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Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

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Articles 121 - 144 of 144

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Structural Analysis Of The Pacific Northwest Lumber And Plywood Industries, James G. Strathman, Anthony M. Rufolo, M. Hossein Haeri Jan 1987

Structural Analysis Of The Pacific Northwest Lumber And Plywood Industries, James G. Strathman, Anthony M. Rufolo, M. Hossein Haeri

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The lumber and plywood industries in the Pacific Northwest were particularly affected by the 1979-1982 construction recession. A subsequent recovery in output has occurred, but employment levels have remained relatively depressed. The potential for a planned reduction in the amount of timber sold from the national forests in the region also exists, giving rise to some uncertainty about the future prospects for these industries. This paper identifies the major structural factors affecting the performance of lumber and plywood producers in the region. It then proceeds to develop and simulate a set of alternative scenarios covering the 1986-1990 period to examine ...


Appraisal Of University-Based Research In Urban Transportation, Kenneth Dueker, Edward Beimborn, Sheldon Edner Jan 1987

Appraisal Of University-Based Research In Urban Transportation, Kenneth Dueker, Edward Beimborn, Sheldon Edner

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

University-based research in transportation, particularly urban transportation is in disarray. This disarray stems from a major decline in research funding in real terms available to universities and from a lack of a consistent policy and practice with respect to research in transportation. As a result, university researchers are pursuing new options for both basic and applied research in transportation. This paper sets forth issues involved in developing university-based research programs in transportation. Particularly, it argues for a more open and peer review based process for a basic transportation research program. This paper provides a context for needed assessment of the ...


Application Of Transportation Economics To The Evaluation Of Urban Transit Service, Robert Cervero, Douglass Lee, Anthony M. Rufolo Dec 1986

Application Of Transportation Economics To The Evaluation Of Urban Transit Service, Robert Cervero, Douglass Lee, Anthony M. Rufolo

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This presentation outline was prepared for use in a Workshop on Application of Transportation Economics to the Evaluation of Urban Transit Service held in Portland, OR, August 4-5, 1986. The outline is intended to facilitate replication of the Workshop in other locations, either with the same or different instructors. The outline is not designed to serve as a selfpaced instruction manual, however. Experienced economists with considerable knowledge and experience in transportation are necessry.

The purpose of workshops supported with this presentation outline is to provide transit professionals with the basiceconomic concepts needed to evaluate the impact of a change in ...


Understanding The Dynamics Of Innovation In Urban Transit, Sy Adler Jun 1986

Understanding The Dynamics Of Innovation In Urban Transit, Sy Adler

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Urban transit is the major United States example of a private industry that failed and was taken over by the public sector. The recent re-emergence of the private sector in urban transit, and private sector-like behavior in the public sector, raise a number of interesting theoretical and historical issues and policy questions. This report develops a conceptual model to explain this recent history and outlines likely paths of transit service and institutional innovation. The model has three components: 1) the political and economic roles of urban transport facilities in the land development process; 2) the nature of the political process ...


Transit Agency Characteristics: An Industry Profile, Charles R. White, Sheldon Edner, Kathi Arlene Ketcheson Jun 1986

Transit Agency Characteristics: An Industry Profile, Charles R. White, Sheldon Edner, Kathi Arlene Ketcheson

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This study reports on a survey sent to 493 transit agencies in 1983. The survey instrument requested information concerning agency institutional type, operating characteristics, service area population, employment, management pool, finances and recruitment problems for the period 1979-1983. Surveys were returned by 207 agencies, 171 of which were accompanied by organization charts. The purpose of the survey was to solicit institutional information concerning agency structure to serve as background information for a subsequent study of respondent agency managers.

The study results describe a managerial context that si extremely diverse across agency characteristics, change in attributes and organizational patterns. Only the ...


User Needs Assessment And Technical Issues For A Multipurpose Cadastre For Multnomah County, Oregon, Kenneth Dueker, Larry Conrad, Daniel Kjerne Apr 1986

User Needs Assessment And Technical Issues For A Multipurpose Cadastre For Multnomah County, Oregon, Kenneth Dueker, Larry Conrad, Daniel Kjerne

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The objectives of this study are: 1) to provide the County Assessor with a survey of the current usage of the assessor's mapping system ; 2) to assess the future data needs of the users based upon implementation of the assessor's plans for a computerized cadastral mapping system, or multipurpose cadastre (MPC}; 3) to identify the locational accuracy requirements of the proposed mapping system; and 4) to identify a strategy to facilitate gradual improvement in accuracy of locational data.


