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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Center For Population Dynamics Quarterly Brief September 2017: Repopulating Cleveland From The Inside Out, Richey Piiparinen, Thomas Bier, Charlie Post, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp Sep 2017

Center For Population Dynamics Quarterly Brief September 2017: Repopulating Cleveland From The Inside Out, Richey Piiparinen, Thomas Bier, Charlie Post, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp

Urban Publications

How can Cleveland repopulate? Generally, there are two theories of thought: by focusing on regional economic development, so that people follow jobs; and by focusing on local economic development, particularly in housing and quality of place. Here, jobs follow people.

While the oft-heard question in city building is whether people follow jobs or jobs follow people, recent research suggest it is likely both. Cleveland needs both a jobs strategy and a housing strategy to incur repopulation. This report brief sketches out the framework of a housing strategy, while an upcoming report by The Center for Population Dynamics called “The Healing ...


Eastern Ohio Shale Dashboard - September 1st, 2017, Iryna Lendel, Dro Sohrabian Sep 2017

Eastern Ohio Shale Dashboard - September 1st, 2017, Iryna Lendel, Dro Sohrabian

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Using Stories, Narratives, And Storytelling In Energy And Climate Change Research, Mithra Moezzi, Kathryn B. Janda, Sea Rotmann Aug 2017

Using Stories, Narratives, And Storytelling In Energy And Climate Change Research, Mithra Moezzi, Kathryn B. Janda, Sea Rotmann

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

Energy and climate change research has been dominated by particular methods and approaches to defining and addressing problems, accomplished by gathering and analysing the corresponding forms of evidence. This special issue starts from the broad concepts of stories, narratives, and storytelling to go beyond these analytic conventions, approaching the intersection of nature, humanity, and technology in multiple ways, using lenses from social sciences, humanities, and practitioners’ perspectives. The contributors use stories as data objects to gather, analyse, and critique; stories as an approach to research an inquiry; narrative analysis as a way of crystallising arguments and assumptions; and storytelling as ...


Thriving Cities: How To Define, Apply, And Measure Well-Being At Scale, Jaclyn Gaffaney Aug 2017

Thriving Cities: How To Define, Apply, And Measure Well-Being At Scale, Jaclyn Gaffaney

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

What is a thriving city? Is it even possible to raise the well-being of an entire city, and why bother? Recent advancements in positive psychology have made it possible to define, measure, and increase well-being on a much larger scale. This provides an unprecedented opportunity for cities to explore well-being. In order to increase the well-being of the city – cities will need to think carefully about what that means, why it is important, and how they will do it. This capstone posits that cities can define what well-being means for themselves inclusive of: the target (the city, individuals, or other ...


Talking The Walk: An Autoethnography Of Pedestrianism In Chicagoland, Andrew Kuka Aug 2017

Talking The Walk: An Autoethnography Of Pedestrianism In Chicagoland, Andrew Kuka

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

This autoethnographic account of pedestrianism in Chicagoland aims to remind us of the sensory, social, and emotional experiences walking can provide, and how an environment centered around automobiles affects those experiences. It utilizes participant observations and refers to literature from a wide range of disciplines to construct a story of walks in downtown Aurora and Chicago, Illinois that illuminates factors at play in the shaping of the pedestrian experience in urban areas.


How Does Transportation Affordability Vary Among Tods, Tads, And Other Areas?, Brenda Scheer, Reid Ewing, Keunhyun Park, Shabnam Sifat Ara Khan Aug 2017

How Does Transportation Affordability Vary Among Tods, Tads, And Other Areas?, Brenda Scheer, Reid Ewing, Keunhyun Park, Shabnam Sifat Ara Khan

TREC Final Reports

Transit-oriented development (TOD) has gained popularity worldwide as a sustainable form of urbanism; it concentrates development near a transit station so as to reduce auto-dependency and increase ridership. Existing travel behavior studies in the context of TOD, however, are limited in terms of small sample size, inconsistent TOD classification methods, and failure to control for residential self-selection. Thus, this study has three research questions. First, how can we distinguish between Transit-oriented development (TOD) and Transit-adjacent development (TAD)? Second, how do travel behaviors vary between TODs and TADs? Third, how does transportation affordability vary between TODs and TADs? This study utilizes ...


