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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Interactions Between Non-Discrimination Laws And Socioeconomic Status Of Sexual Minorities, Nicholas Carrino May 2018

Interactions Between Non-Discrimination Laws And Socioeconomic Status Of Sexual Minorities, Nicholas Carrino

Honors Theses (PPE)

At its core, this project analyzes the interactions between state non-discrimination laws and the socioeconomic status of same-sex households in the United States. There is a large body of work examining the earnings gap for sexual minorities, but there is a dearth in studies looking at the effect of such protective laws. Using annual American Community Survey (ACS) data from 2000 to 2016, we examine the personal total income, household income, and unemployment in the ten states experiencing relevant reform. This study has two main findings. First, we confirm that sexual minorities experience substantial earnings differences, finding that lesbian women ...


Creating A Space For The "Outsider Within": A Framework For Black Feminist Anthropology, Alexus Bazen Apr 2018

Creating A Space For The "Outsider Within": A Framework For Black Feminist Anthropology, Alexus Bazen

Anthropology Senior Theses

Anthropology, ideally, is an intellectual endeavor to provide insight into the nature of the variations on the human condition. Historically, European anthropologists have used it as a tool to justify colonialism, scientific racism, and relentless persecution, while simultaneously exploiting and erasing the lives of oppressed individuals. African-American intellectuals in post-emancipation America sought to combat the negative impact of slavery and subjugation by using ethnography and self-reflection to capture the totality of their experiences in America. Black women represent a greatly influential but almost invisible intellectual source whose multilateral identities and social experiences inform and dictate sociocultural trajectory in the United ...


To What Extent Would Operational Restructuring Through Connecting Market Participants Streamline The Informal Recycling Industry In Urban India?, Peter W. Hjemdahl, Svanika Balasubramanian Jan 2018

To What Extent Would Operational Restructuring Through Connecting Market Participants Streamline The Informal Recycling Industry In Urban India?, Peter W. Hjemdahl, Svanika Balasubramanian

Joseph Wharton Scholars

As the economies of developing countries grow, the waste production in these nations also increases proportionally. However, local governments are constrained by both the lack of adequate funds and a lack of skilled human capital, and are thus unable to build necessary waste management infrastructure. The majority of waste produced in these urban centres end up untreated in landfills, proving to be a social and environmental danger. A small portion of this refuse is handled by a vibrant informal recycling industry that is unable to scale given myriad inefficiencies. We propose the implementation of a tech-enabled marketplace platform to consolidate ...


“Show Up And Hope”: Gear Up In An Urban High School, Kellen Sillanpaa Jan 2018

“Show Up And Hope”: Gear Up In An Urban High School, Kellen Sillanpaa

Urban Studies Senior Seminar Papers

This research explores the factors that contribute to or detract from the success of college access programs in urban high schools through a case study of GEAR UP at a Philadelphia school. Programs like GEAR UP have real potential to help prepare students for college, but there is a need for stronger program evaluation. First, this study uses existing literature to create a framework for evaluating program effectiveness; this framework is then applied to a GEAR UP program in Philadelphia. Then, the study analyzes the factors that affected GEAR UP’s implementation at the high school. This article determines that ...


Riding Scared: Sexual Violence And Women’S Mobility On Public Transportation In Santiago, Chile, Jana Korn Jan 2018

Riding Scared: Sexual Violence And Women’S Mobility On Public Transportation In Santiago, Chile, Jana Korn

Urban Studies Senior Seminar Papers

Past research has shown that the experience of a woman traveling in her city is dramatically different from that of a man in the same city. The relationship between a woman and urban public space has been well documented. Much less consideration, however, has been given to the experience of a woman in the space of public transportation, a space both of critical importance to the lives of women and a space often characterized by threats of violence. This study seeks to understand how the pervasive fear of sexual violence that women face while traveling affects both their travel habits ...


Space Producers: An Analysis Of Equitably Produced Bike Space, Emma Singer Jan 2018

Space Producers: An Analysis Of Equitably Produced Bike Space, Emma Singer

Urban Studies Senior Seminar Papers

This paper sets out to understand the dynamics of bicycle space production in Philadelphia. To understand the implications of a bike infrastructure as produced space in a city, I analyze specific spaces in Philadelphia through Lefebvre’s tripartite view of the production of space. These spaces – the Vine Street Expressway, Baltimore Avenue, and the 58th Street Greenway – reveal the dominance of perceived space, which often lacks representation from those who use the space day-to-day. Perceived space is found to be heavily influenced by environmental, health, and safety concerns, while leaving out a consideration to equity in the production of bike ...


