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Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six Jan 2008

Analysis Of Policy And Educational Approaches Within The Seattle Recycling Program, Ryan Joel Six

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to deepen our understanding of the policy and educational approaches within the Seattle, Washington residential recycling program. Through an analysis of Seattle's policy approaches and the role of education, this study makes recommendations for both its improvement and other communities looking to bolster and or implement their own recycling program. To guide the recommendations, it was necessary to find how a recycling program can target a broad audience to create more awareness and reach those in the community that have not been involved. Straughan (1999) noted that the success of a community's' recycling program relies ...


Exploring The Relationship Between Income And Property Taxation At The Municipal Level, Casey J. Muhm Jan 2008

Exploring The Relationship Between Income And Property Taxation At The Municipal Level, Casey J. Muhm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Municipalities in Iowa are heavily reliant upon property tax revenue as a means of finance; a phenomenon which many feel has negative implications for local governance. A frequently cited remedy for this is the diversification of municipal revenue sources by enabling municipalities to collect income tax. Proponents claim that doing so would allow municipal governments to become less dependent upon property tax revenue, as well as provide relief to property taxpayers in the form of lower rates and collections. The purpose of this thesis is to explore those claims by examining whether municipalities with income tax exhibit lower property taxes ...


Forces Affecting Prospects For Joint Land Use Planning Services In Boone County, Iowa, Luke Paul Nelson Jan 2008

Forces Affecting Prospects For Joint Land Use Planning Services In Boone County, Iowa, Luke Paul Nelson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study utilizes grounded theory to analyze the factors associated with a joint planning department in Boone County, Iowa.


An Analysis Of The Creative Economy In Rural Midwestern Communities, Brad Robert Schmidt Jan 2008

An Analysis Of The Creative Economy In Rural Midwestern Communities, Brad Robert Schmidt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The creative economy concept has recently become increasingly popular. Although the concept is popular and research is being conducted on it, there has been a lack of research on the creative economy in rural communities. This thesis attempts to determine the characteristics that define the creative economy in rural communities. Previous research found that creative workers prefer communities with certain characteristics which include technology, talent, tolerance, lifestyle, and authenticity/identity (Florida 2002). The results of this study indicate that rural creative communities in the Midwest tend to have higher percentages of residents with at least a bachelor's degree, more ...


Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody Jan 2007

Exploring Micropolitan Areas As A Source Of Population Growth In Iowa, David G. Inbody

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As sluggish growth persists in the state of Iowa, micropolitan areas may provide a viable source for expanding development. This thesis has two primary objectives: to better understand those factors driving population growth among micropolitan areas and to explore micropolitan areas in the state of Iowa as compared to micropolitan areas in other parts of the country. The analyses show a relationship between four of the five growth factors (agglomeration, recreation, immigration, education and diversification) and effective growth rate, the difference between micropolitan population growth and statewide population growth. As the number of qualifying categories increase for a micropolitan area ...


The Role Of The City Administrator And Small Town Planning: A Qualitative Study Of Iowa's Small Town Managers, Ryan A. Bland Jan 2007

The Role Of The City Administrator And Small Town Planning: A Qualitative Study Of Iowa's Small Town Managers, Ryan A. Bland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Small town city administrators have the responsibility of managing all functions for the community in which they are employed, but often lack the resources of their larger counterparts to devote to specific city functions such as planning. This includes planning and development functions.;Studies show that city administrators, in all sizes of cities, have varying roles that accompany their positions. For the purpose of this study, those roles have been separated into traditional/technical roles, and contemporary/proactive roles. This study questions whether these roles impact the quality of small town planning.;Through surveys and interviews with small town Iowa ...


Gis Modeling Of Urbanization Impacts On Natural Resources, Dakota County, Minnesota, Lan Wei Jan 2007

Gis Modeling Of Urbanization Impacts On Natural Resources, Dakota County, Minnesota, Lan Wei

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research focused on the impacts of urbanization in natural resources and land-cover changes due to urban development in Dakota County, Minnesota. An existing planning guide, the 2030 Regional Development Framework (2030 RDF) for the Twin Cities Metro Area, was analyzed and employed as a reference in this research. Geographic information systems (GIS) technology was used to help determine characteristics of urban land-cover changes, such as population change, land cover changes, and the environmental impacts on natural resources caused by urban development. Furthermore, land suitability modeling was utilized to analyze possible future development, from the perspectives of urban expansion and ...