Opioid Deaths And The Availability Of Rehab Beds In Facilities Serving Persons With Addictions: Cleveland, 2016 And First Quarter 2017, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Cindie Carroll-Pankhurst Phd Jul 2017

Opioid Deaths And The Availability Of Rehab Beds In Facilities Serving Persons With Addictions: Cleveland, 2016 And First Quarter 2017, Mark J. Salling Phd, Gisp, Cindie Carroll-Pankhurst Phd

Urban Publications

Deaths from opioids, specifically heroin and fentanyl, have been increasing at alarming rates nationally, in Ohio, and in Cuyahoga County. Cleveland.com reports that the Cuyahoga County Medical Examiner asserts that “Cuyahoga County is still on pace to far exceed last year's (2016) record number of heroin and fentanyl overdose deaths after seeing an increase in April (2017)”. The Medical Examiner’s Office also reports that there is an increasing number of African American fatalities due to fentanyl. In 2016, 72 of the 544 deaths (13.2%) from heroin and fentanyl were African Americans; in the first quarter of ...


Exclusionary Megacities, Wendell Pritchett, Shitong Qiao Jul 2017

Exclusionary Megacities, Wendell Pritchett, Shitong Qiao

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Human beings should live in places where they are most productive, and megacities, where information, innovation and opportunities congregate, would be the optimal choice. Yet megacities in both China and the U.S. are excluding people by limiting housing supply. Why, despite their many differences, is the same type of exclusion happening in both Chinese and U.S. megacities? Urban law and policy scholars argue that Not-In-My-Backyard (NIMBY) homeowners are taking over megacities in the U.S. and hindering housing development therein. They pin their hopes on an efficient growth machine that makes sure “above all, nothing gets in the ...


Assessing The Potential Of Land Use Modification To Mitigate Ambient No2 And Its Consequences For Respiratory Health, Meenakshi Rao, Linda A. George, Vivek Shandas, Todd N. Rosenstiel Jul 2017

Assessing The Potential Of Land Use Modification To Mitigate Ambient No2 And Its Consequences For Respiratory Health, Meenakshi Rao, Linda A. George, Vivek Shandas, Todd N. Rosenstiel

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

Understanding how local land use and land cover (LULC) shapes intra-urban concentrations of atmospheric pollutants—and thus human health—is a key component in designing healthier cities. Here, NO2 is modeled based on spatially dense summer and winter NO2 observations in Portland-Hillsboro-Vancouver (USA), and the spatial variation of NO2 with LULC investigated using random forest, an ensemble data learning technique. The NO2 random forest model, together with BenMAP, is further used to develop a better understanding of the relationship among LULC, ambient NO2 and respiratory health. The impact of land use modifications on ambient NO ...


Ten Years Of Foreclosure Prevention In Cuyahoga County, Molly Schnoke Jul 2017

Ten Years Of Foreclosure Prevention In Cuyahoga County, Molly Schnoke

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


An Interdisciplinary System Dynamics Model For Post-Disaster Housing Recovery, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh Jul 2017

An Interdisciplinary System Dynamics Model For Post-Disaster Housing Recovery, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Many previous disasters have demonstrated the need for extensive personal, public, and governmental expenditures for housing recovery highlighting the importance of studying housing recovery. Yet, much research is still needed to fully understand the multi-faceted and complex nature of housing recovery. The goal of this paper is to present a holistic model to further the understanding of the dynamic processes and interdependencies of housing recovery. The impetus for this work is that inequalities in housing recovery could be addressed more effectively if we better understood interconnected factors and dynamic processes that slow down recovery for some. Currently, there is a ...