Footholds: Social And Economic Enfranchisement For Undocumented Mexican Immigrants In Philadelphia Through A Pre-Figurative Capitalist Alternative, Reece Sisto Jan 2018

Footholds: Social And Economic Enfranchisement For Undocumented Mexican Immigrants In Philadelphia Through A Pre-Figurative Capitalist Alternative, Reece Sisto

Urban Studies Senior Seminar Papers

English: This is a participant-observation and interview-based organizational analysis of a workers’ cooperative in South Philadelphia. Operating as a general construction company and comprised entirely of undocumented immigrants, this space sits at a particularly niche intersection of immigrant work experience and alternative economics in a quickly developing urban schema. Heavily relying on cooperative theoretical literature, this study assesses how, if at all, the cooperative practices a democratized workspace and socially/economically empowers its constituents. Marshalled against interviews with professionals and day laborers—workers’ only other option were they not in the cooperative—this study concludes that, while the workspace is ...


21st Century Chinese Art Market Boom, Ayca Deniz Ergin Jan 2018

21st Century Chinese Art Market Boom, Ayca Deniz Ergin

Summer Program for Undergraduate Research (SPUR)

This research paper provides a detailed analysis of how China has become the fastest growing art market around the world. How did the economic development in China led the country to the top in recent years, in contrast to its Western competitors? What is China’s role in the global art market scene? What changes have been made, in a socialist system, to accommodate foreign investors and what future changes should be made to sustain its growth?

Through focusing on the correlation between economic growth and art market expansions, this research develops the relationship through referencing various quantitative and qualitative ...


Matching: The Search For Control, Colman Hubert Humphrey Jan 2018

Matching: The Search For Control, Colman Hubert Humphrey

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Matching allows us to estimate the effect of a chosen variable, providing highly interpretable inference without parametric assumptions. When matching, finding good controls is where nearly all the difficulty lies. We develop a theoretical framework and a methodology to generate a set of matches, evaluate them and select a best match given the input variables. We apply this method to a problem of interest, urban data in Philadelphia. In this setting, we also outline our full data collection pipeline in order to encourage replication. In a separate time series setting, we propose a latent model in order to generate probabilities ...


Divergent Paths--Rapid Neighborhood Change And The Cultural Ecosystem, Susan C. Seifert, Mark J. Stern Dec 2017

Divergent Paths--Rapid Neighborhood Change And The Cultural Ecosystem, Susan C. Seifert, Mark J. Stern

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

This paper considers the impact of rapid neighborhood change on the cultural ecology of Fort Greene and surrounding Brooklyn neighborhoods based on qualitative study undertaken during 2016 for the NYC project. The paper argues that rapid neighborhood change causes an attenuation of the organic neighborhood connections among artists, creative businesses, cultural organizations, and cultural participants—that is, the neighborhood cultural ecology. Cumulatively these changes in cultural ecology further weaken the neighborhood ecosystem and introduce an additional source of inequality with respect to the wellbeing of the City’s communities.

In response to rapid neighborhood change, different cultural agents find themselves ...


Open City Data And Civic-Mindedness, Dan Ford, Diana Lu, Akira Drake Rodriguez, Ken Steif Oct 2017

Open City Data And Civic-Mindedness, Dan Ford, Diana Lu, Akira Drake Rodriguez, Ken Steif

Penn Open Access Events

State and city governments across the country are providing open access to data about municipal services and infrastructure, right down to parking violations and bike lane networks (for examples, see OpenDataPhilly). What are the ways in which open data has expanded the ability for cities and governments to offer new services (or improve on existing ones), understand and tackle problems, and communicate with citizens? What civic engagement opportunities does open data pose for our Penn community and Philadelphia at large? Join us for a conversation about city data developments in the area and what having access to open civic data ...


Social Networks And Inequality In New York City's Cultural Sector, Mark J. Stern Oct 2017

Social Networks And Inequality In New York City's Cultural Sector, Mark J. Stern

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

This paper uses NYC Department of Cultural Affairs data on grantee program sites to address questions about structural inequality associated with the geography of cultural resources across New York City. The analysis supports and expands SIAP findings documented in its March 2017 report about the geography of culture in New York City. On the one hand, the distribution of program sites across the City is consistent with that of other cultural assets. Program sites tend to reinforce rather than mitigate the shortfall of cultural opportunities in the majority of lower-income neighborhoods. At the same time, it demonstrates that civic clusters ...


