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Innovative Waste Water Strategies In The Landscape: The Application Of Green Infrastructure Principles In Cape Cod, Massachusetts, Kellie Fenton Oct 2017

Innovative Waste Water Strategies In The Landscape: The Application Of Green Infrastructure Principles In Cape Cod, Massachusetts, Kellie Fenton

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

Context Wastewater management is an issue that every community faces. Whether a small-scale septic tank or a large-scale centralized wastewater treatment plant, these systems are often insufficient in accomplishing their singular purpose: cleaning water. This results in the contamination of hydrological systems. In its focus on the intersection of the natural and built environment, the practice of landscape architecture may include the design of wastewater management systems. This project demonstrates how landscape architecture principles applied to waste water management systems provides both ecological and human benefits. Goals The goal of this project is to find ways that waste water systems ...


Creating A Successful Wayfinding System: Lessons Learned From Springfield, Massachusetts, Yanhua Lu Nov 2016

Creating A Successful Wayfinding System: Lessons Learned From Springfield, Massachusetts, Yanhua Lu

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

The masters project presents findings from recent work the author completed related to wayfinding, and wayfinding systems. This work began as part of a graduate urban design studio, followed by work as a research assistant at the UMass Design Center in Springfield, on a new “demonstration” wayfinding system installed in Springfield, Massachusetts. The wayfinding project was done in association with the Pioneer Valley Planning Commission and the Springfield Office of Planning and Community Development, was implemented with the main goals of improving public health by encouraging more people to walk.

Wayfinding systems are increasingly seen as an important part of ...


A New Vision For An Old Institution: Addressing The Challenges For Urban And Peri-Urban Agriculture At The Waltham Experiment Station, Kevin C. Hartzell May 2016

A New Vision For An Old Institution: Addressing The Challenges For Urban And Peri-Urban Agriculture At The Waltham Experiment Station, Kevin C. Hartzell

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

Urban and peri-urban agriculture has a new place in (sub)urban landscapes because of the suite of ecosystem services it can provide including, but not limited to; increased local food production, waste recycling, stormwater infiltration, and reconnecting urban dwellers to their food source. The University of Massachusetts Amherst’s Waltham Experiment Station, located in Waltham, Massachusetts, is poised for redevelopment as a model for multi-use urban agriculture production, research, and education as well as a living laboratory to monitor and document the ecosystem services provided to the surrounding community. This project will focus on educational and research categories within the ...


The Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station Study: A Socioeconomic Analysis And Closure Transition Guide Book, Jonathan G. Cooper Feb 2016

The Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station Study: A Socioeconomic Analysis And Closure Transition Guide Book, Jonathan G. Cooper

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

Between February 2013 and December 2014, four communities hosting a nuclear power plant in the U.S. were faced with the sudden closure of the plant. These closures were largely attributable to market changes in the energy sector, driven by sustained growth in the natural gas industry. The rise of natural gas-fired plants has recently forced several of the nation's older coal-fired and petroleum-based power plants into early retirement, and nuclear industry analysts suspect that the nuclear closures of the past two years may be just the beginning of a similar trend.

Unfortunately, the extent of nuclear power plant ...


Urban Redevelopment And Gentrification: How Will Hartford's Downtown North / Downtown West Master Plan Affect The Adjacent Neighborhoods?, Jesse Regnier May 2015

Urban Redevelopment And Gentrification: How Will Hartford's Downtown North / Downtown West Master Plan Affect The Adjacent Neighborhoods?, Jesse Regnier

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

The purpose of this project is to determine the impact of a redevelopment master plan on the existing population surrounding the project area. In the Spring of 2014, the City of Hartford, Connecticut and Utile prepared a redevelopment Master Plan for a portion of their downtown titled "Downtown North / Downtown West: A Plan for the City of Hartford". The Downtown North (DoNo) section of the plan area consists of vacant lots, parking lots, and underutilized properties, many city-owned, which appear prime for redevelopment. My research questions and analysis focus on the housing portion of this Master Plan in the DoNo ...


Public Consultations On Undergrounding Power Lines For Downtown Revitalization: The Cases Of Pleasant Street In Northampton, Ma And Main Street In Medfield, Ma, Noam Goldstein Apr 2015

Public Consultations On Undergrounding Power Lines For Downtown Revitalization: The Cases Of Pleasant Street In Northampton, Ma And Main Street In Medfield, Ma, Noam Goldstein

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

This research is about a particular form installation of electric cables known as Undergrounding. The term undergrounding is associated to the fact that this type of infrastructural installation consists in burying the power lines beneath the surface instead of leaving these cables hanging on top of poles that are spread throughout the landscape.