Modeling Location For Cadastral Maps Using An Object-Oriented Computer Language, Daniel Kjerne Jan 1986

Modeling Location For Cadastral Maps Using An Object-Oriented Computer Language, Daniel Kjerne

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The challenge to designers of multipurpose computer-aided land information systems is to capture enough of the "deep structure" of the problem domain to enable a system to answer user questions and requests in a satisfactory way. Criteria defining "satisfactory" in each case must include considerations of accuracy, completeness, timeliness, and cost. These considerations, when applied to the location in space of parcel boundaries and property corners, present unusual difficulties. This is in large measure due to the fact that important elements of the field measurement process, and the determination of location based on what are essentially logical {legal) abstractions, are ...


Bits And Pieces: A Cognitive Mapping Study Of Portland's Central City, Michael Matteucci, Tom Dixon Aug 1985

Bits And Pieces: A Cognitive Mapping Study Of Portland's Central City, Michael Matteucci, Tom Dixon

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

People relate to the perceptual quality of any urban environment physically, mentally, and emotionally. Often, there are interactions that are based on visual images that occur between the individual and the city. The processing of these images - colors, shapes, sizes, spaces and motions - produces a composite picture of the city that gets translated into a "cognitive map." This aids each of us in adapting to and navigating through the multitude of urban elements.

By investigating the visual qualities of Portland, as seen through the mental images of some of its citizens, we have identified various elements that comprise the "legibility ...


The Impact Of Emme-2 On Urban Transportation Planning: A Portland Case Study, Kenneth Dueker, Rishinath L. Rao, Andy Cotugno, Keith Lawton, Richard Walker Aug 1985

The Impact Of Emme-2 On Urban Transportation Planning: A Portland Case Study, Kenneth Dueker, Rishinath L. Rao, Andy Cotugno, Keith Lawton, Richard Walker

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The impact of interactive graphics and an improved multimodal transportation planning software package on the urban t ransportation planning process and organization responsible for the planning is assessed. The focus is on the results of applying the new technology, which allows the planning organization to increase capacity to conceptualize and evaluate alternative courses of action. This emphases on the results of planning raises the likelihood of changes in the way transportation decision making occurs.

An advanced interactive graphics system for urban transportation planning process was adopted by the Metropolitan Service District (METRO) of Portland, Oregon, a Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO ...


Issues In Design Of A Multipurpose Cadastre, Kenneth Dueker, Daniel Kjerne, Lawrence M. Conrad Jul 1985

Issues In Design Of A Multipurpose Cadastre, Kenneth Dueker, Daniel Kjerne, Lawrence M. Conrad

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This paper summarizes a discussion of some of the technical issues which appeared in a report prepared during January-July 1985, by a team of researchers from Port.land State University's Center for Urban Studies under a contract for the Department of Assessment and Taxation of Multnomah County, Oregon. The complete report also covered user needs as identified through a series of interviews of agencies making use of assessor maps.

At some time in the next two or three years, Multnomah County will be eligible for assistance from the Oregon State Department of Revenue (DOR) in reconstructing its cadastral mapping ...


Rivergrove: An Analysis Of Services, Kathi Arlene Ketcheson, Sheldon Edner Jul 1985

Rivergrove: An Analysis Of Services, Kathi Arlene Ketcheson, Sheldon Edner

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Under the Land Conservation and Development Commission Public Facilities Planning Rule, cities in Oregon are required to develop public facilities plans or planning processes to meet the needs of their communities. The City of Rivergrove requested the Center for Urban Studies to undertake this report as part of its compliance with the LCDC rule. Increasing urbanization and demand for services in the area surrounding Rivergrove present this small city with a unique set of planning issues, including the provision of sewer services to its residents. This report examines the City's financial background and three alternatives for service provision: maintaining ...


Report On Feasibility Of A Geographic Information System For The Central City Citizen Planning Committees, Kenneth Dueker, George Mason Jun 1985

Report On Feasibility Of A Geographic Information System For The Central City Citizen Planning Committees, Kenneth Dueker, George Mason

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

In September 1984 PSU was contracted to demonstrate the utility of an interactive graphic database system. A project was done using LANDTRAK* to determine which records from the tax roll were inside the Central City Planning Area. This information provides a starting point for o parcel based information system for the Central City Planning Project. This report consists of a design for a geographic information system for the Central City Planning Area that may serve as a prototype for a broader geographic information system for the City.


