initiative, Ziona Austrian, Iryna Lendel

Urban Publications

This report presents the results of a study of manufacturing activities in Northeast Ohio (NEO). The report’s purpose is to provide an understanding of recent trends in regional manufacturing industries in the context of longer-term trends and the national economy.


Beachwood's Economy: Analytical Report, Iryna Lendel, Ziona Austrian Aug 2005

Beachwood's Economy: Analytical Report, Iryna Lendel, Ziona Austrian

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Comprehensive Plan Amendments On Interchange Traffic In Oregon, James G. Strathman, Thomas J. Kimpel, Paul Roland Leistner, Kenneth Dueker Jul 2005

Effects Of Comprehensive Plan Amendments On Interchange Traffic In Oregon, James G. Strathman, Thomas J. Kimpel, Paul Roland Leistner, Kenneth Dueker

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

In this paper we examine the effects of amendments to local comprehensive plans on interchange performance. Plan amendments over a 15-year period in Oregon resulting in changes to industrial or commercial land use were reviewed to identify those that occurred within one mile of an interchange. Regression analysis was then performed to estimate the impact of nearby plan amendments on subsequent interchange ADT. Plan amendments were found to have a substantial ADT effect on rural interchanges, but their incidence was very limited. In urban core areas, the estimated effect of plan amendments was negligible, possibly due to interchange congestion or ...


Resolution In Support Of Senate Bill 82 (2005), City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Jul 2005

Resolution In Support Of Senate Bill 82 (2005), City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


Slides: Forestry On The Yakama Reservation: The Balancing Of Natural Resources Management, Philip Rigdon Jun 2005

Slides: Forestry On The Yakama Reservation: The Balancing Of Natural Resources Management, Philip Rigdon

Community-Owned Forests: Possibilities, Experiences, and Lessons Learned (June 16-19)

Presenter: Philip Rigdon, Yakama Nation, Toppenish, WA

64 slides


Slides: Funding For Acquisitions: Creative And Emerging Mechanisms To Tap Private Funds, Peter R. Stein Jun 2005

Slides: Funding For Acquisitions: Creative And Emerging Mechanisms To Tap Private Funds, Peter R. Stein

Community-Owned Forests: Possibilities, Experiences, and Lessons Learned (June 16-19)

Presenter: Peter R. Stein, General Partner, The Lyme Timber Company, Hanover, NH

9 slides


Slides: The Downhill Lever Of Current Forest Finance, Tom Tuchmann Jun 2005

Slides: The Downhill Lever Of Current Forest Finance, Tom Tuchmann

Community-Owned Forests: Possibilities, Experiences, and Lessons Learned (June 16-19)

Presenter: Tom Tuchmann, US Forest Capital, Portland, OR

6 slides