Mapping Access To Fresh Produce, Fish And Shellfish At A Local Level Using A Mixed - Method Community Food Assessment Approach: A Case Study - St. Helena Island, South Carolina, Pedro-Miguel Soto Sep 2014

Mapping Access To Fresh Produce, Fish And Shellfish At A Local Level Using A Mixed - Method Community Food Assessment Approach: A Case Study - St. Helena Island, South Carolina, Pedro-Miguel Soto

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

This report is a summary of a community food assessment (CFA) conducted over the course of five field survey trips to St. Helena Island, South Carolina, from December 2011 to July 2013. The goal of this CFA was to understand community characteristics related to the distribution and consumption of fresh produce, fish and shellfish. The method used for this CFA is composed of three parts, (1) spatial analysis using Geographic Information System (GIS) data (2) a community food assessment survey focused on where residents obtain their food and (3) ethnographic interviews with local growers, subsistence farmers and consumers. Applying this ...


Reemergence Of The 21st Century Massachusetts Gateway City: The Role Of Commuter Rail Connectivity In Improving Employment Opportunity And Access, John A. Rosa Sep 2014

Reemergence Of The 21st Century Massachusetts Gateway City: The Role Of Commuter Rail Connectivity In Improving Employment Opportunity And Access, John A. Rosa

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

The South Coast Rail is a proposed transit infrastructure upgrade project that is intended to provide affordable Commuter Rail connectivity from Boston, Massachusetts to the South Coast Region communities of Fall River, New Bedford, and Taunton. State and regional policy makers have debated the practicality of this project over the last 25 years while the estimated project cost reached $2.2 billion in 2013. The most fundamental benefit of this proposed project is improved economic stability in the South Coast Region in the form of increased access to employment opportunities, local industrial development, and expanded municipal tax revenue.

Increasingly, public ...


Preserving Project-Based Section 8 Within Tight Rental Markets In New England, Megan K. Reagon Sep 2014

Preserving Project-Based Section 8 Within Tight Rental Markets In New England, Megan K. Reagon

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

In New England alone, 57, 508 privately owned, affordable housing units, otherwise known as project-based Section 8, are at risk of converting to market rate housing by 2017. Even though community-based organizations and active residents, in conjunction with local governments, are utilizing federal and state preservation tools, these units are still at risk due to market pressures and administrative burdens.

With proper policy intervention, expired Section 8 contracts, and future expiring contracts, may sustain a reasonable level of affordability. This study assesses the on-going affordability of recently expired Section 8 units within New England. With a broader definition of affordability ...


Creative Placemaking: A Case Study Exploration Of How Creative Economy Strategies Can Provide Potential Opportunities For Revitalization In Downtown Chicopee, Ma, Laura Selmani Aug 2014

Creative Placemaking: A Case Study Exploration Of How Creative Economy Strategies Can Provide Potential Opportunities For Revitalization In Downtown Chicopee, Ma, Laura Selmani

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

Chicopee, a former industrial center in western Massachusetts, is experiencing a stagnant economy, high vacancy and a steady loss of population. City of Chicopee wants to increase downtown visibility and bolster its economy by attracting in the area people constituent of creative class. This research represents an attempt to identify creative strategies to develop the neglected downtown of Chicopee. After more than a century of economic blight, vacancy and declining population, the city wants to research and exploit the potential of arts and culture as means to a physical, social and economic revivification of its downtown.

A key aim of ...


An Implementation Study Of A Business Improvement District For Davis Square In Somerville, Massachusetts, Alexander Casey Mello May 2014

An Implementation Study Of A Business Improvement District For Davis Square In Somerville, Massachusetts, Alexander Casey Mello

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

The purpose of this Master's project is to research how a business improvement district (BID) could be implemented in the Davis Square commercial district of Somerville, Massachusetts. An assessment of Davis Square has been conducted through a collaborative effort between planning staff in Somerville's Mayor's Office of Strategic Planning and Community Development (OSPCD) and neighborhood stakeholders to identify key issues in the area. This project uses case study examples to understand the types of improvements and services that BIDs in neighborhoods similar to Davis Square provide. Furthermore, case study examples provide information regarding assessment methods and services ...


Preserving The New England Mill Town: Encouraging Adaptive Re-Use By Identifying Community Factors That Contribute To Success In Mill Revitalization Districts, Sarah A. Spencer May 2014

Preserving The New England Mill Town: Encouraging Adaptive Re-Use By Identifying Community Factors That Contribute To Success In Mill Revitalization Districts, Sarah A. Spencer

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

Mill Revitalization Districts have the ability to generate new vitality in some of the nation's oldest communities. When efficacious, these districts promote economic development, community beautification, and environmental health. However, when attempts at redevelopment fail they leave ugly scars in the form of decaying buildings and underutilized resources. Monetary investment and intent to improve a community are two factors that by themselves, will not preserve a mill complex or benefit a city. The first Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recognized districts in the early 2000s showed signs of varying success; there was a missing catalyst besides monetary investment. In fact ...