Scappoose, Liza Morehead Jul 2017

Scappoose, Liza Morehead

Metroscape

A brief snapshot of Scappoose, Oregon, discussing its history, growth and development, and a look to its future.


Cultivating The Technology Ecosystem: An Interview With Skip Newbury, Sheila Martin Jul 2017

Cultivating The Technology Ecosystem: An Interview With Skip Newbury, Sheila Martin

Metroscape

An interview with Skip Newbury, President and CEO of the Technology Association of Oregon (TAO). He is a frequent speaker on technology trends and topics, economic development, public-private partnerships and civic innovation. Before joining the TAO, Skip served as an economic development policy advisor to Portland Mayor Sam Adams, where he helped create Portland’s first comprehensive economic development strategy in 16 years, recognizing software as a key industry cluster.


Spanning The Region: A Survey Of Bridges In The Metroscape, Andrés Oswill Jul 2017

Spanning The Region: A Survey Of Bridges In The Metroscape, Andrés Oswill

Metroscape

Bridges get us where we need to go. They also have character that contributes to a sense of place. Here we profile a selection of bridges in the Portland Metro area to understand the history and logistics of each bridge. When was the bridge built, how was it funded, who maintains it? The bridges we selected reflect the area’s wide variations in bridge style and management. Some of the bridges are county owned; others are run by a state or city transportation department. The bridges range in age, but all are inspected every twenty-four months. A bridge’s story ...


Source Of Down Payment, Institute Of Portland Metropolitan Studies Jul 2017

Source Of Down Payment, Institute Of Portland Metropolitan Studies

Metroscape

A statistical snapshot of the percentage of owner-occupied housing stock, by major source of down payment, in 2015.


A New Vision For Timber City Usa, Kerry Politzer Jul 2017

A New Vision For Timber City Usa, Kerry Politzer

Metroscape

A look at the city of Willamina, Oregon, as it attempts to transition from a timber-reliant town to a sustainable future. Provides a brief history of the community and its economic struggles, and its attempts to foster economic development though tourism, arts and winemaking.


Shale Investment Dashboard In Ohio Q3 And Q4 2016, Andrew R. Thomas, Jeffrey C. Dick, Mark Henning Jul 2017

Shale Investment Dashboard In Ohio Q3 And Q4 2016, Andrew R. Thomas, Jeffrey C. Dick, Mark Henning

Urban Publications

This report presents findings from an investigation into shale-related investment in Ohio. The investment estimates are cumulative from July through December of 2016. Prior investments have previously been reported and are available from Cleveland State University. Subsequent reports will estimate additional investment since the date of this report.


Homes Close To Fast Transit: The Value Is Still Rising, Victoria Perk, Martin Catalá, Maximillian Mantius, Katrina Corcoran Jul 2017

Homes Close To Fast Transit: The Value Is Still Rising, Victoria Perk, Martin Catalá, Maximillian Mantius, Katrina Corcoran

TREC Project Briefs

This research contributes to the relatively small body of literature on property value impacts of BRT in the U.S. by conducting a case study on Lane Transit District’s EmX BRT service in Eugene, Oregon, using econometric modeling techniques to estimate changes in property values associated with the BRT. The analysis is based on hedonic price regression analysis, where sale prices are modeled using several property characteristics that contribute to the market or sale price. The findings of this research indicate that the EmX BRT system does positively impact surrounding single-family home sale prices.