A Process For Developing Transit Agency Comprehensive Training Plans, Daniel O'Toole, James Marshall Apr 1985

A Process For Developing Transit Agency Comprehensive Training Plans, Daniel O'Toole, James Marshall

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This report addresses a project whose goals were to create, use, and disseminate information on a process for developing transit agency comprehensive training plans (i.e., plans that contain the training needs for all positions in an organization). The report considers the following:

• The importance of agency training plans and the need for an appropriate process to produce one.

• Information on the project that was undertaken to design and use an appropriate transit agency training plan process.

• The design, components of, and rationale for the training plan process selected for this project.

• Application of the selected training plan process to ...


Milwaukie Downtown Revitalization Project: The Milwaukie Storefront (Final Report), Mark Clemons, Tom Harry, Sheldon Edner Mar 1985

Milwaukie Downtown Revitalization Project: The Milwaukie Storefront (Final Report), Mark Clemons, Tom Harry, Sheldon Edner

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The Milwaukie Storefront was a one year program intended as a catalyst for the downtown and to focus attention on the potential for improved business activity. The Storefront, initiated in September of 1983, served as a technical resource, and as a coordinator and facilitator of promotional events in downtown Milwaukie.

This report describes the Storefront as an organization, looking at its structure and original purpose. A review of the individual projects is presented to demonstrate the range of Storefront activities. In drawing conclusions, the report looks at whether the Storefront was able to meet its expectations and cites the accomplishments ...


Milwaukie Downtown Revitalization Project: The Milwaukie Storefront (Economic Report), Jerry Thelander, Sheila Frugoli, Larry Conrad, Sheldon Edner, Tom Harry Mar 1985

Milwaukie Downtown Revitalization Project: The Milwaukie Storefront (Economic Report), Jerry Thelander, Sheila Frugoli, Larry Conrad, Sheldon Edner, Tom Harry

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The Milwaukie Economic Profile and Retail Market Analysis prepared by the staff of the Milwaukie Storefront is intended to assist the City of Milwaukie in assessing the potential for expanding the retail base of its downtown and throughout its jurisdiction. It offers:

1) an inventory of commercial and retail activity within a two-mile radius of downtown Milwaukie;

2) an analysis of supportable square feet of retail and commercial space within this radius;

3) a demographic description of area residents;

4) a review of the 1982 survey of downtown patrons;

5) an analysis of the retail growth potential of the Milwaukie ...


Urban Decision Making For Transportation Investments: Portland's Light Rail Transit System, Sheldon Edner, G. B. Arrington Jr. Mar 1985

Urban Decision Making For Transportation Investments: Portland's Light Rail Transit System, Sheldon Edner, G. B. Arrington Jr.

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Investment decisions for large transportation projects are complex, multifaceted phenomena. Generally requiring many years to bring to fruition, such decisions are often reduced at crucial junctures to raw political deals or technical data analysis on limited items. Throughout the range of alternatives considered, analyses completed and policy-making sessions which contribute to such investments, the imagery of a rational, sequential and wholistic decision making process and substance dominates. Recent debate concerning both the desirability of certain transit investments and the extent to which inappropriate intrusion into the decision making province of state and local government have occurred have highlighted at least ...


Expenditures For Urban Services In Tigard: An Update, Larry Conrad, Sheldon Edner Oct 1984

Expenditures For Urban Services In Tigard: An Update, Larry Conrad, Sheldon Edner

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This Study analyzes Tigard's expenditures for FY 82-83, FY 83-84, and FY 84-85 in a manner comparable with that produced as part of the Washington County Urban Service Study (Phase I).

Total City expenditures for urban services increased by $98.42 per capita (Cur rent Year $) during the study period. A large portion, $75. 84 per capita (Current Year $), of this increase is attributable to Capital and Debt Service expenditures associated with LID 1 s and the Civic Center project. The increase in operational expenditures accounted for only $22.58 per capita (Current Year $). This increase is the result ...


Proceedings Of A Workshop On Interactive Graphics For Transportation Planners, Kenneth Dueker, Ross Roberts Oct 1984

Proceedings Of A Workshop On Interactive Graphics For Transportation Planners, Kenneth Dueker, Ross Roberts

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The workshop attracted transportation planners from transit and regional planning agencies, consulting firms, and local governments. It explored the use of interactive graphics coupled with multi-modal transportation planning.

Several key aspects of the use of interactive graphics were explored in panel discussions and demonstration workshop sessions. These aspects included the evolution of interactive graphics technology, the structured application of this technology in implementation, the operational environment, impacts on planning agencies and future applications of this technology.

The demonstration of applications was made possible by use of Metro's EMME/2 system. Metro is the Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) for the ...