A Gis Multi-Criteria Evaluation For Identifying Priority Industrial Land In Five Connecticut Cities, Mark Berube May 2014

A Gis Multi-Criteria Evaluation For Identifying Priority Industrial Land In Five Connecticut Cities, Mark Berube

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

Rising land values, environmental regulations, lack of investment, and a declining industrial economy greatly threaten the existence of industrial land. Therefore, the purpose of this project is to establish where priority industrial districts are located within five Connecticut cities through the implementation of a GIS weighted multi-criteria evaluation. This tool applies various constraints and factors critical to industrial location and business investment. In addition to identifying suitable industrial districts, a tax base analysis assesses the overall value of industrial land within each community and an employment outlook measures future job growth for Connecticut Workforce Investment Areas. The overall goal of ...


Inside And Outside The Lines: The Socio-Ecological Differences Of Landscape Conservation Partnerships And Their Surrounding Regions, Somaye Garmroudi Dovirani May 2013

Inside And Outside The Lines: The Socio-Ecological Differences Of Landscape Conservation Partnerships And Their Surrounding Regions, Somaye Garmroudi Dovirani

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

This study examines the socio-ecological criteria forming physical boundaries of regional conservation partnerships and the differences between outside and inside the boundaries. The purpose of this study is to first of all know more about the existing condition of regional partnerships' boundaries, and to seek a method to maximize the efficiency of regional partnership goals to conserve more land. Using a patch-and-corridor matrix ecological model to proves to allow for stronger conservation plans than the existing more opportunity-driven approach currently taken by RCPs.


Partnership Refuges: The Future Of The National Wildlife Refuge System? A Case Study Of Mashpee National Wildlife Refuge, Massachusetts, Margaret Catherine Engesser May 2013

Partnership Refuges: The Future Of The National Wildlife Refuge System? A Case Study Of Mashpee National Wildlife Refuge, Massachusetts, Margaret Catherine Engesser

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service works with partners to carryout management activities and events on national wildlife refuges. Partnerships provide financial and conservation management assistance for refuges and allow the Service to expand its breadth of influence to different agencies and organizations nationwide. As partnerships become a more valuable tool utilized by refuges, the Service should consider establishing partnership-based refuges, in which the refuge is owned by multiple organizations and not solely by the Service. This Master of Regional Planning Project evaluates one of the first partnership refuges, Mashpee National Wildlife Refuge, located on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Through ...


A Mill Town's Downtown: Assessing The Needs Of Ware's Main Street, Christina E. Mills May 2013

A Mill Town's Downtown: Assessing The Needs Of Ware's Main Street, Christina E. Mills

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

At the heart of every city and town is a downtown and a Main Street that not only serves as an economic engine, but defines the community, reflects its values, and acts as a living barometer of the state of the town. Downtown Economic Development is an essential component of any community's plan for prosperity and growth.

A once thriving mill town with a robust manufacturing industry, Ware Massachusetts is a bedroom community that today is made up of many industries, none of which present an obvious symbol or unifying identity for Ware the way manufacturing once did. That ...


Proposed Reuse And Redevelopment Of The Salem Harbor Power Station, Salem, Massachusetts, Peter Matchak Sep 2012

Proposed Reuse And Redevelopment Of The Salem Harbor Power Station, Salem, Massachusetts, Peter Matchak

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

This master's project analyses the potential reuse of the Salem Harbor Power Station. The station is slated to close June 2014. The closure is an opportunity for Salem, Massachusetts, to redevelop this site and to envision its future socio-economic possibilities. In this project, the parameters of potential development are reviewed, potential reuses are examined, and the best redevelopment strategies are presented.

This project uses five basic steps. The first was a literature review that focuses on planning concepts for the waterfront industrial landscape and its redevelopment. The second is a site analysis of the power plant that discusses the ...


Low Budget Planning For Natural Resources And Open Space Conservation In Whitingham, Vermont, Paul Gagnon May 2012

Low Budget Planning For Natural Resources And Open Space Conservation In Whitingham, Vermont, Paul Gagnon

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

This master's project was created for the Town of Whitingham, Vermont for the purpose of guiding town planning strategies with regard to open space and natural resources. It responds to Whitingham's draft town plan created in 2010 with the assistance of the Windham Regional Commission and was originally presented to the town planning Commission in May of 2010.