Using Pums To Calculate Geographic Mobility In New York City, Mark J. Stern Oct 2017

Using Pums To Calculate Geographic Mobility In New York City, Mark J. Stern

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

New York City’s remarkable population growth over recent decades has heightened concerns about gentrification and displacement. In this paper, SIAP uses census data drawn from the annual American Community Survey (ACS) to identify patterns of geographic mobility common in New York City Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) during the past decade. Major findings include: 1) New York City residents tend to move less frequently than those of other major cities; 2) the city displays two distinct dimensions of geographic mobility—one associated with high population turnover (number of residents moving in and out of a neighborhood) and a second ...


Understanding Neighborhood Change: An Approach To Assessing Displacement Risk Among Nyc Residents, Ira Goldstein, Emily Dowdall, Colin Weidig Oct 2017

Understanding Neighborhood Change: An Approach To Assessing Displacement Risk Among Nyc Residents, Ira Goldstein, Emily Dowdall, Colin Weidig

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

The SIAP research team has sought to develop methods to assess the complexity of rapid neighborhood change in New York and other U.S. cities. Reinvestment Fund developed an approach to identify locations in New York City where the housing market has changed in a way that residents who have been in a community for several years cannot likely be replaced by people of similar economic means. This paper discusses their method—called Displacement Risk Ratio (DRR)—for identifying areas at risk of displacement (or the inability to replace a resident population over time) based on the gap between housing ...


Culture And Social Wellbeing In New York City: Concepts And Methods, Mark J. Stern Sep 2017

Culture And Social Wellbeing In New York City: Concepts And Methods, Mark J. Stern

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

This presentation was prepared to accompany Mark Stern’s discussion of the conceptual framework, data and methods, findings, implications, and policy impacts of research undertaken between 2014 and 2017 on the relationship of culture to social wellbeing in New York City. The concepts of neighborhood cultural ecosystem, social wellbeing, and civic engagement provide the rationale for the study of culture and social justice. Data and methods involved are: development of a citywide cultural asset database; construction of a multi-dimensional model of social wellbeing at the neighborhood level; and interviews with cultural and community practitioners to add depth to the quantitative ...


Thriving Cities: How To Define, Apply, And Measure Well-Being At Scale, Jaclyn Gaffaney Aug 2017

Thriving Cities: How To Define, Apply, And Measure Well-Being At Scale, Jaclyn Gaffaney

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

What is a thriving city? Is it even possible to raise the well-being of an entire city, and why bother? Recent advancements in positive psychology have made it possible to define, measure, and increase well-being on a much larger scale. This provides an unprecedented opportunity for cities to explore well-being. In order to increase the well-being of the city – cities will need to think carefully about what that means, why it is important, and how they will do it. This capstone posits that cities can define what well-being means for themselves inclusive of: the target (the city, individuals, or other ...


Preserving Large Farming Landscapes: The Case Of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Thomas L. Daniels, Lauren Payne-Riley May 2017

Preserving Large Farming Landscapes: The Case Of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Thomas L. Daniels, Lauren Payne-Riley

Departmental Papers (City and Regional Planning)

Preserving large farming landscapes is one of the main goals of farmland preservation programs. Other goals include protecting highly productive soils, maintaining and enhancing the local farming economy, and promoting locally produced fresh food. Farmland preservation programs take time, however, because of the hefty funding requirements and the detailed process of preserving farmland through the acquisition of conservation easements by purchase or donation. The standard measures of dollars spent and farmland acres preserved do not give an accurate picture of the spatial outcomes of preservation and preservation effectiveness. Three other measures better reflect the spatial effectiveness of farmland preservation: acreage ...


Inundated: Holistically Improving Institutional Coordination And Crisis Management Following Superstorm Sandy, James Rausse Apr 2017

Inundated: Holistically Improving Institutional Coordination And Crisis Management Following Superstorm Sandy, James Rausse

Master of Science in Organizational Dynamics Theses

This Capstone analyzes institutional coordination and crisis management efforts surrounding Superstorm Sandy in the New York Metropolitan Area. It argues that response and recovery efforts were inconsistent, and at times ineffective, due to the lack of utilizing a holistic and systems thinking approach. Using the Rockaway Peninsula as a fractal exemplar of the region, this document identifies ways to improve preparation, response and recovery in a resilient fashion through improving communication, establishing trust, overcoming cognitive biases, creating a greater linkage between disaster planning and emergency management, and leveraging tools such as risk analysis and needs assessments. Through institutional coordination, crisis ...


