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Urban Studies and Planning Commons

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Portland State University

1999

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Articles 1 - 30 of 33

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Service Reliability Impacts Of Computer-Aided Dispatching And Automatic Vehicle Location Technology: A Tri-Met Case Study, James G. Strathman, Kenneth Dueker, Thomas J. Kimpel, Rick Gerhart, Ken Turner, Pete Turner, Steve Callas, David Griffin Dec 1999

Service Reliability Impacts Of Computer-Aided Dispatching And Automatic Vehicle Location Technology: A Tri-Met Case Study, James G. Strathman, Kenneth Dueker, Thomas J. Kimpel, Rick Gerhart, Ken Turner, Pete Turner, Steve Callas, David Griffin

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This paper presents findings on initial changes in service reliability following Tri-Met’s deployment of a new bus dispatching system using automatic vehicle location and automatic passenger counter technology. Changes in on-time performance, headway variation, run time variation, and run times were determined with respect to pre-deployment levels. Changes in headway variation and run times were also used to estimate the initial benefits of the new system with respect to operating costs, passenger waiting, and passenger travel time.


California Vehicle License Fees: Incidence And Equity, Jennifer Dill, Todd Mitchel Goldman, Martin Wachs Dec 1999

California Vehicle License Fees: Incidence And Equity, Jennifer Dill, Todd Mitchel Goldman, Martin Wachs

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

Most states tax the value of residents' motor vehicles. In recent political debates over the future of these levies, the relative effects of these taxes on different socioeconomic groups have been a prominent question. By linking data from the Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey with estimates of vehicle values from consumer vehicle pricing guides, the socioeconomic and demographic incidence of California's Vehicle License Fee is examined. After the effects of state and federal income tax deductions are taken into account, the fee is found to be as regressive as the state's sales tax.


Income Distribution, City Size, And The Role Of Public Transportation, Thomas W. Sanchez Nov 1999

Income Distribution, City Size, And The Role Of Public Transportation, Thomas W. Sanchez

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This article presents an income inequality analysis for all 1990 U.S. metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs). The analysis is concerned with whether public transportation has a detectable influence on levels of urban income equality. Because public transportation systems are generally designed to link residences with employment locations, higher levels of transit service provision, all other factors being equal, should be associated with higher employment rates and more uniform distributions of economic gains. The research presented here was influenced by an analysis originally performed by Haworth, Long, and Rasmussen (1978). Along with there study, few analyses have tried to evaluate policies ...


Eagle Point School District School Enrollment Forecast, 2000 To 2010, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Risa S. Proehl Nov 1999

Eagle Point School District School Enrollment Forecast, 2000 To 2010, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Risa S. Proehl

School District Enrollment Forecast Reports

This report provides a school Enrollment Forecast, including background demographic information and analysis, for the Eagle Point School District (Jackson County School District #9). Several factors that are likely to affect the District’s enrollment between 2000 and 2010 are considered and the geographical areas within the District (the cities of Eagle Point and Shady Cove, the unincorporated urban area of White City, and the rural unincorporated area) are examined. To account for different probabilities of demographic events, three scenarios of population, housing, and enrollment changes were developed. Forecasts are made for the total District, by grade level, for the ...


Resolution No. 99-2835: For The Purpose Of Expressing Council Intent To Amend The Region 2040 Growth Concept Map To Designate The City Of Milwaukie As A Town Center, Metro (Or.) Oct 1999

Resolution No. 99-2835: For The Purpose Of Expressing Council Intent To Amend The Region 2040 Growth Concept Map To Designate The City Of Milwaukie As A Town Center, Metro (Or.)

Metro Collection

No abstract provided.


Automated Bus Dispatching, Operations Control, And Service Reliability: The Initial Tri-Met Experience, James G. Strathman, Kenneth Dueker, Thomas J. Kimpel, Rick Gerhart, Ken Turner, Pete Taylor, Steve Callas, David Griffin Oct 1999

Automated Bus Dispatching, Operations Control, And Service Reliability: The Initial Tri-Met Experience, James G. Strathman, Kenneth Dueker, Thomas J. Kimpel, Rick Gerhart, Ken Turner, Pete Taylor, Steve Callas, David Griffin

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This paper presents findings on initial changes in service reliability following Tri-Met’s deployment of a new bus dispatching system using automatic vehicle location and automatic passenger counter technology. Changes in on-time performance, headway variation, run time variation, and run times were determined with respect to pre-deployment levels. Changes in headway variation and run times were also used to estimate the initial benefits of the new system with respect to operating costs, passenger waiting, and passenger travel time.