Whitingham is a rural community of 1,300 residents located near the Massachusetts border. Although Whitingham's population has grown slowly over the last twenty years, it has seen a significant increase in subdivision and housing construction, particularly vacation homes ...


Grey Scars Of The Past: Case-Study-Based Green Principles Of Historic Mill Redevelopment With A Sustainable Future, Marianne E. Iarossi May 2012

Grey Scars Of The Past: Case-Study-Based Green Principles Of Historic Mill Redevelopment With A Sustainable Future, Marianne E. Iarossi

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

Historic mill buildings are vast structures that tend to have a negative connotation associated with them. They are usually looked at as eyesores or symbols of a historic, working past that should be demolished. However, due to a variety of reasons, and the array of benefits that can be created if preserved, these mill buildings should be redeveloped and in a green, sustainable way. This Master's of Regional Planning Project examines the concept of sustainable mill revitalization, and various case study examples in the state of Massachusetts that demonstrate this. Various patterns of the concepts and elements were evident ...


Revitalization Of An Urban Riverfront To Revitalize The Socio-Economic Conditions Of Springfield, Ma, Sneha Rasal May 2012

Revitalization Of An Urban Riverfront To Revitalize The Socio-Economic Conditions Of Springfield, Ma, Sneha Rasal

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

The City of Springfield, Massachusetts is one of the largest cities in western Massachusetts, and was established on the Connecticut River for trading and as a fur-collecting post. In 18th and early 19th century, it experienced an industrial boom and became a regional financial center. Springfield became a major railroad center and grew to become the regional center for banking, finance, and courts. However, in mid-19th century Springfield suffered due to the flooding of the Connecticut River and the disinvestment in industry. These resulted in an urban sprawl as people started moving away from heart of the city.

Now, once ...


A Methodology To Measure Emissions Generated By Automobile Trips To Schools Participating In Safe Routes To School, Joshua C. Rickman Feb 2011

A Methodology To Measure Emissions Generated By Automobile Trips To Schools Participating In Safe Routes To School, Joshua C. Rickman

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

Vehicular emissions in close proximity to schools can have detrimental health effects on children. The Safe Routes to School program claims to improve air quality through implementation due to reduced volume of traffic generated to schools. While a reduced volume of traffic may reduce the amount of emitted pollutants, the program lacks the ability to quantitatively track this air quality improvement. A school participating in the Safe Routes to School program was selected based off of health risks associated with a high vehicular volume and the proximity of that traffic to the school. A survey was utilized to generate a ...


A Comparison Of Resource-Centric Vs. People-Centric Approaches To Open Space Planning: A Case Study In Jaffrey, Nh, Mark W. Kresge Feb 2011

A Comparison Of Resource-Centric Vs. People-Centric Approaches To Open Space Planning: A Case Study In Jaffrey, Nh, Mark W. Kresge

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

Land preservation can be an important planning tool when used as part of a strategic and comprehensive vision. This planning process is complicated, however, by the diversity of functions and values associated with open space and the large number of potential stakeholders with an interest in the issue.

This project examined alternative ways to approach the development of an open space plan and observed the interaction between competing forces during the planning process in the small rural community of Jaffrey, NH. One of the main issues examined was whether identification of potentially valuable open space would have different results when ...


The Role Of Regional Planning In Ecosystem Conservation And Tools For Collaboration, Lindsey Britt Feb 2011

The Role Of Regional Planning In Ecosystem Conservation And Tools For Collaboration, Lindsey Britt

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

The 20th century witnessed a staggering growth in the population of the United States along with urban migration, climate change, development of resource intensive lifestyles, and low-density residential and commercial development. All of these factors put pressure on the ecosystem services humans are dependent upon for their wellbeing and their enjoyment.1(Ecogystems are "a complex set of relationships among the living resources, habitats, and residents of an area" [Michigan Technological University School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science n.d.]. An ecosystem "includes plants, trees, animals, fish, birds, micro-organisms, water, soil, and people" and, very importantly, "everything that lives ...


Adaptive Reuse Of Former Catholic Churches As A Community Asset, Linnea Cara Duckworth May 2010

Adaptive Reuse Of Former Catholic Churches As A Community Asset, Linnea Cara Duckworth

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

The Catholic Church has experienced changes in the past half-century that have resulted in the restructuring of many dioceses, especially in the Midwest and Northeast, which, due to the consolidation of parishes, has left many church buildings in disuse. Because the architecture and design of many of these buildings are unique to the use of a church, adaptive reuse strategies are challenging to implement but, due to their place in the vernacular of their respective neighborhoods and their ties to cultural heritage, the loss of the building is generally deemed tragic. Trends in the adaptive reuse of church buildings have ...


