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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Food-Based Businesses And The Creative Class In New England's Post-Industrial Cities, Francesca Cigliano Apr 2020

Food-Based Businesses And The Creative Class In New England's Post-Industrial Cities, Francesca Cigliano

Masters Theses

This master’s thesis examines how the density of food-based businesses in New England’s post-industrial urban neighborhoods relates to neighborhood demographic characteristics. The relationship between food-based businesses and demographic change has been examined in larger metropolitan areas like New York City and Chicago and has found that younger, wealthier, and more highly educated residents tend to live where there are greater densities of food businesses. However, there has been little research on the topic in New England’s post-industrial cities that have historically struggled to attract highly sought knowledge workers. I find that food business density and the share ...


The Influence Of Wind Power On Rural Areas Economic, Demographic, And Community Services Impacts, Eman Shoeib Oct 2019

The Influence Of Wind Power On Rural Areas Economic, Demographic, And Community Services Impacts, Eman Shoeib

Doctoral Dissertations

Wind power development has rapidly expanded in the United States. Much of this growth occurred in rural areas because of the availability of land and wind resources required to power turbines. The economic promise of wind power projects is particularly appealing for rural areas whose traditional economic base (typically agricultural) no longer supports as many households as it once did. Numerous studies have found that wind power projects have positive economic impacts on rural areas. What is less well understood is the effect of these wind power farms on other indicators of development, such as municipal services, demographic change, and ...


Envisioning Pathways Toward Transformative Food Systems Change: Understanding The Role Of Multi-Stakeholder Engagement At The Culinary And Nutrition Center In Springfield, Ma, Kristen Whitmore Oct 2019

Envisioning Pathways Toward Transformative Food Systems Change: Understanding The Role Of Multi-Stakeholder Engagement At The Culinary And Nutrition Center In Springfield, Ma, Kristen Whitmore

Masters Theses

The alternative food movement claims varied goals such as building environmental sustainability, strengthening local economies, and promoting health equity, yet critics argue that the movement’s transformative potential is threatened by a lack of shared vision. Literature suggests that community-based multi-stakeholder coalitions are a useful tool for building consensus around food systems futures. But what kinds of futures? Home Grown Springfield is a school food initiative aimed at reducing hunger in Springfield, MA by serving healthy, homemade, and locally-sourced meals via the Culinary and Nutrition Center, a brand-new full-service commercial kitchen and storage facility. This qualitative case study examines the ...


Kc 4.3: Rural Landscapes Of The 20th Century, Stefania Landi, Concetta Lenza, Denise Ulivieri Oct 2019

Kc 4.3: Rural Landscapes Of The 20th Century, Stefania Landi, Concetta Lenza, Denise Ulivieri

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

During the 20th Century, rural landscapes all over the world underwent rapid transformations as a result of many factors - including new socio-political and economic conditions, new agricultural practices and the mechanization of agriculture - resulting in radical transformations of land uses and in the introduction of new infrastructures and facilities, necessary for the storage and distribution of an ever increasing amount of products. Based on the existing documents and bibliography relevant to the topic (ICOMOS-IFLA, Principles concerning rural landscapes as heritage, 2017; ICOMOS-ISC20C, Madrid-New Delhi Document. Approaches to the conservation of twentieth-century cultural heritage, 2017; Meeus, Wijermans, Vroom, 1990; Pungetti ...


Panel 1 Paper 1.3: Le Paysage Rural Patrimonial, Outil Et Projet Au Service De La Lutte Contre Le Réchauffement Climatique, Régis Ambroise Oct 2019

Panel 1 Paper 1.3: Le Paysage Rural Patrimonial, Outil Et Projet Au Service De La Lutte Contre Le Réchauffement Climatique, Régis Ambroise

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Cette intervention fait référence au paragraphe de la résolution19GA 2017/30 du Conseil International des Monuments et des Sites indiquant que « la 19° Assemblée générale de l’ICOMOS… salue l’adoption de l’accord de Paris et encourage tous les membres de l’ICOMOS à renforcer leurs efforts pour appuyer sa mise en œuvre et identifier les réponses qui s’appuient sur le patrimoine ou les paysages culturels… ». Elle prend l’exemple de la façon dont les paysages de terrasses ont été abordés ces dernières années dans trois situations différentes : en France, dans le Guizhou en Chine et dans le ...