Risk-Based Monitoring: A Model And Application To Fda’S Imported Food Monitoring Program, Sheila A. Martin, Nancy Dean Beaulieu, Richard Williams Oct 1999

Risk-Based Monitoring: A Model And Application To Fda’S Imported Food Monitoring Program, Sheila A. Martin, Nancy Dean Beaulieu, Richard Williams

Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies Publications

Regulatory agencies intervene in risky situations by outlawing practices that impose risks on society or by proscribing practices that reduce risk. Because public resources for enforcing regulation are limited, public policy has recently emphasized maximizing the benefit from enforcement by considering the risk reduction achievable from each intervention. This emphasis requires a shift of resources to monitoring situations in which regulatory violations are most likely, their welfare effects are most serious, and their detection is probable and relatively inexpensive. This article is a risk-based monitoring model applied to the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) import monitoring program. Although some ...


Community Building Sourcebook: Land Use And Transportation Initiatives In Portland, Oregon, Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District Of Oregon Sep 1999

Community Building Sourcebook: Land Use And Transportation Initiatives In Portland, Oregon, Tri-County Metropolitan Transportation District Of Oregon

TriMet Collection

No abstract provided.


Sunnyside Neighborhood Plan Action Charts: Adopted By Resolution Number 35820, Portland (Or.). Office Of The City Auditor Sep 1999

Sunnyside Neighborhood Plan Action Charts: Adopted By Resolution Number 35820, Portland (Or.). Office Of The City Auditor

Portland City Archives

No abstract provided.


City Club Of Portland Information Report: Endangered Fish Species In Portland, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Jul 1999

City Club Of Portland Information Report: Endangered Fish Species In Portland, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


City Club Of Portland Information Report: The Arts And Their Public Value, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Jul 1999

City Club Of Portland Information Report: The Arts And Their Public Value, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Neighborhood Vitality: The Role Of Local Civic Organizations, Irina V. Sharkova, Thomas W. Sanchez Jul 1999

An Analysis Of Neighborhood Vitality: The Role Of Local Civic Organizations, Irina V. Sharkova, Thomas W. Sanchez

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This paper addresses the issue of neighborhood vitality from the perspective of social capital building. Numerous studies have shown that social capital - a complex of networks, norms, and social trust that promotes citizens involvement in local affairs - is crucial for the continuous well-being of communities. Among many political, economic, and cultural factors influencing social capital, the spatial dimension is most often overlooked. Yet the accessibility of places promoting social interactions and interpersonal communication between local residents should have a direct effect on the vitality of a neighborhood. Among these civic places are formal institutions - churches and locally oriented membership organizations ...


Pedestrian Infrastructure Improvements: Effects On Transit Use And Perceptions Of The Pedestrian Environment In Portland's Roseway Neighborhood, James G. Strathman, Kenneth Dueker, Peter Mye, Joyce A. Felton Jul 1999

Pedestrian Infrastructure Improvements: Effects On Transit Use And Perceptions Of The Pedestrian Environment In Portland's Roseway Neighborhood, James G. Strathman, Kenneth Dueker, Peter Mye, Joyce A. Felton

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Over the past two years the Pedestrian Transportation (PTP) of the City of Portland has been engaged in a project to encourage walking and transit use through targeted infrastructure improvements. These improvements are intended to enhance pedestrian access to transit service by aiding street crossing and providing more amenities at bus stops. Other improvements include landscaping, sidewalks, curb extensions and ramps, and improved street lighting. One of the basic assumptions of this project is that the pedestrian environment is related to transportation choices. This report explores that assumption.


Orbit: The Oregon Road Base Information Team Draft Summary Report Ii, Paul Bender, Mark Bosworth, Kenneth Dueker Jul 1999

Orbit: The Oregon Road Base Information Team Draft Summary Report Ii, Paul Bender, Mark Bosworth, Kenneth Dueker

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Data sharing among organizations has the potential to 1) decrease long-term costs of obtaining and maintaining data and 2) to facilitate data consistency and accuracy. Consistency includes both completeness and currency, while accuracy includes positional and relative accuracy of transportation features and their attributes, i.e. any data element related to roads or other transportation infrastructure.

ORBIT, the Oregon Road Base Information Team, is an ongoing effort to create an accessible and comprehensive GIS transportation base for use by public and private agencies with shared stewardship through stakeholder partnerships and standards. ORBIT is occurring concurrently with an effort at the ...


Defining Issues: An Outline For The Future Of Our Region, Portland State University. Institute Of Portland Metropolitan Studies Jul 1999

Defining Issues: An Outline For The Future Of Our Region, Portland State University. Institute Of Portland Metropolitan Studies

Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies Publications

Exploration of critical "super-regional" issues defined at the 1998 Annual Leadership Conference.