The Social Wellbeing Of New York City's Neighborhoods: The Contribution Of Culture And The Arts, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert Mar 2017

The Social Wellbeing Of New York City's Neighborhoods: The Contribution Of Culture And The Arts, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

This research report presents the conceptual framework, data and methodology, findings and implications of a three-year study of the relationship of cultural ecology to social wellbeing across New York City neighborhoods. The team gathered data from City agencies, borough arts councils, and cultural practitioners to develop a 10-dimension social wellbeing framework—beginning with construction of a cultural asset index—for every neighborhood in the City’s five boroughs.

The social wellbeing tool enabled a variety of analyses: the distribution of opportunity across the City; identification of areas with concentrated advantage, concentrated disadvantage, and “diverse and struggling” neighborhoods with both strengths ...


Culture And Social Wellbeing In New York City: Highlights Of A Two-Year Research Project, University Of Pennsylvania Social Impact Of The Arts Project (Siap), Reinvestment Fund Feb 2017

Culture And Social Wellbeing In New York City: Highlights Of A Two-Year Research Project, University Of Pennsylvania Social Impact Of The Arts Project (Siap), Reinvestment Fund

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

Understanding the social value of the arts and culture in New York City neighborhoods was the goal of the research undertaken between 2014 and 2017 by Penn's Social Impact of the Arts Project (SIAP) in collaboration with Reinvestment Fund. This brief is a summary of the conceptual framework, data and methodology, findings and implications of the research discussed in the full report--The Social Wellbeing of New York City's Neighborhoods: The Contributions of Culture and the Arts (March 2017).


The Other Low-Carbon Protagonists: Poor People's Movements And Climate Politics In São Paulo, Daniel Aldana Cohen Jan 2017

The Other Low-Carbon Protagonists: Poor People's Movements And Climate Politics In São Paulo, Daniel Aldana Cohen

Departmental Papers (Sociology)

No abstract provided.


It Gets Wetter, Daniel Aldana Cohen Jan 2017

It Gets Wetter, Daniel Aldana Cohen

Departmental Papers (Sociology)

It's a novel scene—New York City, 123 years from now: half-drowned but not out. Still a capital of real estate, still a political powerhouse, still an unequal battleground between finance and housing movements, still a crucible where capitalism and climate politics are smashed, melted, and twisted together. The (true) physical premise is that upper Manhattan is fifty feet higher than lower Manhattan.


Land, Water, Infrastructure And People: Considerations Of Planning For Distributed Stormwater Management Systems, Theodore Chao Lim Jan 2017

Land, Water, Infrastructure And People: Considerations Of Planning For Distributed Stormwater Management Systems, Theodore Chao Lim

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

When urbanization occurs, the removal of vegetation, compaction of soil and construction of impervious surfaces—roofs, asphalt, and concrete—and drainage infrastructure result in drastic changes to the natural hydrological cycle. Stormwater runoff occurs when rain does not infiltrate into soil. Instead it ponds at the surface and forms shallow channels of overland flow. The result is increased peak flows and pollutant loads, eroded streambanks, and decreased biodiversity in aquatic habitat. In urban areas, runoff is typically directed into catch basins and underground pipe systems to prevent flooding, however such systems are also failing to meet modern environmental goals. Green ...


Time To Pull The Plug On Urban Fossil Consumption: Review Of Andreas Malm, Fossil Capital: The Rise Of Steam Power And The Roots Of Global Warming, Daniel Aldana Cohen May 2016

Time To Pull The Plug On Urban Fossil Consumption: Review Of Andreas Malm, Fossil Capital: The Rise Of Steam Power And The Roots Of Global Warming, Daniel Aldana Cohen

Departmental Papers (Sociology)

Andreas Malm's wonderful book, Fossil Capital: The Rise of Steam Power and the Roots of Global Warming, is about power. Since I'm a scholar who researches urban climate politics, I'm especially excited that Malm's analysis of power is so centered on urban politics. I'll explain what I mean by that, then suggest some interesting lessons from Malm's account that his arguments around contemporary climate politics have underplayed.