A Study Of The Association Of The Iowa Hotel And Motel Tax With The General Property Tax Mill Rate For Iowa Communities, Arleen Marie Griesemer Faeth Jan 2007

A Study Of The Association Of The Iowa Hotel And Motel Tax With The General Property Tax Mill Rate For Iowa Communities, Arleen Marie Griesemer Faeth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The availability of tax revenue data in digital format prompted a study of Iowa communities with respect to their general property tax mill rate and the presence or absence of a hotel and motel tax. Both of these revenue sources are dispersed entirely to the local community. The revenue does not remain in the State's general fund. Alternative tax revenue sources are an important component in the decision making process of local city planners, city managers and community development administrators.;The intent of this thesis was to determine if there is an association between the general property tax mill ...


How Urban Form Effects Sense Of Community: A Comparative Case Study Of A Traditional Neighborhood And Conventional Suburban Development In Northern Virginia, Jason Lee Beske Jan 2007

How Urban Form Effects Sense Of Community: A Comparative Case Study Of A Traditional Neighborhood And Conventional Suburban Development In Northern Virginia, Jason Lee Beske

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Urban form and sense of community have been explored as distinct disciplinary concepts for decades; however, often without the endorsement of a normative standard or measure. The purpose of this study was to explore the interrelationship of these concepts by comparing two Northern Virginia neighborhoods, which are in close proximity to Washington, DC. Brambleton, a traditional neighborhood development, and Stratford, a nearby conventional suburban development, were chosen as case study communities due to their physical representation of distinct urban forms and socio-demographic characteristics. Neighborhood residents were surveyed regarding the impact of their immediate built environment and their perception of physical ...


The Role Of Government And Regulation In The Emerging Real Estate Industry In Ghana, Nana Kusi Appiah Jan 2007

The Role Of Government And Regulation In The Emerging Real Estate Industry In Ghana, Nana Kusi Appiah

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The need to provide quality and affordable housing to Ghanaian professionals, including teachers, doctors, nurses, university professors have led the government to explore different alternative investment options in the housing sector. Given the government's embrace of World Bank-supported neo-liberal economic policies, it is not surprising that it opted to shift from government-support and provision approach to a private sector-led housing policy. One visible result of this policy shift is the emergence of private real estate companies in many major cities. This study discusses the effectiveness of past housing policies and the increasing role of the private sector in the ...


An Examination Of Contributing Factors To Land Use/Land Cover Change In Southern Belize And The Use Of Satellite Image Analysis To Track Changes, Marissa Lenée Moore Jan 2007

An Examination Of Contributing Factors To Land Use/Land Cover Change In Southern Belize And The Use Of Satellite Image Analysis To Track Changes, Marissa Lenée Moore

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Land use and land cover change analyses are important tools for planning and development decisions. Tropical deforestation has both local and global implications. One main reason for deforestation is the conversion of forest to agricultural land. This study explores influences and potential causes for agricultural expansion and deforestation within the Toledo District in southern Belize, Central America. Many factors play into the deforestation and degradation of tropical forests in this district, including social, cultural, political and economic issues, all of which need serious consideration if planners and politicians are to combat the problem. Understanding the reasons for deforestation goes hand ...


Evaluating People's Accessibility To Public Parks Using Geographic Information Systems: A Case Study In Ames, Iowa , Isha Kaphle Jan 2006

Evaluating People's Accessibility To Public Parks Using Geographic Information Systems: A Case Study In Ames, Iowa , Isha Kaphle

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research on urban service delivery, such as transportation services, medical services, park and recreation services, employment services, etc. has proliferated during past few decades. These research deals with who are the disadvantaged, where they are located and what type of characteristics do they have in terms of socio-economic and demographic profiles. This study gives particular attention to empirical studies and presents a method for drawing conclusions about spatial equity in distribution of services. The methodology presented is a step by step approach of using Geographic Information System (GIS) and Spatial Analysis that is easy for adoption by any public authority ...


Glen Oaks Residential Community: A Case Study About The Implications Of Gated Communities , Rachael Bess Goldberg Jan 2006

Glen Oaks Residential Community: A Case Study About The Implications Of Gated Communities , Rachael Bess Goldberg

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There has been a rise in the development of gated communities in the United States since the mid 1980s. Residents opt to move into gated developments for reasons such as increased safety, noise and traffic reduction, aesthetics and yard maintenance, prestige, control, exclusivity, and the protection of property values. Gated communities are often regulated by a self-governing homeowners association, however, residents often find the association's regulations too controlling. By their nature, gated communities separate residents from the broader urban environment. They are criticized as being insular, exclusive, reactionary, and socially isolating, contradicting the professional planning principles of openness, access ...


