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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

An Interdisciplinary System Dynamics Model For Post-Disaster Housing Recovery, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh Jul 2017

An Interdisciplinary System Dynamics Model For Post-Disaster Housing Recovery, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Many previous disasters have demonstrated the need for extensive personal, public, and governmental expenditures for housing recovery highlighting the importance of studying housing recovery. Yet, much research is still needed to fully understand the multi-faceted and complex nature of housing recovery. The goal of this paper is to present a holistic model to further the understanding of the dynamic processes and interdependencies of housing recovery. The impetus for this work is that inequalities in housing recovery could be addressed more effectively if we better understood interconnected factors and dynamic processes that slow down recovery for some. Currently, there is a ...


Implementing A Revenue Authority Model Of Tax Administration In Ghana: An Organizational Learning Perspective, Frank L. Kwaku Ohemeng, Francis Owusu May 2013

Implementing A Revenue Authority Model Of Tax Administration In Ghana: An Organizational Learning Perspective, Frank L. Kwaku Ohemeng, Francis Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

The desire to increase domestic revenue mobilization has made tax reform a priority for governments in many developing countries. Addressing the tax problem, however, is often a complex process that involves reforming the tax system, as well as setting up effective administrative structures to administer that system. Many see the revenue authority (RA) model as the solution to these problems. Developing an RA model in Ghana began in the mid 1980s; it was not, however, fully operational and integrated until 2010. Using social learning theory, we argue that Ghana’s successful readoption of the RA model can be attributed to ...


Beyond The ‘Posts’ In African Development Discourse: Exploring Real Solutions To Africa’S Problems, B. Ikubolajeh Logan, Francis Owusu, Ezekiel Kalipeni Jan 2012

Beyond The ‘Posts’ In African Development Discourse: Exploring Real Solutions To Africa’S Problems, B. Ikubolajeh Logan, Francis Owusu, Ezekiel Kalipeni

Community and Regional Planning Publications

This special issue attempts to further a line of critical inquiry in African politics, administration and development discourse, which we refer to here as the ‘posts’. In our terminology, the ‘posts’ constitute a body of narratives, which critique the heterogeneous assortment of orthodoxies in the mainstream African development discourse. The ‘posts’, although part of the mainstream thinking, interrogate themes within that discourse for their disingenuous intellectual and policy approaches to African problems (see Bourdieu and Wacquant, 1999 for a general discussion of the subject). The ‘posts’ charge that mainstream discourses, far from being beacons of enlightenment about Africa, often reflect ...


Post-9/11 U.S. Foreign Aid, The Millennium Challenge Account And Africa: How Many Birds Can One Stone Kill?, Francis Y. Owusu Oct 2007

Post-9/11 U.S. Foreign Aid, The Millennium Challenge Account And Africa: How Many Birds Can One Stone Kill?, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

President George Bush presented one of his major post-9/11 foreign aid initiatives – the Millennium Challenge Account – as a tool for counteracting both global poverty and international terrorism. The policy is based on the view that poverty and terrorism are linked and therefore alleviating poverty would help combat terrorism. The design and the implementation of the program however suggest that the U.S. government may have other intentions for the MCA, including overhauling the foreign aid regime. This paper discusses the MCA’s effectiveness in addressing both poverty and terrorism by highlighting the complex relationships between them. It also discusses ...


Review Of Mastering Arcgis, Monica A. Haddad Jan 2007

Review Of Mastering Arcgis, Monica A. Haddad

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Geographic Information Systems technology is very popular among practitioners from a variety of fields. However, the GIS learning process can be complex and challenging, and there is always a need for good learning sources. Mastering ArcGIS is a high-quality contribution for this type of literature, discussing basic theoretical concepts behind the technology and providing hands-on experience using the ArcGIS software from ESRI1. Practitioners who are starting the GIS learning process and instructors for GIS introductory classes that aim to focus on the basics of the technology—comprising theory and practice—will find this book extremely useful. The book is oriented ...


Livelihood Strategies And Performance Of Ghana’S Health And Education Sectors: Exploring The Connections, Francis Owusu Apr 2005

Livelihood Strategies And Performance Of Ghana’S Health And Education Sectors: Exploring The Connections, Francis Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

The public sector in Africa is riddled with widespread ineffectiveness. Although some countries have implemented various reform programmes with the support of international development agencies, the results so far have been disappointing. One reason for the failure is that the policies have focussed more on achieving macroeconomic stability than making the organisations effective. This article explores a fundamental problem of the policies—the need to focus on the human component of organisational performance. Using education and health organisations in Ghana as examples, the article advances a hypothesis that the livelihood strategies of public sector employees and the performance of their ...


Urban Impoverishment And Multiple Modes Of Livelihood In Ghana, Francis Y. Owusu Oct 2001

Urban Impoverishment And Multiple Modes Of Livelihood In Ghana, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Many African countries experienced economic crisis in the 1970s and are currently restructuring their economies under the tutelage of the World Bank and the IMF. The restructuring process has had pervasive effects on the livelihood strategies of many people, as their established means of income generation have been disrupted. While survival of the urban poor has been studied, little is known of strategies of other social groups. Using Ghana as a case study, I argue that although urban poverty predates the implementation of structural adjustment program (SAP), the policies have created a favorable environment for the intensification of multiple livelihood ...