Panel 8. Paper 8.1 Tourism, Dams And Greed: Lessons From The Destruction Of A Rural Cultural Landscape In Crete, Carla Chifos Oct 2019

Panel 8. Paper 8.1 Tourism, Dams And Greed: Lessons From The Destruction Of A Rural Cultural Landscape In Crete, Carla Chifos

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Four thousand years of shaping the landscape, developing sustainable agricultural practices and products, and forming a symbiotic relationship with ecological systems in the Aposelemis Valley of Crete has been disrupted due to the building of a large dam in the heart of that landscape. The politics and decision-making that resulted in the building and implementation of this dam are already documented and analyzed in a recent paper (Chifos, et al, 2019). This paper re-examines what happened in this Valley from the perspective of the cultural/heritage advocates and where the barriers to protecting and maintaining this landscape were and still ...


Ecological Considerations And Application Of Urban Tree Selection In Massachusetts, Ashley Mcelhinney Jul 2019

Ecological Considerations And Application Of Urban Tree Selection In Massachusetts, Ashley Mcelhinney

Masters Theses

Trees provide countless environmental, economic, and societal benefits to the urban environment, and may become increasingly important to maintaining environmental quality and human well-being in the face of increasing urbanization and climate change. However, trees in these urban areas are rapidly diminishing across the United States. Much of this loss can be prevented with proper planning and management, focused on selecting tree species that are both well-suited to the area’s growing conditions and able to survive the many stress factors in an urban setting. Choosing which tree species to plant in Massachusetts is especially challenging considering the lack of ...


Urban Biodiversity Experience And Exposure: Intervention And Inequality At The Local And Global Scale, Evan Kuras Mar 2019

Urban Biodiversity Experience And Exposure: Intervention And Inequality At The Local And Global Scale, Evan Kuras

Masters Theses

As cities expand globally, researchers must clarify how human activities and institutions shape biodiversity and conversely, how ecological processes shape human outcomes. Two features of contemporary cities motivate this thesis. First, urban residents, and especially children, are spending less time in nature and consequently, miss out on healthy and formative experiences with biodiversity. Second, residents with the least access to biodiversity tend to be those with the lowest socioeconomic status (SES). Together, these patterns convey a multi-layered environmental injustice: not only might urbanites become increasingly estranged from biodiversity, disinterested from its conservation, and disconnected from its benefits, but these outcomes ...


Understanding Governance Structures In Shaping Greenway Implementation In City-Regions: A Case Study In Central Zhejiang Province, China, Jun Xian Chen, Sun Sheng Han, Si Qing Chen Jan 2019

Understanding Governance Structures In Shaping Greenway Implementation In City-Regions: A Case Study In Central Zhejiang Province, China, Jun Xian Chen, Sun Sheng Han, Si Qing Chen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway implementation in city-regions is a collective action involving a complex range of relations between regional and local agencies, between government departments at the same administrative level, and between adjacent jurisdictions. This paper explores how greenway implementation governance is structured, and why different governance structures result in different greenway implementation processes and outcomes in a city-region. We use a case study approach to a greenway project in central Zhejiang Province (CCCZ), where data are collected through field reconnaissance, in-depth interviews, and document analysis. Preliminary findings reveal that the central Zhejiang Greenway Project has experienced a development from ‘territorially-specialized governance’ to ...


Rethinking Urban Nature: The Rise And Value Of Nature-Based Solutions (Nbs) In Europe, Ian C. Mell, Sarah Clement Jan 2019

Rethinking Urban Nature: The Rise And Value Of Nature-Based Solutions (Nbs) In Europe, Ian C. Mell, Sarah Clement

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) have been proposed by the European Union as the most contemporary approach to delivering resilient cities in Europe. Through official guidance and funded projects, the Horizon 2020 programme, the EU has positioned nature at the centre of landscape and urban planning debates. However, there remains a scepticism regarding whether the support of NBS as an alternative to green infrastructure (GI) planning is meaningful and appropriate or damaging to existing practices. Furthermore, the framing of NBS does not, to date, extend the conceptual, practical or political parameters of ‘green space’ planning beyond terminological changes. Its most significant contribution ...