A Place In The Hills: Fiscal Impact And Social Analysis Of Suburbanization In The Loess Hills Counties Of Iowa, Jeffrey Donald Benson Jan 2001

A Place In The Hills: Fiscal Impact And Social Analysis Of Suburbanization In The Loess Hills Counties Of Iowa, Jeffrey Donald Benson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Rural residential development presents many economic, environmental, fiscal, social and political issues to rural places. This thesis examined development pattern and fiscal and social impact as they relate to residential, non-farm development outside of incorporated towns in the Loess Hills region in seven counties in western Iowa from 1995 through 1999. The first part of this work analyzed the physical pattern and county planning regulations of this development and resulting fiscal impacts. Development was found to have increased rapidly in some areas, with a slight majority of the development located on estate lots outside of subdivisions. Using an average costs ...


Emerging Bridges Over Contested Waters: Coalitions, Participatory Process, Social Capital And Community Capacity For Water Quality Protection , Stephen Philip Gasteyer Jan 2001

Emerging Bridges Over Contested Waters: Coalitions, Participatory Process, Social Capital And Community Capacity For Water Quality Protection , Stephen Philip Gasteyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Over the decade of the 1990s, there has been increasing attention to the factors that contribute to community organization for the protection of water quality. While much is theorized about the importance of education, leadership, and biophysical factors in this organization, few have laid out concrete models about the causal factors in creating community capacity for water quality protection. Building on research on social indicators, including indicators of community process, this research aims to demonstrate a clear relationship between attention to the social mobilization process and creation of community capacity to respond to water quality challenges. I use multivariate analysis ...


Analyzing The Green Roof: A Critical Dialogue , Sandra Lynn Peterson Jan 2001

Analyzing The Green Roof: A Critical Dialogue , Sandra Lynn Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Landscape architecture is the domain that lies at the crossroads of many disciplines. Perhaps the most apparent of those disciplines are art and science. A successful landscape architect is one who understands this intersection and consciously designs to enhance the function of both aesthetics and the environment. The green roof is an example of a landscape architectural design that can incorporate both aesthetic and environmental function. The green roof also has potential social and economic benefits within the urban context. The structure and technology of the green roof is well understood, however an extensive literature search on the green roof ...


Smart Growth Solution In Ames, Cheung Chan Jan 2000

Smart Growth Solution In Ames, Cheung Chan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Urban sprawl has become an urgent issue in the United States. Cities of different sizes are suffering from different degrees of unfavorable consequences of urban sprawl. As the major contributing factor to the out of control phenomenon, suburban housing developments bring along not only the seeming fulfillment of the American dream but also bring along many undesirable results. As people move into the subdivision homes, they are moving into the programmatic lifestyle. Ames is a small university town in central Iowa. Although being a small town, Ames is already showing some early stages symptoms of urban sprawl. More houses are ...


A Case Study Of Somerset In Ames, Iowa: An Analysis Of The Process, Planning Approaches, And Implementation Methods Of The Development , Karen Leigh Fisk Ormsbee Jan 2000

A Case Study Of Somerset In Ames, Iowa: An Analysis Of The Process, Planning Approaches, And Implementation Methods Of The Development , Karen Leigh Fisk Ormsbee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Communities are predominantly developed with one type of dwelling in each neighborhood, creating a clustered landscape of single-use buildings that requires people to get into their automobiles and drive to their destinations. What choices are people being offered for the types of communities that they can live in? A growing movement attempts to address this question by developing housing that suits a larger audience. The principles of New Urbanism provides a flexible framework for creating communities that are less automobile-dependent, affords residents opportunities to interact, and consumes fewer natural resources. This case study examines Somerset, a housing development in Ames ...


Assessing The Benefit Of Improved Traveler Information: A Pseudo-Dynamic Modeling Approach , Michael David Anderson Jan 1998

Assessing The Benefit Of Improved Traveler Information: A Pseudo-Dynamic Modeling Approach , Michael David Anderson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research develops an assessment methodology to estimate traveler information benefits using regional travel demand and microscopic simulation approaches in combination. This method uses the strengths of the two conventional approaches in an innovative way, providing essentially a pseudo-dynamic model capability that uses readily available data and is easy to understand and implement. The pseudo-dynamic model provides measures of delay that are more reasonable than those available through either of the model sub-components individually;While attempts have been made to develop dynamic regional planning models, regional model "simulation" is not yet available. Therefore, the approach addresses several gaps in capabilities ...


Community Attachment In Rural Iowa: Multilevel Test Of A Theoretical Model With Intervening Variables , Li-Jun Zhao Jan 1996

Community Attachment In Rural Iowa: Multilevel Test Of A Theoretical Model With Intervening Variables , Li-Jun Zhao

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Previous systemic models of community attachment have not included individual participation in local community groups and attitudes toward the community as intervening variables to predict community attachment through individual sociodemographic characteristics. Social Identity Theory provides a perspective to justify their inclusion when community attachment is perceived as an outcome of individuals' social identification with their own communities;Based on social identity theory, a systemic model is proposed to test the notion that community attachment indicated by its psychological dimension is affected significantly by individual participation in local community groups and attitudes toward the community which are predicted by individual differences ...