Trauma Narratives With Inner City Youth: The Storiez Intervention, Meagan Corrado May 2016

Trauma Narratives With Inner City Youth: The Storiez Intervention, Meagan Corrado

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Research shows that inner city youth are being exposed to trauma at alarming rates. Not only are youth exposed to one incident of trauma, they are often victims of complex trauma. Evaluation of best practices and commonly implemented interventions for youth reveals that creation of a trauma narrative is an integral element of treatment for this population. However, there is a gap in the literature as it relates to the definition of the trauma narrative and the process by which the narrative should be created. The Storiez intervention is presented as a tool for clinicians to implement with trauma-exposed, inner ...


Philadelphia And Its Iraqi Refugees: Lessons From The Northeast, Angela Perfetti May 2016

Philadelphia And Its Iraqi Refugees: Lessons From The Northeast, Angela Perfetti

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003 produced millions of refugees, some of which were relocated to the United States. City planners need to consider refugees’ adaptation and movement within the United States and the impacts of migration on their communities. What can refugee communities can do for urban revitalization, and what can urban communities contribute to refugees’ resettlement success? These questions are answered in a case study of Iraqi refugees in Philadelphia using quantitative data from stakeholder agencies and geographic information system (GIS) data. Interviews with Philadelphia refugee resettlement stakeholders is incorporated with news reports and scholarship to ...


Culture's Contribution To Social Wellbeing & Neighborhood Vitality, University Of Pennsylvania Social Impact Of The Arts Project, Reinvestment Fund Feb 2016

Culture's Contribution To Social Wellbeing & Neighborhood Vitality, University Of Pennsylvania Social Impact Of The Arts Project, Reinvestment Fund

Culture and Social Wellbeing in New York City—2014-2017

In the fall of 2014, building on their work in Philadelphia, Penn's Social Impact of the Arts Project (SIAP) and Reinvestment Fund began to develop a policy tool to assess how culture contributes to social wellbeing in New York City neighborhoods. This brief is a summary of the project rationale--that is, why and how to measure social wellbeing--and its potential to guide policy toward more equitable and livable communities.


Petro Gotham, People's Gotham, Daniel Aldana Cohen Jan 2016

Petro Gotham, People's Gotham, Daniel Aldana Cohen

Departmental Papers (Sociology)

Climate change is an uneasy topic. Good news is welcome. For those lucky enough to live well in Manhattan, it's comforting to imagine that at least as far as carbon is concerned, the borough's density is right and good. Sure, the streets of midtown are clogged with cars. But walking, subways, and tall buildings with their cozy apartments and offices—all are exemplars of energy efficiency. Low-carbon virtuous, by default. This is the story told by the New Yorker writer David Owen in his classic essay "Green Manhattan." It's the story that's been repeated a thousand ...


Neighboring Development, Distant Goals: Competing Visions For Philadelphia’S Chinatown North/Callowhill In Light Of The Reading Viaduct Redevelopment, Emily Marcus Jan 2016

Neighboring Development, Distant Goals: Competing Visions For Philadelphia’S Chinatown North/Callowhill In Light Of The Reading Viaduct Redevelopment, Emily Marcus

Urban Studies Senior Seminar Papers

Philadelphia’s Chinatown has had a long history of land loss. Projects like the Vine Street Expressway and Philadelphia Convention Center have created contention between Chinatown and outside developers. Most recently, this conflict has come to a head over the proposed redevelopment of the Reading Viaduct, an abandoned rail viaduct from Philadelphia’s industrial age. Friends of the Rail Park, a non-profit organization, seeks to transform it into an elevated park, and Phase 1 of the project is located in Chinatown North/Callowhill. This proposal has brought back old hard feelings and created a debate over the true identity of ...


Profound & Profane Places: The Adaptive Reuse Of Sacred Spaces In Philadelphia, Kristen Kelly Jan 2016

Profound & Profane Places: The Adaptive Reuse Of Sacred Spaces In Philadelphia, Kristen Kelly

Urban Studies Senior Seminar Papers

Purpose built churches from the late 19th and early 20th century are typical neighborhood landmarks and can be seen throughout Philadelphia. In addition to the massive architectural value that these buildings hold, they capture significant cultural and religious heritage for the city and its residents. Though many churches today are facing difficulties maintaining properties, new forms of use have emerged which bring new life into sacred spaces. This research examines the role of adaptive reuse in providing opportunities for the preservation of historic church buildings. It also investigates the successes and failures of two recent adaptive reuse projects in Philadelphia ...