Impacts Of Bus Rapid Transit (Brt) On Surrounding Residential Property Values, Victoria Perk, Martin Catalá, Maximillian Mantius, Katrina Corcoran Jul 2017

Impacts Of Bus Rapid Transit (Brt) On Surrounding Residential Property Values, Victoria Perk, Martin Catalá, Maximillian Mantius, Katrina Corcoran

TREC Final Reports

As bus rapid transit (BRT) grows in popularity in the United States, a better understanding of the mode’s impacts on land uses and property values is needed. Economic theory suggests, and literature has shown, that people are willing to pay higher housing costs to lower their costs of transportation to areas of economic activity. Does high-quality BRT service reliably provide such access and, thereby, increase residential property values? The hypothesis is that property values are higher closer to BRT stations, reflecting a premium for the access provided by the BRT service to various goods, services, employment, education, and recreation ...


Planning Ahead For Livable Communities Along The Powell-Division Brt: Neighborhood Conditions And Change, Lisa K. Bates, Aaron Golub, Devin Macarthur, Seyoung Sung Jul 2017

Planning Ahead For Livable Communities Along The Powell-Division Brt: Neighborhood Conditions And Change, Lisa K. Bates, Aaron Golub, Devin Macarthur, Seyoung Sung

TREC Final Reports

New transit investments can be a double-edged sword for disadvantaged communities (e.g., those included in environmental justice and Title VI protected classes). Transit investments improve communities’ mobility and access, and may improve health with reduced driving. However, there is also the potential for transit-oriented development (TOD) to spur gentrification and displacement if affordable housing is lost. Understanding transit corridor conditions and change with new infrastructure is important for learning how to mitigate negative effects and support inclusive communities with access to transit for lower-income households. The planning of a new bus rapid transit line along the Powell-Division corridor in ...


When Cities Shrink, Affordability Does Too, Joanna Ganning, Jenna Rosie Tighe Jul 2017

When Cities Shrink, Affordability Does Too, Joanna Ganning, Jenna Rosie Tighe

TREC Project Briefs

To better understand the real costs of housing and transportation in a declining urban context, NITC researchers implemented a household survey to determine whether the assumptions made in existing research literature and in the LAI regarding household expenditures and transportation accessibility hold true when analyzing shrinking cities—generally, cities characterized by a long-term loss in occupied housing units. The project was led by Joanna Ganning of Cleveland State University, who has conducted previous research into shrinking cities with the support of the NITC program.


New Transit Developments: A Double-Edged Sword, Lisa K. Bates, Aaron Golub, Devin Macarthur, Seyoung Sung Jul 2017

New Transit Developments: A Double-Edged Sword, Lisa K. Bates, Aaron Golub, Devin Macarthur, Seyoung Sung

TREC Project Briefs

Researchers analyze the projected impacts of a proposed transit investment on affordability and mobility in a Southeast Portland corridor.


What Do We Know About Location Affordability In U.S. Shrinking Cities?, Joanna Ganning, Jenna Rosie Tighe Jul 2017

What Do We Know About Location Affordability In U.S. Shrinking Cities?, Joanna Ganning, Jenna Rosie Tighe

TREC Final Reports

In late 2013, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) launched the Location Affordability Index (LAI) portal. Their dataset uses models to estimate typical amount households spend on housing and transportation at the block group level, and calculates “H + T Affordability,” the percent of household income spent on these items. In our previous research, we analyzed 81 shrinking cities to determine how location affordability differs across various neighborhoods. Our results suggest that households in declining neighborhoods, as compared to stable or redeveloping neighborhoods, face the greatest H + T affordability challenges in shrinking cities. Furthermore, in declining neighborhoods, virtually all ...


Coordinated Population Forecast For Clackamas County, Its Urban Growth Boundaries (Ugb), And Area Outside Ugbs 2017-2067, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Jason R. Jurjevich, Nicholas Chun, Kevin Rancik, Risa Proehl, Julia Michel, Matt Harada, Charles Rynerson, Randy Morris Jun 2017

Coordinated Population Forecast For Clackamas County, Its Urban Growth Boundaries (Ugb), And Area Outside Ugbs 2017-2067, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Jason R. Jurjevich, Nicholas Chun, Kevin Rancik, Risa Proehl, Julia Michel, Matt Harada, Charles Rynerson, Randy Morris

Oregon Population Forecast Program

Different parts of the county experience differing growth patterns. Local trends within the UGBs and the area outside them collectively influence population growth rates for the county as a whole.