Selling Nature: Aligning Green Infrastructure Principles With The Funding Of Urban Landscapes, Ian C. Mell Jan 2019

Selling Nature: Aligning Green Infrastructure Principles With The Funding Of Urban Landscapes, Ian C. Mell

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

As the allocation of funding for urban greening continues to diminish planners, landscape professionals and environmental advocates are increasingly turning to the 'valuing of nature' as a mechanism to address these shortfalls. Whilst consensus exists that urban nature holds a critical role in promoting ecological sustainability and liveability, there is a less established understanding of how we translate these ideas into funding. Such variation in landscape valuation practices leading to significant disparity between how cities support their natural environment. In turn this has led to a growing reflection on how we can valorise the environment to ensure it is attributed ...


Study On Greenway Plant Landscape Based On Bird Habitat Conservation - A Case Study Of Wenyu River - North Canal Greenway In Beijing, Mengyuan, Zhang,, Yilun Li, Shuxin Fan, Peiyao Hao, Li Dong Jan 2019

Study On Greenway Plant Landscape Based On Bird Habitat Conservation - A Case Study Of Wenyu River - North Canal Greenway In Beijing, Mengyuan, Zhang,, Yilun Li, Shuxin Fan, Peiyao Hao, Li Dong

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In recent years, rapid urbanization is leading to a sharp decrease of bird diversity in city. The plant landscape in the greenway plays an important role in habitat conservation. This paper aims to explore the effects of plant landscape planning for the bird habitat conservation in urban greenway, and to study the design methods of greenway plant landscapes based on bird habitats conservation.

Wenyu River - North Canal, a river located in the east of Beijing with uninterrupted green spaces along the coast, has the potential to become the migration channel for migratory birds. Dongjiao Wetland Park is an important node ...


Boom And Decline: When Greenways Link Low And High Ses Neighborhoods, Margaret Bryant Jan 2019

Boom And Decline: When Greenways Link Low And High Ses Neighborhoods, Margaret Bryant

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Social and economic inequalities in American cities mean that “booming cities” all have neighborhoods that are not thriving, and “declining cities” are likely to have some areas that are booming. Disadvantaged urban neighborhoods with high numbers of people living in poverty exist in all cities, but they are more pervasive in declining cities. Greenways, linear features in the urban landscape, cut across neighborhoods with varying levels of socioeconomic status (SES), depending on their design and place-specific characteristics. Where greenways link wealth to poverty, interesting concerns, issues, and opportunities arise. This paper reviews existing research on phenomena associated with this particular ...


East Coast Greenway 2050: Harford County, David N. Myers Jan 2019

East Coast Greenway 2050: Harford County, David N. Myers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper documents both the process and product of a university studio project that explores the role of the East Coast Greenway (ECG) in the overall 2050 Harford County biking and greenway system plans. Harford County, MD occupies an important geographic area in which the ECG is aligned in the Mid-Atlantic region. The presentation also documents initiatives in the more urbanized counties of the State of Maryland and the District of Columbia. Numerous initiatives that characterize urban jurisdictions are reviewed for their relevance to a more a rural environment, but also a county that is experiencing population growth. The specific ...


Cuyahoga Greenways: A Community-Driven, Data-Enriched Initiative To Implement A Regional Greenway Vision, Michael R. Mears, Oliver D. Kiley, Neal J. Billetdeaux Jan 2019

Cuyahoga Greenways: A Community-Driven, Data-Enriched Initiative To Implement A Regional Greenway Vision, Michael R. Mears, Oliver D. Kiley, Neal J. Billetdeaux

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cleveland and surrounding Cuyahoga County is undergoing a gradual transformation. A highly urbanized region in America’s rust belt, it has experienced decades of declining population and sprawling development. Presently however, the region has shown signs of economic and social improvement as it recovers from years of stagnation and disinvestment. Accompanying this rebound is an increased awareness to the region’s fluctuating socioeconomic conditions and residual challenges to improving mobility. Moreover, there is a desire to ensure that change is sustainable and leads to equitable outcomes for all segments of the community.

Greenways, most notably the county-wide Emerald Necklace, have ...