Cost Effectiveness Of Articulated Buses When Passenger Time Is Treated As A Cost, Anthony M. Rufolo Aug 1984

Cost Effectiveness Of Articulated Buses When Passenger Time Is Treated As A Cost, Anthony M. Rufolo

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

As the difference between fares and costs has increased over time, transit agencies have searched for ways to cut the cost of service. One method that is now being tried by some transit properties these buses there is a is the use of articulated buses. The larger size of allows one driver to serve more passengers. Thus, trade-off between higher capital costs for the bus and lower labor costs per passenger mile in operation. Hence, the use of the articulated bus appears to be a move toward greater labor productivity by increasing the capital-intensiveness of transit.

The conclusion that articulated ...


1981-82 Revenues And Expenditures In Washington County: An Examination Of Geographic Incidence, Sheldon Edner, Larry Conrad Jul 1984

1981-82 Revenues And Expenditures In Washington County: An Examination Of Geographic Incidence, Sheldon Edner, Larry Conrad

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This report is the second phase of what is known as the Washington County Urban Services Study. First phase research commenced in March, 1983 and was completed in December, 1983. The focus of this first phase was the comparative cost of urban service provision by jurisdiction by service for the cities, special districts (excluding schools) and County that provide services inside the Washington County Urban Growth Boundary. The results of this research were reported in "Expenditures for Urban Services in Washington County: A Benchmark Comparison" which was issued in January, 1984. The second phase research examined the revenue and expenditure ...


Special Housing Needs Location Study: A Special Housing Needs Task Force, Sumner Sharpe, Kay Pollack, Jim Reitz Jan 1984

Special Housing Needs Location Study: A Special Housing Needs Task Force, Sumner Sharpe, Kay Pollack, Jim Reitz

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

For a number of years the City of Portland and Multnomah County have experienced a heightened awareness of the increasing demand for sanitary, and affordable housing for people with specialized needs. The City Council, in February 1982, and the Multnomah County Commissioners, in April 1982, approved resolutions which established a Special Housing Needs Task Force. The Resolution requested the Task Force to provide the following: description of the various types of special needs populations and associated problems of those with "special" housing needs. A description of the resources presently available to meet these needs, and additional housing resources required. Recommendations ...


Economic Effects Of Tri-Met's Operating And Capital Expenditures Fy 1983 On The Portland Metropolitan Economy, James G. Strathman, Rishinath L. Rao Dec 1983

Economic Effects Of Tri-Met's Operating And Capital Expenditures Fy 1983 On The Portland Metropolitan Economy, James G. Strathman, Rishinath L. Rao

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

A summary of the transit-related benefits and an assessment of the economic effects of Tri-Met's operating and capital expenditures was performed. The economic effects of the agency's expenditures were derived using a 24-sector input-output model of the four county Portland SMSA economy. Input output analysis is frequently used for the purpose of impact assessment because it provides exceptionally detailed estimates of interindustry activity, employment and income that result from agency/project related expenditures. The primary data and background information needed to perform this analysis were provided by the Tri-Met Transit Planning and Development Office.


Shifts In Urban Transportation Issues And Policy: Are Educational Materials Keeping Pace, Kenneth Dueker, Sebastian Degens, Michael Hayakawa Aug 1983

Shifts In Urban Transportation Issues And Policy: Are Educational Materials Keeping Pace, Kenneth Dueker, Sebastian Degens, Michael Hayakawa

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The changing problem perceptions in urban transportation have pushed a succession of issues to the forefront in the last twenty years. Urban transportation policy has adjusted to this changing environment with both incremental and radical policy innovations. Transportation education should maintain a high degree of correspondence with contemporary issues in the field. The authors fear that the shifting transportation agenda may outdate transportation literature swiftly.

The article begins with a review of the policy innovations in urban transportation issues and major since 1956 . The second part of the study analyzes articles by a policy analyst, documents containing transportation planning rules ...


Research And Development Effects On Economic Growth: Implications For The Portland Smsa, James G. Strathman Mar 1983

Research And Development Effects On Economic Growth: Implications For The Portland Smsa, James G. Strathman

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Promoting a high- technology economic base has been widely adopted as a regional development "policy for the 80's." To this point, however, it appears that little consideration has been paid to questions regarding the feasibility of this policy as it relates to structural and locational characteristics of the regional economy. This paper will discuss those attributes of the regional economy that typically contribute to the expansion of high- technology activities, with particular attention paid to expansion potential in the Portland SMSA. High-technology activities are defined according to product cycle theory, and the attributes of the regional economy are examined ...