Clackamas County’s total population has grown steadily since 2000, with an average annual growth rate of 1.1 percent between 2000 and 2010 (Figure 1). However, some of the county’s sub-areas outside of Clackamas County’s Metro boundary experienced more rapid population growth during the 2000s. Sandy and Molalla posted the highest average annual growth rates at 5.6 and 3.8 percent, respectively, during the 2000 to ...


Coordinated Population Forecast For Clatsop County, Its Urban Growth Boundaries (Ugb), And Area Outside Ugbs 2017-2067, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Jason R. Jurjevich, Nicholas Chun, Kevin Rancik, Risa Proehl, Julia Michel, Matt Harada, Charles Rynerson, Randy Morris Jun 2017

Coordinated Population Forecast For Clatsop County, Its Urban Growth Boundaries (Ugb), And Area Outside Ugbs 2017-2067, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Jason R. Jurjevich, Nicholas Chun, Kevin Rancik, Risa Proehl, Julia Michel, Matt Harada, Charles Rynerson, Randy Morris

Oregon Population Forecast Program

Different parts of the county experience differing growth patterns. Local trends within the UGBs and the area outside them collectively influence population growth rates for the county as a whole.

Clatsop County’s total population has grown slowly since 2000, with an average annual growth rate of less than one half of one percent between 2000 and 2010 (Figure 1). However, some of its sub-areas experienced more rapid population growth. Warrenton, the third most populous UGB, and Gearhart, posted average annual growth rates of 2.0 percent and 1.4 percent, respectively.

Clatsop County’s positive population growth in the ...


Coordinated Population Forecast For Columbia County, Its Urban Growth Boundaries (Ugb), And Area Outside Ugbs 2017-2067, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Jason R. Jurjevich, Nicholas Chun, Kevin Rancik, Risa Proehl, Julia Michel, Matt Harada, Charles Rynerson, Randy Morris Jun 2017

Coordinated Population Forecast For Columbia County, Its Urban Growth Boundaries (Ugb), And Area Outside Ugbs 2017-2067, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Jason R. Jurjevich, Nicholas Chun, Kevin Rancik, Risa Proehl, Julia Michel, Matt Harada, Charles Rynerson, Randy Morris

Oregon Population Forecast Program

Different parts of the county experience differing growth patterns. Local trends within the UGBs and the area outside them collectively influence population growth rates for the county as a whole.

Columbia County’s total population has grown modestly since 2000, with an average annual growth rate of above one percent between 2000 and 2010 (Figure 1). However, some of its sub-areas experienced more rapid population growth during the 2000s. The most populous UGB, St. Helens, along with the second most populous, Scappoose, posted the highest average annual growth rates at 2.3 and 2.8 percent, respectively, during the 2000 ...


Coordinated Population Forecast For Lincoln County, Its Urban Growth Boundaries (Ugb), And Area Outside Ugbs 2017-2067, Portland State University. Population Research Center., Jason R. Jurjevich, Nicholas Chun, Kevin Rancik, Risa Proehl, Julia Michel, Matt Harada, Charles Rynerson, Randy Morris Jun 2017

Coordinated Population Forecast For Lincoln County, Its Urban Growth Boundaries (Ugb), And Area Outside Ugbs 2017-2067, Portland State University. Population Research Center., Jason R. Jurjevich, Nicholas Chun, Kevin Rancik, Risa Proehl, Julia Michel, Matt Harada, Charles Rynerson, Randy Morris

Oregon Population Forecast Program

Different parts of the county experience different growth patterns. Local trends within the UGBs and the area outside them collectively influence population growth rates for the county as a whole.