Sustainable Green Infrastructure Planning In Greece: Proposal For An Urban Greenway Network In The Greater Athens Metropolitan Area, Alexander Kantartzis, Spiro Pollalis Jan 2019

Sustainable Green Infrastructure Planning In Greece: Proposal For An Urban Greenway Network In The Greater Athens Metropolitan Area, Alexander Kantartzis, Spiro Pollalis

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Athens, the capital of Greece, epitomizes the opportunities and constraints of modern urbanization, sustainable mobility, green infrastructure, greenway planning, and the associated quality of contemporary Greek civic life. Though the country’s economy has been suffering tremendously for the past consecutive eight years with harsh austerity measures holding back any developmental commotion, signs of recovery and appropriate funding are lately emerging.

Physically, Athens has overcome its natural containing barriers, the Pikilo and Hemmitos Mountains on east and west borders, the southern waterfront expanding over to the Thriasio and Mesogeia Fields and the island of Aegina respectively. Culturally, contemporary Athens is ...


Transformations Of Urban Green Spaces (Ugs) In Sub-Cities: A Case Of New Town Of Kolkata And Gurgaon Of Delhi, Uttam Roy Jan 2019

Transformations Of Urban Green Spaces (Ugs) In Sub-Cities: A Case Of New Town Of Kolkata And Gurgaon Of Delhi, Uttam Roy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Sub-cities offer affordable houses and often better living quality when compared to a mother city. One of the major causes of such better living quality is a greater share of land earmarked as urban green spaces in the prevailing master plan. The mega cities in India like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and their sub-cities accommodate a larger share of the total urban population compared to the other million population cities and fewer than million cities. For example, under national capital region (NCR) planning, Delhi, several such sub-cities are planned around the city of Delhi, such as Gurgaon, Noida, Dwarka, Rohini & Greater ...


Sensitive Study Of The City/Nature Relationship Associated To The Montevido Waterfront, Ana Vallarino Katzenstein Jan 2019

Sensitive Study Of The City/Nature Relationship Associated To The Montevido Waterfront, Ana Vallarino Katzenstein

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Montevideo is located on the banks of the River Plate. The coastline makes evident the evolution of ideas and meanings associated with the city/nature relationship. Given its accessibility, its extension, and its intensive use, the waterfront is a paradigmatic public space of the Uruguayan capital. For this reason, for its heritage value and its status as city/nature frontier, it was the object of some projects and work tool for others. It allowed the development of a theory for the study of the landscape. In turn, this theory also enabled the development of other projects that generated thematic, theoretical ...


Urban Transformation Of Old West Gate (Laoximen) Phase I, Changde, China, Yanhong Tang Jan 2019

Urban Transformation Of Old West Gate (Laoximen) Phase I, Changde, China, Yanhong Tang

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Together with a canal water system cleaning effort, the project transformed 6.4 acres of a forgotten old town littered with structurally unsafe buildings into a culturally-rich urban green space and popular waterfront district in Changde, Hunan Province, China. Laoximen (meaning Old West Gate) sets a precedent and benchmark for urban renewal, reclaiming a historic canal and the adjacent streets for new use. The project promotes the timely principles of urban regeneration, adaptive re-use, historic preservation, and ecological sustainability, whilst avoiding the current practice in China of demolition and radical reconstruction.

After 100 years of tumultuous history, including WWII and ...


The Role Of Mining Ponds In The Hungarian Greenway Network, Ildikó M. Bugyi, Nóra H. Horváth, Dalma Varga Jan 2019

The Role Of Mining Ponds In The Hungarian Greenway Network, Ildikó M. Bugyi, Nóra H. Horváth, Dalma Varga

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The aim of our research is to present the current state of mining ponds, wetlands (created by mining activity in Hungary) and to give support to the mining ponds’ nature protection importance and their role in green infrastructure.

This research topic is very important, partly because of the lack of data related to mining ponds, but also because wetlands and their connecting blue and green infrastructure are playing a more important role today in reducing the effects of climate change.

A GIS analysis was made using data from the national mining register, the CORINE Land Cover and Agricultural Parcel Identification ...