Documentary Proposal, Ernest Bonner Jun 1999

Documentary Proposal, Ernest Bonner

Ernie Bonner Collection

No abstract provided.


City Club Of Portland Report: Privatization Of Government Services, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Jun 1999

City Club Of Portland Report: Privatization Of Government Services, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


Joint Resolution Of Metro And The Southwest Washington Regional Transportation Council For The Purpose Of Establishing A Bi-State Committee Of The Joint Policy Advisory Committee On Transportation (Jpact) And The Southwest Washington Regional Transportation Council {Rtc), Metro (Or.), Regional Transportation Council (Wash.) Jun 1999

Joint Resolution Of Metro And The Southwest Washington Regional Transportation Council For The Purpose Of Establishing A Bi-State Committee Of The Joint Policy Advisory Committee On Transportation (Jpact) And The Southwest Washington Regional Transportation Council {Rtc), Metro (Or.), Regional Transportation Council (Wash.)

Joint Policy Advisory Committee on Transportation

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of The Lloyd District Parking Programs, City Of Portland: The Impacts Of Parking Pricing And Transportation Management Association Programs In A High-Density, Mixed-Use District, Martha J. Bianco Jun 1999

Evaluation Of The Lloyd District Parking Programs, City Of Portland: The Impacts Of Parking Pricing And Transportation Management Association Programs In A High-Density, Mixed-Use District, Martha J. Bianco

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This is the final report of the Lloyd District transportation management program and the subsequent survey.

During the one year that had elapsed between the implementation of the Lloyd District transportation and management programs and the survey information collected in this study, the drive alone mode for the trip to work by employees in the Lloyd District had decreased by 7 percent. For the District as a whole, the drive alone commute share is about 56 percent. These are remarkable achievements.


Gis-T Data Sharing Issues, Kenneth Dueker, J. Allison Butler May 1999

Gis-T Data Sharing Issues, Kenneth Dueker, J. Allison Butler

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The purpose of this paper is to develop a framework and principles for sharing of transportation data. The framework is intended to clarify roles of the various participants and the principles are intended to provide guidance for the participants. Both the framework and the principles are based on a GIS-T data model that defines relations among transportation data elements. (See Dueker and Butler (1998) for a detailed description of the data model. A simplified version is provided in the next section.) The data model guards against ambiguities and provides a basis for the development of the framework and principles for ...


Vanport Interpretive Signage Project, Portland State University Apr 1999

Vanport Interpretive Signage Project, Portland State University

Asset Mapping: Community Geography Project

Students participating in two senior capstone courses (spring and summer, 1999) did historical research, the conceptualization, and graphic design of four Vanport interpretive signs that were to be located at the historic site of Vanport at today’s Heron Lakes Golf Course.


Benefit Analysis Of Igbt Power Device Simulation Modeling, Michael P. Gallaher, Sheila A. Martin Apr 1999

Benefit Analysis Of Igbt Power Device Simulation Modeling, Michael P. Gallaher, Sheila A. Martin

Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies Publications

The National Institute of Standards and Technology’s Electronic and Electrical Engineering Laboratory (NIST/EEEL) program supports the development of mathematical models for several classes of semiconductor devices. This study presents the results from a microeconomic impact assessment of the development of mathematical models for the design of insulated-gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) semiconductor power devices. NIST/EEEL’s IGBT mathematical modeling program (referred to as the NIST IGBT modeling program) has led to significant economic benefits. These benefits include: improvements in R&D efficiency, decreases in transaction costs, decreases in production costs, and improvements in product quality.

NIST’s activities ...


Interoperability Cost Analysis Of The U.S. Automotive Supply Chain, Smita B. Brunnermeier, Sheila A. Martin Mar 1999

Interoperability Cost Analysis Of The U.S. Automotive Supply Chain, Smita B. Brunnermeier, Sheila A. Martin

Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies Publications

The objective of this study was to assess the costs of imperfect interoperability to the U.S. automotive supply chain and to describe the sources of these costs. By understanding the sources and magnitude of inefficiencies caused by interoperability problems, NIST can better determine the potential impact of its programs and focus them to maximize program effectiveness. This study estimates that imperfect interoperability imposes at least $1 billion per year on the members of the U.S. automotive supply chain. By far, the greatest component of these costs is the resources devoted to repairing or reentering data files that are ...