Lincoln County’s total population has grown slowly since 2000, with average annual growth rates of 0.3 percent between 2000 and 2010 (Figure 1). However, some of its sub-areas experienced more rapid population growth during the 2000s. Depoe Bay and Siletz posted the highest average annual growth rates at 1.7 and 1.5 percent, respectively, during the 2000 to 2010 period.

Lincoln County’s positive population growth in ...


Coordinated Population Forecast For Linn County, Its Urban Growth Boundaries (Ugb), And Area Outside Ugbs 2017-2067, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Jason R. Jurjevich, Nicholas Chun, Kevin Rancik, Risa Proehl, Julia Michel, Matt Harada, Charles Rynerson, Randy Morris Jun 2017

Coordinated Population Forecast For Linn County, Its Urban Growth Boundaries (Ugb), And Area Outside Ugbs 2017-2067, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Jason R. Jurjevich, Nicholas Chun, Kevin Rancik, Risa Proehl, Julia Michel, Matt Harada, Charles Rynerson, Randy Morris

Oregon Population Forecast Program

Different parts of the county experience different growth patterns. Local trends within the UGBs and the area outside them collectively influence population growth rates for the county as a whole.

Linn County’s total population has grown steadily since 2000, with an average annual growth rate of 1.2 percent between 2000 and 2010 (Figure 1). However, some of its sub-areas experienced more rapid population growth while others experienced opposite trends during the 2000s. Millersburg and Harrisburg posted the highest average annual growth rates at 7.1 and 2.6 percent, respectively, during the 2000 to 2010 period. Concurrently, the ...


Coordinated Population Forecast For Marion County, Its Urban Growth Boundaries (Ugb), And Area Outside Ugbs 2017-2067, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Jason R. Jurjevich, Nicholas Chun, Kevin Rancik, Risa Proehl, Julia Michel, Matt Harada, Charles Rynerson, Randy Morris Jun 2017

Coordinated Population Forecast For Marion County, Its Urban Growth Boundaries (Ugb), And Area Outside Ugbs 2017-2067, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Jason R. Jurjevich, Nicholas Chun, Kevin Rancik, Risa Proehl, Julia Michel, Matt Harada, Charles Rynerson, Randy Morris

Oregon Population Forecast Program

Different parts of the county experience differing growth patterns. Local trends within the UGBs and the area outside them collectively influence population growth rates for the county as a whole.

Marion County’s total population has grown steadily since 2000, with an average annual growth rate of one percent between 2000 and 2010 (Figure 1). However, some of its sub-areas experienced more rapid population growth while others experienced opposite trends during the 2000s. Donald and Turner posted the highest average annual growth rates at 4.9 and 4.4 percent, respectively, during the 2000 to 2010 period. Concurrently, the Marion ...


Coordinated Population Forecast For Polk County, Its Urban Growth Boundaries (Ugb), And Area Outside Ugbs 2017-2067, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Jason R. Jurjevich, Nicholas Chun, Kevin Rancik, Risa Proehl, Julia Michel, Matt Harada, Charles Rynerson, Randy Morris Jun 2017

Coordinated Population Forecast For Polk County, Its Urban Growth Boundaries (Ugb), And Area Outside Ugbs 2017-2067, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Jason R. Jurjevich, Nicholas Chun, Kevin Rancik, Risa Proehl, Julia Michel, Matt Harada, Charles Rynerson, Randy Morris

Oregon Population Forecast Program

Different parts of Polk County experience differing growth patterns. Local trends within the UGBs and the area outside them collectively influence population growth rates for the county as a whole.

Polk County’s total population has grown moderately since 2000, with an average annual growth rate just below two percent between 2000 and 2010 (Figure 1). However, some of its sub-areas experienced more rapid population growth. The Polk County portion of Salem-Keizer, the most populous UGB, posted an annual average growth rate of 2.8 percent, while both Independence and Monmouth saw average annual growth rates above those of the ...