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Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Transportation -- Planning

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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

The Effects Of Roadway Capacity On Peak Narrowing - Evidence From 1995 Npts, Jihong Zhang, Anthony M. Rufolo, Kenneth Dueker, James G. Strathman Jul 2000

The Effects Of Roadway Capacity On Peak Narrowing - Evidence From 1995 Npts, Jihong Zhang, Anthony M. Rufolo, Kenneth Dueker, James G. Strathman

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Spreading of the peak is one effect of increased peak-period congestion. Due to peak spreading, the travel-time impact of congestion is mitigated for some travelers, but the inconvenience of traveling at a less-preferred time also has a cost. Alternatively, increases in capacity have their impacts on peak-period congestion mitigated by a narrowing of the peak. This reduces the travel-time savings, but it generates a benefit for those traveling closer to their preferred times. This benefit from capacity improvements has largely been ignored, and one reason is the difficulty of quantifying the effect. This paper reports on some crude attempts to ...


Effective Transportation Demand Management: The Results Of Combining Parking Pricing, Transit Incentives, And Transportation Management In A Commercial District Of Portland, Oregon, Martha J. Bianco Jan 2000

Effective Transportation Demand Management: The Results Of Combining Parking Pricing, Transit Incentives, And Transportation Management In A Commercial District Of Portland, Oregon, Martha J. Bianco

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The Lloyd District is a high-density commercial and residential district located a short distance from downtown Portland, Oregon. Parking and transportation problems in the District have been a source of increasing contention for nearly a decade. As a result. in September of 1997. the City of Portland implemented a Lloyd District Partnership Plan, which consists of a number of elements aimed at curbing SOY use for the commute to and from the District. This plan included parking pricing in the form of meters, w'here on-street parking had previously been free: discounted transit passes: and other transportation demand management (TOM ...


Parking Strategies To Attract Auto Users To Public Transportation, Martha J. Bianco, Kenneth Dueker, James G. Strathman Jul 1997

Parking Strategies To Attract Auto Users To Public Transportation, Martha J. Bianco, Kenneth Dueker, James G. Strathman

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

No abstract provided.


Exurban Development, Transportation Infrastructure And Access Management, Philip J. Wuest Dec 1996

Exurban Development, Transportation Infrastructure And Access Management, Philip J. Wuest

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This paper explores the changing role of state highway corridors in an era of continued urban growth and decentralization. Its primary focus is on the impact of exurban development on state highway corridors and on the policy of access management to control or limit those impacts. The role of access management in distributing the benefits and costs of access to public facilities is outlined. As urban areas expand at the fringe, it is important to clarify to what extent the public good of roadways is diminished by direct corridor access by the private sector. This work is timely and relevant ...


Application Of Transportation Economics To The Evaluation Of Urban Transit Service, Robert Cervero, Douglass Lee, Anthony M. Rufolo Dec 1986

Application Of Transportation Economics To The Evaluation Of Urban Transit Service, Robert Cervero, Douglass Lee, Anthony M. Rufolo

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This presentation outline was prepared for use in a Workshop on Application of Transportation Economics to the Evaluation of Urban Transit Service held in Portland, OR, August 4-5, 1986. The outline is intended to facilitate replication of the Workshop in other locations, either with the same or different instructors. The outline is not designed to serve as a selfpaced instruction manual, however. Experienced economists with considerable knowledge and experience in transportation are necessry.

The purpose of workshops supported with this presentation outline is to provide transit professionals with the basiceconomic concepts needed to evaluate the impact of a change in ...


Cost Effectiveness Of Articulated Buses When Passenger Time Is Treated As A Cost, Anthony M. Rufolo Aug 1984

Cost Effectiveness Of Articulated Buses When Passenger Time Is Treated As A Cost, Anthony M. Rufolo

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

As the difference between fares and costs has increased over time, transit agencies have searched for ways to cut the cost of service. One method that is now being tried by some transit properties these buses there is a is the use of articulated buses. The larger size of allows one driver to serve more passengers. Thus, trade-off between higher capital costs for the bus and lower labor costs per passenger mile in operation. Hence, the use of the articulated bus appears to be a move toward greater labor productivity by increasing the capital-intensiveness of transit.

The conclusion that articulated ...