Holgate Lake Study: An Examination Of The Issues Associated With Groundwater Flooding, John J. Lynch Jr., Heidi A. Mader, Mark Mccann Feb 1999

Holgate Lake Study: An Examination Of The Issues Associated With Groundwater Flooding, John J. Lynch Jr., Heidi A. Mader, Mark Mccann

Master of Urban and Regional Planning Workshop Projects

This project examines Holgate Lake. Despite its natural hazard characteristics, the Holgate Lake area has not been immune to development pressure. Holgate Lake is an intermittent water body that forms when groundwater levels rise. Historical accounts show that the lake has formed at many different times in the last century. Because the lake fluctuates with the groundwater level, it is not necessarily present from year to year. As the area has developed, more and more people built in the location of the natural lakebed when the water was not present. When the lake level returned in the 1960's flooding ...


Pendleton Affordable Housing Study, Portland State University. Center For Population Research And Census Feb 1999

Pendleton Affordable Housing Study, Portland State University. Center For Population Research And Census

Publications, Reports and Presentations

The goal of this study is to analyze the existing and likely future need for affordable housing in the city of Pendleton, Oregon.


Aging In Hollywood: Planning For Seniors In A Changing Neighborhood, Bill Cunningham, Julia Haykin, Bob Hillier, Ted Knowlton, Tim O'Brien Jan 1999

Aging In Hollywood: Planning For Seniors In A Changing Neighborhood, Bill Cunningham, Julia Haykin, Bob Hillier, Ted Knowlton, Tim O'Brien

Master of Urban and Regional Planning Workshop Projects

The Hollywood Group investigated the Hollywood District to access how well its built environment and neighborhood services meet the needs of its substantial elder population. A goal was to connect the concerns expressed by seniors and their hopes for the future of the area to other visions for Hollywood currently being developed.

The Aging in Hollywood Project provides a senior perspective on such issues as community design, transportation and access, neighborhood services, housing choices and community involvement. Public outreach activities were the primary methods used to gather input from the Hollywood elder population on these issues. Methods used included focus ...


Orient Rural Center Plan: Community Wide Solutions, Patrick J. Boylan, David R. Brooks, Donald D. Kienholz, M. Joseph Turner Jan 1999

Orient Rural Center Plan: Community Wide Solutions, Patrick J. Boylan, David R. Brooks, Donald D. Kienholz, M. Joseph Turner

Master of Urban and Regional Planning Workshop Projects

This document represents a chapter of the West of the Sandy River Rural Plan. The focus of this chapter addresses a smaller section within the study area which is zoned Rural Center (RC). In October, 1998 Community-Wide Solutions (CWS), a consulting team working with County staff, contracted to research, study, and draft a plan for the Orient Rural Center. The Orient Rural Center is an "unicorporated community" for which state law requires the County to plan (OAR 660-22).

This chapter of the West of the Sandy River Rural Area Plan examines the land uses, history and possible futures for the ...


Is There Still A Need For The Special Assessment Program Within Oregon's Current Land-Use System?, David R. Brooks Jan 1999

Is There Still A Need For The Special Assessment Program Within Oregon's Current Land-Use System?, David R. Brooks

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Based on the research completed to date regarding the various components of the Oregon farmland preservation program, one question begs to be asked: "Is there still a need for the Special Assessment Program within Oregon's current land use planning system?"

This paper is an attempt to assess the role of the Special Assessment Program in the context of the overall land use planning system in Oregon. It is my contention that the Special Assessment Program no longer plays a meaningful role in the movement to preserve land in the rural areas of the state. Also, it may actually have ...


Rebuilding With Habitat: A Feasibility Study For A Portland Re-Store, Eli Spevak, Rebecca Newman, Barbara Linssen, Clint Wertz Jan 1999

Rebuilding With Habitat: A Feasibility Study For A Portland Re-Store, Eli Spevak, Rebecca Newman, Barbara Linssen, Clint Wertz

Master of Urban and Regional Planning Workshop Projects

In September 1998 Habitat for Humanity's director asked our team to conduct a feasibility study on the possibility of opening a Habitat Re-Store in Portland, a store that would re-sell used building materials. In addition to exploring that question in the traditional manner - considering issues of supply and demand, local competition and potential market niches -- we found ourselves compelled by a deeper exploration of the possibilities. Given that the store would be a Habitat for Humanity venture.... how could the store be utilized to improve people's lives... to empower and to educate... to both gain from and give ...


1999 Oregon Population Report, Qian Cai, Portland State University. Population Research Center Jan 1999

1999 Oregon Population Report, Qian Cai, Portland State University. Population Research Center

Oregon Population Estimates and Reports

This report presents population estimates for Oregon and its counties and incorporated cities for July 1, 1999. The ten tables in this report show current 1999 population estimates as well as historical data.