The Use Of Geotechnologies In The Analysis Of Vegetation Index And Heat Island In The City Of São Paulo, Sp, Brazil, Amanda L. Fruehauf, Magda A. Lombardo, Paulo R.M. Pellegrino Jan 2019

The Use Of Geotechnologies In The Analysis Of Vegetation Index And Heat Island In The City Of São Paulo, Sp, Brazil, Amanda L. Fruehauf, Magda A. Lombardo, Paulo R.M. Pellegrino

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

There is a solid body of knowledge linking urban growth to the decline of green spaces in Brazilian cities. In this context, this research aims to analyse the heat island, landscape ecology, and ecosystem services and their associated green infrastructure in São Paulo’s metropolitan area. Landscape Information will be applied to the open spaces and mapping will be done with the use of remote sensing techniques in Geographic Information System (GIS). High-resolution imagery will be used, including satellites World View-2 (panchromatic and multispectral from 0.5 to 2m), with the presence of the RGB bands and near infrared, pre-image ...


The Impact Of Tree Planting Program Governance Structure On Tree Survivorship And Vigor: A Case Study Using The Massachusetts Greening The Gateway Cities Program, Nicholas A. Geron, John Rogan, Deborah Martin, Marc Healy Jan 2019

The Impact Of Tree Planting Program Governance Structure On Tree Survivorship And Vigor: A Case Study Using The Massachusetts Greening The Gateway Cities Program, Nicholas A. Geron, John Rogan, Deborah Martin, Marc Healy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Trees in urban neighborhoods benefit residents by reducing building energy costs, providing cleaner air, decreasing surface runoff, and improving quality of life. However, tree canopy cover is not evenly distributed across neighborhoods in many mid-sized American cities which leads to higher air and surface temperatures, and increased energy bills for residents who are the most economically vulnerable. The state of Massachusetts (USA) created the Greening the Gateway Cities (GGC) program to increase tree canopy cover by 10% in post-industrial, midsized cities with lower educational attainment and lower income than state averages. The study posed two questions: what is the governance ...


Why Did The Turtle Cross The Street? An Examination Of Herpetofauna Habitat Road Fragmentation, Carlos J.L. Balsas Jan 2019

Why Did The Turtle Cross The Street? An Examination Of Herpetofauna Habitat Road Fragmentation, Carlos J.L. Balsas

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Roads and urban development cause severe herpetofauna habitat fragmentation. The objective of this study is to analyze the road ecology problem of herpetofauna habitat fragmentation. It is argued that most wetland systems have high biodiversity conservation value and that their herpetofauna habitat fragmentation requires the implementation of adequate road crossing mitigation strategies. The research methods comprised mostly literature reviews on road ecology, habitat road fragmentation and mitigation, and roadway redesign measures. The key finding discovered was the urgent need for more continuous habitats, uniform underground crossings, and the elimination of reptile and amphibian road crossing deaths in (sub)urban settings ...


Assets Of Water Mills In Hungary, Zita Szabó, Ágnes Sallay Jan 2019

Assets Of Water Mills In Hungary, Zita Szabó, Ágnes Sallay

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Watercourses have been a great energy resource for thousands of years (Lewis 1997). Technical inventions have changed the role of water as an energy resource. The landscape preserved the former usage of watercourses as we can still find water mills.

In this research, we show the presence of water mills in Hungary. The main goal of the research is to show the possibilities to use water as an energy resource based on historical knowledge and the new technical improvements. We show which landscape characteristics make a place suitable for water mills. However, it is important that water mills change the ...


Greenways As A New Potential For Shrinking Cities. The Case Of Milan (Italy), Luca Maria Francesco Fabris, Gerardo Semprebon, Fan Fu Jan 2019

Greenways As A New Potential For Shrinking Cities. The Case Of Milan (Italy), Luca Maria Francesco Fabris, Gerardo Semprebon, Fan Fu

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The paper aims to illustrate the transformation of Milan, focusing on its relationship with (urban) greenways. At the beginning of XXI century Milan was deeply converted into a mere service industry centre. The change modified also its territory. Brownfields took place of industries and logistic compounds, places without a use dotting its urban fabric. In the 1970s, visionary architects, planners, and landscape architects started to design a series of parks surrounding the town, creating a green crown fading its outskirts. North Park and South Park together with Boscoincittà (Wood-in-town) created a continuous green curtain setting the basis for a circular ...