The Impacts Of Casino Development On Demographic And Land Use Changes Over Time: Planning For Palmer Massachusetts, Erin E. Wilson Sep 2009

The Impacts Of Casino Development On Demographic And Land Use Changes Over Time: Planning For Palmer Massachusetts, Erin E. Wilson

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

This project uses spatial analysis tools to examine the impact of casino development on the demographic make-up of local communities. This was conducted in order to inform future casino communities as to how their communities may be impacted by casino development. First, this project uses Geographic Information System (GIS) based methods of descriptive spatial analysis to analyze demographic changes over time to see what, if any, economic and demographic impacts may likely occur around a casino. Second, this project also interviews key local officials in casino communities to gain on the ground incite regarding the impacts of casinos. While the ...


The Process And Issues Of Creating A Cohousing Development With Affordable Units In An Affluent Community: Stamford, Connecticut, Jennifer M. Siciliano May 2009

The Process And Issues Of Creating A Cohousing Development With Affordable Units In An Affluent Community: Stamford, Connecticut, Jennifer M. Siciliano

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

This project examines the process of creating a cohousing development with affordable units in the United States. It looks specifically at an affluent community, Stamford, Connecticut and analyzes its many aspects to form a framework to build this type of community within the municipality. Additionally, the project provides a model for affluent communities similar to Stamford to create a cohousing community with affordable units.

This project includes a cohousing literature review, interviews with affordable housing professionals, an analysis of Stamford's history, demographics, real estate, zoning and affordable housing environment and two case sCohousing in Vineyard Haven, Massachusetts in Martha ...


Making The Case For Transit-Oriented Development In Downtown Holyoke, Massachusetts, John Hersey May 2007

Making The Case For Transit-Oriented Development In Downtown Holyoke, Massachusetts, John Hersey

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

This report serves to inform the City of Holyoke about compelling features in its downtown district as they would pertain to the creation and management of a transit-oriented development district around the recently created Intermodal Transportation Center, a hub for bus service between Holyoke and other communities in the Pioneer Valley. These features were developed through literature and interview surveys and are described in a SWOT analysis, identifying strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats as existing and future advantages and disadvantages related to transit-oriented development.

Some of the more compelling strengths include a municipal reputation for attracting planning grants for large-scale ...


Learning From Worcester Union Station: An Istea Success Story, Michael Di Pasquale May 2006

Learning From Worcester Union Station: An Istea Success Story, Michael Di Pasquale

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

The passage of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) of 1991 represented a major shift in federal transportation policy. ISTEA recognizes the interrelated nature of the country's transportation network, and the benefits of coordinating multiple transportation modes. More importantly, for the first time states could spend their share of federal transportation money (raised from gasoline taxes) on public transportation projects.

The ISTEA legislation gave priority to transportation projects that could spur economic development. In Massachusetts and across the country intermodal transportation centers were planned to facilitate efficient transit connections and to help revitalize cities and towns. Intermodal transportation ...


At-Home Workers And Home-Based Business Owners In The Pioneer Valley Of Western Massachusetts: A Demographic And Economic Analysis, Theresa M. Perrone May 2005

At-Home Workers And Home-Based Business Owners In The Pioneer Valley Of Western Massachusetts: A Demographic And Economic Analysis, Theresa M. Perrone

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

During the past several years, economists and other researchers have speculated about the rise in alternative work situations and the expansion of home-based work. Data from the 2000 U.S. Census indicate that more than 12 million Americans (10 percent of the workforce) reported earning some form of self-employment income (as opposed to traditional wage and salary income), totaling more than $350 billion. In 2001, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that approximately nine million Americans had a formal arrangement with their employers to be compensated for work done from home or considered themselves self-employed. Not insignificantly, here in the ...


At-Home Workers And Home-Based Business Owners In The Pioneer Valley Of Western Massachusetts: A Demographic And Economic Analysis, Theresa M. Perrone May 2005

At-Home Workers And Home-Based Business Owners In The Pioneer Valley Of Western Massachusetts: A Demographic And Economic Analysis, Theresa M. Perrone

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Masters Projects

During the past several years, economists and other researchers have speculated about the rise in alternative work situations and the expansion of home-based work. Data from the 2000 U.S. Census indicate that more than 12 million Americans (10 percent of the workforce) reported earning some form of self-employment income (as opposed to traditional wage and salary income), totaling more than $350 billion. In 2001, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that approximately nine million Americans had a formal arrangement with their employers to be compensated for work done from home or considered themselves self-employed. Not insignificantly, here in the ...