Housing Constraints And Adjustment Behaviors Of Vulnerable Households , Marilyn Jo Bruin Jan 1995

Housing Constraints And Adjustment Behaviors Of Vulnerable Households , Marilyn Jo Bruin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Three papers examine residential satisfaction, housing quality, and reported change in residential quality for households headed by single-parent women or divorced parents. Families headed by single or remarried parents are vulnerable to housing problems in that they are more likely than nuclear families to have low levels of economic resources and unmet housing needs. Three separate analyses of different data sets add to the understanding of the housing adjustment behaviors of households with non-normative family structures;The first paper reports the operationalization and testing of measures of personality characteristics to predict housing and neighborhood satisfaction. The results suggest that personality ...


Assessment Of The Perceptions And Attitudes Of Construction Aggregate Mine Operators And County Regulatory Officials Regarding Aggregate Mining , Joseph Patrick Mcguire Jan 1995

Assessment Of The Perceptions And Attitudes Of Construction Aggregate Mine Operators And County Regulatory Officials Regarding Aggregate Mining , Joseph Patrick Mcguire

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Aggregate is the general name given to sand, gravel, limestone or other crushed stone materials. Crushed stone, in one form or another, is used in nearly every construction project. However, for a variety of reasons, the average citizen does not realize the importance or need for construction aggregate. As a result, individuals or groups who feel they may be negatively affected by the presence of an aggregate mine, frequently organize to oppose granting the permits required to operate them;A review of the literature suggests obtaining the permits required to mine and process construction aggregate is becoming a more difficult ...


Neighborhood Revitalization And Affordable Housing: A Case Study Of The River Bend Neighborhood, Des Moines, Iowa, Robert Neal Humason Jan 1993

Neighborhood Revitalization And Affordable Housing: A Case Study Of The River Bend Neighborhood, Des Moines, Iowa, Robert Neal Humason

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Influences Of Rapid Growth On Residential Satisfaction And Community Attachment: A Case Study , Yu Shi Li Jan 1993

Influences Of Rapid Growth On Residential Satisfaction And Community Attachment: A Case Study , Yu Shi Li

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In 1974, Kasarda and Janowitz tested the systemic model of community attachment and suggested that variables, such as age, socioeconomic status, length of residence, and home ownership have significant influences on community attachment. In this case study, the systemic model is retested in a rapidly growing community, Madison, Alabama;Over the past several decades, Madison has undergone a significant amount of growth in both population and economy, largely because of the industrial development in Huntsville (Madison is at the west edge of Huntsville), which is characterized as the "high-tech capital of the South". The rapid growth in the population and ...


A Longitudinal Model Of Determinants Of Housing Status In Oaxaca, A Secondary City Of Mexico , Insoo Lee Jan 1990

A Longitudinal Model Of Determinants Of Housing Status In Oaxaca, A Secondary City Of Mexico , Insoo Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate a longitudinal model of determinants of housing status and relationships among those determining variables and housing status over the family life cycle of urban households in Oaxaca, a secondary city of Mexico. A stratified systematic sample of 633 was drown from civil areas representing typical housing morphology and social lives in 1986-1987. For the analyses, the original questionnaire data were transformed into longitudinal yearly record of each household's life, beginning at the date the household was formed by marriage. In the longitudinal model of housing status, it was observed that there ...


The Implementation Of Public Policy: A Sociological Examination Of A Watershed Project Using Grounded Theory , James E. Malia Jan 1989

The Implementation Of Public Policy: A Sociological Examination Of A Watershed Project Using Grounded Theory , James E. Malia

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Local sponsors of federal projects may redefine policy initiatives and implementation strategies to be consistent with local perceptions of need and available resources. These local solutions may not be adequate to sustain the project or to address the larger societal good that is the prime policy objective. As a result, the policy fails to achieve its stated objectives and the societal good may be compromised. The study examines the implementation of a watershed project to learn how implementation strategies can be better devised to increase local compliance;The Little Sioux Watershed program in Western Iowa provides the empirical data for ...


Community Size, Housing Characteristics And Housing Satisfaction, Linda Margaret Prentice Jan 1977

Community Size, Housing Characteristics And Housing Satisfaction, Linda Margaret Prentice

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Role Perceptions Of City Planners And Their Relevant Others, Bruce Hamilton Green Jan 1970

Role Perceptions Of City Planners And Their Relevant Others, Bruce Hamilton Green

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Some Obstacles To Recommended Land Use Practices In Western Iowa And Means For Overcoming Them , John C. Frey Jan 1951

Some Obstacles To Recommended Land Use Practices In Western Iowa And Means For Overcoming Them , John C. Frey

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.