Interlinking People And Nature Through The Technologized Urban Greenway, Dorottya Bekesi Jan 2019

Interlinking People And Nature Through The Technologized Urban Greenway, Dorottya Bekesi

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The project area is located along the Danube River in Budapest, and as a peninsula, has a significant role in the city on an ecological level. In my research, I present the project from the industrial revolution up to the present day. In my concluding remarks, various design ideas for implementation on the peninsula and in its neighborhood were demonstrated.

The abandoned Népsziget with its industrial site holds a lot of potential for cultural and environmental development. When it comes to city planning in Budapest the main issue is the decrease of greenfield territories in the suburban areas while the ...


Urban Landscape Planning And The Contribution Of Green Infrastructure In Promoting Ecosystem Services, Camila G. Sant’Anna, Maria C.L. Bezerra Jan 2019

Urban Landscape Planning And The Contribution Of Green Infrastructure In Promoting Ecosystem Services, Camila G. Sant’Anna, Maria C.L. Bezerra

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Green infrastructure (GI) has been an object of different theoretical-practical approaches concerning its application as a tool to build a sustainable and resilient land use plan. The key would be to guarantee the cities’ functions and services to work with nature. The challenge requests a clear association between conceptual terms and the design practices that have been developed in recent years, attending urban functions and protecting ecosystem services. The present work contributes to the debate, establishing the relationship between principles, urban scales, urban functions and configurable components of green infrastructure with the potential to guarantee the ecosystem service and to ...


Calculating Cultural Ecosystem Services As Part Of Greenspace Management?, Jocelyn M. Gavitt, Richard M. Smardon Jan 2019

Calculating Cultural Ecosystem Services As Part Of Greenspace Management?, Jocelyn M. Gavitt, Richard M. Smardon

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Lake related greenspace provides many benefits to residents and visitors, which are often under-valued. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Project (2005) proposed the valuation of ecosystem services, defined as regulatory, provisional, ecosystem support and cultural services provided for us by nature, free of charge. The challenge here is: How can we use cultural ecosystem services derived from scenic landscapes for greenspace management and assessment?

Cultural ecosystem services received international recognition as part of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Project (2005). Also, as part of ecosystems services, are regulatory, provisional and ecosystem support. For this paper we are particularly concerned with cultural services ...


Challenges And Answers Of Urban Development Focusing Green Infrastructure In European Metropolises, Krisztina F. Kovács, Paloma G. De Linares, Vera Iváncsics, Klaudia Máté, Sándor Jombach, István Valánszki Jan 2019

Challenges And Answers Of Urban Development Focusing Green Infrastructure In European Metropolises, Krisztina F. Kovács, Paloma G. De Linares, Vera Iváncsics, Klaudia Máté, Sándor Jombach, István Valánszki

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Urban sprawl is a general problem of developed countries and several European strategies highlight the importance of controlled development, compact settlements structure, and protection of ecologic values. We analyzed European metropolis regions focusing on challenges of preservation of green infrastructure and controlling urban sprawl. Vienna has protected the green spaces in and around the city for a century already. In case of Munich, the “compact-urban-green” leitmotif was implemented. Rennes created a green belt around the city, protecting agricultural land and privileges high densification and the agglomeration is planned in a polycentric model. In our comparison analysis, we would like to ...


Introduction To The Green Belt Of Auroville: A Detailed Description On How Its Actual Practices Contribute To The Un Sdgs, Boglárka Nagy, Zita Szabó Jan 2019

Introduction To The Green Belt Of Auroville: A Detailed Description On How Its Actual Practices Contribute To The Un Sdgs, Boglárka Nagy, Zita Szabó

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The South-Indian city of Auroville was founded in 1968 with the ambitious plan to become an utopist city for 50,000 habitants. The once heavily eroded land was transformed to a lush green area thanks to the past decades of landscape restoration work. The city aims to create a new type of human habitat where the residents live in harmony and close relation with nature. As part of its master plan a 2.5 km wide Green Belt is envisioned around the city zone that would contain organic farms and restored forest that provides timber and refilled underground water resources ...